New Revised Standard Version
1 Since many have undertaken to set down an orderly account of the events that
have been fulfilled among us, 2 just as they were handed on to us by those who
from the beginning were eyewitnesses and servants of the word, 3 I too
decided, after investigating everything carefully from the very first, to
write an orderly account for you, most excellent Theophilus, 4 so that you may
know the truth concerning the things about which you have been instructed.
The infancy and childhood of Jesus; the annunciation of the birth of John the
5 In the days of King Herod of Judea, there was a priest named Zechariah, who
belonged to the priestly order of Abijah. His wife was a descendant of Aaron,
and her name was Elizabeth. 6 Both of them were righteous before God, living
blamelessly according to all the commandments and regulations of the Lord. 7
But they had no children, because Elizabeth was barren, and both were getting
on in years.
8 Once when he was serving as priest before God and his section was on duty, 9
he was chosen by lot, according to the custom of the priesthood, to enter the
sanctuary of the Lord and offer incense. 10 Now at the time of the incense
offering, the whole assembly of the people was praying outside. 11 Then there
appeared to him an angel of the Lord, standing at the right side of the altar
of incense. 12 When Zechariah saw him, he was terrified; and fear overwhelmed
him. 13 But the angel said to him, "Do not be afraid, Zechariah, for your
prayer has been heard. Your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you will
name him John. 14 You will have joy and gladness, and many will rejoice at his
birth, 15 for he will be great in the sight of the Lord. He must never drink
wine or strong drink; even before his birth he will be filled with the Holy
Spirit. 16 He will turn many of the people of Israel to the Lord their God. 17
With the spirit and power of Elijah he will go before him, to turn the hearts
of parents to their children, and the disobedient to the wisdom of the
righteous, to make ready a people prepared for the Lord." 18 Zechariah said to
the angel, "How will I know that this is so? For I am an old man, and my wife
is getting on in years." 19 The angel replied, "I am Gabriel. I stand in the
presence of God, and I have been sent to speak to you and to bring you this
good news. 20 But now, because you did not believe my words, which will be
fulfilled in their time, you will become mute, unable to speak, until the day
these things occur."
21 Meanwhile the people were waiting for Zechariah, and wondered at his delay
in the sanctuary. 22 When he did come out, he could not speak to them, and
they realized that he had seen a vision in the sanctuary. He kept motioning to
them and remained unable to speak. 23 When his time of service was ended, he
went to his home.
24 After those days his wife Elizabeth conceived, and for five months she
remained in seclusion. She said, 25 "This is what the Lord has done for me
when he looked favorably on me and took away the disgrace I have endured among
The annunciation of Jesus' birth
26 In the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent by God to a town in Galilee
called Nazareth, 27 to a virgin engaged to a man whose name was Joseph, of the
house of David. The virgin's name was Mary. 28 And he came to her and said,
"Greetings, favored one! The Lord is with you." 29 But she was much perplexed
by his words and pondered what sort of greeting this might be. 30 The angel
said to her, "Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. 31
And now, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you will name him
Jesus. 32 He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High, and
the Lord God will give to him the throne of his ancestor David. 33 He will
reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of his kingdom there will be no
end." 34 Mary said to the angel, "How can this be, since I am a virgin?" 35
The angel said to her, "The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of
the Most High will overshadow you; therefore the child to be born will be
holy; he will be called Son of God. 36 And now, your relative Elizabeth in her
old age has also conceived a son; and this is the sixth month for her who was
said to be barren. 37 For nothing will be impossible with God." 38 Then Mary
said, "Here am I, the servant of the Lord; let it be with me according to your
word." Then the angel departed from her.
Mary and Elizabeth
39 In those days Mary set out and went with haste to a Judean town in the hill
country, 40 where she entered the house of Zechariah and greeted Elizabeth. 41
When Elizabeth heard Mary's greeting, the child leaped in her womb. And
Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit 42 and exclaimed with a loud cry,
"Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb. 43 And
why has this happened to me, that the mother of my Lord comes to me? 44 For as
soon as I heard the sound of your greeting, the child in my womb leaped for
joy. 45 And blessed is she who believed that there would be a fulfillment of
what was spoken to her by the Lord."
46 And Mary said,
"My soul magnifies the Lord,
47 and my spirit rejoices in God my Savior,
48 for he has looked with favor on the lowliness of his servant.
Surely, from now on all generations will call me blessed;
49 for the Mighty One has done great things for me,
and holy is his name.
50 His mercy is for those who fear him
from generation to generation.
51 He has shown strength with his arm;
he has scattered the proud in the thoughts of their hearts.
52 He has brought down the powerful from their thrones,
and lifted up the lowly;
53 he has filled the hungry with good things,
and sent the rich away empty.
54 He has helped his servant Israel,
in remembrance of his mercy,
55 according to the promise he made to our ancestors,
to Abraham and to his descendants forever."
56 And Mary remained with her about three months and then returned to her
The birth and naming of John
57 Now the time came for Elizabeth to give birth, and she bore a son. 58 Her
neighbors and relatives heard that the Lord had shown his great mercy to her,
and they rejoiced with her.
59 On the eighth day they came to circumcise the child, and they were going to
name him Zechariah after his father. 60 But his mother said, "No; he is to be
called John." 61 They said to her, "None of your relatives has this name." 62
Then they began motioning to his father to find out what name he wanted to
give him. 63 He asked for a writing tablet and wrote, "His name is John." And
all of them were amazed. 64 Immediately his mouth was opened and his tongue
freed, and he began to speak, praising God. 65 Fear came over all their
neighbors, and all these things were talked about throughout the entire hill
country of Judea. 66 All who heard them pondered them and said, "What then
will this child become?" For, indeed, the hand of the Lord was with him.
67 Then his father Zechariah was filled with the Holy Spirit and spoke this
68 "Blessed be the Lord God of Israel,
for he has looked favorably on his people and redeemed them.
69 He has raised up a mighty savior for us
in the house of his servant David,
70 as he spoke through the mouth of his holy prophets from of old,
71 that we would be saved from our enemies and from the hand of all who hate
72 Thus he has shown the mercy promised to our ancestors,
and has remembered his holy covenant,
73 the oath that he swore to our ancestor Abraham,
to grant us 74 that we, being rescued from the hands of our enemies,
might serve him without fear, 75 in holiness and righteousness
before him all our days.
76 And you, child, will be called the prophet of the Most High;
for you will go before the Lord to prepare his ways,
77 to give knowledge of salvation to his people
by the forgiveness of their sins.
78 By the tender mercy of our God,
the dawn from on high will break upon us,
79 to give light to those who sit in darkness and in the shadow of death,
to guide our feet into the way of peace."
80 The child grew and became strong in spirit, and he was in the wilderness
until the day he appeared publicly to Israel.
