New Revised Standard Version
Jesus' place in Israel's genealogy
1 An account of the genealogy of Jesus the Messiah, the son of David, the son
2 Abraham was the father of Isaac, and Isaac the father of Jacob, and Jacob
the father of Judah and his brothers, 3 and Judah the father of Perez and
Zerah by Tamar, and Perez the father of Hezron, and Hezron the father of Aram,
4 and Aram the father of Aminadab, and Aminadab the father of Nahshon, and
Nahshon the father of Salmon, 5 and Salmon the father of Boaz by Rahab, and
Boaz the father of Obed by Ruth, and Obed the father of Jesse, 6 and Jesse the
father of King David.
And David was the father of Solomon by the wife of Uriah, 7 and Solomon the
father of Rehoboam, and Rehoboam the father of Abijah, and Abijah the father
of Asaph, 8 and Asaph the father of Jehoshaphat, and Jehoshaphat the father of
Joram, and Joram the father of Uzziah, 9 and Uzziah the father of Jotham, and
Jotham the father of Ahaz, and Ahaz the father of Hezekiah, 10 and Hezekiah
the father of Manasseh, and Manasseh the father of Amos, and Amos the father
of Josiah, 11 and Josiah the father of Jechoniah and his brothers, at the time
of the deportation to Babylon.
12 And after the deportation to Babylon: Jechoniah was the father of
Salathiel, and Salathiel the father of Zerubbabel, 13 and Zerubbabel the
father of Abiud, and Abiud the father of Eliakim, and Eliakim the father of
Azor, 14 and Azor the father of Zadok, and Zadok the father of Achim, and
Achim the father of Eliud, 15 and Eliud the father of Eleazar, and Eleazar the
father of Matthan, and Matthan the father of Jacob, 16 and Jacob the father of
Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom Jesus was born, who is called the Messiah.
17 So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; and
from David to the deportation to Babylon, fourteen generations; and from the
deportation to Babylon to the Messiah, fourteen generations.
Jesus' conception and birth
18 Now the birth of Jesus the Messiah took place in this way. When his mother
Mary had been engaged to Joseph, but before they lived together, she was found
to be with child from the Holy Spirit. 19 Her husband Joseph, being a
righteous man and unwilling to expose her to public disgrace, planned to
dismiss her quietly. 20 But just when he had resolved to do this, an angel of
the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, "Joseph, son of David, do not be
afraid to take Mary as your wife, for the child conceived in her is from the
Holy Spirit. 21 She will bear a son, and you are to name him Jesus, for he
will save his people from their sins." 22 All this took place to fulfill what
had been spoken by the Lord through the prophet:
23 "Look, the virgin shall conceive and bear a son,
and they shall name him Emmanuel,"
which means, "God is with us." 24 When Joseph awoke from sleep, he did as the
angel of the Lord commanded him; he took her as his wife, 25 but had no
marital relations with her until she had borne a son; and he named him Jesus.
The birth of Jesus and Herod the Great
1 In the time of King Herod, after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea, wise
men from the East came to Jerusalem, 2 asking, "Where is the child who has
been born king of the Jews? For we observed his star at its rising, and have
come to pay him homage." 3 When King Herod heard this, he was frightened, and
all Jerusalem with him; 4 and calling together all the chief priests and
scribes of the people, he inquired of them where the Messiah was to be born. 5
They told him, "In Bethlehem of Judea; for so it has been written by the
6 'And you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah,
are by no means least among the rulers of Judah;
for from you shall come a ruler
who is to shepherd my people Israel.'"
7 Then Herod secretly called for the wise men and learned from them the exact
time when the star had appeared. 8 Then he sent them to Bethlehem, saying, "Go
and search diligently for the child; and when you have found him, bring me
word so that I may also go and pay him homage." 9 When they had heard the
king, they set out; and there, ahead of them, went the star that they had seen
at its rising, until it stopped over the place where the child was. 10 When
they saw that the star had stopped, they were overwhelmed with joy. 11 On
entering the house, they saw the child with Mary his mother; and they knelt
down and paid him homage. Then, opening their treasure chests, they offered
him gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh. 12 And having been warned in a
dream not to return to Herod, they left for their own country by another road.
The flight to Egypt and return
13 Now after they had left, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream
and said, "Get up, take the child and his mother, and flee to Egypt, and
remain there until I tell you; for Herod is about to search for the child, to
destroy him." 14 Then Joseph got up, took the child and his mother by night,
and went to Egypt, 15 and remained there until the death of Herod. This was to
fulfill what had been spoken by the Lord through the prophet, "Out of Egypt I
have called my son."
16 When Herod saw that he had been tricked by the wise men, he was infuriated,
and he sent and killed all the children in and around Bethlehem who were two
years old or under, according to the time that he had learned from the wise
men. 17 Then was fulfilled what had been spoken through the prophet Jeremiah:
18 "A voice was heard in Ramah,
wailing and loud lamentation,
Rachel weeping for her children;
she refused to be consoled, because they are no more."
19 When Herod died, an angel of the Lord suddenly appeared in a dream to
Joseph in Egypt and said, 20 "Get up, take the child and his mother, and go to
the land of Israel, for those who were seeking the child's life are dead." 21
Then Joseph got up, took the child and his mother, and went to the land of
Israel. 22 But when he heard that Archelaus was ruling over Judea in place of
his father Herod, he was afraid to go there. And after being warned in a
dream, he went away to the district of Galilee. 23 There he made his home in a
town called Nazareth, so that what had been spoken through the prophets might
be fulfilled, "He will be called a Nazorean."
Preparing the way
1 In those days John the Baptist appeared in the wilderness of Judea,
proclaiming, 2 "Repent, for the kingdom of heaven has come near." 3 This is
the one of whom the prophet Isaiah spoke when he said,
"The voice of one crying out in the wilderness:
'Prepare the way of the Lord,
make his paths straight.'"
4 Now John wore clothing of camel's hair with a leather belt around his waist,
and his food was locusts and wild honey. 5 Then the people of Jerusalem and
all Judea were going out to him, and all the region along the Jordan, 6 and
they were baptized by him in the river Jordan, confessing their sins.
7 But when he saw many Pharisees and Sadducees coming for baptism, he said to
them, "You brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the wrath to come? 8
Bear fruit worthy of repentance. 9 Do not presume to say to yourselves, 'We
have Abraham as our ancestor'; for I tell you, God is able from these stones
to raise up children to Abraham. 10 Even now the ax is lying at the root of
the trees; every tree therefore that does not bear good fruit is cut down and
thrown into the fire.
11 "I baptize you with water for repentance, but one who is more powerful than
I is coming after me; I am not worthy to carry his sandals. He will baptize
you with the Holy Spirit and fire. 12 His winnowing fork is in his hand, and
he will clear his threshing floor and will gather his wheat into the granary;
but the chaff he will burn with unquenchable fire."
13 Then Jesus came from Galilee to John at the Jordan, to be baptized by him.
14 John would have prevented him, saying, "I need to be baptized by you, and
do you come to me?" 15 But Jesus answered him, "Let it be so now; for it is
proper for us in this way to fulfill all righteousness." Then he consented. 16
And when Jesus had been baptized, just as he came up from the water, suddenly
the heavens were opened to him and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a
dove and alighting on him. 17 And a voice from heaven said, "This is my Son,
the Beloved, with whom I am well pleased."
Jesus and the devil
1 Then Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the
devil. 2 He fasted forty days and forty nights, and afterwards he was
famished. 3 The tempter came and said to him, "If you are the Son of God,
command these stones to become loaves of bread." 4 But he answered, "It is
'One does not live by bread alone,
but by every word that comes from the mouth of God.'"
5 Then the devil took him to the holy city and placed him on the pinnacle of
the temple, 6 saying to him, "If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down;
for it is written,
'He will command his angels concerning you,'
and 'On their hands they will bear you up,
so that you will not dash your foot against a stone.'"
7 Jesus said to him, "Again it is written, 'Do not put the Lord your God to
8 Again, the devil took him to a very high mountain and showed him all the
kingdoms of the world and their splendor; 9 and he said to him, "All these I
will give you, if you will fall down and worship me." 10 Jesus said to him,
"Away with you, Satan! for it is written,
'Worship the Lord your God,
and serve only him.'"
11 Then the devil left him, and suddenly angels came and waited on him.
The beginning of Jesus' ministry
12 Now when Jesus heard that John had been arrested, he withdrew to Galilee.
13 He left Nazareth and made his home in Capernaum by the sea, in the
territory of Zebulun and Naphtali, 14 so that what had been spoken through the
prophet Isaiah might be fulfilled:
15 "Land of Zebulun, land of Naphtali,
on the road by the sea, across the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles –
16 the people who sat in darkness
have seen a great light,
and for those who sat in the region and shadow of death
light has dawned."
17 From that time Jesus began to proclaim, "Repent, for the kingdom of heaven
has come near."
18 As he walked by the Sea of Galilee, he saw two brothers, Simon, who is
called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea – for they
were fishermen. 19 And he said to them, "Follow me, and I will make you fish
for people." 20 Immediately they left their nets and followed him. 21 As he
went from there, he saw two other brothers, James son of Zebedee and his
brother John, in the boat with their father Zebedee, mending their nets, and
he called them. 22 Immediately they left the boat and their father, and
23 Jesus went throughout Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming
the good news of the kingdom and curing every disease and every sickness among
the people. 24 So his fame spread throughout all Syria, and they brought to
him all the sick, those who were afflicted with various diseases and pains,
demoniacs, epileptics, and paralytics, and he cured them. 25 And great crowds
followed him from Galilee, the Decapolis, Jerusalem, Judea, and from beyond
The Sermon on the Mount; the Beatitudes
1 When Jesus saw the crowds, he went up the mountain; and after he sat down,
his disciples came to him. 2 Then he began to speak, and taught them, saying:
3 "Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
4 "Blessed are those who mourn, for they will be comforted.
5 "Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth.
6 "Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they will be
7 "Blessed are the merciful, for they will receive mercy.
8 "Blessed are the pure in heart, for they will see God.
9 "Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called children of God.
10 "Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness' sake, for theirs
is the kingdom of heaven.
11 "Blessed are you when people revile you and persecute you and utter all
kinds of evil against you falsely on my account. 12 Rejoice and be glad, for
your reward is great in heaven, for in the same way they persecuted the
prophets who were before you.
The disciple in the world
13 "You are the salt of the earth; but if salt has lost its taste, how can its
saltiness be restored? It is no longer good for anything, but is thrown out
and trampled under foot.
14 "You are the light of the world. A city built on a hill cannot be hid. 15
No one after lighting a lamp puts it under the bushel basket, but on the
lampstand, and it gives light to all in the house. 16 In the same way, let
your light shine before others, so that they may see your good works and give
glory to your Father in heaven.
Jesus and the law
17 "Do not think that I have come to abolish the law or the prophets; I have
come not to abolish but to fulfill. 18 For truly I tell you, until heaven and
earth pass away, not one letter, not one stroke of a letter, will pass from
the law until all is accomplished. 19 Therefore, whoever breaks one of the
least of these commandments, and teaches others to do the same, will be called
least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever does them and teaches them will be
called great in the kingdom of heaven. 20 For I tell you, unless your
righteousness exceeds that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will never enter
the kingdom of heaven.
21 "You have heard that it was said to those of ancient times, 'You shall not
murder'; and 'whoever murders shall be liable to judgment.' 22 But I say to
you that if you are angry with a brother or sister, you will be liable to
judgment; and if you insult a brother or sister, you will be liable to the
council; and if you say, 'You fool,' you will be liable to the hell of fire.
23 So when you are offering your gift at the altar, if you remember that your
brother or sister has something against you, 24 leave your gift there before
the altar and go; first be reconciled to your brother or sister, and then come
and offer your gift. 25 Come to terms quickly with your accuser while you are
on the way to court with him, or your accuser may hand you over to the judge,
and the judge to the guard, and you will be thrown into prison. 26 Truly I
tell you, you will never get out until you have paid the last penny.
27 "You have heard that it was said, 'You shall not commit adultery.' 28 But I
say to you that everyone who looks at a woman with lust has already committed
adultery with her in his heart. 29 If your right eye causes you to sin, tear
it out and throw it away; it is better for you to lose one of your members
than for your whole body to be thrown into hell. 30 And if your right hand
causes you to sin, cut it off and throw it away; it is better for you to lose
one of your members than for your whole body to go into hell.
31 "It was also said, 'Whoever divorces his wife, let him give her a
certificate of divorce.' 32 But I say to you that anyone who divorces his
wife, except on the ground of unchastity, causes her to commit adultery; and
whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery.
