New Revised Standard Version
Preparing the way of the Lord
1 The beginning of the good news of Jesus Christ, the Son of God.
John's baptism of repentance
2 As it is written in the prophet Isaiah,
"See, I am sending my messenger ahead of you,
who will prepare your way;
3 the voice of one crying out in the wilderness:
'Prepare the way of the Lord,
make his paths straight,'"
4 John the baptizer appeared in the wilderness, proclaiming a baptism of
repentance for the forgiveness of sins. 5 And people from the whole Judean
countryside and all the people of Jerusalem were going out to him, and were
baptized by him in the river Jordan, confessing their sins. 6 Now John was
clothed with camel's hair, with a leather belt around his waist, and he ate
locusts and wild honey. 7 He proclaimed, "The one who is more powerful than I
is coming after me; I am not worthy to stoop down and untie the thong of his
sandals. 8 I have baptized you with water; but he will baptize you with the
9 In those days Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee and was baptized by John
in the Jordan. 10 And just as he was coming up out of the water, he saw the
heavens torn apart and the Spirit descending like a dove on him. 11 And a
voice came from heaven, "You are my Son, the Beloved; with you I am well
Jesus' tests and trials
12 And the Spirit immediately drove him out into the wilderness. 13 He was in
the wilderness forty days, tempted by Satan; and he was with the wild beasts;
and the angels waited on him.
Proclaiming and manifesting the kingdom of God as the renewal of Israel, over
against the Jerusalem priestly rulers; Jesus' opening proclamation of the
kingdom of God
14 Now after John was arrested, Jesus came to Galilee, proclaiming the good
news of God, 15 and saying, "The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God has
come near; repent, and believe in the good news."
Call of disciples
16 As Jesus passed along the Sea of Galilee, he saw Simon and his brother
Andrew casting a net into the sea – for they were fishermen. 17 And Jesus said
to them, "Follow me and I will make you fish for people." 18 And immediately
they left their nets and followed him. 19 As he went a little farther, he saw
James son of Zebedee and his brother John, who were in their boat mending the
nets. 20 Immediately he called them; and they left their father Zebedee in the
boat with the hired men, and followed him.
Exorcism and teaching with authority
21 They went to Capernaum; and when the sabbath came, he entered the synagogue
and taught. 22 They were astounded at his teaching, for he taught them as one
having authority, and not as the scribes. 23 Just then there was in their
synagogue a man with an unclean spirit, 24 and he cried out, "What have you to
do with us, Jesus of Nazareth? Have you come to destroy us? I know who you
are, the Holy One of God." 25 But Jesus rebuked him, saying, "Be silent, and
come out of him!" 26 And the unclean spirit, convulsing him and crying with a
loud voice, came out of him. 27 They were all amazed, and they kept on asking
one another, "What is this? A new teaching – with authority! He commands even
the unclean spirits, and they obey him." 28 At once his fame began to spread
throughout the surrounding region of Galilee.
Healings and exorcisms
29 As soon as they left the synagogue, they entered the house of Simon and
Andrew, with James and John. 30 Now Simon's mother-in-law was in bed with a
fever, and they told him about her at once. 31 He came and took her by the
hand and lifted her up. Then the fever left her, and she began to serve them.
32 That evening, at sundown, they brought to him all who were sick or
possessed with demons. 33 And the whole city was gathered around the door. 34
And he cured many who were sick with various diseases, and cast out many
demons; and he would not permit the demons to speak, because they knew him.
Summary of Jesus' activity
35 In the morning, while it was still very dark, he got up and went out to a
deserted place, and there he prayed. 36 And Simon and his companions hunted
for him. 37 When they found him, they said to him, "Everyone is searching for
you." 38 He answered, "Let us go on to the neighboring towns, so that I may
proclaim the message there also; for that is what I came out to do." 39 And he
went throughout Galilee, proclaiming the message in their synagogues and
casting out demons.
Healing a leper
40 A leper came to him begging him, and kneeling he said to him, "If you
choose, you can make me clean." 41 Moved with pity, Jesus stretched out his
hand and touched him, and said to him, "I do choose. Be made clean!" 42
Immediately the leprosy left him, and he was made clean. 43 After sternly
warning him he sent him away at once, 44 saying to him, "See that you say
nothing to anyone; but go, show yourself to the priest, and offer for your
cleansing what Moses commanded, as a testimony to them." 45 But he went out
and began to proclaim it freely, and to spread the word, so that Jesus could
no longer go into a town openly, but stayed out in the country; and people
came to him from every quarter.
Healing paralysis and forgiveness of sins
1 When he returned to Capernaum after some days, it was reported that he was
at home. 2 So many gathered around that there was no longer room for them, not
even in front of the door; and he was speaking the word to them. 3 Then some
people came, bringing to him a paralyzed man, carried by four of them. 4 And
when they could not bring him to Jesus because of the crowd, they removed the
roof above him; and after having dug through it, they let down the mat on
which the paralytic lay. 5 When Jesus saw their faith, he said to the
paralytic, "Son, your sins are forgiven." 6 Now some of the scribes were
sitting there, questioning in their hearts, 7 "Why does this fellow speak in
this way? It is blasphemy! Who can forgive sins but God alone?" 8 At once
Jesus perceived in his spirit that they were discussing these questions among
themselves; and he said to them, "Why do you raise such questions in your
hearts? 9 Which is easier, to say to the paralytic, 'Your sins are forgiven,'
or to say, 'Stand up and take your mat and walk'? 10 But so that you may know
that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins" – he said to the
paralytic – 11 "I say to you, stand up, take your mat and go to your home." 12
And he stood up, and immediately took the mat and went out before all of them;
so that they were all amazed and glorified God, saying, "We have never seen
anything like this!"
Eating with sinners
13 Jesus went out again beside the sea; the whole crowd gathered around him,
and he taught them. 14 As he was walking along, he saw Levi son of Alphaeus
sitting at the tax booth, and he said to him, "Follow me." And he got up and
15 And as he sat at dinner in Levi's house, many tax collectors and sinners
were also sitting with Jesus and his disciples – for there were many who
followed him. 16 When the scribes of the Pharisees saw that he was eating with
sinners and tax collectors, they said to his disciples, "Why does he eat with
tax collectors and sinners?" 17 When Jesus heard this, he said to them, "Those
who are well have no need of a physician, but those who are sick; I have come
to call not the righteous but sinners."
18 Now John's disciples and the Pharisees were fasting; and people came and
said to him, "Why do John's disciples and the disciples of the Pharisees fast,
but your disciples do not fast?" 19 Jesus said to them, "The wedding guests
cannot fast while the bridegroom is with them, can they? As long as they have
the bridegroom with them, they cannot fast. 20 The days will come when the
bridegroom is taken away from them, and then they will fast on that day.
21 "No one sews a piece of unshrunk cloth on an old cloak; otherwise, the
patch pulls away from it, the new from the old, and a worse tear is made. 22
And no one puts new wine into old wineskins; otherwise, the wine will burst
the skins, and the wine is lost, and so are the skins; but one puts new wine
into fresh wineskins."
The sabbath and hunger
23 One sabbath he was going through the grainfields; and as they made their
way his disciples began to pluck heads of grain. 24 The Pharisees said to him,
"Look, why are they doing what is not lawful on the sabbath?" 25 And he said
to them, "Have you never read what David did when he and his companions were
hungry and in need of food? 26 He entered the house of God, when Abiathar was
high priest, and ate the bread of the Presence, which it is not lawful for any
but the priests to eat, and he gave some to his companions." 27 Then he said
to them, "The sabbath was made for humankind, and not humankind for the
sabbath; 28 so the Son of Man is lord even of the sabbath."
Healing on the sabbath
1 Again he entered the synagogue, and a man was there who had a withered hand.
2 They watched him to see whether he would cure him on the sabbath, so that
they might accuse him. 3 And he said to the man who had the withered hand,
"Come forward." 4 Then he said to them, "Is it lawful to do good or to do harm
on the sabbath, to save life or to kill?" But they were silent. 5 He looked
around at them with anger; he was grieved at their hardness of heart and said
to the man, "Stretch out your hand." He stretched it out, and his hand was
restored. 6 The Pharisees went out and immediately conspired with the
Herodians against him, how to destroy him.