The birth of Jesus
1 In those days a decree went out from Emperor Augustus that all the world
should be registered. 2 This was the first registration and was taken while
Quirinius was governor of Syria. 3 All went to their own towns to be
registered. 4 Joseph also went from the town of Nazareth in Galilee to Judea,
to the city of David called Bethlehem, because he was descended from the house
and family of David. 5 He went to be registered with Mary, to whom he was
engaged and who was expecting a child. 6 While they were there, the time came
for her to deliver her child. 7 And she gave birth to her firstborn son and
wrapped him in bands of cloth, and laid him in a manger, because there was no
place for them in the inn.
Annunciation to shepherds and their visit
8 In that region there were shepherds living in the fields, keeping watch over
their flock by night. 9 Then an angel of the Lord stood before them, and the
glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were terrified. 10 But the angel
said to them, "Do not be afraid; for see – I am bringing you good news of
great joy for all the people: 11 to you is born this day in the city of David
a Savior, who is the Messiah, the Lord. 12 This will be a sign for you: you
will find a child wrapped in bands of cloth and lying in a manger." 13 And
suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host, praising
God and saying,
14 "Glory to God in the highest heaven,
and on earth peace among those whom he favors!"
15 When the angels had left them and gone into heaven, the shepherds said to
one another, "Let us go now to Bethlehem and see this thing that has taken
place, which the Lord has made known to us." 16 So they went with haste and
found Mary and Joseph, and the child lying in the manger. 17 When they saw
this, they made known what had been told them about this child; 18 and all who
heard it were amazed at what the shepherds told them. 19 But Mary treasured
all these words and pondered them in her heart. 20 The shepherds returned,
glorifying and praising God for all they had heard and seen, as it had been
Jesus' circumcision and presentation
21 After eight days had passed, it was time to circumcise the child; and he
was called Jesus, the name given by the angel before he was conceived in the
22 When the time came for their purification according to the law of Moses,
they brought him up to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord 23 (as it is
written in the law of the Lord, "Every firstborn male shall be designated as
holy to the Lord"), 24 and they offered a sacrifice according to what is
stated in the law of the Lord, "a pair of turtledoves or two young pigeons."
25 Now there was a man in Jerusalem whose name was Simeon; this man was
righteous and devout, looking forward to the consolation of Israel, and the
Holy Spirit rested on him. 26 It had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit
that he would not see death before he had seen the LORD's Messiah. 27 Guided
by the Spirit, Simeon came into the temple; and when the parents brought in
the child Jesus, to do for him what was customary under the law, 28 Simeon
took him in his arms and praised God, saying,
29 "Master, now you are dismissing your servant in peace,
according to your word;
30 for my eyes have seen your salvation,
31 which you have prepared in the presence of all peoples,
32 a light for revelation to the Gentiles
and for glory to your people Israel."
33 And the child's father and mother were amazed at what was being said about
him. 34 Then Simeon blessed them and said to his mother Mary, "This child is
destined for the falling and the rising of many in Israel, and to be a sign
that will be opposed 35 so that the inner thoughts of many will be revealed –
and a sword will pierce your own soul too."
36 There was also a prophet, Anna the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of
Asher. She was of a great age, having lived with her husband seven years after
her marriage, 37 then as a widow to the age of eighty-four. She never left the
temple but worshiped there with fasting and prayer night and day. 38 At that
moment she came, and began to praise God and to speak about the child to all
who were looking for the redemption of Jerusalem.
Jesus' childhood in Nazareth
39 When they had finished everything required by the law of the Lord, they
returned to Galilee, to their own town of Nazareth. 40 The child grew and
became strong, filled with wisdom; and the favor of God was upon him.
Young Jesus in the Temple
41 Now every year his parents went to Jerusalem for the festival of the
Passover. 42 And when he was twelve years old, they went up as usual for the
festival. 43 When the festival was ended and they started to return, the boy
Jesus stayed behind in Jerusalem, but his parents did not know it. 44 Assuming
that he was in the group of travelers, they went a day's journey. Then they
started to look for him among their relatives and friends. 45 When they did
not find him, they returned to Jerusalem to search for him. 46 After three
days they found him in the temple, sitting among the teachers, listening to
them and asking them questions. 47 And all who heard him were amazed at his
understanding and his answers. 48 When his parents saw him they were
astonished; and his mother said to him, "Child, why have you treated us like
this? Look, your father and I have been searching for you in great anxiety."
49 He said to them, "Why were you searching for me? Did you not know that I
must be in my Father's house?" 50 But they did not understand what he said to
them. 51 Then he went down with them and came to Nazareth, and was obedient to
them. His mother treasured all these things in her heart.
52 And Jesus increased in wisdom and in years, and in divine and human favor.
Jesus' preparation for the ministry; the appearance of John the Baptist
1 In the fifteenth year of the reign of Emperor Tiberius, when Pontius Pilate
was governor of Judea, and Herod was ruler of Galilee, and his brother Philip
ruler of the region of Ituraea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias ruler of Abilene,
2 during the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to
John son of Zechariah in the wilderness. 3 He went into all the region around
the Jordan, proclaiming a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins, 4
as it is written in the book of the words of the prophet Isaiah,
"The voice of one crying out in the wilderness:
'Prepare the way of the Lord,
make his paths straight.
5 Every valley shall be filled,
and every mountain and hill shall be made low,
and the crooked shall be made straight,
and the rough ways made smooth;
6 and all flesh shall see the salvation of God.'"
John's call to repentance
7 John said to the crowds that came out to be baptized by him, "You brood of
vipers! Who warned you to flee from the wrath to come? 8 Bear fruits worthy of
repentance. Do not begin to say to yourselves, 'We have Abraham as our
ancestor'; for I tell you, God is able from these stones to raise up children
to Abraham. 9 Even now the ax is lying at the root of the trees; every tree
therefore that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire."
John's direction to the crowd
10 And the crowds asked him, "What then should we do?" 11 In reply he said to
them, "Whoever has two coats must share with anyone who has none; and whoever
has food must do likewise." 12 Even tax collectors came to be baptized, and
they asked him, "Teacher, what should we do?" 13 He said to them, "Collect no
more than the amount prescribed for you." 14 Soldiers also asked him, "And we,
what should we do?" He said to them, "Do not extort money from anyone by
threats or false accusation, and be satisfied with your wages."
John's heralding of the messiah and his imprisonment by Herod
15 As the people were filled with expectation, and all were questioning in
their hearts concerning John, whether he might be the Messiah, 16 John
answered all of them by saying, "I baptize you with water; but one who is more
powerful than I is coming; I am not worthy to untie the thong of his sandals.
He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire. 17 His winnowing fork is in
his hand, to clear his threshing floor and to gather the wheat into his
granary; but the chaff he will burn with unquenchable fire."
18 So, with many other exhortations, he proclaimed the good news to the
people. 19 But Herod the ruler, who had been rebuked by him because of
Herodias, his brother's wife, and because of all the evil things that Herod
had done, 20 added to them all by shutting up John in prison.