33 "Again, you have heard that it was said to those of ancient times, 'You
shall not swear falsely, but carry out the vows you have made to the Lord.' 34
But I say to you, Do not swear at all, either by heaven, for it is the throne
of God, 35 or by the earth, for it is his footstool, or by Jerusalem, for it
is the city of the great King. 36 And do not swear by your head, for you
cannot make one hair white or black. 37 Let your word be 'Yes, Yes' or 'No,
No'; anything more than this comes from the evil one.
38 "You have heard that it was said, 'An eye for an eye and a tooth for a
tooth.' 39 But I say to you, Do not resist an evildoer. But if anyone strikes
you on the right cheek, turn the other also; 40 and if anyone wants to sue you
and take your coat, give your cloak as well; 41 and if anyone forces you to go
one mile, go also the second mile. 42 Give to everyone who begs from you, and
do not refuse anyone who wants to borrow from you.
Love and wholeness
43 "You have heard that it was said, 'You shall love your neighbor and hate
your enemy.' 44 But I say to you, Love your enemies and pray for those who
persecute you, 45 so that you may be children of your Father in heaven; for he
makes his sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the
righteous and on the unrighteous. 46 For if you love those who love you, what
reward do you have? Do not even the tax collectors do the same? 47 And if you
greet only your brothers and sisters, what more are you doing than others? Do
not even the Gentiles do the same? 48 Be perfect, therefore, as your heavenly
Father is perfect.
On justice and prayer
1 "Beware of practicing your piety before others in order to be seen by them;
for then you have no reward from your Father in heaven.
2 "So whenever you give alms, do not sound a trumpet before you, as the
hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, so that they may be
praised by others. Truly I tell you, they have received their reward. 3 But
when you give alms, do not let your left hand know what your right hand is
doing, 4 so that your alms may be done in secret; and your Father who sees in
secret will reward you.
5 "And whenever you pray, do not be like the hypocrites; for they love to
stand and pray in the synagogues and at the street corners, so that they may
be seen by others. Truly I tell you, they have received their reward. 6 But
whenever you pray, go into your room and shut the door and pray to your Father
who is in secret; and your Father who sees in secret will reward you.
7 "When you are praying, do not heap up empty phrases as the Gentiles do; for
they think that they will be heard because of their many words. 8 Do not be
like them, for your Father knows what you need before you ask him.
The LORD's Prayer
9 "Pray then in this way:
Our Father in heaven,
hallowed be your name.
10 Your kingdom come.
Your will be done,
on earth as it is in heaven.
11 Give us this day our daily bread.
12 And forgive us our debts,
as we also have forgiven our debtors.
13 And do not bring us to the time of trial,
but rescue us from the evil one.
14 For if you forgive others their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also
forgive you; 15 but if you do not forgive others, neither will your Father
forgive your trespasses.
16 "And whenever you fast, do not look dismal, like the hypocrites, for they
disfigure their faces so as to show others that they are fasting. Truly I tell
you, they have received their reward. 17 But when you fast, put oil on your
head and wash your face, 18 so that your fasting may be seen not by others but
by your Father who is in secret; and your Father who sees in secret will
Religion and possessions
19 "Do not store up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust
consume and where thieves break in and steal; 20 but store up for yourselves
treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust consumes and where thieves do
not break in and steal. 21 For where your treasure is, there your heart will
22 "The eye is the lamp of the body. So, if your eye is healthy, your whole
body will be full of light; 23 but if your eye is unhealthy, your whole body
will be full of darkness. If then the light in you is darkness, how great is
24 "No one can serve two masters; for a slave will either hate the one and
love the other, or be devoted to the one and despise the other. You cannot
serve God and wealth.
25 "Therefore I tell you, do not worry about your life, what you will eat or
what you will drink, or about your body, what you will wear. Is not life more
than food, and the body more than clothing? 26 Look at the birds of the air;
they neither sow nor reap nor gather into barns, and yet your heavenly Father
feeds them. Are you not of more value than they? 27 And can any of you by
worrying add a single hour to your span of life? 28 And why do you worry about
clothing? Consider the lilies of the field, how they grow; they neither toil
nor spin, 29 yet I tell you, even Solomon in all his glory was not clothed
like one of these. 30 But if God so clothes the grass of the field, which is
alive today and tomorrow is thrown into the oven, will he not much more clothe
you – you of little faith? 31 Therefore do not worry, saying, 'What will we
eat?' or 'What will we drink?' or 'What will we wear?' 32 For it is the
Gentiles who strive for all these things; and indeed your heavenly Father
knows that you need all these things. 33 But strive first for the kingdom of
God and his righteousness, and all these things will be given to you as well.
34 "So do not worry about tomorrow, for tomorrow will bring worries of its
own. Today's trouble is enough for today.
Making judgments within the community
1 "Do not judge, so that you may not be judged. 2 For with the judgment you
make you will be judged, and the measure you give will be the measure you get.
3 Why do you see the speck in your neighbor's eye, but do not notice the log
in your own eye? 4 Or how can you say to your neighbor, 'Let me take the speck
out of your eye,' while the log is in your own eye? 5 You hypocrite, first
take the log out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to take the
speck out of your neighbor's eye.
6 "Do not give what is holy to dogs; and do not throw your pearls before
swine, or they will trample them under foot and turn and maul you.
Concluding the Sermon on the Mount
7 "Ask, and it will be given you; search, and you will find; knock, and the
door will be opened for you. 8 For everyone who asks receives, and everyone
who searches finds, and for everyone who knocks, the door will be opened. 9 Is
there anyone among you who, if your child asks for bread, will give a stone?
10 Or if the child asks for a fish, will give a snake? 11 If you then, who are
evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your
Father in heaven give good things to those who ask him!
12 "In everything do to others as you would have them do to you; for this is
the law and the prophets.
13 "Enter through the narrow gate; for the gate is wide and the road is easy
that leads to destruction, and there are many who take it. 14 For the gate is
narrow and the road is hard that leads to life, and there are few who find it.
15 "Beware of false prophets, who come to you in sheep's clothing but inwardly
are ravenous wolves. 16 You will know them by their fruits. Are grapes
gathered from thorns, or figs from thistles? 17 In the same way, every good
tree bears good fruit, but the bad tree bears bad fruit. 18 A good tree cannot
bear bad fruit, nor can a bad tree bear good fruit. 19 Every tree that does
not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire. 20 Thus you will
know them by their fruits.
21 "Not everyone who says to me, 'Lord, Lord,' will enter the kingdom of
heaven, but only the one who does the will of my Father in heaven. 22 On that
day many will say to me, 'Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in your name, and
cast out demons in your name, and do many deeds of power in your name?' 23
Then I will declare to them, 'I never knew you; go away from me, you
24 "Everyone then who hears these words of mine and acts on them will be like
a wise man who built his house on rock. 25 The rain fell, the floods came, and
the winds blew and beat on that house, but it did not fall, because it had
been founded on rock. 26 And everyone who hears these words of mine and does
not act on them will be like a foolish man who built his house on sand. 27 The
rain fell, and the floods came, and the winds blew and beat against that
house, and it fell – and great was its fall!"
28 Now when Jesus had finished saying these things, the crowds were astounded
at his teaching, 29 for he taught them as one having authority, and not as
Deeds of power and discipleship
1 When Jesus had come down from the mountain, great crowds followed him; 2 and
there was a leper who came to him and knelt before him, saying, "Lord, if you
choose, you can make me clean." 3 He stretched out his hand and touched him,
saying, "I do choose. Be made clean!" Immediately his leprosy was cleansed. 4
Then Jesus said to him, "See that you say nothing to anyone; but go, show
yourself to the priest, and offer the gift that Moses commanded, as a
testimony to them."
5 When he entered Capernaum, a centurion came to him, appealing to him 6 and
saying, "Lord, my servant is lying at home paralyzed, in terrible distress." 7
And he said to him, "I will come and cure him." 8 The centurion answered,
"Lord, I am not worthy to have you come under my roof; but only speak the
word, and my servant will be healed. 9 For I also am a man under authority,
with soldiers under me; and I say to one, 'Go,' and he goes, and to another,
'Come,' and he comes, and to my slave, 'Do this,' and the slave does it." 10
When Jesus heard him, he was amazed and said to those who followed him, "Truly
I tell you, in no one in Israel have I found such faith. 11 I tell you, many
will come from east and west and will eat with Abraham and Isaac and Jacob in
the kingdom of heaven, 12 while the heirs of the kingdom will be thrown into
the outer darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth." 13 And
to the centurion Jesus said, "Go; let it be done for you according to your
faith." And the servant was healed in that hour.
14 When Jesus entered Peter's house, he saw his mother-in-law lying in bed
with a fever; 15 he touched her hand, and the fever left her, and she got up
and began to serve him. 16 That evening they brought to him many who were
possessed with demons; and he cast out the spirits with a word, and cured all
who were sick. 17 This was to fulfill what had been spoken through the prophet
Isaiah, "He took our infirmities and bore our diseases."
18 Now when Jesus saw great crowds around him, he gave orders to go over to
the other side. 19 A scribe then approached and said, "Teacher, I will follow
you wherever you go." 20 And Jesus said to him, "Foxes have holes, and birds
of the air have nests; but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay his head." 21
Another of his disciples said to him, "Lord, first let me go and bury my
father." 22 But Jesus said to him, "Follow me, and let the dead bury their own
23 And when he got into the boat, his disciples followed him. 24 A windstorm
arose on the sea, so great that the boat was being swamped by the waves; but
he was asleep. 25 And they went and woke him up, saying, "Lord, save us! We
are perishing!" 26 And he said to them, "Why are you afraid, you of little
faith?" Then he got up and rebuked the winds and the sea; and there was a dead
calm. 27 They were amazed, saying, "What sort of man is this, that even the
winds and the sea obey him?"
28 When he came to the other side, to the country of the Gadarenes, two
demoniacs coming out of the tombs met him. They were so fierce that no one
could pass that way. 29 Suddenly they shouted, "What have you to do with us,
Son of God? Have you come here to torment us before the time?" 30 Now a large
herd of swine was feeding at some distance from them. 31 The demons begged
him, "If you cast us out, send us into the herd of swine." 32 And he said to
them, "Go!" So they came out and entered the swine; and suddenly, the whole
herd rushed down the steep bank into the sea and perished in the water. 33 The
swineherds ran off, and on going into the town, they told the whole story
about what had happened to the demoniacs. 34 Then the whole town came out to
meet Jesus; and when they saw him, they begged him to leave their
neighborhood. [Matthew 9]
1 And after getting into a boat he crossed
the sea and came to his own town.
Acts of power and growing tension
2 And just then some people were carrying a paralyzed man lying on a bed. When
Jesus saw their faith, he said to the paralytic, "Take heart, son; your sins
are forgiven." 3 Then some of the scribes said to themselves, "This man is
blaspheming." 4 But Jesus, perceiving their thoughts, said, "Why do you think
evil in your hearts? 5 For which is easier, to say, 'Your sins are forgiven,'
or to say, 'Stand up and walk'? 6 But so that you may know that the Son of Man
has authority on earth to forgive sins" – he then said to the paralytic –
"Stand up, take your bed and go to your home." 7 And he stood up and went to
his home. 8 When the crowds saw it, they were filled with awe, and they
glorified God, who had given such authority to human beings.
9 As Jesus was walking along, he saw a man called Matthew sitting at the tax
booth; and he said to him, "Follow me." And he got up and followed him.
10 And as he sat at dinner in the house, many tax collectors and sinners came
and were sitting with him and his disciples. 11 When the Pharisees saw this,
they said to his disciples, "Why does your teacher eat with tax collectors and
sinners?" 12 But when he heard this, he said, "Those who are well have no need
of a physician, but those who are sick. 13 Go and learn what this means, 'I
desire mercy, not sacrifice.' For I have come to call not the righteous but
14 Then the disciples of John came to him, saying, "Why do we and the
Pharisees fast often, but your disciples do not fast?" 15 And Jesus said to
them, "The wedding guests cannot mourn as long as the bridegroom is with them,
can they? The days will come when the bridegroom is taken away from them, and
then they will fast. 16 No one sews a piece of unshrunk cloth on an old cloak,
for the patch pulls away from the cloak, and a worse tear is made. 17 Neither
is new wine put into old wineskins; otherwise, the skins burst, and the wine
is spilled, and the skins are destroyed; but new wine is put into fresh
wineskins, and so both are preserved."
18 While he was saying these things to them, suddenly a leader of the
synagogue came in and knelt before him, saying, "My daughter has just died;
but come and lay your hand on her, and she will live." 19 And Jesus got up and
followed him, with his disciples. 20 Then suddenly a woman who had been
suffering from hemorrhages for twelve years came up behind him and touched the
fringe of his cloak, 21 for she said to herself, "If I only touch his cloak, I
will be made well." 22 Jesus turned, and seeing her he said, "Take heart,
daughter; your faith has made you well." And instantly the woman was made
well. 23 When Jesus came to the leader's house and saw the flute players and
the crowd making a commotion, 24 he said, "Go away; for the girl is not dead
but sleeping." And they laughed at him. 25 But when the crowd had been put
outside, he went in and took her by the hand, and the girl got up. 26 And the
report of this spread throughout that district.