Summary of Jesus' activity
7 Jesus departed with his disciples to the sea, and a great multitude from
Galilee followed him; 8 hearing all that he was doing, they came to him in
great numbers from Judea, Jerusalem, Idumea, beyond the Jordan, and the region
around Tyre and Sidon. 9 He told his disciples to have a boat ready for him
because of the crowd, so that they would not crush him; 10 for he had cured
many, so that all who had diseases pressed upon him to touch him. 11 Whenever
the unclean spirits saw him, they fell down before him and shouted, "You are
the Son of God!" 12 But he sternly ordered them not to make him known.
Appointing the twelve
13 He went up the mountain and called to him those whom he wanted, and they
came to him. 14 And he appointed twelve, whom he also named apostles, to be
with him, and to be sent out to proclaim the message, 15 and to have authority
to cast out demons. 16 So he appointed the twelve: Simon (to whom he gave the
name Peter); 17 James son of Zebedee and John the brother of James (to whom he
gave the name Boanerges, that is, Sons of Thunder); 18 and Andrew, and Philip,
and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James son of Alphaeus, and
Thaddaeus, and Simon the Cananaean, 19 and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him.
Defeat of Satan and the new community
Then he went home; 20 and the crowd came together again, so that they could
not even eat. 21 When his family heard it, they went out to restrain him, for
people were saying, "He has gone out of his mind." 22 And the scribes who came
down from Jerusalem said, "He has Beelzebul, and by the ruler of the demons he
casts out demons." 23 And he called them to him, and spoke to them in
parables, "How can Satan cast out Satan? 24 If a kingdom is divided against
itself, that kingdom cannot stand. 25 And if a house is divided against
itself, that house will not be able to stand. 26 And if Satan has risen up
against himself and is divided, he cannot stand, but his end has come. 27 But
no one can enter a strong man's house and plunder his property without first
tying up the strong man; then indeed the house can be plundered.
28 "Truly I tell you, people will be forgiven for their sins and whatever
blasphemies they utter; 29 but whoever blasphemes against the Holy Spirit can
never have forgiveness, but is guilty of an eternal sin" – 30 for they had
said, "He has an unclean spirit."
31 Then his mother and his brothers came; and standing outside, they sent to
him and called him. 32 A crowd was sitting around him; and they said to him,
"Your mother and your brothers and sisters are outside, asking for you." 33
And he replied, "Who are my mother and my brothers?" 34 And looking at those
who sat around him, he said, "Here are my mother and my brothers! 35 Whoever
does the will of God is my brother and sister and mother."
Teaching the mystery of the kingdom of God in parables
1 Again he began to teach beside the sea. Such a very large crowd gathered
around him that he got into a boat on the sea and sat there, while the whole
crowd was beside the sea on the land. 2 He began to teach them many things in
parables, and in his teaching he said to them: 3 "Listen! A sower went out to
sow. 4 And as he sowed, some seed fell on the path, and the birds came and ate
it up. 5 Other seed fell on rocky ground, where it did not have much soil, and
it sprang up quickly, since it had no depth of soil. 6 And when the sun rose,
it was scorched; and since it had no root, it withered away. 7 Other seed fell
among thorns, and the thorns grew up and choked it, and it yielded no grain. 8
Other seed fell into good soil and brought forth grain, growing up and
increasing and yielding thirty and sixty and a hundredfold." 9 And he said,
"Let anyone with ears to hear listen!"
10 When he was alone, those who were around him along with the twelve asked
him about the parables. 11 And he said to them, "To you has been given the
secret of the kingdom of God, but for those outside, everything comes in
parables; 12 in order that
'they may indeed look, but not perceive,
and may indeed listen, but not understand;
so that they may not turn again and be forgiven.'"
13 And he said to them, "Do you not understand this parable? Then how will you
understand all the parables? 14 The sower sows the word. 15 These are the ones
on the path where the word is sown: when they hear, Satan immediately comes
and takes away the word that is sown in them. 16 And these are the ones sown
on rocky ground: when they hear the word, they immediately receive it with
joy. 17 But they have no root, and endure only for a while; then, when trouble
or persecution arises on account of the word, immediately they fall away. 18
And others are those sown among the thorns: these are the ones who hear the
word, 19 but the cares of the world, and the lure of wealth, and the desire
for other things come in and choke the word, and it yields nothing. 20 And
these are the ones sown on the good soil: they hear the word and accept it and
bear fruit, thirty and sixty and a hundredfold."
21 He said to them, "Is a lamp brought in to be put under the bushel basket,
or under the bed, and not on the lampstand? 22 For there is nothing hidden,
except to be disclosed; nor is anything secret, except to come to light. 23
Let anyone with ears to hear listen!" 24 And he said to them, "Pay attention
to what you hear; the measure you give will be the measure you get, and still
more will be given you. 25 For to those who have, more will be given; and from
those who have nothing, even what they have will be taken away."
26 He also said, "The kingdom of God is as if someone would scatter seed on
the ground, 27 and would sleep and rise night and day, and the seed would
sprout and grow, he does not know how. 28 The earth produces of itself, first
the stalk, then the head, then the full grain in the head. 29 But when the
grain is ripe, at once he goes in with his sickle, because the harvest has
30 He also said, "With what can we compare the kingdom of God, or what parable
will we use for it? 31 It is like a mustard seed, which, when sown upon the
ground, is the smallest of all the seeds on earth; 32 yet when it is sown it
grows up and becomes the greatest of all shrubs, and puts forth large
branches, so that the birds of the air can make nests in its shade."
33 With many such parables he spoke the word to them, as they were able to
hear it; 34 he did not speak to them except in parables, but he explained
everything in private to his disciples.
Continuing the prophetic renewal of Israel (and other peoples) despite
opposition and the disciples' misunderstanding; First sea crossing
35 On that day, when evening had come, he said to them, "Let us go across to
the other side." 36 And leaving the crowd behind, they took him with them in
the boat, just as he was. Other boats were with him. 37 A great windstorm
arose, and the waves beat into the boat, so that the boat was already being
swamped. 38 But he was in the stern, asleep on the cushion; and they woke him
up and said to him, "Teacher, do you not care that we are perishing?" 39 He
woke up and rebuked the wind, and said to the sea, "Peace! Be still!" Then the
wind ceased, and there was a dead calm. 40 He said to them, "Why are you
afraid? Have you still no faith?" 41 And they were filled with great awe and
said to one another, "Who then is this, that even the wind and the sea obey
Exorcism of the demon whose name is "Legion"
1 They came to the other side of the sea, to the country of the Gerasenes. 2
And when he had stepped out of the boat, immediately a man out of the tombs
with an unclean spirit met him. 3 He lived among the tombs; and no one could
restrain him any more, even with a chain; 4 for he had often been restrained
with shackles and chains, but the chains he wrenched apart, and the shackles
he broke in pieces; and no one had the strength to subdue him. 5 Night and day
among the tombs and on the mountains he was always howling and bruising
himself with stones. 6 When he saw Jesus from a distance, he ran and bowed
down before him; 7 and he shouted at the top of his voice, "What have you to
do with me, Jesus, Son of the Most High God? I adjure you by God, do not
torment me." 8 For he had said to him, "Come out of the man, you unclean
spirit!" 9 Then Jesus asked him, "What is your name?" He replied, "My name is
Legion; for we are many." 10 He begged him earnestly not to send them out of
the country. 11 Now there on the hillside a great herd of swine was feeding;
12 and the unclean spirits begged him, "Send us into the swine; let us enter
them." 13 So he gave them permission. And the unclean spirits came out and
entered the swine; and the herd, numbering about two thousand, rushed down the
steep bank into the sea, and were drowned in the sea.
14 The swineherds ran off and told it in the city and in the country. Then
people came to see what it was that had happened. 15 They came to Jesus and
saw the demoniac sitting there, clothed and in his right mind, the very man
who had had the legion; and they were afraid. 16 Those who had seen what had
happened to the demoniac and to the swine reported it. 17 Then they began to
beg Jesus to leave their neighborhood. 18 As he was getting into the boat, the
man who had been possessed by demons begged him that he might be with him. 19
But Jesus refused, and said to him, "Go home to your friends, and tell them
how much the Lord has done for you, and what mercy he has shown you." 20 And
he went away and began to proclaim in the Decapolis how much Jesus had done
for him; and everyone was amazed.