21 Now when all the people were baptized, and when Jesus also had been
baptized and was praying, the heaven was opened, 22 and the Holy Spirit
descended upon him in bodily form like a dove. And a voice came from heaven,
"You are my Son, the Beloved; with you I am well pleased."
The genealogy of Jesus
23 Jesus was about thirty years old when he began his work. He was the son (as
was thought) of Joseph son of Heli, 24 son of Matthat, son of Levi, son of
Melchi, son of Jannai, son of Joseph, 25 son of Mattathias, son of Amos, son
of Nahum, son of Esli, son of Naggai, 26 son of Maath, son of Mattathias, son
of Semein, son of Josech, son of Joda, 27 son of Joanan, son of Rhesa, son of
Zerubbabel, son of Shealtiel, son of Neri, 28 son of Melchi, son of Addi, son
of Cosam, son of Elmadam, son of Er, 29 son of Joshua, son of Eliezer, son of
Jorim, son of Matthat, son of Levi, 30 son of Simeon, son of Judah, son of
Joseph, son of Jonam, son of Eliakim, 31 son of Melea, son of Menna, son of
Mattatha, son of Nathan, son of David, 32 son of Jesse, son of Obed, son of
Boaz, son of Sala, son of Nahshon, 33 son of Amminadab, son of Admin, son of
Arni, son of Hezron, son of Perez, son of Judah, 34 son of Jacob, son of
Isaac, son of Abraham, son of Terah, son of Nahor, 35 son of Serug, son of
Reu, son of Peleg, son of Eber, son of Shelah, 36 son of Cainan, son of
Arphaxad, son of Shem, son of Noah, son of Lamech, 37 son of Methuselah, son
of Enoch, son of Jared, son of Mahalaleel, son of Cainan, 38 son of Enos, son
of Seth, son of Adam, son of God.
The temptation of Jesus
1 Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led by the
Spirit in the wilderness, 2 where for forty days he was tempted by the devil.
He ate nothing at all during those days, and when they were over, he was
famished. 3 The devil said to him, "If you are the Son of God, command this
stone to become a loaf of bread." 4 Jesus answered him, "It is written, 'One
does not live by bread alone.'"
5 Then the devil led him up and showed him in an instant all the kingdoms of
the world. 6 And the devil said to him, "To you I will give their glory and
all this authority; for it has been given over to me, and I give it to anyone
I please. 7 If you, then, will worship me, it will all be yours." 8 Jesus
answered him, "It is written,
'Worship the Lord your God,
and serve only him.'"
9 Then the devil took him to Jerusalem, and placed him on the pinnacle of the
temple, saying to him, "If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down from
here, 10 for it is written,
'He will command his angels concerning you,
to protect you,'
'On their hands they will bear you up,
so that you will not dash your foot against a stone.'"
12 Jesus answered him, "It is said, 'Do not put the Lord your God to the
test.'" 13 When the devil had finished every test, he departed from him until
an opportune time.
The beginning of Jesus' ministry in Galilee
14 Then Jesus, filled with the power of the Spirit, returned to Galilee, and a
report about him spread through all the surrounding country. 15 He began to
teach in their synagogues and was praised by everyone.
Jesus in Nazareth
16 When he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, he went to the
synagogue on the sabbath day, as was his custom. He stood up to read, 17 and
the scroll of the prophet Isaiah was given to him. He unrolled the scroll and
found the place where it was written:
18 "The Spirit of the Lord is upon me,
because he has anointed me
to bring good news to the poor.
He has sent me to proclaim release to the captives
and recovery of sight to the blind,
to let the oppressed go free,
19 to proclaim the year of the LORD's favor."
20 And he rolled up the scroll, gave it back to the attendant, and sat down.
The eyes of all in the synagogue were fixed on him. 21 Then he began to say to
them, "Today this scripture has been fulfilled in your hearing." 22 All spoke
well of him and were amazed at the gracious words that came from his mouth.
They said, "Is not this Joseph's son?" 23 He said to them, "Doubtless you will
quote to me this proverb, 'Doctor, cure yourself!' And you will say, 'Do here
also in your hometown the things that we have heard you did at Capernaum.'" 24
And he said, "Truly I tell you, no prophet is accepted in the prophet's
hometown. 25 But the truth is, there were many widows in Israel in the time of
Elijah, when the heaven was shut up three years and six months, and there was
a severe famine over all the land; 26 yet Elijah was sent to none of them
except to a widow at Zarephath in Sidon. 27 There were also many lepers in
Israel in the time of the prophet Elisha, and none of them was cleansed except
Naaman the Syrian." 28 When they heard this, all in the synagogue were filled
with rage. 29 They got up, drove him out of the town, and led him to the brow
of the hill on which their town was built, so that they might hurl him off the
cliff. 30 But he passed through the midst of them and went on his way.
Jesus in the synagogue at Capernaum
31 He went down to Capernaum, a city in Galilee, and was teaching them on the
sabbath. 32 They were astounded at his teaching, because he spoke with
authority. 33 In the synagogue there was a man who had the spirit of an
unclean demon, and he cried out with a loud voice, 34 "Let us alone! What have
you to do with us, Jesus of Nazareth? Have you come to destroy us? I know who
you are, the Holy One of God." 35 But Jesus rebuked him, saying, "Be silent,
and come out of him!" When the demon had thrown him down before them, he came
out of him without having done him any harm. 36 They were all amazed and kept
saying to one another, "What kind of utterance is this? For with authority and
power he commands the unclean spirits, and out they come!" 37 And a report
about him began to reach every place in the region.
The healing of Simon Peter's mother-in-law
38 After leaving the synagogue he entered Simon's house. Now Simon's
mother-in-law was suffering from a high fever, and they asked him about her.
39 Then he stood over her and rebuked the fever, and it left her. Immediately
she got up and began to serve them.
Healings and exorcisms at sunset
40 As the sun was setting, all those who had any who were sick with various
kinds of diseases brought them to him; and he laid his hands on each of them
and cured them. 41 Demons also came out of many, shouting, "You are the Son of
God!" But he rebuked them and would not allow them to speak, because they knew
that he was the Messiah.
Departure and further preaching in Galilee
42 At daybreak he departed and went into a deserted place. And the crowds were
looking for him; and when they reached him, they wanted to prevent him from
leaving them. 43 But he said to them, "I must proclaim the good news of the
kingdom of God to the other cities also; for I was sent for this purpose." 44
So he continued proclaiming the message in the synagogues of Judea.