27 As Jesus went on from there, two blind men followed him, crying loudly,
"Have mercy on us, Son of David!" 28 When he entered the house, the blind men
came to him; and Jesus said to them, "Do you believe that I am able to do
this?" They said to him, "Yes, Lord." 29 Then he touched their eyes and said,
"According to your faith let it be done to you." 30 And their eyes were
opened. Then Jesus sternly ordered them, "See that no one knows of this." 31
But they went away and spread the news about him throughout that district.
32 After they had gone away, a demoniac who was mute was brought to him. 33
And when the demon had been cast out, the one who had been mute spoke; and the
crowds were amazed and said, "Never has anything like this been seen in
Israel." 34 But the Pharisees said, "By the ruler of the demons he casts out
35 Then Jesus went about all the cities and villages, teaching in their
synagogues, and proclaiming the good news of the kingdom, and curing every
disease and every sickness. 36 When he saw the crowds, he had compassion for
them, because they were harassed and helpless, like sheep without a shepherd.
37 Then he said to his disciples, "The harvest is plentiful, but the laborers
are few; 38 therefore ask the Lord of the harvest to send out laborers into
Matthew's sending and instruction about mission
1 Then Jesus summoned his twelve disciples and gave them authority over
unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to cure every disease and every
sickness. 2 These are the names of the twelve apostles: first, Simon, also
known as Peter, and his brother Andrew; James son of Zebedee, and his brother
John; 3 Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James
son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus; 4 Simon the Cananaean, and Judas Iscariot, the
one who betrayed him.
5 These twelve Jesus sent out with the following instructions: "Go nowhere
among the Gentiles, and enter no town of the Samaritans, 6 but go rather to
the lost sheep of the house of Israel. 7 As you go, proclaim the good news,
'The kingdom of heaven has come near.' 8 Cure the sick, raise the dead,
cleanse the lepers, cast out demons. You received without payment; give
without payment. 9 Take no gold, or silver, or copper in your belts, 10 no bag
for your journey, or two tunics, or sandals, or a staff; for laborers deserve
their food. 11 Whatever town or village you enter, find out who in it is
worthy, and stay there until you leave. 12 As you enter the house, greet it.
13 If the house is worthy, let your peace come upon it; but if it is not
worthy, let your peace return to you. 14 If anyone will not welcome you or
listen to your words, shake off the dust from your feet as you leave that
house or town. 15 Truly I tell you, it will be more tolerable for the land of
Sodom and Gomorrah on the day of judgment than for that town.
16 "See, I am sending you out like sheep into the midst of wolves; so be wise
as serpents and innocent as doves. 17 Beware of them, for they will hand you
over to councils and flog you in their synagogues; 18 and you will be dragged
before governors and kings because of me, as a testimony to them and the
Gentiles. 19 When they hand you over, do not worry about how you are to speak
or what you are to say; for what you are to say will be given to you at that
time; 20 for it is not you who speak, but the Spirit of your Father speaking
through you. 21 Brother will betray brother to death, and a father his child,
and children will rise against parents and have them put to death; 22 and you
will be hated by all because of my name. But the one who endures to the end
will be saved. 23 When they persecute you in one town, flee to the next; for
truly I tell you, you will not have gone through all the towns of Israel
before the Son of Man comes.
24 "A disciple is not above the teacher, nor a slave above the master; 25 it
is enough for the disciple to be like the teacher, and the slave like the
master. If they have called the master of the house Beelzebul, how much more
will they malign those of his household!
26 "So have no fear of them; for nothing is covered up that will not be
uncovered, and nothing secret that will not become known. 27 What I say to you
in the dark, tell in the light; and what you hear whispered, proclaim from the
housetops. 28 Do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul;
rather fear him who can destroy both soul and body in hell. 29 Are not two
sparrows sold for a penny? Yet not one of them will fall to the ground apart
from your Father. 30 And even the hairs of your head are all counted. 31 So do
not be afraid; you are of more value than many sparrows.
32 "Everyone therefore who acknowledges me before others, I also will
acknowledge before my Father in heaven; 33 but whoever denies me before
others, I also will deny before my Father in heaven.
34 "Do not think that I have come to bring peace to the earth; I have not come
to bring peace, but a sword.
35 For I have come to set a man against his father,
and a daughter against her mother,
and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law;
36 and one's foes will be members of one's own household.
37 Whoever loves father or mother more than me is not worthy of me; and
whoever loves son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me; 38 and whoever
does not take up the cross and follow me is not worthy of me. 39 Those who
find their life will lose it, and those who lose their life for my sake will
40 "Whoever welcomes you welcomes me, and whoever welcomes me welcomes the one
who sent me. 41 Whoever welcomes a prophet in the name of a prophet will
receive a prophet's reward; and whoever welcomes a righteous person in the
name of a righteous person will receive the reward of the righteous; 42 and
whoever gives even a cup of cold water to one of these little ones in the name
of a disciple – truly I tell you, none of these will lose their reward."
Jesus and John the Baptist
1 Now when Jesus had finished instructing his twelve disciples, he went on
from there to teach and proclaim his message in their cities.
2 When John heard in prison what the Messiah was doing, he sent word by his
disciples 3 and said to him, "Are you the one who is to come, or are we to
wait for another?" 4 Jesus answered them, "Go and tell John what you hear and
see: 5 the blind receive their sight, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed,
the deaf hear, the dead are raised, and the poor have good news brought to
them. 6 And blessed is anyone who takes no offense at me."
7 As they went away, Jesus began to speak to the crowds about John: "What did
you go out into the wilderness to look at? A reed shaken by the wind? 8 What
then did you go out to see? Someone dressed in soft robes? Look, those who
wear soft robes are in royal palaces. 9 What then did you go out to see? A
prophet? Yes, I tell you, and more than a prophet. 10 This is the one about
whom it is written,
'See, I am sending my messenger ahead of you,
who will prepare your way before you.'
11 Truly I tell you, among those born of women no one has arisen greater than
John the Baptist; yet the least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he.
12 From the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven has
suffered violence, and the violent take it by force. 13 For all the prophets
and the law prophesied until John came; 14 and if you are willing to accept
it, he is Elijah who is to come. 15 Let anyone with ears listen!
16 "But to what will I compare this generation? It is like children sitting in
the marketplaces and calling to one another,
17 'We played the flute for you, and you did not dance;
we wailed, and you did not mourn.'
18 For John came neither eating nor drinking, and they say, 'He has a demon';
19 the Son of Man came eating and drinking, and they say, 'Look, a glutton and
a drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and sinners!' Yet wisdom is vindicated
by her deeds."
Denunciation and true discipleship
20 Then he began to reproach the cities in which most of his deeds of power
had been done, because they did not repent. 21 "Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to
you, Bethsaida! For if the deeds of power done in you had been done in Tyre
and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes. 22 But I
tell you, on the day of judgment it will be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon
than for you. 23 And you, Capernaum,
will you be exalted to heaven?
No, you will be brought down to Hades.
For if the deeds of power done in you had been done in Sodom, it would have
remained until this day. 24 But I tell you that on the day of judgment it will
be more tolerable for the land of Sodom than for you."
25 At that time Jesus said, "I thank you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth,
because you have hidden these things from the wise and the intelligent and
have revealed them to infants; 26 yes, Father, for such was your gracious
will. 27 All things have been handed over to me by my Father; and no one knows
the Son except the Father, and no one knows the Father except the Son and
anyone to whom the Son chooses to reveal him.
28 "Come to me, all you that are weary and are carrying heavy burdens, and I
will give you rest. 29 Take my yoke upon you, and learn from me; for I am
gentle and humble in heart, and you will find rest for your souls. 30 For my
yoke is easy, and my burden is light."
Jesus and the Pharisees; sabbath laws
1 At that time Jesus went through the grainfields on the sabbath; his
disciples were hungry, and they began to pluck heads of grain and to eat. 2
When the Pharisees saw it, they said to him, "Look, your disciples are doing
what is not lawful to do on the sabbath." 3 He said to them, "Have you not
read what David did when he and his companions were hungry? 4 He entered the
house of God and ate the bread of the Presence, which it was not lawful for
him or his companions to eat, but only for the priests. 5 Or have you not read
in the law that on the sabbath the priests in the temple break the sabbath and
yet are guiltless? 6 I tell you, something greater than the temple is here. 7
But if you had known what this means, 'I desire mercy and not sacrifice,' you
would not have condemned the guiltless. 8 For the Son of Man is lord of the
A sabbath healing
9 He left that place and entered their synagogue; 10 a man was there with a
withered hand, and they asked him, "Is it lawful to cure on the sabbath?" so
that they might accuse him. 11 He said to them, "Suppose one of you has only
one sheep and it falls into a pit on the sabbath; will you not lay hold of it
and lift it out? 12 How much more valuable is a human being than a sheep! So
it is lawful to do good on the sabbath." 13 Then he said to the man, "Stretch
out your hand." He stretched it out, and it was restored, as sound as the
other. 14 But the Pharisees went out and conspired against him, how to destroy
Justice and healing for many
15 When Jesus became aware of this, he departed. Many crowds followed him, and
he cured all of them, 16 and he ordered them not to make him known. 17 This
was to fulfill what had been spoken through the prophet Isaiah:
18 "Here is my servant, whom I have chosen,
my beloved, with whom my soul is well pleased.
I will put my Spirit upon him,
and he will proclaim justice to the Gentiles.
19 He will not wrangle or cry aloud,
nor will anyone hear his voice in the streets.
20 He will not break a bruised reed
or quench a smoldering wick
until he brings justice to victory.
21 And in his name the Gentiles will hope."
The relationship between words and deeds
22 Then they brought to him a demoniac who was blind and mute; and he cured
him, so that the one who had been mute could speak and see. 23 All the crowds
were amazed and said, "Can this be the Son of David?" 24 But when the
Pharisees heard it, they said, "It is only by Beelzebul, the ruler of the
demons, that this fellow casts out the demons." 25 He knew what they were
thinking and said to them, "Every kingdom divided against itself is laid
waste, and no city or house divided against itself will stand. 26 If Satan
casts out Satan, he is divided against himself; how then will his kingdom
stand? 27 If I cast out demons by Beelzebul, by whom do your own exorcists
cast them out? Therefore they will be your judges. 28 But if it is by the
Spirit of God that I cast out demons, then the kingdom of God has come to you.
29 Or how can one enter a strong man's house and plunder his property, without
first tying up the strong man? Then indeed the house can be plundered. 30
Whoever is not with me is against me, and whoever does not gather with me
scatters. 31 Therefore I tell you, people will be forgiven for every sin and
blasphemy, but blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven. 32 Whoever
speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven, but whoever speaks
against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven, either in this age or in the age
33 "Either make the tree good, and its fruit good; or make the tree bad, and
its fruit bad; for the tree is known by its fruit. 34 You brood of vipers! How
can you speak good things, when you are evil? For out of the abundance of the
heart the mouth speaks. 35 The good person brings good things out of a good
treasure, and the evil person brings evil things out of an evil treasure. 36 I
tell you, on the day of judgment you will have to give an account for every
careless word you utter; 37 for by your words you will be justified, and by
your words you will be condemned."
Seeking a sign
38 Then some of the scribes and Pharisees said to him, "Teacher, we wish to
see a sign from you." 39 But he answered them, "An evil and adulterous
generation asks for a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of
the prophet Jonah. 40 For just as Jonah was three days and three nights in the
belly of the sea monster, so for three days and three nights the Son of Man
will be in the heart of the earth. 41 The people of Nineveh will rise up at
the judgment with this generation and condemn it, because they repented at the
proclamation of Jonah, and see, something greater than Jonah is here! 42 The
queen of the South will rise up at the judgment with this generation and
condemn it, because she came from the ends of the earth to listen to the
wisdom of Solomon, and see, something greater than Solomon is here!
43 "When the unclean spirit has gone out of a person, it wanders through
waterless regions looking for a resting place, but it finds none. 44 Then it
says, 'I will return to my house from which I came.' When it comes, it finds
it empty, swept, and put in order. 45 Then it goes and brings along seven
other spirits more evil than itself, and they enter and live there; and the
last state of that person is worse than the first. So will it be also with
this evil generation."
Jesus' true family
46 While he was still speaking to the crowds, his mother and his brothers were
standing outside, wanting to speak to him. 47 Someone told him, "Look, your
mother and your brothers are standing outside, wanting to speak to you." 48
But to the one who had told him this, Jesus replied, "Who is my mother, and
who are my brothers?" 49 And pointing to his disciples, he said, "Here are my
mother and my brothers! 50 For whoever does the will of my Father in heaven is
my brother and sister and mother."