Healings of Jairus's daughter and hemorrhaging woman
21 When Jesus had crossed again in the boat to the other side, a great crowd
gathered around him; and he was by the sea. 22 Then one of the leaders of the
synagogue named Jairus came and, when he saw him, fell at his feet 23 and
begged him repeatedly, "My little daughter is at the point of death. Come and
lay your hands on her, so that she may be made well, and live." 24 So he went
And a large crowd followed him and pressed in on him. 25 Now there was a woman
who had been suffering from hemorrhages for twelve years. 26 She had endured
much under many physicians, and had spent all that she had; and she was no
better, but rather grew worse. 27 She had heard about Jesus, and came up
behind him in the crowd and touched his cloak, 28 for she said, "If I but
touch his clothes, I will be made well." 29 Immediately her hemorrhage
stopped; and she felt in her body that she was healed of her disease. 30
Immediately aware that power had gone forth from him, Jesus turned about in
the crowd and said, "Who touched my clothes?" 31 And his disciples said to
him, "You see the crowd pressing in on you; how can you say, 'Who touched
me?'" 32 He looked all around to see who had done it. 33 But the woman,
knowing what had happened to her, came in fear and trembling, fell down before
him, and told him the whole truth. 34 He said to her, "Daughter, your faith
has made you well; go in peace, and be healed of your disease."
35 While he was still speaking, some people came from the leader's house to
say, "Your daughter is dead. Why trouble the teacher any further?" 36 But
overhearing what they said, Jesus said to the leader of the synagogue, "Do not
fear, only believe." 37 He allowed no one to follow him except Peter, James,
and John, the brother of James. 38 When they came to the house of the leader
of the synagogue, he saw a commotion, people weeping and wailing loudly. 39
When he had entered, he said to them, "Why do you make a commotion and weep?
The child is not dead but sleeping." 40 And they laughed at him. Then he put
them all outside, and took the child's father and mother and those who were
with him, and went in where the child was. 41 He took her by the hand and said
to her, "Talitha cum," which means, "Little girl, get up!" 42 And immediately
the girl got up and began to walk about (she was twelve years of age). At this
they were overcome with amazement. 43 He strictly ordered them that no one
should know this, and told them to give her something to eat.
Rejection in his hometown
1 He left that place and came to his hometown, and his disciples followed him.
2 On the sabbath he began to teach in the synagogue, and many who heard him
were astounded. They said, "Where did this man get all this? What is this
wisdom that has been given to him? What deeds of power are being done by his
hands! 3 Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary and brother of James and
Joses and Judas and Simon, and are not his sisters here with us?" And they
took offense at him. 4 Then Jesus said to them, "Prophets are not without
honor, except in their hometown, and among their own kin, and in their own
house." 5 And he could do no deed of power there, except that he laid his
hands on a few sick people and cured them. 6 And he was amazed at their
Commissioning the twelve
Then he went about among the villages teaching. 7 He called the twelve and
began to send them out two by two, and gave them authority over the unclean
spirits. 8 He ordered them to take nothing for their journey except a staff;
no bread, no bag, no money in their belts; 9 but to wear sandals and not to
put on two tunics. 10 He said to them, "Wherever you enter a house, stay there
until you leave the place. 11 If any place will not welcome you and they
refuse to hear you, as you leave, shake off the dust that is on your feet as a
testimony against them." 12 So they went out and proclaimed that all should
repent. 13 They cast out many demons, and anointed with oil many who were sick
and cured them.
Herod's execution of John
14 King Herod heard of it, for Jesus' name had become known. Some were saying,
"John the baptizer has been raised from the dead; and for this reason these
powers are at work in him." 15 But others said, "It is Elijah." And others
said, "It is a prophet, like one of the prophets of old." 16 But when Herod
heard of it, he said, "John, whom I beheaded, has been raised."
17 For Herod himself had sent men who arrested John, bound him, and put him in
prison on account of Herodias, his brother Philip's wife, because Herod had
married her. 18 For John had been telling Herod, "It is not lawful for you to
have your brother's wife." 19 And Herodias had a grudge against him, and
wanted to kill him. But she could not, 20 for Herod feared John, knowing that
he was a righteous and holy man, and he protected him. When he heard him, he
was greatly perplexed; and yet he liked to listen to him. 21 But an
opportunity came when Herod on his birthday gave a banquet for his courtiers
and officers and for the leaders of Galilee. 22 When his daughter Herodias
came in and danced, she pleased Herod and his guests; and the king said to the
girl, "Ask me for whatever you wish, and I will give it." 23 And he solemnly
swore to her, "Whatever you ask me, I will give you, even half of my kingdom."
24 She went out and said to her mother, "What should I ask for?" She replied,
"The head of John the baptizer." 25 Immediately she rushed back to the king
and requested, "I want you to give me at once the head of John the Baptist on
a platter." 26 The king was deeply grieved; yet out of regard for his oaths
and for the guests, he did not want to refuse her. 27 Immediately the king
sent a soldier of the guard with orders to bring John's head. He went and
beheaded him in the prison, 28 brought his head on a platter, and gave it to
the girl. Then the girl gave it to her mother. 29 When his disciples heard
about it, they came and took his body, and laid it in a tomb.
Wilderness feeding of five thousand
30 The apostles gathered around Jesus, and told him all that they had done and
taught. 31 He said to them, "Come away to a deserted place all by yourselves
and rest a while." For many were coming and going, and they had no leisure
even to eat. 32 And they went away in the boat to a deserted place by
themselves. 33 Now many saw them going and recognized them, and they hurried
there on foot from all the towns and arrived ahead of them. 34 As he went
ashore, he saw a great crowd; and he had compassion for them, because they
were like sheep without a shepherd; and he began to teach them many things. 35
When it grew late, his disciples came to him and said, "This is a deserted
place, and the hour is now very late; 36 send them away so that they may go
into the surrounding country and villages and buy something for themselves to
eat." 37 But he answered them, "You give them something to eat." They said to
him, "Are we to go and buy two hundred denarii worth of bread, and give it to
them to eat?" 38 And he said to them, "How many loaves have you? Go and see."
When they had found out, they said, "Five, and two fish." 39 Then he ordered
them to get all the people to sit down in groups on the green grass. 40 So
they sat down in groups of hundreds and of fifties. 41 Taking the five loaves
and the two fish, he looked up to heaven, and blessed and broke the loaves,
and gave them to his disciples to set before the people; and he divided the
two fish among them all. 42 And all ate and were filled; 43 and they took up
twelve baskets full of broken pieces and of the fish. 44 Those who had eaten
the loaves numbered five thousand men.
Second sea crossing
45 Immediately he made his disciples get into the boat and go on ahead to the
other side, to Bethsaida, while he dismissed the crowd. 46 After saying
farewell to them, he went up on the mountain to pray.
47 When evening came, the boat was out on the sea, and he was alone on the
land. 48 When he saw that they were straining at the oars against an adverse
wind, he came towards them early in the morning, walking on the sea. He
intended to pass them by. 49 But when they saw him walking on the sea, they
thought it was a ghost and cried out; 50 for they all saw him and were
terrified. But immediately he spoke to them and said, "Take heart, it is I; do
not be afraid." 51 Then he got into the boat with them and the wind ceased.
And they were utterly astounded, 52 for they did not understand about the
loaves, but their hearts were hardened.
A summary passage
53 When they had crossed over, they came to land at Gennesaret and moored the
boat. 54 When they got out of the boat, people at once recognized him, 55 and
rushed about that whole region and began to bring the sick on mats to wherever
they heard he was. 56 And wherever he went, into villages or cities or farms,
they laid the sick in the marketplaces, and begged him that they might touch
even the fringe of his cloak; and all who touched it were healed.
Traditions of the elders vs. the commandment of God
1 Now when the Pharisees and some of the scribes who had come from Jerusalem
gathered around him, 2 they noticed that some of his disciples were eating
with defiled hands, that is, without washing them. 3 (For the Pharisees, and
all the Jews, do not eat unless they thoroughly wash their hands, thus
observing the tradition of the elders; 4 and they do not eat anything from the
market unless they wash it; and there are also many other traditions that they
observe, the washing of cups, pots, and bronze kettles.) 5 So the Pharisees
and the scribes asked him, "Why do your disciples not live according to the
tradition of the elders, but eat with defiled hands?" 6 He said to them,
"Isaiah prophesied rightly about you hypocrites, as it is written,
'This people honors me with their lips,
but their hearts are far from me;
7 in vain do they worship me,
teaching human precepts as doctrines.'