The great catch of fish
1 Once while Jesus was standing beside the lake of Gennesaret, and the crowd
was pressing in on him to hear the word of God, 2 he saw two boats there at
the shore of the lake; the fishermen had gone out of them and were washing
their nets. 3 He got into one of the boats, the one belonging to Simon, and
asked him to put out a little way from the shore. Then he sat down and taught
the crowds from the boat. 4 When he had finished speaking, he said to Simon,
"Put out into the deep water and let down your nets for a catch." 5 Simon
answered, "Master, we have worked all night long but have caught nothing. Yet
if you say so, I will let down the nets." 6 When they had done this, they
caught so many fish that their nets were beginning to break. 7 So they
signaled their partners in the other boat to come and help them. And they came
and filled both boats, so that they began to sink. 8 But when Simon Peter saw
it, he fell down at Jesus' knees, saying, "Go away from me, Lord, for I am a
sinful man!" 9 For he and all who were with him were amazed at the catch of
fish that they had taken; 10 and so also were James and John, sons of Zebedee,
who were partners with Simon. Then Jesus said to Simon, "Do not be afraid;
from now on you will be catching people." 11 When they had brought their boats
to shore, they left everything and followed him.
The healing of a leper
12 Once, when he was in one of the cities, there was a man covered with
leprosy. When he saw Jesus, he bowed with his face to the ground and begged
him, "Lord, if you choose, you can make me clean." 13 Then Jesus stretched out
his hand, touched him, and said, "I do choose. Be made clean." Immediately the
leprosy left him. 14 And he ordered him to tell no one. "Go," he said, "and
show yourself to the priest, and, as Moses commanded, make an offering for
your cleansing, for a testimony to them." 15 But now more than ever the word
about Jesus spread abroad; many crowds would gather to hear him and to be
cured of their diseases. 16 But he would withdraw to deserted places and pray.
Healing and forgiveness of sins
17 One day, while he was teaching, Pharisees and teachers of the law were
sitting near by (they had come from every village of Galilee and Judea and
from Jerusalem); and the power of the Lord was with him to heal. 18 Just then
some men came, carrying a paralyzed man on a bed. They were trying to bring
him in and lay him before Jesus; 19 but finding no way to bring him in because
of the crowd, they went up on the roof and let him down with his bed through
the tiles into the middle of the crowd in front of Jesus. 20 When he saw their
faith, he said, "Friend, your sins are forgiven you." 21 Then the scribes and
the Pharisees began to question, "Who is this who is speaking blasphemies? Who
can forgive sins but God alone?" 22 When Jesus perceived their questionings,
he answered them, "Why do you raise such questions in your hearts? 23 Which is
easier, to say, 'Your sins are forgiven you,' or to say, 'Stand up and walk'?
24 But so that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to
forgive sins" – he said to the one who was paralyzed – "I say to you, stand up
and take your bed and go to your home." 25 Immediately he stood up before
them, took what he had been lying on, and went to his home, glorifying God. 26
Amazement seized all of them, and they glorified God and were filled with awe,
saying, "We have seen strange things today."
The call of Levi
27 After this he went out and saw a tax collector named Levi, sitting at the
tax booth; and he said to him, "Follow me." 28 And he got up, left everything,
and followed him.
29 Then Levi gave a great banquet for him in his house; and there was a large
crowd of tax collectors and others sitting at the table with them. 30 The
Pharisees and their scribes were complaining to his disciples, saying, "Why do
you eat and drink with tax collectors and sinners?" 31 Jesus answered, "Those
who are well have no need of a physician, but those who are sick; 32 I have
come to call not the righteous but sinners to repentance."
Debate about fasting
33 Then they said to him, "John's disciples, like the disciples of the
Pharisees, frequently fast and pray, but your disciples eat and drink." 34
Jesus said to them, "You cannot make wedding guests fast while the bridegroom
is with them, can you? 35 The days will come when the bridegroom will be taken
away from them, and then they will fast in those days." 36 He also told them a
parable: "No one tears a piece from a new garment and sews it on an old
garment; otherwise the new will be torn, and the piece from the new will not
match the old. 37 And no one puts new wine into old wineskins; otherwise the
new wine will burst the skins and will be spilled, and the skins will be
destroyed. 38 But new wine must be put into fresh wineskins. 39 And no one
after drinking old wine desires new wine, but says, 'The old is good.'"
Eating and healing on the sabbath
1 One sabbath while Jesus was going through the grainfields, his disciples
plucked some heads of grain, rubbed them in their hands, and ate them. 2 But
some of the Pharisees said, "Why are you doing what is not lawful on the
sabbath?" 3 Jesus answered, "Have you not read what David did when he and his
companions were hungry? 4 He entered the house of God and took and ate the
bread of the Presence, which it is not lawful for any but the priests to eat,
and gave some to his companions?" 5 Then he said to them, "The Son of Man is
lord of the sabbath."
6 On another sabbath he entered the synagogue and taught, and there was a man
there whose right hand was withered. 7 The scribes and the Pharisees watched
him to see whether he would cure on the sabbath, so that they might find an
accusation against him. 8 Even though he knew what they were thinking, he said
to the man who had the withered hand, "Come and stand here." He got up and
stood there. 9 Then Jesus said to them, "I ask you, is it lawful to do good or
to do harm on the sabbath, to save life or to destroy it?" 10 After looking
around at all of them, he said to him, "Stretch out your hand." He did so, and
his hand was restored. 11 But they were filled with fury and discussed with
one another what they might do to Jesus.
Jesus' selection of the twelve
12 Now during those days he went out to the mountain to pray; and he spent the
night in prayer to God. 13 And when day came, he called his disciples and
chose twelve of them, whom he also named apostles: 14 Simon, whom he named
Peter, and his brother Andrew, and James, and John, and Philip, and
Bartholomew, 15 and Matthew, and Thomas, and James son of Alphaeus, and Simon,
who was called the Zealot, 16 and Judas son of James, and Judas Iscariot, who
became a traitor.
The Sermon on the Mount
17 He came down with them and stood on a level place, with a great crowd of
his disciples and a great multitude of people from all Judea, Jerusalem, and
the coast of Tyre and Sidon. 18 They had come to hear him and to be healed of
their diseases; and those who were troubled with unclean spirits were cured.
19 And all in the crowd were trying to touch him, for power came out from him
and healed all of them.
20 Then he looked up at his disciples and said:
"Blessed are you who are poor,
for yours is the kingdom of God.
21 "Blessed are you who are hungry now,
for you will be filled.
"Blessed are you who weep now,
for you will laugh.
22 "Blessed are you when people hate you, and when they exclude you, revile
you, and defame you on account of the Son of Man. 23 Rejoice in that day and
leap for joy, for surely your reward is great in heaven; for that is what
their ancestors did to the prophets.
24 "But woe to you who are rich,
for you have received your consolation.
25 "Woe to you who are full now,
for you will be hungry.
"Woe to you who are laughing now,
for you will mourn and weep.
26 "Woe to you when all speak well of you, for that is what their ancestors
did to the false prophets.