Teaching in parables
1 That same day Jesus went out of the house and sat beside the sea. 2 Such
great crowds gathered around him that he got into a boat and sat there, while
the whole crowd stood on the beach. 3 And he told them many things in
parables, saying: "Listen! A sower went out to sow. 4 And as he sowed, some
seeds fell on the path, and the birds came and ate them up. 5 Other seeds fell
on rocky ground, where they did not have much soil, and they sprang up
quickly, since they had no depth of soil. 6 But when the sun rose, they were
scorched; and since they had no root, they withered away. 7 Other seeds fell
among thorns, and the thorns grew up and choked them. 8 Other seeds fell on
good soil and brought forth grain, some a hundredfold, some sixty, some
thirty. 9 Let anyone with ears listen!"
10 Then the disciples came and asked him, "Why do you speak to them in
parables?" 11 He answered, "To you it has been given to know the secrets of
the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been given. 12 For to those who
have, more will be given, and they will have an abundance; but from those who
have nothing, even what they have will be taken away. 13 The reason I speak to
them in parables is that 'seeing they do not perceive, and hearing they do not
listen, nor do they understand.' 14 With them indeed is fulfilled the prophecy
of Isaiah that says:
'You will indeed listen, but never understand,
and you will indeed look, but never perceive.
15 For this people's heart has grown dull,
and their ears are hard of hearing,
and they have shut their eyes;
so that they might not look with their eyes,
and listen with their ears,
and understand with their heart and turn –
and I would heal them.'
16 But blessed are your eyes, for they see, and your ears, for they hear. 17
Truly I tell you, many prophets and righteous people longed to see what you
see, but did not see it, and to hear what you hear, but did not hear it.
18 "Hear then the parable of the sower. 19 When anyone hears the word of the
kingdom and does not understand it, the evil one comes and snatches away what
is sown in the heart; this is what was sown on the path. 20 As for what was
sown on rocky ground, this is the one who hears the word and immediately
receives it with joy; 21 yet such a person has no root, but endures only for a
while, and when trouble or persecution arises on account of the word, that
person immediately falls away. 22 As for what was sown among thorns, this is
the one who hears the word, but the cares of the world and the lure of wealth
choke the word, and it yields nothing. 23 But as for what was sown on good
soil, this is the one who hears the word and understands it, who indeed bears
fruit and yields, in one case a hundredfold, in another sixty, and in another
24 He put before them another parable: "The kingdom of heaven may be compared
to someone who sowed good seed in his field; 25 but while everybody was
asleep, an enemy came and sowed weeds among the wheat, and then went away. 26
So when the plants came up and bore grain, then the weeds appeared as well. 27
And the slaves of the householder came and said to him, 'Master, did you not
sow good seed in your field? Where, then, did these weeds come from?' 28 He
answered, 'An enemy has done this.' The slaves said to him, 'Then do you want
us to go and gather them?' 29 But he replied, 'No; for in gathering the weeds
you would uproot the wheat along with them. 30 Let both of them grow together
until the harvest; and at harvest time I will tell the reapers, Collect the
weeds first and bind them in bundles to be burned, but gather the wheat into
31 He put before them another parable: "The kingdom of heaven is like a
mustard seed that someone took and sowed in his field; 32 it is the smallest
of all the seeds, but when it has grown it is the greatest of shrubs and
becomes a tree, so that the birds of the air come and make nests in its
33 He told them another parable: "The kingdom of heaven is like yeast that a
woman took and mixed in with three measures of flour until all of it was
34 Jesus told the crowds all these things in parables; without a parable he
told them nothing. 35 This was to fulfill what had been spoken through the
"I will open my mouth to speak in parables;
I will proclaim what has been hidden from the foundation of the world."
36 Then he left the crowds and went into the house. And his disciples
approached him, saying, "Explain to us the parable of the weeds of the field."
37 He answered, "The one who sows the good seed is the Son of Man; 38 the
field is the world, and the good seed are the children of the kingdom; the
weeds are the children of the evil one, 39 and the enemy who sowed them is the
devil; the harvest is the end of the age, and the reapers are angels. 40 Just
as the weeds are collected and burned up with fire, so will it be at the end
of the age. 41 The Son of Man will send his angels, and they will collect out
of his kingdom all causes of sin and all evildoers, 42 and they will throw
them into the furnace of fire, where there will be weeping and gnashing of
teeth. 43 Then the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their
Father. Let anyone with ears listen!
44 "The kingdom of heaven is like treasure hidden in a field, which someone
found and hid; then in his joy he goes and sells all that he has and buys that
45 "Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant in search of fine pearls;
46 on finding one pearl of great value, he went and sold all that he had and
47 "Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a net that was thrown into the sea
and caught fish of every kind; 48 when it was full, they drew it ashore, sat
down, and put the good into baskets but threw out the bad. 49 So it will be at
the end of the age. The angels will come out and separate the evil from the
righteous 50 and throw them into the furnace of fire, where there will be
weeping and gnashing of teeth.
51 "Have you understood all this?" They answered, "Yes." 52 And he said to
them, "Therefore every scribe who has been trained for the kingdom of heaven
is like the master of a household who brings out of his treasure what is new
and what is old." 53 When Jesus had finished these parables, he left that
Jesus' rejection in Nazareth
54 He came to his hometown and began to teach the people in their synagogue,
so that they were astounded and said, "Where did this man get this wisdom and
these deeds of power? 55 Is not this the carpenter's son? Is not his mother
called Mary? And are not his brothers James and Joseph and Simon and Judas? 56
And are not all his sisters with us? Where then did this man get all this?" 57
And they took offense at him. But Jesus said to them, "Prophets are not
without honor except in their own country and in their own house." 58 And he
did not do many deeds of power there, because of their unbelief.
The death of John the Baptist
1 At that time Herod the ruler heard reports about Jesus; 2 and he said to his
servants, "This is John the Baptist; he has been raised from the dead, and for
this reason these powers are at work in him." 3 For Herod had arrested John,
bound him, and put him in prison on account of Herodias, his brother Philip's
wife, 4 because John had been telling him, "It is not lawful for you to have
her." 5 Though Herod wanted to put him to death, he feared the crowd, because
they regarded him as a prophet. 6 But when Herod's birthday came, the daughter
of Herodias danced before the company, and she pleased Herod 7 so much that he
promised on oath to grant her whatever she might ask. 8 Prompted by her
mother, she said, "Give me the head of John the Baptist here on a platter." 9
The king was grieved, yet out of regard for his oaths and for the guests, he
commanded it to be given; 10 he sent and had John beheaded in the prison. 11
The head was brought on a platter and given to the girl, who brought it to her
mother. 12 His disciples came and took the body and buried it; then they went
and told Jesus.
The miraculous feeding
13 Now when Jesus heard this, he withdrew from there in a boat to a deserted
place by himself. But when the crowds heard it, they followed him on foot from
the towns. 14 When he went ashore, he saw a great crowd; and he had compassion
for them and cured their sick. 15 When it was evening, the disciples came to
him and said, "This is a deserted place, and the hour is now late; send the
crowds away so that they may go into the villages and buy food for
themselves." 16 Jesus said to them, "They need not go away; you give them
something to eat." 17 They replied, "We have nothing here but five loaves and
two fish." 18 And he said, "Bring them here to me." 19 Then he ordered the
crowds to sit down on the grass. Taking the five loaves and the two fish, he
looked up to heaven, and blessed and broke the loaves, and gave them to the
disciples, and the disciples gave them to the crowds. 20 And all ate and were
filled; and they took up what was left over of the broken pieces, twelve
baskets full. 21 And those who ate were about five thousand men, besides women
Jesus' dominion over nature
22 Immediately he made the disciples get into the boat and go on ahead to the
other side, while he dismissed the crowds. 23 And after he had dismissed the
crowds, he went up the mountain by himself to pray. When evening came, he was
there alone, 24 but by this time the boat, battered by the waves, was far from
the land, for the wind was against them. 25 And early in the morning he came
walking toward them on the sea. 26 But when the disciples saw him walking on
the sea, they were terrified, saying, "It is a ghost!" And they cried out in
fear. 27 But immediately Jesus spoke to them and said, "Take heart, it is I;
do not be afraid."
28 Peter answered him, "Lord, if it is you, command me to come to you on the
water." 29 He said, "Come." So Peter got out of the boat, started walking on
the water, and came toward Jesus. 30 But when he noticed the strong wind, he
became frightened, and beginning to sink, he cried out, "Lord, save me!" 31
Jesus immediately reached out his hand and caught him, saying to him, "You of
little faith, why did you doubt?" 32 When they got into the boat, the wind
ceased. 33 And those in the boat worshiped him, saying, "Truly you are the Son
34 When they had crossed over, they came to land at Gennesaret. 35 After the
people of that place recognized him, they sent word throughout the region and
brought all who were sick to him, 36 and begged him that they might touch even
the fringe of his cloak; and all who touched it were healed.
Conflict over tradition and authority
1 Then Pharisees and scribes came to Jesus from Jerusalem and said, 2 "Why do
your disciples break the tradition of the elders? For they do not wash their
hands before they eat." 3 He answered them, "And why do you break the
commandment of God for the sake of your tradition? 4 For God said, 'Honor your
father and your mother,' and, 'Whoever speaks evil of father or mother must
surely die.' 5 But you say that whoever tells father or mother, 'Whatever
support you might have had from me is given to God,' then that person need not
honor the father. 6 So, for the sake of your tradition, you make void the word
of God. 7 You hypocrites! Isaiah prophesied rightly about you when he said:
8 'This people honors me with their lips,
but their hearts are far from me;
9 in vain do they worship me,
teaching human precepts as doctrines.'"
10 Then he called the crowd to him and said to them, "Listen and understand:
11 it is not what goes into the mouth that defiles a person, but it is what
comes out of the mouth that defiles." 12 Then the disciples approached and
said to him, "Do you know that the Pharisees took offense when they heard what
you said?" 13 He answered, "Every plant that my heavenly Father has not
planted will be uprooted. 14 Let them alone; they are blind guides of the
blind. And if one blind person guides another, both will fall into a pit." 15
But Peter said to him, "Explain this parable to us." 16 Then he said, "Are you
also still without understanding? 17 Do you not see that whatever goes into
the mouth enters the stomach, and goes out into the sewer? 18 But what comes
out of the mouth proceeds from the heart, and this is what defiles. 19 For out
of the heart come evil intentions, murder, adultery, fornication, theft, false
witness, slander. 20 These are what defile a person, but to eat with unwashed
hands does not defile."
The Canaanite woman and her daughter
21 Jesus left that place and went away to the district of Tyre and Sidon. 22
Just then a Canaanite woman from that region came out and started shouting,
"Have mercy on me, Lord, Son of David; my daughter is tormented by a demon."
23 But he did not answer her at all. And his disciples came and urged him,
saying, "Send her away, for she keeps shouting after us." 24 He answered, "I
was sent only to the lost sheep of the house of Israel." 25 But she came and
knelt before him, saying, "Lord, help me." 26 He answered, "It is not fair to
take the children's food and throw it to the dogs." 27 She said, "Yes, Lord,
yet even the dogs eat the crumbs that fall from their masters' table." 28 Then
Jesus answered her, "Woman, great is your faith! Let it be done for you as you
wish." And her daughter was healed instantly.
29 After Jesus had left that place, he passed along the Sea of Galilee, and he
went up the mountain, where he sat down. 30 Great crowds came to him, bringing
with them the lame, the maimed, the blind, the mute, and many others. They put
them at his feet, and he cured them, 31 so that the crowd was amazed when they
saw the mute speaking, the maimed whole, the lame walking, and the blind
seeing. And they praised the God of Israel.
The second feeding
32 Then Jesus called his disciples to him and said, "I have compassion for the
crowd, because they have been with me now for three days and have nothing to
eat; and I do not want to send them away hungry, for they might faint on the
way." 33 The disciples said to him, "Where are we to get enough bread in the
desert to feed so great a crowd?" 34 Jesus asked them, "How many loaves have
you?" They said, "Seven, and a few small fish." 35 Then ordering the crowd to
sit down on the ground, 36 he took the seven loaves and the fish; and after
giving thanks he broke them and gave them to the disciples, and the disciples
gave them to the crowds. 37 And all of them ate and were filled; and they took
up the broken pieces left over, seven baskets full. 38 Those who had eaten
were four thousand men, besides women and children. 39 After sending away the
crowds, he got into the boat and went to the region of Magadan.