8 You abandon the commandment of God and hold to human tradition."
9 Then he said to them, "You have a fine way of rejecting the commandment of
God in order to keep your tradition! 10 For Moses said, 'Honor your father and
your mother'; and, 'Whoever speaks evil of father or mother must surely die.'
11 But you say that if anyone tells father or mother, 'Whatever support you
might have had from me is Corban' (that is, an offering to God) – 12 then you
no longer permit doing anything for a father or mother, 13 thus making void
the word of God through your tradition that you have handed on. And you do
many things like this."
14 Then he called the crowd again and said to them, "Listen to me, all of you,
and understand: 15 there is nothing outside a person that by going in can
defile, but the things that come out are what defile."
17 When he had left the crowd and entered the house, his disciples asked him
about the parable. 18 He said to them, "Then do you also fail to understand?
Do you not see that whatever goes into a person from outside cannot defile, 19
since it enters, not the heart but the stomach, and goes out into the sewer?"
(Thus he declared all foods clean.) 20 And he said, "It is what comes out of a
person that defiles. 21 For it is from within, from the human heart, that evil
intentions come: fornication, theft, murder, 22 adultery, avarice, wickedness,
deceit, licentiousness, envy, slander, pride, folly. 23 All these evil things
come from within, and they defile a person."
The Syrophoenician woman
24 From there he set out and went away to the region of Tyre. He entered a
house and did not want anyone to know he was there. Yet he could not escape
notice, 25 but a woman whose little daughter had an unclean spirit immediately
heard about him, and she came and bowed down at his feet. 26 Now the woman was
a Gentile, of Syrophoenician origin. She begged him to cast the demon out of
her daughter. 27 He said to her, "Let the children be fed first, for it is not
fair to take the children's food and throw it to the dogs." 28 But she
answered him, "Sir, even the dogs under the table eat the children's crumbs."
29 Then he said to her, "For saying that, you may go – the demon has left your
daughter." 30 So she went home, found the child lying on the bed, and the
Healing the deaf
31 Then he returned from the region of Tyre, and went by way of Sidon towards
the Sea of Galilee, in the region of the Decapolis. 32 They brought to him a
deaf man who had an impediment in his speech; and they begged him to lay his
hand on him. 33 He took him aside in private, away from the crowd, and put his
fingers into his ears, and he spat and touched his tongue. 34 Then looking up
to heaven, he sighed and said to him, "Ephphatha," that is, "Be opened." 35
And immediately his ears were opened, his tongue was released, and he spoke
plainly. 36 Then Jesus ordered them to tell no one; but the more he ordered
them, the more zealously they proclaimed it. 37 They were astounded beyond
measure, saying, "He has done everything well; he even makes the deaf to hear
and the mute to speak."
Wilderness feeding of four thousand
1 In those days when there was again a great crowd without anything to eat, he
called his disciples and said to them, 2 "I have compassion for the crowd,
because they have been with me now for three days and have nothing to eat. 3
If I send them away hungry to their homes, they will faint on the way – and
some of them have come from a great distance." 4 His disciples replied, "How
can one feed these people with bread here in the desert?" 5 He asked them,
"How many loaves do you have?" They said, "Seven." 6 Then he ordered the crowd
to sit down on the ground; and he took the seven loaves, and after giving
thanks he broke them and gave them to his disciples to distribute; and they
distributed them to the crowd. 7 They had also a few small fish; and after
blessing them, he ordered that these too should be distributed. 8 They ate and
were filled; and they took up the broken pieces left over, seven baskets full.
9 Now there were about four thousand people. And he sent them away. 10 And
immediately he got into the boat with his disciples and went to the district
No sign will be given
11 The Pharisees came and began to argue with him, asking him for a sign from
heaven, to test him. 12 And he sighed deeply in his spirit and said, "Why does
this generation ask for a sign? Truly I tell you, no sign will be given to
this generation." 13 And he left them, and getting into the boat again, he
went across to the other side.
The disciples misunderstand
14 Now the disciples had forgotten to bring any bread; and they had only one
loaf with them in the boat. 15 And he cautioned them, saying, "Watch out –
beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and the yeast of Herod." 16 They said to
one another, "It is because we have no bread." 17 And becoming aware of it,
Jesus said to them, "Why are you talking about having no bread? Do you still
not perceive or understand? Are your hearts hardened? 18 Do you have eyes, and
fail to see? Do you have ears, and fail to hear? And do you not remember? 19
When I broke the five loaves for the five thousand, how many baskets full of
broken pieces did you collect?" They said to him, "Twelve." 20 "And the seven
for the four thousand, how many baskets full of broken pieces did you
collect?" And they said to him, "Seven." 21 Then he said to them, "Do you not
Jesus confirms and continues his prophetic role in the renewal of Israel
while announcing his agenda as martyr-messiah to the misconceiving disciples;
Healing of a blind man
22 They came to Bethsaida. Some people brought a blind man to him and begged
him to touch him. 23 He took the blind man by the hand and led him out of the
village; and when he had put saliva on his eyes and laid his hands on him, he
asked him, "Can you see anything?" 24 And the man looked up and said, "I can
see people, but they look like trees, walking." 25 Then Jesus laid his hands
on his eyes again; and he looked intently and his sight was restored, and he
saw everything clearly. 26 Then he sent him away to his home, saying, "Do not
even go into the village."
Jesus' first announcement and Peter's misunderstanding
27 Jesus went on with his disciples to the villages of Caesarea Philippi; and
on the way he asked his disciples, "Who do people say that I am?" 28 And they
answered him, "John the Baptist; and others, Elijah; and still others, one of
the prophets." 29 He asked them, "But who do you say that I am?" Peter
answered him, "You are the Messiah." 30 And he sternly ordered them not to
tell anyone about him.
31 Then he began to teach them that the Son of Man must undergo great
suffering, and be rejected by the elders, the chief priests, and the scribes,
and be killed, and after three days rise again. 32 He said all this quite
openly. And Peter took him aside and began to rebuke him. 33 But turning and
looking at his disciples, he rebuked Peter and said, "Get behind me, Satan!
For you are setting your mind not on divine things but on human things."
The cost of following Jesus
34 He called the crowd with his disciples, and said to them, "If any want to
become my followers, let them deny themselves and take up their cross and
follow me. 35 For those who want to save their life will lose it, and those
who lose their life for my sake, and for the sake of the gospel, will save it.
36 For what will it profit them to gain the whole world and forfeit their
life? 37 Indeed, what can they give in return for their life? 38 Those who are
ashamed of me and of my words in this adulterous and sinful generation, of
them the Son of Man will also be ashamed when he comes in the glory of his
Father with the holy angels." [Mark 9]
1 And he said to them, "Truly I
tell you, there are some standing here who will not taste death until they see
that the kingdom of God has come with power."
Transfiguration of Jesus
2 Six days later, Jesus took with him Peter and James and John, and led them
up a high mountain apart, by themselves. And he was transfigured before them,
3 and his clothes became dazzling white, such as no one on earth could bleach
them. 4 And there appeared to them Elijah with Moses, who were talking with
Jesus. 5 Then Peter said to Jesus, "Rabbi, it is good for us to be here; let
us make three dwellings, one for you, one for Moses, and one for Elijah." 6 He
did not know what to say, for they were terrified. 7 Then a cloud overshadowed
them, and from the cloud there came a voice, "This is my Son, the Beloved;
listen to him!" 8 Suddenly when they looked around, they saw no one with them
any more, but only Jesus.