The love of enemies
27 "But I say to you that listen, Love your enemies, do good to those who hate
you, 28 bless those who curse you, pray for those who abuse you. 29 If anyone
strikes you on the cheek, offer the other also; and from anyone who takes away
your coat do not withhold even your shirt. 30 Give to everyone who begs from
you; and if anyone takes away your goods, do not ask for them again. 31 Do to
others as you would have them do to you.
32 "If you love those who love you, what credit is that to you? For even
sinners love those who love them. 33 If you do good to those who do good to
you, what credit is that to you? For even sinners do the same. 34 If you lend
to those from whom you hope to receive, what credit is that to you? Even
sinners lend to sinners, to receive as much again. 35 But love your enemies,
do good, and lend, expecting nothing in return. Your reward will be great, and
you will be children of the Most High; for he is kind to the ungrateful and
the wicked. 36 Be merciful, just as your Father is merciful.
On judging others
37 "Do not judge, and you will not be judged; do not condemn, and you will not
be condemned. Forgive, and you will be forgiven; 38 give, and it will be given
to you. A good measure, pressed down, shaken together, running over, will be
put into your lap; for the measure you give will be the measure you get back."
39 He also told them a parable: "Can a blind person guide a blind person? Will
not both fall into a pit? 40 A disciple is not above the teacher, but everyone
who is fully qualified will be like the teacher. 41 Why do you see the speck
in your neighbor's eye, but do not notice the log in your own eye? 42 Or how
can you say to your neighbor, 'Friend, let me take out the speck in your eye,'
when you yourself do not see the log in your own eye? You hypocrite, first
take the log out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to take the
speck out of your neighbor's eye.
The sources of good and evil
43 "No good tree bears bad fruit, nor again does a bad tree bear good fruit;
44 for each tree is known by its own fruit. Figs are not gathered from thorns,
nor are grapes picked from a bramble bush. 45 The good person out of the good
treasure of the heart produces good, and the evil person out of evil treasure
produces evil; for it is out of the abundance of the heart that the mouth
The wise and the foolish builders
46 "Why do you call me 'Lord, Lord,' and do not do what I tell you? 47 I will
show you what someone is like who comes to me, hears my words, and acts on
them. 48 That one is like a man building a house, who dug deeply and laid the
foundation on rock; when a flood arose, the river burst against that house but
could not shake it, because it had been well built. 49 But the one who hears
and does not act is like a man who built a house on the ground without a
foundation. When the river burst against it, immediately it fell, and great
was the ruin of that house."
The centurion's slave
1 After Jesus had finished all his sayings in the hearing of the people, he
entered Capernaum. 2 A centurion there had a slave whom he valued highly, and
who was ill and close to death. 3 When he heard about Jesus, he sent some
Jewish elders to him, asking him to come and heal his slave. 4 When they came
to Jesus, they appealed to him earnestly, saying, "He is worthy of having you
do this for him, 5 for he loves our people, and it is he who built our
synagogue for us." 6 And Jesus went with them, but when he was not far from
the house, the centurion sent friends to say to him, "Lord, do not trouble
yourself, for I am not worthy to have you come under my roof; 7 therefore I
did not presume to come to you. But only speak the word, and let my servant be
healed. 8 For I also am a man set under authority, with soldiers under me; and
I say to one, 'Go,' and he goes, and to another, 'Come,' and he comes, and to
my slave, 'Do this,' and the slave does it." 9 When Jesus heard this he was
amazed at him, and turning to the crowd that followed him, he said, "I tell
you, not even in Israel have I found such faith." 10 When those who had been
sent returned to the house, they found the slave in good health.
The widow's son at Nain
11 Soon afterwards he went to a town called Nain, and his disciples and a
large crowd went with him. 12 As he approached the gate of the town, a man who
had died was being carried out. He was his mother's only son, and she was a
widow; and with her was a large crowd from the town. 13 When the Lord saw her,
he had compassion for her and said to her, "Do not weep." 14 Then he came
forward and touched the bier, and the bearers stood still. And he said, "Young
man, I say to you, rise!" 15 The dead man sat up and began to speak, and Jesus
gave him to his mother. 16 Fear seized all of them; and they glorified God,
saying, "A great prophet has risen among us!" and "God has looked favorably on
his people!" 17 This word about him spread throughout Judea and all the
Jesus and John the Baptist
18 The disciples of John reported all these things to him. So John summoned
two of his disciples 19 and sent them to the Lord to ask, "Are you the one who
is to come, or are we to wait for another?" 20 When the men had come to him,
they said, "John the Baptist has sent us to you to ask, 'Are you the one who
is to come, or are we to wait for another?'" 21 Jesus had just then cured many
people of diseases, plagues, and evil spirits, and had given sight to many who
were blind. 22 And he answered them, "Go and tell John what you have seen and
heard: the blind receive their sight, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed,
the deaf hear, the dead are raised, the poor have good news brought to them.
23 And blessed is anyone who takes no offense at me."
24 When John's messengers had gone, Jesus began to speak to the crowds about
John: "What did you go out into the wilderness to look at? A reed shaken by
the wind? 25 What then did you go out to see? Someone dressed in soft robes?
Look, those who put on fine clothing and live in luxury are in royal palaces.
26 What then did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes, I tell you, and more than
a prophet. 27 This is the one about whom it is written,
'See, I am sending my messenger ahead of you,
who will prepare your way before you.'
28 I tell you, among those born of women no one is greater than John; yet the
least in the kingdom of God is greater than he." 29 (And all the people who
heard this, including the tax collectors, acknowledged the justice of God,
because they had been baptized with John's baptism. 30 But by refusing to be
baptized by him, the Pharisees and the lawyers rejected God's purpose for
31 "To what then will I compare the people of this generation, and what are
they like? 32 They are like children sitting in the marketplace and calling to
'We played the flute for you, and you did not dance;
we wailed, and you did not weep.'
33 For John the Baptist has come eating no bread and drinking no wine, and you
say, 'He has a demon'; 34 the Son of Man has come eating and drinking, and you
say, 'Look, a glutton and a drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and sinners!'