Conflict with Pharisees and Sadducees
1 The Pharisees and Sadducees came, and to test Jesus they asked him to show
them a sign from heaven. 2 He answered them, "When it is evening, you say, 'It
will be fair weather, for the sky is red.' 3 And in the morning, 'It will be
stormy today, for the sky is red and threatening.' You know how to interpret
the appearance of the sky, but you cannot interpret the signs of the times. 4
An evil and adulterous generation asks for a sign, but no sign will be given
to it except the sign of Jonah." Then he left them and went away.
5 When the disciples reached the other side, they had forgotten to bring any
bread. 6 Jesus said to them, "Watch out, and beware of the yeast of the
Pharisees and Sadducees." 7 They said to one another, "It is because we have
brought no bread." 8 And becoming aware of it, Jesus said, "You of little
faith, why are you talking about having no bread? 9 Do you still not perceive?
Do you not remember the five loaves for the five thousand, and how many
baskets you gathered? 10 Or the seven loaves for the four thousand, and how
many baskets you gathered? 11 How could you fail to perceive that I was not
speaking about bread? Beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees!" 12
Then they understood that he had not told them to beware of the yeast of
bread, but of the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees.
Peter's confession at Caesarea Philippi
13 Now when Jesus came into the district of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his
disciples, "Who do people say that the Son of Man is?" 14 And they said, "Some
say John the Baptist, but others Elijah, and still others Jeremiah or one of
the prophets." 15 He said to them, "But who do you say that I am?" 16 Simon
Peter answered, "You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God." 17 And Jesus
answered him, "Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah! For flesh and blood has
not revealed this to you, but my Father in heaven. 18 And I tell you, you are
Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will
not prevail against it. 19 I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven,
and whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose
on earth will be loosed in heaven." 20 Then he sternly ordered the disciples
not to tell anyone that he was the Messiah.
Jesus' rebuke of Peter and the nature of discipleship
21 From that time on, Jesus began to show his disciples that he must go to
Jerusalem and undergo great suffering at the hands of the elders and chief
priests and scribes, and be killed, and on the third day be raised. 22 And
Peter took him aside and began to rebuke him, saying, "God forbid it, Lord!
This must never happen to you." 23 But he turned and said to Peter, "Get
behind me, Satan! You are a stumbling block to me; for you are setting your
mind not on divine things but on human things."
24 Then Jesus told his disciples, "If any want to become my followers, let
them deny themselves and take up their cross and follow me. 25 For those who
want to save their life will lose it, and those who lose their life for my
sake will find it. 26 For what will it profit them if they gain the whole
world but forfeit their life? Or what will they give in return for their life?
27 "For the Son of Man is to come with his angels in the glory of his Father,
and then he will repay everyone for what has been done. 28 Truly I tell you,
there are some standing here who will not taste death before they see the Son
of Man coming in his kingdom."
1 Six days later, Jesus took with him Peter and James and his brother John and
led them up a high mountain, by themselves. 2 And he was transfigured before
them, and his face shone like the sun, and his clothes became dazzling white.
3 Suddenly there appeared to them Moses and Elijah, talking with him. 4 Then
Peter said to Jesus, "Lord, it is good for us to be here; if you wish, I will
make three dwellings here, one for you, one for Moses, and one for Elijah." 5
While he was still speaking, suddenly a bright cloud overshadowed them, and
from the cloud a voice said, "This is my Son, the Beloved; with him I am well
pleased; listen to him!" 6 When the disciples heard this, they fell to the
ground and were overcome by fear. 7 But Jesus came and touched them, saying,
"Get up and do not be afraid." 8 And when they looked up, they saw no one
except Jesus himself alone.
The importance of John the Baptist
9 As they were coming down the mountain, Jesus ordered them, "Tell no one
about the vision until after the Son of Man has been raised from the dead." 10
And the disciples asked him, "Why, then, do the scribes say that Elijah must
come first?" 11 He replied, "Elijah is indeed coming and will restore all
things; 12 but I tell you that Elijah has already come, and they did not
recognize him, but they did to him whatever they pleased. So also the Son of
Man is about to suffer at their hands." 13 Then the disciples understood that
he was speaking to them about John the Baptist.
Faith and acts of power
14 When they came to the crowd, a man came to him, knelt before him, 15 and
said, "Lord, have mercy on my son, for he is an epileptic and he suffers
terribly; he often falls into the fire and often into the water. 16 And I
brought him to your disciples, but they could not cure him." 17 Jesus
answered, "You faithless and perverse generation, how much longer must I be
with you? How much longer must I put up with you? Bring him here to me." 18
And Jesus rebuked the demon, and it came out of him, and the boy was cured
instantly. 19 Then the disciples came to Jesus privately and said, "Why could
we not cast it out?" 20 He said to them, "Because of your little faith. For
truly I tell you, if you have faith the size of a mustard seed, you will say
to this mountain, 'Move from here to there,' and it will move; and nothing
will be impossible for you."
Jesus' second prediction of betrayal and death
22 As they were gathering in Galilee, Jesus said to them, "The Son of Man is
going to be betrayed into human hands, 23 and they will kill him, and on the
third day he will be raised." And they were greatly distressed.
The question of taxes
24 When they reached Capernaum, the collectors of the temple tax came to Peter
and said, "Does your teacher not pay the temple tax?" 25 He said, "Yes, he
does." And when he came home, Jesus spoke of it first, asking, "What do you
think, Simon? From whom do kings of the earth take toll or tribute? From their
children or from others?" 26 When Peter said, "From others," Jesus said to
him, "Then the children are free. 27 However, so that we do not give offense
to them, go to the sea and cast a hook; take the first fish that comes up; and
when you open its mouth, you will find a coin; take that and give it to them
for you and me."
The fourth discourse; the question about genuine greatness
1 At that time the disciples came to Jesus and asked, "Who is the greatest in
the kingdom of heaven?" 2 He called a child, whom he put among them, 3 and
said, "Truly I tell you, unless you change and become like children, you will
never enter the kingdom of heaven. 4 Whoever becomes humble like this child is
the greatest in the kingdom of heaven. 5 Whoever welcomes one such child in my
name welcomes me.
6 "If any of you put a stumbling block before one of these little ones who
believe in me, it would be better for you if a great millstone were fastened
around your neck and you were drowned in the depth of the sea. 7 Woe to the
world because of stumbling blocks! Occasions for stumbling are bound to come,
but woe to the one by whom the stumbling block comes!
8 "If your hand or your foot causes you to stumble, cut it off and throw it
away; it is better for you to enter life maimed or lame than to have two hands
or two feet and to be thrown into the eternal fire. 9 And if your eye causes
you to stumble, tear it out and throw it away; it is better for you to enter
life with one eye than to have two eyes and to be thrown into the hell of
Life and relationships within the church
10 "Take care that you do not despise one of these little ones; for, I tell
you, in heaven their angels continually see the face of my Father in heaven.
12 What do you think? If a shepherd has a hundred sheep, and one of them has
gone astray, does he not leave the ninety-nine on the mountains and go in
search of the one that went astray? 13 And if he finds it, truly I tell you,
he rejoices over it more than over the ninety-nine that never went astray. 14
So it is not the will of your Father in heaven that one of these little ones
should be lost.
15 "If another member of the church sins against you, go and point out the
fault when the two of you are alone. If the member listens to you, you have
regained that one. 16 But if you are not listened to, take one or two others
along with you, so that every word may be confirmed by the evidence of two or
three witnesses. 17 If the member refuses to listen to them, tell it to the
church; and if the offender refuses to listen even to the church, let such a
one be to you as a Gentile and a tax collector. 18 Truly I tell you, whatever
you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth
will be loosed in heaven. 19 Again, truly I tell you, if two of you agree on
earth about anything you ask, it will be done for you by my Father in heaven.
20 For where two or three are gathered in my name, I am there among them."
21 Then Peter came and said to him, "Lord, if another member of the church
sins against me, how often should I forgive? As many as seven times?" 22 Jesus
said to him, "Not seven times, but, I tell you, seventy-seven times.
23 "For this reason the kingdom of heaven may be compared to a king who wished
to settle accounts with his slaves. 24 When he began the reckoning, one who
owed him ten thousand talents was brought to him; 25 and, as he could not pay,
his lord ordered him to be sold, together with his wife and children and all
his possessions, and payment to be made. 26 So the slave fell on his knees
before him, saying, 'Have patience with me, and I will pay you everything.' 27
And out of pity for him, the lord of that slave released him and forgave him
the debt. 28 But that same slave, as he went out, came upon one of his fellow
slaves who owed him a hundred denarii; and seizing him by the throat, he said,
'Pay what you owe.' 29 Then his fellow slave fell down and pleaded with him,
'Have patience with me, and I will pay you.' 30 But he refused; then he went
and threw him into prison until he would pay the debt. 31 When his fellow
slaves saw what had happened, they were greatly distressed, and they went and
reported to their lord all that had taken place. 32 Then his lord summoned him
and said to him, 'You wicked slave! I forgave you all that debt because you
pleaded with me. 33 Should you not have had mercy on your fellow slave, as I
had mercy on you?' 34 And in anger his lord handed him over to be tortured
until he would pay his entire debt. 35 So my heavenly Father will also do to
every one of you, if you do not forgive your brother or sister from your
Continued legal debate with some of the Pharisees
1 When Jesus had finished saying these things, he left Galilee and went to the
region of Judea beyond the Jordan. 2 Large crowds followed him, and he cured
3 Some Pharisees came to him, and to test him they asked, "Is it lawful for a
man to divorce his wife for any cause?" 4 He answered, "Have you not read that
the one who made them at the beginning 'made them male and female,' 5 and
said, 'For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined
to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh'? 6 So they are no longer two,
but one flesh. Therefore what God has joined together, let no one separate." 7
They said to him, "Why then did Moses command us to give a certificate of
dismissal and to divorce her?" 8 He said to them, "It was because you were so
hard-hearted that Moses allowed you to divorce your wives, but from the
beginning it was not so. 9 And I say to you, whoever divorces his wife, except
for unchastity, and marries another commits adultery."
10 His disciples said to him, "If such is the case of a man with his wife, it
is better not to marry." 11 But he said to them, "Not everyone can accept this
teaching, but only those to whom it is given. 12 For there are eunuchs who
have been so from birth, and there are eunuchs who have been made eunuchs by
others, and there are eunuchs who have made themselves eunuchs for the sake of
the kingdom of heaven. Let anyone accept this who can."
Questions pertaining to eternal life
13 Then little children were being brought to him in order that he might lay
his hands on them and pray. The disciples spoke sternly to those who brought
them; 14 but Jesus said, "Let the little children come to me, and do not stop
them; for it is to such as these that the kingdom of heaven belongs." 15 And
he laid his hands on them and went on his way.
16 Then someone came to him and said, "Teacher, what good deed must I do to
have eternal life?" 17 And he said to him, "Why do you ask me about what is
good? There is only one who is good. If you wish to enter into life, keep the
commandments." 18 He said to him, "Which ones?" And Jesus said, "You shall not
murder; You shall not commit adultery; You shall not steal; You shall not bear
false witness; 19 Honor your father and mother; also, You shall love your
neighbor as yourself." 20 The young man said to him, "I have kept all these;
what do I still lack?" 21 Jesus said to him, "If you wish to be perfect, go,
sell your possessions, and give the money to the poor, and you will have
treasure in heaven; then come, follow me." 22 When the young man heard this
word, he went away grieving, for he had many possessions.
23 Then Jesus said to his disciples, "Truly I tell you, it will be hard for a
rich person to enter the kingdom of heaven. 24 Again I tell you, it is easier
for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for someone who is rich to
enter the kingdom of God." 25 When the disciples heard this, they were greatly
astounded and said, "Then who can be saved?" 26 But Jesus looked at them and
said, "For mortals it is impossible, but for God all things are possible."
27 Then Peter said in reply, "Look, we have left everything and followed you.
What then will we have?" 28 Jesus said to them, "Truly I tell you, at the
renewal of all things, when the Son of Man is seated on the throne of his
glory, you who have followed me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the
twelve tribes of Israel. 29 And everyone who has left houses or brothers or
sisters or father or mother or children or fields, for my name's sake, will
receive a hundredfold, and will inherit eternal life. 30 But many who are
first will be last, and the last will be first.