Correction of scribal teaching about Elijah
9 As they were coming down the mountain, he ordered them to tell no one about
what they had seen, until after the Son of Man had risen from the dead. 10 So
they kept the matter to themselves, questioning what this rising from the dead
could mean. 11 Then they asked him, "Why do the scribes say that Elijah must
come first?" 12 He said to them, "Elijah is indeed coming first to restore all
things. How then is it written about the Son of Man, that he is to go through
many sufferings and be treated with contempt? 13 But I tell you that Elijah
has come, and they did to him whatever they pleased, as it is written about
Healing of epileptic child
14 When they came to the disciples, they saw a great crowd around them, and
some scribes arguing with them. 15 When the whole crowd saw him, they were
immediately overcome with awe, and they ran forward to greet him. 16 He asked
them, "What are you arguing about with them?" 17 Someone from the crowd
answered him, "Teacher, I brought you my son; he has a spirit that makes him
unable to speak; 18 and whenever it seizes him, it dashes him down; and he
foams and grinds his teeth and becomes rigid; and I asked your disciples to
cast it out, but they could not do so." 19 He answered them, "You faithless
generation, how much longer must I be among you? How much longer must I put up
with you? Bring him to me." 20 And they brought the boy to him. When the
spirit saw him, immediately it convulsed the boy, and he fell on the ground
and rolled about, foaming at the mouth. 21 Jesus asked the father, "How long
has this been happening to him?" And he said, "From childhood. 22 It has often
cast him into the fire and into the water, to destroy him; but if you are able
to do anything, have pity on us and help us." 23 Jesus said to him, "If you
are able! – All things can be done for the one who believes." 24 Immediately
the father of the child cried out, "I believe; help my unbelief!" 25 When
Jesus saw that a crowd came running together, he rebuked the unclean spirit,
saying to it, "You spirit that keeps this boy from speaking and hearing, I
command you, come out of him, and never enter him again!" 26 After crying out
and convulsing him terribly, it came out, and the boy was like a corpse, so
that most of them said, "He is dead." 27 But Jesus took him by the hand and
lifted him up, and he was able to stand. 28 When he had entered the house, his
disciples asked him privately, "Why could we not cast it out?" 29 He said to
them, "This kind can come out only through prayer."
Second announcement and misunderstanding
30 They went on from there and passed through Galilee. He did not want anyone
to know it; 31 for he was teaching his disciples, saying to them, "The Son of
Man is to be betrayed into human hands, and they will kill him, and three days
after being killed, he will rise again." 32 But they did not understand what
he was saying and were afraid to ask him.
33 Then they came to Capernaum; and when he was in the house he asked them,
"What were you arguing about on the way?" 34 But they were silent, for on the
way they had argued with one another who was the greatest. 35 He sat down,
called the twelve, and said to them, "Whoever wants to be first must be last
of all and servant of all." 36 Then he took a little child and put it among
them; and taking it in his arms, he said to them, 37 "Whoever welcomes one
such child in my name welcomes me, and whoever welcomes me welcomes not me but
the one who sent me."
38 John said to him, "Teacher, we saw someone casting out demons in your name,
and we tried to stop him, because he was not following us." 39 But Jesus said,
"Do not stop him; for no one who does a deed of power in my name will be able
soon afterward to speak evil of me. 40 Whoever is not against us is for us. 41
For truly I tell you, whoever gives you a cup of water to drink because you
bear the name of Christ will by no means lose the reward.
Warning on discipline
42 "If any of you put a stumbling block before one of these little ones who
believe in me, it would be better for you if a great millstone were hung
around your neck and you were thrown into the sea. 43 If your hand causes you
to stumble, cut it off; it is better for you to enter life maimed than to have
two hands and to go to hell, to the unquenchable fire. 45 And if your foot
causes you to stumble, cut it off; it is better for you to enter life lame
than to have two feet and to be thrown into hell. 47 And if your eye causes
you to stumble, tear it out; it is better for you to enter the kingdom of God
with one eye than to have two eyes and to be thrown into hell, 48 where their
worm never dies, and the fire is never quenched.
49 "For everyone will be salted with fire. 50 Salt is good; but if salt has
lost its saltiness, how can you season it? Have salt in yourselves, and be at
peace with one another."
Marriage and children in the kingdom
1 He left that place and went to the region of Judea and beyond the Jordan.
And crowds again gathered around him; and, as was his custom, he again taught
2 Some Pharisees came, and to test him they asked, "Is it lawful for a man to
divorce his wife?" 3 He answered them, "What did Moses command you?" 4 They
said, "Moses allowed a man to write a certificate of dismissal and to divorce
her." 5 But Jesus said to them, "Because of your hardness of heart he wrote
this commandment for you. 6 But from the beginning of creation, 'God made them
male and female.' 7 'For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother
and be joined to his wife, 8 and the two shall become one flesh.' So they are
no longer two, but one flesh. 9 Therefore what God has joined together, let no
10 Then in the house the disciples asked him again about this matter. 11 He
said to them, "Whoever divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery
against her; 12 and if she divorces her husband and marries another, she
13 People were bringing little children to him in order that he might touch
them; and the disciples spoke sternly to them. 14 But when Jesus saw this, he
was indignant and said to them, "Let the little children come to me; do not
stop them; for it is to such as these that the kingdom of God belongs. 15
Truly I tell you, whoever does not receive the kingdom of God as a little
child will never enter it." 16 And he took them up in his arms, laid his hands
on them, and blessed them.
Egalitarian economic relations in the kingdom
17 As he was setting out on a journey, a man ran up and knelt before him, and
asked him, "Good Teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life?" 18 Jesus
said to him, "Why do you call me good? No one is good but God alone. 19 You
know the commandments: 'You shall not murder; You shall not commit adultery;
You shall not steal; You shall not bear false witness; You shall not defraud;
Honor your father and mother.'" 20 He said to him, "Teacher, I have kept all
these since my youth." 21 Jesus, looking at him, loved him and said, "You lack
one thing; go, sell what you own, and give the money to the poor, and you will
have treasure in heaven; then come, follow me." 22 When he heard this, he was
shocked and went away grieving, for he had many possessions.
23 Then Jesus looked around and said to his disciples, "How hard it will be
for those who have wealth to enter the kingdom of God!" 24 And the disciples
were perplexed at these words. But Jesus said to them again, "Children, how
hard it is to enter the kingdom of God! 25 It is easier for a camel to go
through the eye of a needle than for someone who is rich to enter the kingdom
of God." 26 They were greatly astounded and said to one another, "Then who can
be saved?" 27 Jesus looked at them and said, "For mortals it is impossible,
but not for God; for God all things are possible."
28 Peter began to say to him, "Look, we have left everything and followed
you." 29 Jesus said, "Truly I tell you, there is no one who has left house or
brothers or sisters or mother or father or children or fields, for my sake and
for the sake of the good news, 30 who will not receive a hundredfold now in
this age – houses, brothers and sisters, mothers and children, and fields,
with persecutions – and in the age to come eternal life. 31 But many who are
first will be last, and the last will be first."
Egalitarian social-political relations in the kingdom and the third
announcement and misunderstanding
32 They were on the road, going up to Jerusalem, and Jesus was walking ahead
of them; they were amazed, and those who followed were afraid. He took the
twelve aside again and began to tell them what was to happen to him, 33
saying, "See, we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be handed
over to the chief priests and the scribes, and they will condemn him to death;
then they will hand him over to the Gentiles; 34 they will mock him, and spit
upon him, and flog him, and kill him; and after three days he will rise
35 James and John, the sons of Zebedee, came forward to him and said to him,
"Teacher, we want you to do for us whatever we ask of you." 36 And he said to
them, "What is it you want me to do for you?" 37 And they said to him, "Grant
us to sit, one at your right hand and one at your left, in your glory." 38 But
Jesus said to them, "You do not know what you are asking. Are you able to
drink the cup that I drink, or be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized
with?" 39 They replied, "We are able." Then Jesus said to them, "The cup that
I drink you will drink; and with the baptism with which I am baptized, you
will be baptized; 40 but to sit at my right hand or at my left is not mine to
grant, but it is for those for whom it has been prepared."
41 When the ten heard this, they began to be angry with James and John. 42 So
Jesus called them and said to them, "You know that among the Gentiles those
whom they recognize as their rulers lord it over them, and their great ones
are tyrants over them. 43 But it is not so among you; but whoever wishes to
become great among you must be your servant, 44 and whoever wishes to be first
among you must be slave of all. 45 For the Son of Man came not to be served
but to serve, and to give his life a ransom for many."
Healing of the blind Bartimaeus
46 They came to Jericho. As he and his disciples and a large crowd were
leaving Jericho, Bartimaeus son of Timaeus, a blind beggar, was sitting by the
roadside. 47 When he heard that it was Jesus of Nazareth, he began to shout
out and say, "Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!" 48 Many sternly ordered
him to be quiet, but he cried out even more loudly, "Son of David, have mercy
on me!" 49 Jesus stood still and said, "Call him here." And they called the
blind man, saying to him, "Take heart; get up, he is calling you." 50 So
throwing off his cloak, he sprang up and came to Jesus. 51 Then Jesus said to
him, "What do you want me to do for you?" The blind man said to him, "My
teacher, let me see again." 52 Jesus said to him, "Go; your faith has made you
well." Immediately he regained his sight and followed him on the way.