35 Nevertheless, wisdom is vindicated by all her children."
Simon the Pharisee, Jesus, and the woman with the ointment
36 One of the Pharisees asked Jesus to eat with him, and he went into the
Pharisee's house and took his place at the table. 37 And a woman in the city,
who was a sinner, having learned that he was eating in the Pharisee's house,
brought an alabaster jar of ointment. 38 She stood behind him at his feet,
weeping, and began to bathe his feet with her tears and to dry them with her
hair. Then she continued kissing his feet and anointing them with the
ointment. 39 Now when the Pharisee who had invited him saw it, he said to
himself, "If this man were a prophet, he would have known who and what kind of
woman this is who is touching him – that she is a sinner." 40 Jesus spoke up
and said to him, "Simon, I have something to say to you." "Teacher," he
replied, "speak." 41 "A certain creditor had two debtors; one owed five
hundred denarii, and the other fifty. 42 When they could not pay, he canceled
the debts for both of them. Now which of them will love him more?" 43 Simon
answered, "I suppose the one for whom he canceled the greater debt." And Jesus
said to him, "You have judged rightly." 44 Then turning toward the woman, he
said to Simon, "Do you see this woman? I entered your house; you gave me no
water for my feet, but she has bathed my feet with her tears and dried them
with her hair. 45 You gave me no kiss, but from the time I came in she has not
stopped kissing my feet. 46 You did not anoint my head with oil, but she has
anointed my feet with ointment. 47 Therefore, I tell you, her sins, which were
many, have been forgiven; hence she has shown great love. But the one to whom
little is forgiven, loves little." 48 Then he said to her, "Your sins are
forgiven." 49 But those who were at the table with him began to say among
themselves, "Who is this who even forgives sins?" 50 And he said to the woman,
"Your faith has saved you; go in peace."
Jesus' tour and the ministering women
1 Soon afterwards he went on through cities and villages, proclaiming and
bringing the good news of the kingdom of God. The twelve were with him, 2 as
well as some women who had been cured of evil spirits and infirmities: Mary,
called Magdalene, from whom seven demons had gone out, 3 and Joanna, the wife
of Herod's steward Chuza, and Susanna, and many others, who provided for them
out of their resources.
Parable of the sower
4 When a great crowd gathered and people from town after town came to him, he
said in a parable: 5 "A sower went out to sow his seed; and as he sowed, some
fell on the path and was trampled on, and the birds of the air ate it up. 6
Some fell on the rock; and as it grew up, it withered for lack of moisture. 7
Some fell among thorns, and the thorns grew with it and choked it. 8 Some fell
into good soil, and when it grew, it produced a hundredfold." As he said this,
he called out, "Let anyone with ears to hear listen!"
Jesus' explanation of parables
9 Then his disciples asked him what this parable meant. 10 He said, "To you it
has been given to know the secrets of the kingdom of God; but to others I
speak in parables, so that
'looking they may not perceive,
and listening they may not understand.'
Interpretation of the parable of the sower
11 "Now the parable is this: The seed is the word of God. 12 The ones on the
path are those who have heard; then the devil comes and takes away the word
from their hearts, so that they may not believe and be saved. 13 The ones on
the rock are those who, when they hear the word, receive it with joy. But
these have no root; they believe only for a while and in a time of testing
fall away. 14 As for what fell among the thorns, these are the ones who hear;
but as they go on their way, they are choked by the cares and riches and
pleasures of life, and their fruit does not mature. 15 But as for that in the
good soil, these are the ones who, when they hear the word, hold it fast in an
honest and good heart, and bear fruit with patient endurance.
On obedient listening
16 "No one after lighting a lamp hides it under a jar, or puts it under a bed,
but puts it on a lampstand, so that those who enter may see the light. 17 For
nothing is hidden that will not be disclosed, nor is anything secret that will
not become known and come to light. 18 Then pay attention to how you listen;
for to those who have, more will be given; and from those who do not have,
even what they seem to have will be taken away."
Jesus' true relatives
19 Then his mother and his brothers came to him, but they could not reach him
because of the crowd. 20 And he was told, "Your mother and your brothers are
standing outside, wanting to see you." 21 But he said to them, "My mother and
my brothers are those who hear the word of God and do it."
Winds and water obey
22 One day he got into a boat with his disciples, and he said to them, "Let us
go across to the other side of the lake." So they put out, 23 and while they
were sailing he fell asleep. A windstorm swept down on the lake, and the boat
was filling with water, and they were in danger. 24 They went to him and woke
him up, shouting, "Master, Master, we are perishing!" And he woke up and
rebuked the wind and the raging waves; they ceased, and there was a calm. 25
He said to them, "Where is your faith?" They were afraid and amazed, and said
to one another, "Who then is this, that he commands even the winds and the
water, and they obey him?"
The Gerasene demoniac
26 Then they arrived at the country of the Gerasenes, which is opposite
Galilee. 27 As he stepped out on land, a man of the city who had demons met
him. For a long time he had worn no clothes, and he did not live in a house
but in the tombs. 28 When he saw Jesus, he fell down before him and shouted at
the top of his voice, "What have you to do with me, Jesus, Son of the Most
High God? I beg you, do not torment me" – 29 for Jesus had commanded the
unclean spirit to come out of the man. (For many times it had seized him; he
was kept under guard and bound with chains and shackles, but he would break
the bonds and be driven by the demon into the wilds.) 30 Jesus then asked him,
"What is your name?" He said, "Legion"; for many demons had entered him. 31
They begged him not to order them to go back into the abyss.
32 Now there on the hillside a large herd of swine was feeding; and the demons
begged Jesus to let them enter these. So he gave them permission. 33 Then the
demons came out of the man and entered the swine, and the herd rushed down the
steep bank into the lake and was drowned.
34 When the swineherds saw what had happened, they ran off and told it in the
city and in the country. 35 Then people came out to see what had happened, and
when they came to Jesus, they found the man from whom the demons had gone
sitting at the feet of Jesus, clothed and in his right mind. And they were
afraid. 36 Those who had seen it told them how the one who had been possessed
by demons had been healed. 37 Then all the people of the surrounding country
of the Gerasenes asked Jesus to leave them; for they were seized with great
fear. So he got into the boat and returned. 38 The man from whom the demons
had gone begged that he might be with him; but Jesus sent him away, saying, 39
"Return to your home, and declare how much God has done for you." So he went
away, proclaiming throughout the city how much Jesus had done for him.
Jairus's daughter and the hemorrhaging woman
40 Now when Jesus returned, the crowd welcomed him, for they were all waiting
for him. 41 Just then there came a man named Jairus, a leader of the
synagogue. He fell at Jesus' feet and begged him to come to his house, 42 for
he had an only daughter, about twelve years old, who was dying.
As he went, the crowds pressed in on him. 43 Now there was a woman who had
been suffering from hemorrhages for twelve years; and though she had spent all
she had on physicians, no one could cure her. 44 She came up behind him and
touched the fringe of his clothes, and immediately her hemorrhage stopped. 45
Then Jesus asked, "Who touched me?" When all denied it, Peter said, "Master,
the crowds surround you and press in on you." 46 But Jesus said, "Someone
touched me; for I noticed that power had gone out from me." 47 When the woman
saw that she could not remain hidden, she came trembling; and falling down
before him, she declared in the presence of all the people why she had touched
him, and how she had been immediately healed. 48 He said to her, "Daughter,
your faith has made you well; go in peace."