The laborers in the vineyard
1 "For the kingdom of heaven is like a landowner who went out early in the
morning to hire laborers for his vineyard. 2 After agreeing with the laborers
for the usual daily wage, he sent them into his vineyard. 3 When he went out
about nine o'clock, he saw others standing idle in the marketplace; 4 and he
said to them, 'You also go into the vineyard, and I will pay you whatever is
right.' So they went. 5 When he went out again about noon and about three
o'clock, he did the same. 6 And about five o'clock he went out and found
others standing around; and he said to them, 'Why are you standing here idle
all day?' 7 They said to him, 'Because no one has hired us.' He said to them,
'You also go into the vineyard.' 8 When evening came, the owner of the
vineyard said to his manager, 'Call the laborers and give them their pay,
beginning with the last and then going to the first.' 9 When those hired about
five o'clock came, each of them received the usual daily wage. 10 Now when the
first came, they thought they would receive more; but each of them also
received the usual daily wage. 11 And when they received it, they grumbled
against the landowner, 12 saying, 'These last worked only one hour, and you
have made them equal to us who have borne the burden of the day and the
scorching heat.' 13 But he replied to one of them, 'Friend, I am doing you no
wrong; did you not agree with me for the usual daily wage? 14 Take what
belongs to you and go; I choose to give to this last the same as I give to
you. 15 Am I not allowed to do what I choose with what belongs to me? Or are
you envious because I am generous?' 16 So the last will be first, and the
first will be last."
Jesus anticipates his death and resurrection
17 While Jesus was going up to Jerusalem, he took the twelve disciples aside
by themselves, and said to them on the way, 18 "See, we are going up to
Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be handed over to the chief priests and
scribes, and they will condemn him to death; 19 then they will hand him over
to the Gentiles to be mocked and flogged and crucified; and on the third day
he will be raised."
Service as greatness
20 Then the mother of the sons of Zebedee came to him with her sons, and
kneeling before him, she asked a favor of him. 21 And he said to her, "What do
you want?" She said to him, "Declare that these two sons of mine will sit, one
at your right hand and one at your left, in your kingdom." 22 But Jesus
answered, "You do not know what you are asking. Are you able to drink the cup
that I am about to drink?" They said to him, "We are able." 23 He said to
them, "You will indeed drink my cup, but to sit at my right hand and at my
left, this is not mine to grant, but it is for those for whom it has been
prepared by my Father."
24 When the ten heard it, they were angry with the two brothers. 25 But Jesus
called them to him and said, "You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it
over them, and their great ones are tyrants over them. 26 It will not be so
among you; but whoever wishes to be great among you must be your servant, 27
and whoever wishes to be first among you must be your slave; 28 just as the
Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life a ransom
Seeking help from the Son of David
29 As they were leaving Jericho, a large crowd followed him. 30 There were two
blind men sitting by the roadside. When they heard that Jesus was passing by,
they shouted, "Lord, have mercy on us, Son of David!" 31 The crowd sternly
ordered them to be quiet; but they shouted even more loudly, "Have mercy on
us, Lord, Son of David!" 32 Jesus stood still and called them, saying, "What
do you want me to do for you?" 33 They said to him, "Lord, let our eyes be
opened." 34 Moved with compassion, Jesus touched their eyes. Immediately they
regained their sight and followed him.
Jesus' entry into Jerusalem
1 When they had come near Jerusalem and had reached Bethphage, at the Mount of
Olives, Jesus sent two disciples, 2 saying to them, "Go into the village ahead
of you, and immediately you will find a donkey tied, and a colt with her;
untie them and bring them to me. 3 If anyone says anything to you, just say
this, 'The Lord needs them.' And he will send them immediately." 4 This took
place to fulfill what had been spoken through the prophet, saying,
5 "Tell the daughter of Zion,
Look, your king is coming to you,
humble, and mounted on a donkey,
and on a colt, the foal of a donkey."
6 The disciples went and did as Jesus had directed them; 7 they brought the
donkey and the colt, and put their cloaks on them, and he sat on them. 8 A
very large crowd spread their cloaks on the road, and others cut branches from
the trees and spread them on the road. 9 The crowds that went ahead of him and
that followed were shouting,
"Hosanna to the Son of David!
Blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord!
Hosanna in the highest heaven!"
10 When he entered Jerusalem, the whole city was in turmoil, asking, "Who is
this?" 11 The crowds were saying, "This is the prophet Jesus from Nazareth in
Jesus' confrontations in the Temple
12 Then Jesus entered the temple and drove out all who were selling and buying
in the temple, and he overturned the tables of the money changers and the
seats of those who sold doves. 13 He said to them, "It is written,
'My house shall be called a house of prayer';
but you are making it a den of robbers."
14 The blind and the lame came to him in the temple, and he cured them. 15 But
when the chief priests and the scribes saw the amazing things that he did, and
heard the children crying out in the temple, "Hosanna to the Son of David,"
they became angry 16 and said to him, "Do you hear what these are saying?"
Jesus said to them, "Yes; have you never read,
'Out of the mouths of infants and nursing babies
you have prepared praise for yourself'?"
17 He left them, went out of the city to Bethany, and spent the night there.
18 In the morning, when he returned to the city, he was hungry. 19 And seeing
a fig tree by the side of the road, he went to it and found nothing at all on
it but leaves. Then he said to it, "May no fruit ever come from you again!"
And the fig tree withered at once. 20 When the disciples saw it, they were
amazed, saying, "How did the fig tree wither at once?" 21 Jesus answered them,
"Truly I tell you, if you have faith and do not doubt, not only will you do
what has been done to the fig tree, but even if you say to this mountain, 'Be
lifted up and thrown into the sea,' it will be done. 22 Whatever you ask for
in prayer with faith, you will receive."
23 When he entered the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the people
came to him as he was teaching, and said, "By what authority are you doing
these things, and who gave you this authority?" 24 Jesus said to them, "I will
also ask you one question; if you tell me the answer, then I will also tell
you by what authority I do these things. 25 Did the baptism of John come from
heaven, or was it of human origin?" And they argued with one another, "If we
say, 'From heaven,' he will say to us, 'Why then did you not believe him?' 26
But if we say, 'Of human origin,' we are afraid of the crowd; for all regard
John as a prophet." 27 So they answered Jesus, "We do not know." And he said
to them, "Neither will I tell you by what authority I am doing these things.
Tax collectors, prostitutes, and the kingdom of God
28 "What do you think? A man had two sons; he went to the first and said,
'Son, go and work in the vineyard today.' 29 He answered, 'I will not'; but
later he changed his mind and went. 30 The father went to the second and said
the same; and he answered, 'I go, sir'; but he did not go. 31 Which of the two
did the will of his father?" They said, "The first." Jesus said to them,
"Truly I tell you, the tax collectors and the prostitutes are going into the
kingdom of God ahead of you. 32 For John came to you in the way of
righteousness and you did not believe him, but the tax collectors and the
prostitutes believed him; and even after you saw it, you did not change your
minds and believe him.
The parable of the wicked tenants
33 "Listen to another parable. There was a landowner who planted a vineyard,
put a fence around it, dug a wine press in it, and built a watchtower. Then he
leased it to tenants and went to another country. 34 When the harvest time had
come, he sent his slaves to the tenants to collect his produce. 35 But the
tenants seized his slaves and beat one, killed another, and stoned another. 36
Again he sent other slaves, more than the first; and they treated them in the
same way. 37 Finally he sent his son to them, saying, 'They will respect my
son.' 38 But when the tenants saw the son, they said to themselves, 'This is
the heir; come, let us kill him and get his inheritance.' 39 So they seized
him, threw him out of the vineyard, and killed him. 40 Now when the owner of
the vineyard comes, what will he do to those tenants?" 41 They said to him,
"He will put those wretches to a miserable death, and lease the vineyard to
other tenants who will give him the produce at the harvest time."
42 Jesus said to them, "Have you never read in the scriptures:
'The stone that the builders rejected
has become the cornerstone;
this was the LORD's doing,
and it is amazing in our eyes'?
43 Therefore I tell you, the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and
given to a people that produces the fruits of the kingdom. 44 The one who
falls on this stone will be broken to pieces; and it will crush anyone on whom
45 When the chief priests and the Pharisees heard his parables, they realized
that he was speaking about them. 46 They wanted to arrest him, but they feared
the crowds, because they regarded him as a prophet.
The wedding feast
1 Once more Jesus spoke to them in parables, saying: 2 "The kingdom of heaven
may be compared to a king who gave a wedding banquet for his son. 3 He sent
his slaves to call those who had been invited to the wedding banquet, but they
would not come. 4 Again he sent other slaves, saying, 'Tell those who have
been invited: Look, I have prepared my dinner, my oxen and my fat calves have
been slaughtered, and everything is ready; come to the wedding banquet.' 5 But
they made light of it and went away, one to his farm, another to his business,
6 while the rest seized his slaves, mistreated them, and killed them. 7 The
king was enraged. He sent his troops, destroyed those murderers, and burned
their city. 8 Then he said to his slaves, 'The wedding is ready, but those
invited were not worthy. 9 Go therefore into the main streets, and invite
everyone you find to the wedding banquet.' 10 Those slaves went out into the
streets and gathered all whom they found, both good and bad; so the wedding
hall was filled with guests.
11 "But when the king came in to see the guests, he noticed a man there who
was not wearing a wedding robe, 12 and he said to him, 'Friend, how did you
get in here without a wedding robe?' And he was speechless. 13 Then the king
said to the attendants, 'Bind him hand and foot, and throw him into the outer
darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.' 14 For many are
called, but few are chosen."
A series of debates with the local leaders
15 Then the Pharisees went and plotted to entrap him in what he said. 16 So
they sent their disciples to him, along with the Herodians, saying, "Teacher,
we know that you are sincere, and teach the way of God in accordance with
truth, and show deference to no one; for you do not regard people with
partiality. 17 Tell us, then, what you think. Is it lawful to pay taxes to the
emperor, or not?" 18 But Jesus, aware of their malice, said, "Why are you
putting me to the test, you hypocrites? 19 Show me the coin used for the tax."
And they brought him a denarius. 20 Then he said to them, "Whose head is this,
and whose title?" 21 They answered, "The emperor's." Then he said to them,
"Give therefore to the emperor the things that are the emperor's, and to God
the things that are God's." 22 When they heard this, they were amazed; and
they left him and went away.
23 The same day some Sadducees came to him, saying there is no resurrection;
and they asked him a question, saying, 24 "Teacher, Moses said, 'If a man dies
childless, his brother shall marry the widow, and raise up children for his
brother.' 25 Now there were seven brothers among us; the first married, and
died childless, leaving the widow to his brother. 26 The second did the same,
so also the third, down to the seventh. 27 Last of all, the woman herself
died. 28 In the resurrection, then, whose wife of the seven will she be? For
all of them had married her."
29 Jesus answered them, "You are wrong, because you know neither the
scriptures nor the power of God. 30 For in the resurrection they neither marry
nor are given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven. 31 And as for the
resurrection of the dead, have you not read what was said to you by God, 32 'I
am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob'? He is God not
of the dead, but of the living." 33 And when the crowd heard it, they were
astounded at his teaching.
34 When the Pharisees heard that he had silenced the Sadducees, they gathered
together, 35 and one of them, a lawyer, asked him a question to test him. 36
"Teacher, which commandment in the law is the greatest?" 37 He said to him,
"'You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your
soul, and with all your mind.' 38 This is the greatest and first commandment.
39 And a second is like it: 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.' 40 On
these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets."
41 Now while the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them this
question: 42 "What do you think of the Messiah? Whose son is he?" They said to
him, "The son of David." 43 He said to them, "How is it then that David by the
Spirit calls him Lord, saying,
44 'The Lord said to my Lord,
"Sit at my right hand,
until I put your enemies under your feet"'?
45 If David thus calls him Lord, how can he be his son?" 46 No one was able to
give him an answer, nor from that day did anyone dare to ask him any more
The fifth discourse
1 Then Jesus said to the crowds and to his disciples, 2 "The scribes and the
Pharisees sit on Moses' seat; 3 therefore, do whatever they teach you and
follow it; but do not do as they do, for they do not practice what they teach.
4 They tie up heavy burdens, hard to bear, and lay them on the shoulders of
others; but they themselves are unwilling to lift a finger to move them. 5
They do all their deeds to be seen by others; for they make their phylacteries
broad and their fringes long. 6 They love to have the place of honor at
banquets and the best seats in the synagogues, 7 and to be greeted with
respect in the marketplaces, and to have people call them rabbi. 8 But you are
not to be called rabbi, for you have one teacher, and you are all students. 9
And call no one your father on earth, for you have one Father – the one in
heaven. 10 Nor are you to be called instructors, for you have one instructor,
the Messiah. 11 The greatest among you will be your servant. 12 All who exalt
themselves will be humbled, and all who humble themselves will be exalted.
13 "But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you lock people out
of the kingdom of heaven. For you do not go in yourselves, and when others are
going in, you stop them. 15 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For
you cross sea and land to make a single convert, and you make the new convert
twice as much a child of hell as yourselves.