Confronting the rulers and ruling institutions in Jerusalem; A messianic
1 When they were approaching Jerusalem, at Bethphage and Bethany, near the
Mount of Olives, he sent two of his disciples 2 and said to them, "Go into the
village ahead of you, and immediately as you enter it, you will find tied
there a colt that has never been ridden; untie it and bring it. 3 If anyone
says to you, 'Why are you doing this?' just say this, 'The Lord needs it and
will send it back here immediately.'" 4 They went away and found a colt tied
near a door, outside in the street. As they were untying it, 5 some of the
bystanders said to them, "What are you doing, untying the colt?" 6 They told
them what Jesus had said; and they allowed them to take it. 7 Then they
brought the colt to Jesus and threw their cloaks on it; and he sat on it. 8
Many people spread their cloaks on the road, and others spread leafy branches
that they had cut in the fields. 9 Then those who went ahead and those who
followed were shouting,
Blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord!
10 Blessed is the coming kingdom of our ancestor David!
Hosanna in the highest heaven!"
11 Then he entered Jerusalem and went into the temple; and when he had looked
around at everything, as it was already late, he went out to Bethany with the
Prophetic demonstration against the Temple
12 On the following day, when they came from Bethany, he was hungry. 13 Seeing
in the distance a fig tree in leaf, he went to see whether perhaps he would
find anything on it. When he came to it, he found nothing but leaves, for it
was not the season for figs. 14 He said to it, "May no one ever eat fruit from
you again." And his disciples heard it.
15 Then they came to Jerusalem. And he entered the temple and began to drive
out those who were selling and those who were buying in the temple, and he
overturned the tables of the money changers and the seats of those who sold
doves; 16 and he would not allow anyone to carry anything through the temple.
17 He was teaching and saying, "Is it not written,
'My house shall be called a house of prayer for all the nations'?
But you have made it a den of robbers."
18 And when the chief priests and the scribes heard it, they kept looking for
a way to kill him; for they were afraid of him, because the whole crowd was
spellbound by his teaching. 19 And when evening came, Jesus and his disciples
went out of the city.
20 In the morning as they passed by, they saw the fig tree withered away to
its roots. 21 Then Peter remembered and said to him, "Rabbi, look! The fig
tree that you cursed has withered." 22 Jesus answered them, "Have faith in
God. 23 Truly I tell you, if you say to this mountain, 'Be taken up and thrown
into the sea,' and if you do not doubt in your heart, but believe that what
you say will come to pass, it will be done for you. 24 So I tell you, whatever
you ask for in prayer, believe that you have received it, and it will be
25 "Whenever you stand praying, forgive, if you have anything against anyone;
so that your Father in heaven may also forgive you your trespasses."
27 Again they came to Jerusalem. As he was walking in the temple, the chief
priests, the scribes, and the elders came to him 28 and said, "By what
authority are you doing these things? Who gave you this authority to do them?"
29 Jesus said to them, "I will ask you one question; answer me, and I will
tell you by what authority I do these things. 30 Did the baptism of John come
from heaven, or was it of human origin? Answer me." 31 They argued with one
another, "If we say, 'From heaven,' he will say, 'Why then did you not believe
him?' 32 But shall we say, 'Of human origin'?" – they were afraid of the
crowd, for all regarded John as truly a prophet. 33 So they answered Jesus,
"We do not know." And Jesus said to them, "Neither will I tell you by what
authority I am doing these things."
Parable in the vineyard
1 Then he began to speak to them in parables. "A man planted a vineyard, put a
fence around it, dug a pit for the wine press, and built a watchtower; then he
leased it to tenants and went to another country. 2 When the season came, he
sent a slave to the tenants to collect from them his share of the produce of
the vineyard. 3 But they seized him, and beat him, and sent him away
empty-handed. 4 And again he sent another slave to them; this one they beat
over the head and insulted. 5 Then he sent another, and that one they killed.
And so it was with many others; some they beat, and others they killed. 6 He
had still one other, a beloved son. Finally he sent him to them, saying, 'They
will respect my son.' 7 But those tenants said to one another, 'This is the
heir; come, let us kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.' 8 So they
seized him, killed him, and threw him out of the vineyard. 9 What then will
the owner of the vineyard do? He will come and destroy the tenants and give
the vineyard to others. 10 Have you not read this scripture:
'The stone that the builders rejected
has become the cornerstone;
11 this was the LORD's doing,
and it is amazing in our eyes'?"
12 When they realized that he had told this parable against them, they wanted
to arrest him, but they feared the crowd. So they left him and went away.
Paying taxes to the emperor
13 Then they sent to him some Pharisees and some Herodians to trap him in what
he said. 14 And they came and said to him, "Teacher, we know that you are
sincere, and show deference to no one; for you do not regard people with
partiality, but teach the way of God in accordance with truth. Is it lawful to
pay taxes to the emperor, or not? 15 Should we pay them, or should we not?"
But knowing their hypocrisy, he said to them, "Why are you putting me to the
test? Bring me a denarius and let me see it." 16 And they brought one. Then he
said to them, "Whose head is this, and whose title?" They answered, "The
emperor's." 17 Jesus said to them, "Give to the emperor the things that are
the emperor's, and to God the things that are God's." And they were utterly
amazed at him.
Dispute with the Sadducees
18 Some Sadducees, who say there is no resurrection, came to him and asked him
a question, saying, 19 "Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a man's brother
dies, leaving a wife but no child, the man shall marry the widow and raise up
children for his brother. 20 There were seven brothers; the first married and,
when he died, left no children; 21 and the second married the widow and died,
leaving no children; and the third likewise; 22 none of the seven left
children. Last of all the woman herself died. 23 In the resurrection whose
wife will she be? For the seven had married her."
24 Jesus said to them, "Is not this the reason you are wrong, that you know
neither the scriptures nor the power of God? 25 For when they rise from the
dead, they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels in
heaven. 26 And as for the dead being raised, have you not read in the book of
Moses, in the story about the bush, how God said to him, 'I am the God of
Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob'? 27 He is God not of the
dead, but of the living; you are quite wrong."
Love your neighbor
28 One of the scribes came near and heard them disputing with one another, and
seeing that he answered them well, he asked him, "Which commandment is the
first of all?" 29 Jesus answered, "The first is, 'Hear, O Israel: the Lord our
God, the Lord is one; 30 you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart,
and with all your soul, and with all your mind, and with all your strength.'
31 The second is this, 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.' There is no
other commandment greater than these." 32 Then the scribe said to him, "You
are right, Teacher; you have truly said that 'he is one, and besides him there
is no other'; 33 and 'to love him with all the heart, and with all the
understanding, and with all the strength,' and 'to love one's neighbor as
oneself,' – this is much more important than all whole burnt offerings and
sacrifices." 34 When Jesus saw that he answered wisely, he said to him, "You
are not far from the kingdom of God." After that no one dared to ask him any
How can the messiah be David's son?
35 While Jesus was teaching in the temple, he said, "How can the scribes say
that the Messiah is the son of David? 36 David himself, by the Holy Spirit,
'The Lord said to my Lord,
"Sit at my right hand,
until I put your enemies under your feet."'
37 David himself calls him Lord; so how can he be his son?" And the large
crowd was listening to him with delight.
Beware of the scribes
38 As he taught, he said, "Beware of the scribes, who like to walk around in
long robes, and to be greeted with respect in the marketplaces, 39 and to have
the best seats in the synagogues and places of honor at banquets! 40 They
devour widows' houses and for the sake of appearance say long prayers. They
will receive the greater condemnation."
41 He sat down opposite the treasury, and watched the crowd putting money into
the treasury. Many rich people put in large sums. 42 A poor widow came and put
in two small copper coins, which are worth a penny. 43 Then he called his
disciples and said to them, "Truly I tell you, this poor widow has put in more
than all those who are contributing to the treasury. 44 For all of them have
contributed out of their abundance; but she out of her poverty has put in
everything she had, all she had to live on."
Destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple
1 As he came out of the temple, one of his disciples said to him, "Look,
Teacher, what large stones and what large buildings!" 2 Then Jesus asked him,
"Do you see these great buildings? Not one stone will be left here upon
another; all will be thrown down."
Exhortation not to be distracted from the movement by distressing events
3 When he was sitting on the Mount of Olives opposite the temple, Peter,
James, John, and Andrew asked him privately, 4 "Tell us, when will this be,
and what will be the sign that all these things are about to be accomplished?"
5 Then Jesus began to say to them, "Beware that no one leads you astray. 6
Many will come in my name and say, 'I am he!' and they will lead many astray.
7 When you hear of wars and rumors of wars, do not be alarmed; this must take
place, but the end is still to come. 8 For nation will rise against nation,
and kingdom against kingdom; there will be earthquakes in various places;
there will be famines. This is but the beginning of the birth pangs.
9 "As for yourselves, beware; for they will hand you over to councils; and you
will be beaten in synagogues; and you will stand before governors and kings
because of me, as a testimony to them. 10 And the good news must first be
proclaimed to all nations. 11 When they bring you to trial and hand you over,
do not worry beforehand about what you are to say; but say whatever is given
you at that time, for it is not you who speak, but the Holy Spirit. 12 Brother
will betray brother to death, and a father his child, and children will rise
against parents and have them put to death; 13 and you will be hated by all
because of my name. But the one who endures to the end will be saved.
14 "But when you see the desolating sacrilege set up where it ought not to be
(let the reader understand), then those in Judea must flee to the mountains;
15 the one on the housetop must not go down or enter the house to take
anything away; 16 the one in the field must not turn back to get a coat. 17
Woe to those who are pregnant and to those who are nursing infants in those
days! 18 Pray that it may not be in winter. 19 For in those days there will be
suffering, such as has not been from the beginning of the creation that God
created until now, no, and never will be. 20 And if the Lord had not cut short
those days, no one would be saved; but for the sake of the elect, whom he
chose, he has cut short those days. 21 And if anyone says to you at that time,
'Look! Here is the Messiah!' or 'Look! There he is!' – do not believe it. 22
False messiahs and false prophets will appear and produce signs and omens, to
lead astray, if possible, the elect. 23 But be alert; I have already told you
24 "But in those days, after that suffering,
the sun will be darkened,
and the moon will not give its light,
25 and the stars will be falling from heaven,
and the powers in the heavens will be shaken.
26 Then they will see 'the Son of Man coming in clouds' with great power and
glory. 27 Then he will send out the angels, and gather his elect from the four
winds, from the ends of the earth to the ends of heaven.
28 "From the fig tree learn its lesson: as soon as its branch becomes tender
and puts forth its leaves, you know that summer is near. 29 So also, when you
see these things taking place, you know that he is near, at the very gates. 30
Truly I tell you, this generation will not pass away until all these things
have taken place. 31 Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not
32 "But about that day or hour no one knows, neither the angels in heaven, nor
the Son, but only the Father. 33 Beware, keep alert; for you do not know when
the time will come. 34 It is like a man going on a journey, when he leaves
home and puts his slaves in charge, each with his work, and commands the
doorkeeper to be on the watch. 35 Therefore, keep awake – for you do not know
when the master of the house will come, in the evening, or at midnight, or at
cockcrow, or at dawn, 36 or else he may find you asleep when he comes
suddenly. 37 And what I say to you I say to all: Keep awake."
Jesus' death as martyr-messiah
1 It was two days before the Passover and the festival of Unleavened Bread.
The chief priests and the scribes were looking for a way to arrest Jesus by
stealth and kill him; 2 for they said, "Not during the festival, or there may
be a riot among the people."
Anointing for burial
3 While he was at Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, as he sat at the
table, a woman came with an alabaster jar of very costly ointment of nard, and
she broke open the jar and poured the ointment on his head. 4 But some were
there who said to one another in anger, "Why was the ointment wasted in this
way? 5 For this ointment could have been sold for more than three hundred
denarii, and the money given to the poor." And they scolded her. 6 But Jesus
said, "Let her alone; why do you trouble her? She has performed a good service
for me. 7 For you always have the poor with you, and you can show kindness to
them whenever you wish; but you will not always have me. 8 She has done what
she could; she has anointed my body beforehand for its burial. 9 Truly I tell
you, wherever the good news is proclaimed in the whole world, what she has
done will be told in remembrance of her."
Prediction of betrayal
10 Then Judas Iscariot, who was one of the twelve, went to the chief priests
in order to betray him to them. 11 When they heard it, they were greatly
pleased, and promised to give him money. So he began to look for an
opportunity to betray him.
The Last Supper
12 On the first day of Unleavened Bread, when the Passover lamb is sacrificed,
his disciples said to him, "Where do you want us to go and make the
preparations for you to eat the Passover?" 13 So he sent two of his disciples,
saying to them, "Go into the city, and a man carrying a jar of water will meet
you; follow him, 14 and wherever he enters, say to the owner of the house,
'The Teacher asks, Where is my guest room where I may eat the Passover with my
disciples?' 15 He will show you a large room upstairs, furnished and ready.
Make preparations for us there." 16 So the disciples set out and went to the
city, and found everything as he had told them; and they prepared the Passover
17 When it was evening, he came with the twelve. 18 And when they had taken
their places and were eating, Jesus said, "Truly I tell you, one of you will
betray me, one who is eating with me." 19 They began to be distressed and to
say to him one after another, "Surely, not I?" 20 He said to them, "It is one
of the twelve, one who is dipping bread into the bowl with me. 21 For the Son
of Man goes as it is written of him, but woe to that one by whom the Son of
Man is betrayed! It would have been better for that one not to have been
22 While they were eating, he took a loaf of bread, and after blessing it he
broke it, gave it to them, and said, "Take; this is my body." 23 Then he took
a cup, and after giving thanks he gave it to them, and all of them drank from
it. 24 He said to them, "This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out
for many. 25 Truly I tell you, I will never again drink of the fruit of the
vine until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God."
Agony and betrayal in Gethsemane
26 When they had sung the hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives. 27 And
Jesus said to them, "You will all become deserters; for it is written,
'I will strike the shepherd,
and the sheep will be scattered.'
28 But after I am raised up, I will go before you to Galilee." 29 Peter said
to him, "Even though all become deserters, I will not." 30 Jesus said to him,
"Truly I tell you, this day, this very night, before the cock crows twice, you
will deny me three times." 31 But he said vehemently, "Even though I must die
with you, I will not deny you." And all of them said the same.
32 They went to a place called Gethsemane; and he said to his disciples, "Sit
here while I pray." 33 He took with him Peter and James and John, and began to
be distressed and agitated. 34 And he said to them, "I am deeply grieved, even
to death; remain here, and keep awake." 35 And going a little farther, he
threw himself on the ground and prayed that, if it were possible, the hour
might pass from him. 36 He said, "Abba, Father, for you all things are
possible; remove this cup from me; yet, not what I want, but what you want."
37 He came and found them sleeping; and he said to Peter, "Simon, are you
asleep? Could you not keep awake one hour? 38 Keep awake and pray that you may
not come into the time of trial; the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh
is weak." 39 And again he went away and prayed, saying the same words. 40 And
once more he came and found them sleeping, for their eyes were very heavy; and
they did not know what to say to him. 41 He came a third time and said to
them, "Are you still sleeping and taking your rest? Enough! The hour has come;
the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. 42 Get up, let us be
going. See, my betrayer is at hand."
43 Immediately, while he was still speaking, Judas, one of the twelve,
arrived; and with him there was a crowd with swords and clubs, from the chief
priests, the scribes, and the elders. 44 Now the betrayer had given them a
sign, saying, "The one I will kiss is the man; arrest him and lead him away
under guard." 45 So when he came, he went up to him at once and said, "Rabbi!"
and kissed him. 46 Then they laid hands on him and arrested him. 47 But one of
those who stood near drew his sword and struck the slave of the high priest,
cutting off his ear. 48 Then Jesus said to them, "Have you come out with
swords and clubs to arrest me as though I were a bandit? 49 Day after day I
was with you in the temple teaching, and you did not arrest me. But let the
scriptures be fulfilled." 50 All of them deserted him and fled.
51 A certain young man was following him, wearing nothing but a linen cloth.
They caught hold of him, 52 but he left the linen cloth and ran off naked.