49 While he was still speaking, someone came from the leader's house to say,
"Your daughter is dead; do not trouble the teacher any longer." 50 When Jesus
heard this, he replied, "Do not fear. Only believe, and she will be saved." 51
When he came to the house, he did not allow anyone to enter with him, except
Peter, John, and James, and the child's father and mother. 52 They were all
weeping and wailing for her; but he said, "Do not weep; for she is not dead
but sleeping." 53 And they laughed at him, knowing that she was dead. 54 But
he took her by the hand and called out, "Child, get up!" 55 Her spirit
returned, and she got up at once. Then he directed them to give her something
to eat. 56 Her parents were astounded; but he ordered them to tell no one what
Commissioning the twelve
1 Then Jesus called the twelve together and gave them power and authority over
all demons and to cure diseases, 2 and he sent them out to proclaim the
kingdom of God and to heal. 3 He said to them, "Take nothing for your journey,
no staff, nor bag, nor bread, nor money – not even an extra tunic. 4 Whatever
house you enter, stay there, and leave from there. 5 Wherever they do not
welcome you, as you are leaving that town shake the dust off your feet as a
testimony against them." 6 They departed and went through the villages,
bringing the good news and curing diseases everywhere.
Herod's curiosity of Jesus
7 Now Herod the ruler heard about all that had taken place, and he was
perplexed, because it was said by some that John had been raised from the
dead, 8 by some that Elijah had appeared, and by others that one of the
ancient prophets had arisen. 9 Herod said, "John I beheaded; but who is this
about whom I hear such things?" And he tried to see him.
The apostles' return and the crowds' following Jesus
10 On their return the apostles told Jesus all they had done. He took them
with him and withdrew privately to a city called Bethsaida. 11 When the crowds
found out about it, they followed him; and he welcomed them, and spoke to them
about the kingdom of God, and healed those who needed to be cured.
Feeding the five thousand
12 The day was drawing to a close, and the twelve came to him and said, "Send
the crowd away, so that they may go into the surrounding villages and
countryside, to lodge and get provisions; for we are here in a deserted
place." 13 But he said to them, "You give them something to eat." They said,
"We have no more than five loaves and two fish – unless we are to go and buy
food for all these people." 14 For there were about five thousand men. And he
said to his disciples, "Make them sit down in groups of about fifty each." 15
They did so and made them all sit down. 16 And taking the five loaves and the
two fish, he looked up to heaven, and blessed and broke them, and gave them to
the disciples to set before the crowd. 17 And all ate and were filled. What
was left over was gathered up, twelve baskets of broken pieces.
18 Once when Jesus was praying alone, with only the disciples near him, he
asked them, "Who do the crowds say that I am?" 19 They answered, "John the
Baptist; but others, Elijah; and still others, that one of the ancient
prophets has arisen." 20 He said to them, "But who do you say that I am?"
Peter answered, "The Messiah of God."
Jesus' command to silence and first prediction of his death
21 He sternly ordered and commanded them not to tell anyone, 22 saying, "The
Son of Man must undergo great suffering, and be rejected by the elders, chief
priests, and scribes, and be killed, and on the third day be raised."
The requirements of discipleship
23 Then he said to them all, "If any want to become my followers, let them
deny themselves and take up their cross daily and follow me. 24 For those who
want to save their life will lose it, and those who lose their life for my
sake will save it. 25 What does it profit them if they gain the whole world,
but lose or forfeit themselves? 26 Those who are ashamed of me and of my
words, of them the Son of Man will be ashamed when he comes in his glory and
the glory of the Father and of the holy angels. 27 But truly I tell you, there
are some standing here who will not taste death before they see the kingdom of
28 Now about eight days after these sayings Jesus took with him Peter and John
and James, and went up on the mountain to pray. 29 And while he was praying,
the appearance of his face changed, and his clothes became dazzling white. 30
Suddenly they saw two men, Moses and Elijah, talking to him. 31 They appeared
in glory and were speaking of his departure, which he was about to accomplish
at Jerusalem. 32 Now Peter and his companions were weighed down with sleep;
but since they had stayed awake, they saw his glory and the two men who stood
with him. 33 Just as they were leaving him, Peter said to Jesus, "Master, it
is good for us to be here; let us make three dwellings, one for you, one for
Moses, and one for Elijah" – not knowing what he said. 34 While he was saying
this, a cloud came and overshadowed them; and they were terrified as they
entered the cloud. 35 Then from the cloud came a voice that said, "This is my
Son, my Chosen; listen to him!" 36 When the voice had spoken, Jesus was found
alone. And they kept silent and in those days told no one any of the things
they had seen.
Jesus heals an afflicted boy
37 On the next day, when they had come down from the mountain, a great crowd
met him. 38 Just then a man from the crowd shouted, "Teacher, I beg you to
look at my son; he is my only child. 39 Suddenly a spirit seizes him, and all
at once he shrieks. It convulses him until he foams at the mouth; it mauls him
and will scarcely leave him. 40 I begged your disciples to cast it out, but
they could not." 41 Jesus answered, "You faithless and perverse generation,
how much longer must I be with you and bear with you? Bring your son here." 42
While he was coming, the demon dashed him to the ground in convulsions. But
Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit, healed the boy, and gave him back to his
father. 43 And all were astounded at the greatness of God.
A second prediction
While everyone was amazed at all that he was doing, he said to his disciples,
44 "Let these words sink into your ears: The Son of Man is going to be
betrayed into human hands." 45 But they did not understand this saying; its
meaning was concealed from them, so that they could not perceive it. And they
were afraid to ask him about this saying.
46 An argument arose among them as to which one of them was the greatest. 47
But Jesus, aware of their inner thoughts, took a little child and put it by
his side, 48 and said to them, "Whoever welcomes this child in my name
welcomes me, and whoever welcomes me welcomes the one who sent me; for the
least among all of you is the greatest."
The unknown exorcist
49 John answered, "Master, we saw someone casting out demons in your name, and
we tried to stop him, because he does not follow with us." 50 But Jesus said
to him, "Do not stop him; for whoever is not against you is for you."
Jesus' journey to Jerusalem with his followers; Samaritans' rejection of
51 When the days drew near for him to be taken up, he set his face to go to
Jerusalem. 52 And he sent messengers ahead of him. On their way they entered a
village of the Samaritans to make ready for him; 53 but they did not receive
him, because his face was set toward Jerusalem. 54 When his disciples James
and John saw it, they said, "Lord, do you want us to command fire to come down
from heaven and consume them?" 55 But he turned and rebuked them. 56 Then they
went on to another village.
The demands of following Jesus
57 As they were going along the road, someone said to him, "I will follow you
wherever you go." 58 And Jesus said to him, "Foxes have holes, and birds of
the air have nests; but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay his head." 59 To
another he said, "Follow me." But he said, "Lord, first let me go and bury my
father." 60 But Jesus said to him, "Let the dead bury their own dead; but as
for you, go and proclaim the kingdom of God." 61 Another said, "I will follow
you, Lord; but let me first say farewell to those at my home." 62 Jesus said
to him, "No one who puts a hand to the plow and looks back is fit for the
kingdom of God."