16 "Woe to you, blind guides, who say, 'Whoever swears by the sanctuary is
bound by nothing, but whoever swears by the gold of the sanctuary is bound by
the oath.' 17 You blind fools! For which is greater, the gold or the sanctuary
that has made the gold sacred? 18 And you say, 'Whoever swears by the altar is
bound by nothing, but whoever swears by the gift that is on the altar is bound
by the oath.' 19 How blind you are! For which is greater, the gift or the
altar that makes the gift sacred? 20 So whoever swears by the altar, swears by
it and by everything on it; 21 and whoever swears by the sanctuary, swears by
it and by the one who dwells in it; 22 and whoever swears by heaven, swears by
the throne of God and by the one who is seated upon it.
23 "Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you tithe mint, dill,
and cummin, and have neglected the weightier matters of the law: justice and
mercy and faith. It is these you ought to have practiced without neglecting
the others. 24 You blind guides! You strain out a gnat but swallow a camel!
25 "Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you clean the outside
of the cup and of the plate, but inside they are full of greed and
self-indulgence. 26 You blind Pharisee! First clean the inside of the cup, so
that the outside also may become clean.
27 "Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you are like
whitewashed tombs, which on the outside look beautiful, but inside they are
full of the bones of the dead and of all kinds of filth. 28 So you also on the
outside look righteous to others, but inside you are full of hypocrisy and
29 "Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you build the tombs of
the prophets and decorate the graves of the righteous, 30 and you say, 'If we
had lived in the days of our ancestors, we would not have taken part with them
in shedding the blood of the prophets.' 31 Thus you testify against yourselves
that you are descendants of those who murdered the prophets. 32 Fill up, then,
the measure of your ancestors. 33 You snakes, you brood of vipers! How can you
escape being sentenced to hell? 34 Therefore I send you prophets, sages, and
scribes, some of whom you will kill and crucify, and some you will flog in
your synagogues and pursue from town to town, 35 so that upon you may come all
the righteous blood shed on earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the
blood of Zechariah son of Barachiah, whom you murdered between the sanctuary
and the altar. 36 Truly I tell you, all this will come upon this generation.
37 "Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the city that kills the prophets and stones those
who are sent to it! How often have I desired to gather your children together
as a hen gathers her brood under her wings, and you were not willing! 38 See,
your house is left to you, desolate. 39 For I tell you, you will not see me
again until you say, 'Blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord.'"
1 As Jesus came out of the temple and was going away, his disciples came to
point out to him the buildings of the temple. 2 Then he asked them, "You see
all these, do you not? Truly I tell you, not one stone will be left here upon
another; all will be thrown down."
3 When he was sitting on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to him
privately, saying, "Tell us, when will this be, and what will be the sign of
your coming and of the end of the age?" 4 Jesus answered them, "Beware that no
one leads you astray. 5 For many will come in my name, saying, 'I am the
Messiah!' and they will lead many astray. 6 And you will hear of wars and
rumors of wars; see that you are not alarmed; for this must take place, but
the end is not yet. 7 For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against
kingdom, and there will be famines and earthquakes in various places: 8 all
this is but the beginning of the birth pangs.
9 "Then they will hand you over to be tortured and will put you to death, and
you will be hated by all nations because of my name. 10 Then many will fall
away, and they will betray one another and hate one another. 11 And many false
prophets will arise and lead many astray. 12 And because of the increase of
lawlessness, the love of many will grow cold. 13 But the one who endures to
the end will be saved. 14 And this good news of the kingdom will be proclaimed
throughout the world, as a testimony to all the nations; and then the end will
15 "So when you see the desolating sacrilege standing in the holy place, as
was spoken of by the prophet Daniel (let the reader understand), 16 then those
in Judea must flee to the mountains; 17 the one on the housetop must not go
down to take what is in the house; 18 the one in the field must not turn back
to get a coat. 19 Woe to those who are pregnant and to those who are nursing
infants in those days! 20 Pray that your flight may not be in winter or on a
sabbath. 21 For at that time there will be great suffering, such as has not
been from the beginning of the world until now, no, and never will be. 22 And
if those days had not been cut short, no one would be saved; but for the sake
of the elect those days will be cut short. 23 Then if anyone says to you,
'Look! Here is the Messiah!' or 'There he is!' – do not believe it. 24 For
false messiahs and false prophets will appear and produce great signs and
omens, to lead astray, if possible, even the elect. 25 Take note, I have told
you beforehand. 26 So, if they say to you, 'Look! He is in the wilderness,' do
not go out. If they say, 'Look! He is in the inner rooms,' do not believe it.
27 For as the lightning comes from the east and flashes as far as the west, so
will be the coming of the Son of Man. 28 Wherever the corpse is, there the
vultures will gather.
29 "Immediately after the suffering of those days
the sun will be darkened,
and the moon will not give its light;
the stars will fall from heaven,
and the powers of heaven will be shaken.
30 Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the
tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see 'the Son of Man coming on
the clouds of heaven' with power and great glory. 31 And he will send out his
angels with a loud trumpet call, and they will gather his elect from the four
winds, from one end of heaven to the other.
32 "From the fig tree learn its lesson: as soon as its branch becomes tender
and puts forth its leaves, you know that summer is near. 33 So also, when you
see all these things, you know that he is near, at the very gates. 34 Truly I
tell you, this generation will not pass away until all these things have taken
place. 35 Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away.
36 "But about that day and hour no one knows, neither the angels of heaven,
nor the Son, but only the Father. 37 For as the days of Noah were, so will be
the coming of the Son of Man. 38 For as in those days before the flood they
were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day Noah
entered the ark, 39 and they knew nothing until the flood came and swept them
all away, so too will be the coming of the Son of Man. 40 Then two will be in
the field; one will be taken and one will be left. 41 Two women will be
grinding meal together; one will be taken and one will be left. 42 Keep awake
therefore, for you do not know on what day your Lord is coming. 43 But
understand this: if the owner of the house had known in what part of the night
the thief was coming, he would have stayed awake and would not have let his
house be broken into. 44 Therefore you also must be ready, for the Son of Man
is coming at an unexpected hour.
45 "Who then is the faithful and wise slave, whom his master has put in charge
of his household, to give the other slaves their allowance of food at the
proper time? 46 Blessed is that slave whom his master will find at work when
he arrives. 47 Truly I tell you, he will put that one in charge of all his
possessions. 48 But if that wicked slave says to himself, 'My master is
delayed,' 49 and he begins to beat his fellow slaves, and eats and drinks with
drunkards, 50 the master of that slave will come on a day when he does not
expect him and at an hour that he does not know. 51 He will cut him in pieces
and put him with the hypocrites, where there will be weeping and gnashing of
The parable of the ten maidens
1 "Then the kingdom of heaven will be like this. Ten bridesmaids took their
lamps and went to meet the bridegroom. 2 Five of them were foolish, and five
were wise. 3 When the foolish took their lamps, they took no oil with them; 4
but the wise took flasks of oil with their lamps. 5 As the bridegroom was
delayed, all of them became drowsy and slept. 6 But at midnight there was a
shout, 'Look! Here is the bridegroom! Come out to meet him.' 7 Then all those
bridesmaids got up and trimmed their lamps. 8 The foolish said to the wise,
'Give us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.' 9 But the wise
replied, 'No! there will not be enough for you and for us; you had better go
to the dealers and buy some for yourselves.' 10 And while they went to buy it,
the bridegroom came, and those who were ready went with him into the wedding
banquet; and the door was shut. 11 Later the other bridesmaids came also,
saying, 'Lord, lord, open to us.' 12 But he replied, 'Truly I tell you, I do
not know you.' 13 Keep awake therefore, for you know neither the day nor the
The parable of the talents
14 "For it is as if a man, going on a journey, summoned his slaves and
entrusted his property to them; 15 to one he gave five talents, to another
two, to another one, to each according to his ability. Then he went away. 16
The one who had received the five talents went off at once and traded with
them, and made five more talents. 17 In the same way, the one who had the two
talents made two more talents. 18 But the one who had received the one talent
went off and dug a hole in the ground and hid his master's money. 19 After a
long time the master of those slaves came and settled accounts with them. 20
Then the one who had received the five talents came forward, bringing five
more talents, saying, 'Master, you handed over to me five talents; see, I have
made five more talents.' 21 His master said to him, 'Well done, good and
trustworthy slave; you have been trustworthy in a few things, I will put you
in charge of many things; enter into the joy of your master.' 22 And the one
with the two talents also came forward, saying, 'Master, you handed over to me
two talents; see, I have made two more talents.' 23 His master said to him,
'Well done, good and trustworthy slave; you have been trustworthy in a few
things, I will put you in charge of many things; enter into the joy of your
master.' 24 Then the one who had received the one talent also came forward,
saying, 'Master, I knew that you were a harsh man, reaping where you did not
sow, and gathering where you did not scatter seed; 25 so I was afraid, and I
went and hid your talent in the ground. Here you have what is yours.' 26 But
his master replied, 'You wicked and lazy slave! You knew, did you, that I reap
where I did not sow, and gather where I did not scatter? 27 Then you ought to
have invested my money with the bankers, and on my return I would have
received what was my own with interest. 28 So take the talent from him, and
give it to the one with the ten talents. 29 For to all those who have, more
will be given, and they will have an abundance; but from those who have
nothing, even what they have will be taken away. 30 As for this worthless
slave, throw him into the outer darkness, where there will be weeping and
gnashing of teeth.'
31 "When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, then
he will sit on the throne of his glory. 32 All the nations will be gathered
before him, and he will separate people one from another as a shepherd
separates the sheep from the goats, 33 and he will put the sheep at his right
hand and the goats at the left. 34 Then the king will say to those at his
right hand, 'Come, you that are blessed by my Father, inherit the kingdom
prepared for you from the foundation of the world; 35 for I was hungry and you
gave me food, I was thirsty and you gave me something to drink, I was a
stranger and you welcomed me, 36 I was naked and you gave me clothing, I was
sick and you took care of me, I was in prison and you visited me.' 37 Then the
righteous will answer him, 'Lord, when was it that we saw you hungry and gave
you food, or thirsty and gave you something to drink? 38 And when was it that
we saw you a stranger and welcomed you, or naked and gave you clothing? 39 And
when was it that we saw you sick or in prison and visited you?' 40 And the
king will answer them, 'Truly I tell you, just as you did it to one of the
least of these who are members of my family, you did it to me.' 41 Then he
will say to those at his left hand, 'You that are accursed, depart from me
into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels; 42 for I was
hungry and you gave me no food, I was thirsty and you gave me nothing to
drink, 43 I was a stranger and you did not welcome me, naked and you did not
give me clothing, sick and in prison and you did not visit me.' 44 Then they
also will answer, 'Lord, when was it that we saw you hungry or thirsty or a
stranger or naked or sick or in prison, and did not take care of you?' 45 Then
he will answer them, 'Truly I tell you, just as you did not do it to one of
the least of these, you did not do it to me.' 46 And these will go away into
eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life."
Approaching death and Judas's betrayal
1 When Jesus had finished saying all these things, he said to his disciples, 2
"You know that after two days the Passover is coming, and the Son of Man will
be handed over to be crucified."
3 Then the chief priests and the elders of the people gathered in the palace
of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas, 4 and they conspired to arrest
Jesus by stealth and kill him. 5 But they said, "Not during the festival, or
there may be a riot among the people."
6 Now while Jesus was at Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, 7 a woman
came to him with an alabaster jar of very costly ointment, and she poured it
on his head as he sat at the table. 8 But when the disciples saw it, they were
angry and said, "Why this waste? 9 For this ointment could have been sold for
a large sum, and the money given to the poor." 10 But Jesus, aware of this,
said to them, "Why do you trouble the woman? She has performed a good service
for me. 11 For you always have the poor with you, but you will not always have
me. 12 By pouring this ointment on my body she has prepared me for burial. 13
Truly I tell you, wherever this good news is proclaimed in the whole world,
what she has done will be told in remembrance of her."
14 Then one of the twelve, who was called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief
priests 15 and said, "What will you give me if I betray him to you?" They paid
him thirty pieces of silver. 16 And from that moment he began to look for an
opportunity to betray him.
Preparation for the Passover and the Last Supper
17 On the first day of Unleavened Bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying,
"Where do you want us to make the preparations for you to eat the Passover?"
18 He said, "Go into the city to a certain man, and say to him, 'The Teacher
says, My time is near; I will keep the Passover at your house with my
disciples.'" 19 So the disciples did as Jesus had directed them, and they
prepared the Passover meal.
20 When it was evening, he took his place with the twelve; 21 and while they
were eating, he said, "Truly I tell you, one of you will betray me." 22 And
they became greatly distressed and began to say to him one after another,
"Surely not I, Lord?" 23 He answered, "The one who has dipped his hand into
the bowl with me will betray me. 24 The Son of Man goes as it is written of
him, but woe to that one by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have
been better for that one not to have been born." 25 Judas, who betrayed him,
said, "Surely not I, Rabbi?" He replied, "You have said so."