Jesus condemned by chief priests and council and Peter's denial
53 They took Jesus to the high priest; and all the chief priests, the elders,
and the scribes were assembled. 54 Peter had followed him at a distance, right
into the courtyard of the high priest; and he was sitting with the guards,
warming himself at the fire. 55 Now the chief priests and the whole council
were looking for testimony against Jesus to put him to death; but they found
none. 56 For many gave false testimony against him, and their testimony did
not agree. 57 Some stood up and gave false testimony against him, saying, 58
"We heard him say, 'I will destroy this temple that is made with hands, and in
three days I will build another, not made with hands.'" 59 But even on this
point their testimony did not agree. 60 Then the high priest stood up before
them and asked Jesus, "Have you no answer? What is it that they testify
against you?" 61 But he was silent and did not answer. Again the high priest
asked him, "Are you the Messiah, the Son of the Blessed One?" 62 Jesus said,
"I am; and
'you will see the Son of Man
seated at the right hand of the Power,'
and 'coming with the clouds of heaven.'"
63 Then the high priest tore his clothes and said, "Why do we still need
witnesses? 64 You have heard his blasphemy! What is your decision?" All of
them condemned him as deserving death. 65 Some began to spit on him, to
blindfold him, and to strike him, saying to him, "Prophesy!" The guards also
took him over and beat him.
66 While Peter was below in the courtyard, one of the servant-girls of the
high priest came by. 67 When she saw Peter warming himself, she stared at him
and said, "You also were with Jesus, the man from Nazareth." 68 But he denied
it, saying, "I do not know or understand what you are talking about." And he
went out into the forecourt. Then the cock crowed. 69 And the servant-girl, on
seeing him, began again to say to the bystanders, "This man is one of them."
70 But again he denied it. Then after a little while the bystanders again said
to Peter, "Certainly you are one of them; for you are a Galilean." 71 But he
began to curse, and he swore an oath, "I do not know this man you are talking
about." 72 At that moment the cock crowed for the second time. Then Peter
remembered that Jesus had said to him, "Before the cock crows twice, you will
deny me three times." And he broke down and wept.
Jesus condemned by Pilate
1 As soon as it was morning, the chief priests held a consultation with the
elders and scribes and the whole council. They bound Jesus, led him away, and
handed him over to Pilate. 2 Pilate asked him, "Are you the King of the Jews?"
He answered him, "You say so." 3 Then the chief priests accused him of many
things. 4 Pilate asked him again, "Have you no answer? See how many charges
they bring against you." 5 But Jesus made no further reply, so that Pilate was
6 Now at the festival he used to release a prisoner for them, anyone for whom
they asked. 7 Now a man called Barabbas was in prison with the rebels who had
committed murder during the insurrection. 8 So the crowd came and began to ask
Pilate to do for them according to his custom. 9 Then he answered them, "Do
you want me to release for you the King of the Jews?" 10 For he realized that
it was out of jealousy that the chief priests had handed him over. 11 But the
chief priests stirred up the crowd to have him release Barabbas for them
instead. 12 Pilate spoke to them again, "Then what do you wish me to do with
the man you call the King of the Jews?" 13 They shouted back, "Crucify him!"
14 Pilate asked them, "Why, what evil has he done?" But they shouted all the
more, "Crucify him!" 15 So Pilate, wishing to satisfy the crowd, released
Barabbas for them; and after flogging Jesus, he handed him over to be
16 Then the soldiers led him into the courtyard of the palace (that is, the
governor's headquarters); and they called together the whole cohort. 17 And
they clothed him in a purple cloak; and after twisting some thorns into a
crown, they put it on him. 18 And they began saluting him, "Hail, King of the
Jews!" 19 They struck his head with a reed, spat upon him, and knelt down in
homage to him. 20 After mocking him, they stripped him of the purple cloak and
put his own clothes on him. Then they led him out to crucify him.
21 They compelled a passer-by, who was coming in from the country, to carry
his cross; it was Simon of Cyrene, the father of Alexander and Rufus. 22 Then
they brought Jesus to the place called Golgotha (which means the place of a
skull). 23 And they offered him wine mixed with myrrh; but he did not take it.
24 And they crucified him, and divided his clothes among them, casting lots to
decide what each should take.
25 It was nine o'clock in the morning when they crucified him. 26 The
inscription of the charge against him read, "The King of the Jews." 27 And
with him they crucified two bandits, one on his right and one on his left. 29
Those who passed by derided him, shaking their heads and saying, "Aha! You who
would destroy the temple and build it in three days, 30 save yourself, and
come down from the cross!" 31 In the same way the chief priests, along with
the scribes, were also mocking him among themselves and saying, "He saved
others; he cannot save himself. 32 Let the Messiah, the King of Israel, come
down from the cross now, so that we may see and believe." Those who were
crucified with him also taunted him.
33 When it was noon, darkness came over the whole land until three in the
afternoon. 34 At three o'clock Jesus cried out with a loud voice, "Eloi, Eloi,
lema sabachthani?" which means, "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?" 35
When some of the bystanders heard it, they said, "Listen, he is calling for
Elijah." 36 And someone ran, filled a sponge with sour wine, put it on a
stick, and gave it to him to drink, saying, "Wait, let us see whether Elijah
will come to take him down." 37 Then Jesus gave a loud cry and breathed his
last. 38 And the curtain of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom. 39
Now when the centurion, who stood facing him, saw that in this way he breathed
his last, he said, "Truly this man was God's Son!"
40 There were also women looking on from a distance; among them were Mary
Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James the younger and of Joses, and Salome.
41 These used to follow him and provided for him when he was in Galilee; and
there were many other women who had come up with him to Jerusalem.
42 When evening had come, and since it was the day of Preparation, that is,
the day before the sabbath, 43 Joseph of Arimathea, a respected member of the
council, who was also himself waiting expectantly for the kingdom of God, went
boldly to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. 44 Then Pilate wondered if
he were already dead; and summoning the centurion, he asked him whether he had
been dead for some time. 45 When he learned from the centurion that he was
dead, he granted the body to Joseph. 46 Then Joseph bought a linen cloth, and
taking down the body, wrapped it in the linen cloth, and laid it in a tomb
that had been hewn out of the rock. He then rolled a stone against the door of
the tomb. 47 Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses saw where the body
The empty tomb, the call back to Galilee, and 'they were afraid'
1 When the sabbath was over, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and
Salome bought spices, so that they might go and anoint him. 2 And very early
on the first day of the week, when the sun had risen, they went to the tomb. 3
They had been saying to one another, "Who will roll away the stone for us from
the entrance to the tomb?" 4 When they looked up, they saw that the stone,
which was very large, had already been rolled back. 5 As they entered the
tomb, they saw a young man, dressed in a white robe, sitting on the right
side; and they were alarmed. 6 But he said to them, "Do not be alarmed; you
are looking for Jesus of Nazareth, who was crucified. He has been raised; he
is not here. Look, there is the place they laid him. 7 But go, tell his
disciples and Peter that he is going ahead of you to Galilee; there you will
see him, just as he told you." 8 So they went out and fled from the tomb, for
terror and amazement had seized them; and they said nothing to anyone, for
they were afraid.
9 Now after he rose early on the first day of the week, he appeared first to
Mary Magdalene, from whom he had cast out seven demons. 10 She went out and
told those who had been with him, while they were mourning and weeping. 11 But
when they heard that he was alive and had been seen by her, they would not
12 After this he appeared in another form to two of them, as they were walking
into the country. 13 And they went back and told the rest, but they did not
14 Later he appeared to the eleven themselves as they were sitting at the
table; and he upbraided them for their lack of faith and stubbornness, because
they had not believed those who saw him after he had risen. 15 And he said to
them, "Go into all the world and proclaim the good news to the whole creation.
16 The one who believes and is baptized will be saved; but the one who does
not believe will be condemned. 17 And these signs will accompany those who
believe: by using my name they will cast out demons; they will speak in new
tongues; 18 they will pick up snakes in their hands, and if they drink any
deadly thing, it will not hurt them; they will lay their hands on the sick,
and they will recover."
19 So then the Lord Jesus, after he had spoken to them, was taken up into
heaven and sat down at the right hand of God. 20 And they went out and
proclaimed the good news everywhere, while the Lord worked with them and
confirmed the message by the signs that accompanied it.