26 While they were eating, Jesus took a loaf of bread, and after blessing it
he broke it, gave it to the disciples, and said, "Take, eat; this is my body."
27 Then he took a cup, and after giving thanks he gave it to them, saying,
"Drink from it, all of you; 28 for this is my blood of the covenant, which is
poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins. 29 I tell you, I will never
again drink of this fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new with
you in my Father's kingdom."
30 When they had sung the hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives.
Temptation, betrayal, and desertion
31 Then Jesus said to them, "You will all become deserters because of me this
night; for it is written,
'I will strike the shepherd,
and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.'
32 But after I am raised up, I will go ahead of you to Galilee." 33 Peter said
to him, "Though all become deserters because of you, I will never desert you."
34 Jesus said to him, "Truly I tell you, this very night, before the cock
crows, you will deny me three times." 35 Peter said to him, "Even though I
must die with you, I will not deny you." And so said all the disciples.
36 Then Jesus went with them to a place called Gethsemane; and he said to his
disciples, "Sit here while I go over there and pray." 37 He took with him
Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to be grieved and agitated. 38
Then he said to them, "I am deeply grieved, even to death; remain here, and
stay awake with me." 39 And going a little farther, he threw himself on the
ground and prayed, "My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass from me;
yet not what I want but what you want." 40 Then he came to the disciples and
found them sleeping; and he said to Peter, "So, could you not stay awake with
me one hour? 41 Stay awake and pray that you may not come into the time of
trial; the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak." 42 Again he went
away for the second time and prayed, "My Father, if this cannot pass unless I
drink it, your will be done." 43 Again he came and found them sleeping, for
their eyes were heavy. 44 So leaving them again, he went away and prayed for
the third time, saying the same words. 45 Then he came to the disciples and
said to them, "Are you still sleeping and taking your rest? See, the hour is
at hand, and the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. 46 Get up,
let us be going. See, my betrayer is at hand."
47 While he was still speaking, Judas, one of the twelve, arrived; with him
was a large crowd with swords and clubs, from the chief priests and the elders
of the people. 48 Now the betrayer had given them a sign, saying, "The one I
will kiss is the man; arrest him." 49 At once he came up to Jesus and said,
"Greetings, Rabbi!" and kissed him. 50 Jesus said to him, "Friend, do what you
are here to do." Then they came and laid hands on Jesus and arrested him. 51
Suddenly, one of those with Jesus put his hand on his sword, drew it, and
struck the slave of the high priest, cutting off his ear. 52 Then Jesus said
to him, "Put your sword back into its place; for all who take the sword will
perish by the sword. 53 Do you think that I cannot appeal to my Father, and he
will at once send me more than twelve legions of angels? 54 But how then would
the scriptures be fulfilled, which say it must happen in this way?" 55 At that
hour Jesus said to the crowds, "Have you come out with swords and clubs to
arrest me as though I were a bandit? Day after day I sat in the temple
teaching, and you did not arrest me. 56 But all this has taken place, so that
the scriptures of the prophets may be fulfilled." Then all the disciples
deserted him and fled.
Leveling charges against Jesus
57 Those who had arrested Jesus took him to Caiaphas the high priest, in whose
house the scribes and the elders had gathered. 58 But Peter was following him
at a distance, as far as the courtyard of the high priest; and going inside,
he sat with the guards in order to see how this would end. 59 Now the chief
priests and the whole council were looking for false testimony against Jesus
so that they might put him to death, 60 but they found none, though many false
witnesses came forward. At last two came forward 61 and said, "This fellow
said, 'I am able to destroy the temple of God and to build it in three days.'"
62 The high priest stood up and said, "Have you no answer? What is it that
they testify against you?" 63 But Jesus was silent. Then the high priest said
to him, "I put you under oath before the living God, tell us if you are the
Messiah, the Son of God." 64 Jesus said to him, "You have said so. But I tell
From now on you will see the Son of Man
seated at the right hand of Power
and coming on the clouds of heaven."
65 Then the high priest tore his clothes and said, "He has blasphemed! Why do
we still need witnesses? You have now heard his blasphemy. 66 What is your
verdict?" They answered, "He deserves death." 67 Then they spat in his face
and struck him; and some slapped him, 68 saying, "Prophesy to us, you Messiah!
Who is it that struck you?"
69 Now Peter was sitting outside in the courtyard. A servant-girl came to him
and said, "You also were with Jesus the Galilean." 70 But he denied it before
all of them, saying, "I do not know what you are talking about." 71 When he
went out to the porch, another servant-girl saw him, and she said to the
bystanders, "This man was with Jesus of Nazareth." 72 Again he denied it with
an oath, "I do not know the man." 73 After a little while the bystanders came
up and said to Peter, "Certainly you are also one of them, for your accent
betrays you." 74 Then he began to curse, and he swore an oath, "I do not know
the man!" At that moment the cock crowed. 75 Then Peter remembered what Jesus
had said: "Before the cock crows, you will deny me three times." And he went
out and wept bitterly.
The trial of Jesus
1 When morning came, all the chief priests and the elders of the people
conferred together against Jesus in order to bring about his death. 2 They
bound him, led him away, and handed him over to Pilate the governor.
3 When Judas, his betrayer, saw that Jesus was condemned, he repented and
brought back the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and the elders.
4 He said, "I have sinned by betraying innocent blood." But they said, "What
is that to us? See to it yourself." 5 Throwing down the pieces of silver in
the temple, he departed; and he went and hanged himself. 6 But the chief
priests, taking the pieces of silver, said, "It is not lawful to put them into
the treasury, since they are blood money." 7 After conferring together, they
used them to buy the potter's field as a place to bury foreigners. 8 For this
reason that field has been called the Field of Blood to this day. 9 Then was
fulfilled what had been spoken through the prophet Jeremiah, "And they took
the thirty pieces of silver, the price of the one on whom a price had been
set, on whom some of the people of Israel had set a price, 10 and they gave
them for the potter's field, as the Lord commanded me."
11 Now Jesus stood before the governor; and the governor asked him, "Are you
the King of the Jews?" Jesus said, "You say so." 12 But when he was accused by
the chief priests and elders, he did not answer. 13 Then Pilate said to him,
"Do you not hear how many accusations they make against you?" 14 But he gave
him no answer, not even to a single charge, so that the governor was greatly
15 Now at the festival the governor was accustomed to release a prisoner for
the crowd, anyone whom they wanted. 16 At that time they had a notorious
prisoner, called Jesus Barabbas. 17 So after they had gathered, Pilate said to
them, "Whom do you want me to release for you, Jesus Barabbas or Jesus who is
called the Messiah?" 18 For he realized that it was out of jealousy that they
had handed him over. 19 While he was sitting on the judgment seat, his wife
sent word to him, "Have nothing to do with that innocent man, for today I have
suffered a great deal because of a dream about him." 20 Now the chief priests
and the elders persuaded the crowds to ask for Barabbas and to have Jesus
killed. 21 The governor again said to them, "Which of the two do you want me
to release for you?" And they said, "Barabbas." 22 Pilate said to them, "Then
what should I do with Jesus who is called the Messiah?" All of them said, "Let
him be crucified!" 23 Then he asked, "Why, what evil has he done?" But they
shouted all the more, "Let him be crucified!"
24 So when Pilate saw that he could do nothing, but rather that a riot was
beginning, he took some water and washed his hands before the crowd, saying,
"I am innocent of this man's blood; see to it yourselves." 25 Then the people
as a whole answered, "His blood be on us and on our children!" 26 So he
released Barabbas for them; and after flogging Jesus, he handed him over to be
27 Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the governor's
headquarters, and they gathered the whole cohort around him. 28 They stripped
him and put a scarlet robe on him, 29 and after twisting some thorns into a
crown, they put it on his head. They put a reed in his right hand and knelt
before him and mocked him, saying, "Hail, King of the Jews!" 30 They spat on
him, and took the reed and struck him on the head. 31 After mocking him, they
stripped him of the robe and put his own clothes on him. Then they led him
away to crucify him.
32 As they went out, they came upon a man from Cyrene named Simon; they
compelled this man to carry his cross. 33 And when they came to a place called
Golgotha (which means Place of a Skull), 34 they offered him wine to drink,
mixed with gall; but when he tasted it, he would not drink it. 35 And when
they had crucified him, they divided his clothes among themselves by casting
lots; 36 then they sat down there and kept watch over him. 37 Over his head
they put the charge against him, which read, "This is Jesus, the King of the
38 Then two bandits were crucified with him, one on his right and one on his
left. 39 Those who passed by derided him, shaking their heads 40 and saying,
"You who would destroy the temple and build it in three days, save yourself!
If you are the Son of God, come down from the cross." 41 In the same way the
chief priests also, along with the scribes and elders, were mocking him,
saying, 42 "He saved others; he cannot save himself. He is the King of Israel;
let him come down from the cross now, and we will believe in him. 43 He trusts
in God; let God deliver him now, if he wants to; for he said, 'I am God's
Son.'" 44 The bandits who were crucified with him also taunted him in the same
45 From noon on, darkness came over the whole land until three in the
afternoon. 46 And about three o'clock Jesus cried with a loud voice, "Eli,
Eli, lema sabachthani?" that is, "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?"
47 When some of the bystanders heard it, they said, "This man is calling for
Elijah." 48 At once one of them ran and got a sponge, filled it with sour
wine, put it on a stick, and gave it to him to drink. 49 But the others said,
"Wait, let us see whether Elijah will come to save him." 50 Then Jesus cried
again with a loud voice and breathed his last. 51 At that moment the curtain
of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom. The earth shook, and the
rocks were split. 52 The tombs also were opened, and many bodies of the saints
who had fallen asleep were raised. 53 After his resurrection they came out of
the tombs and entered the holy city and appeared to many. 54 Now when the
centurion and those with him, who were keeping watch over Jesus, saw the
earthquake and what took place, they were terrified and said, "Truly this man
was God's Son!"
55 Many women were also there, looking on from a distance; they had followed
Jesus from Galilee and had provided for him. 56 Among them were Mary
Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James and Joseph, and the mother of the sons
57 When it was evening, there came a rich man from Arimathea, named Joseph,
who was also a disciple of Jesus. 58 He went to Pilate and asked for the body
of Jesus; then Pilate ordered it to be given to him. 59 So Joseph took the
body and wrapped it in a clean linen cloth 60 and laid it in his own new tomb,
which he had hewn in the rock. He then rolled a great stone to the door of the
tomb and went away. 61 Mary Magdalene and the other Mary were there, sitting
opposite the tomb.
62 The next day, that is, after the day of Preparation, the chief priests and
the Pharisees gathered before Pilate 63 and said, "Sir, we remember what that
impostor said while he was still alive, 'After three days I will rise again.'
64 Therefore command the tomb to be made secure until the third day; otherwise
his disciples may go and steal him away, and tell the people, 'He has been
raised from the dead,' and the last deception would be worse than the first."
65 Pilate said to them, "You have a guard of soldiers; go, make it as secure
as you can." 66 So they went with the guard and made the tomb secure by
sealing the stone.
Empty tomb, appearance, and commission
1 After the sabbath, as the first day of the week was dawning, Mary Magdalene
and the other Mary went to see the tomb. 2 And suddenly there was a great
earthquake; for an angel of the Lord, descending from heaven, came and rolled
back the stone and sat on it. 3 His appearance was like lightning, and his
clothing white as snow. 4 For fear of him the guards shook and became like
dead men. 5 But the angel said to the women, "Do not be afraid; I know that
you are looking for Jesus who was crucified. 6 He is not here; for he has been
raised, as he said. Come, see the place where he lay. 7 Then go quickly and
tell his disciples, 'He has been raised from the dead, and indeed he is going
ahead of you to Galilee; there you will see him.' This is my message for you."
8 So they left the tomb quickly with fear and great joy, and ran to tell his
disciples. 9 Suddenly Jesus met them and said, "Greetings!" And they came to
him, took hold of his feet, and worshiped him. 10 Then Jesus said to them, "Do
not be afraid; go and tell my brothers to go to Galilee; there they will see
11 While they were going, some of the guard went into the city and told the
chief priests everything that had happened. 12 After the priests had assembled
with the elders, they devised a plan to give a large sum of money to the
soldiers, 13 telling them, "You must say, 'His disciples came by night and
stole him away while we were asleep.' 14 If this comes to the governor's ears,
we will satisfy him and keep you out of trouble." 15 So they took the money
and did as they were directed. And this story is still told among the Jews to
16 Now the eleven disciples went to Galilee, to the mountain to which Jesus
had directed them. 17 When they saw him, they worshiped him; but some doubted.
18 And Jesus came and said to them, "All authority in heaven and on earth has
been given to me. 19 Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing
them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20 and
teaching them to obey everything that I have commanded you. And remember, I am
with you always, to the end of the age."