The mission of the seventy
1 After this the Lord appointed seventy others and sent them on ahead of him
in pairs to every town and place where he himself intended to go. 2 He said to
them, "The harvest is plentiful, but the laborers are few; therefore ask the
Lord of the harvest to send out laborers into his harvest. 3 Go on your way.
See, I am sending you out like lambs into the midst of wolves. 4 Carry no
purse, no bag, no sandals; and greet no one on the road. 5 Whatever house you
enter, first say, 'Peace to this house!' 6 And if anyone is there who shares
in peace, your peace will rest on that person; but if not, it will return to
you. 7 Remain in the same house, eating and drinking whatever they provide,
for the laborer deserves to be paid. Do not move about from house to house. 8
Whenever you enter a town and its people welcome you, eat what is set before
you; 9 cure the sick who are there, and say to them, 'The kingdom of God has
come near to you.' 10 But whenever you enter a town and they do not welcome
you, go out into its streets and say, 11 'Even the dust of your town that
clings to our feet, we wipe off in protest against you. Yet know this: the
kingdom of God has come near.' 12 I tell you, on that day it will be more
tolerable for Sodom than for that town.
Woes to unrepentant cities
13 "Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the deeds of power
done in you had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long
ago, sitting in sackcloth and ashes. 14 But at the judgment it will be more
tolerable for Tyre and Sidon than for you. 15 And you, Capernaum,
will you be exalted to heaven?
No, you will be brought down to Hades.
Jesus's interpretation of the mission
16 "Whoever listens to you listens to me, and whoever rejects you rejects me,
and whoever rejects me rejects the one who sent me."
Return of the seventy
17 The seventy returned with joy, saying, "Lord, in your name even the demons
submit to us!" 18 He said to them, "I watched Satan fall from heaven like a
flash of lightning. 19 See, I have given you authority to tread on snakes and
scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy; and nothing will hurt you. 20
Nevertheless, do not rejoice at this, that the spirits submit to you, but
rejoice that your names are written in heaven."
Jesus' thanksgiving to God
21 At that same hour Jesus rejoiced in the Holy Spirit and said, "I thank you,
Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because you have hidden these things from
the wise and the intelligent and have revealed them to infants; yes, Father,
for such was your gracious will. 22 All things have been handed over to me by
my Father; and no one knows who the Son is except the Father, or who the
Father is except the Son and anyone to whom the Son chooses to reveal him."
Jesus' blessing of the disciples
23 Then turning to the disciples, Jesus said to them privately, "Blessed are
the eyes that see what you see! 24 For I tell you that many prophets and kings
desired to see what you see, but did not see it, and to hear what you hear,
but did not hear it."
A lawyer's question
25 Just then a lawyer stood up to test Jesus. "Teacher," he said, "what must I
do to inherit eternal life?" 26 He said to him, "What is written in the law?
What do you read there?" 27 He answered, "You shall love the Lord your God
with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your strength, and
with all your mind; and your neighbor as yourself." 28 And he said to him,
"You have given the right answer; do this, and you will live."
Parable of the Good Samaritan
29 But wanting to justify himself, he asked Jesus, "And who is my neighbor?"
30 Jesus replied, "A man was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell
into the hands of robbers, who stripped him, beat him, and went away, leaving
him half dead. 31 Now by chance a priest was going down that road; and when he
saw him, he passed by on the other side. 32 So likewise a Levite, when he came
to the place and saw him, passed by on the other side. 33 But a Samaritan
while traveling came near him; and when he saw him, he was moved with pity. 34
He went to him and bandaged his wounds, having poured oil and wine on them.
Then he put him on his own animal, brought him to an inn, and took care of
him. 35 The next day he took out two denarii, gave them to the innkeeper, and
said, 'Take care of him; and when I come back, I will repay you whatever more
you spend.' 36 Which of these three, do you think, was a neighbor to the man
who fell into the hands of the robbers?" 37 He said, "The one who showed him
mercy." Jesus said to him, "Go and do likewise."
Martha and Mary
38 Now as they went on their way, he entered a certain village, where a woman
named Martha welcomed him into her home. 39 She had a sister named Mary, who
sat at the LORD's feet and listened to what he was saying. 40 But Martha was
distracted by her many tasks; so she came to him and asked, "Lord, do you not
care that my sister has left me to do all the work by myself? Tell her then to
help me." 41 But the Lord answered her, "Martha, Martha, you are worried and
distracted by many things; 42 there is need of only one thing. Mary has chosen
the better part, which will not be taken away from her."
The LORD's Prayer
1 He was praying in a certain place, and after he had finished, one of his
disciples said to him, "Lord, teach us to pray, as John taught his disciples."
2 He said to them, "When you pray, say:
Father, hallowed be your name.
Your kingdom come.
3 Give us each day our daily bread.
4 And forgive us our sins,
for we ourselves forgive everyone indebted to us.
And do not bring us to the time of trial."
Teaching about persistence
5 And he said to them, "Suppose one of you has a friend, and you go to him at
midnight and say to him, 'Friend, lend me three loaves of bread; 6 for a
friend of mine has arrived, and I have nothing to set before him.' 7 And he
answers from within, 'Do not bother me; the door has already been locked, and
my children are with me in bed; I cannot get up and give you anything.' 8 I
tell you, even though he will not get up and give him anything because he is
his friend, at least because of his persistence he will get up and give him
whatever he needs.
A parabolic admonition and assurance concerning prayer
9 "So I say to you, Ask, and it will be given you; search, and you will find;
knock, and the door will be opened for you. 10 For everyone who asks receives,
and everyone who searches finds, and for everyone who knocks, the door will be
opened. 11 Is there anyone among you who, if your child asks for a fish, will
give a snake instead of a fish? 12 Or if the child asks for an egg, will give
a scorpion? 13 If you then, who are evil, know how to give good gifts to your
children, how much more will the heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to those
who ask him!"
The Beelzebul controversy
14 Now he was casting out a demon that was mute; when the demon had gone out,
the one who had been mute spoke, and the crowds were amazed. 15 But some of
them said, "He casts out demons by Beelzebul, the ruler of the demons." 16
Others, to test him, kept demanding from him a sign from heaven. 17 But he
knew what they were thinking and said to them, "Every kingdom divided against
itself becomes a desert, and house falls on house. 18 If Satan also is divided
against himself, how will his kingdom stand? – for you say that I cast out the
demons by Beelzebul. 19 Now if I cast out the demons by Beelzebul, by whom do
your exorcists cast them out? Therefore they will be your judges. 20 But if it
is by the finger of God that I cast out the demons, then the kingdom of God
has come to you. 21 When a strong man, fully armed, guards his castle, his
property is safe. 22 But when one stronger than he attacks him and overpowers
him, he takes away his armor in which he trusted and divides his plunder. 23
Whoever is not with me is against me, and whoever does not gather with me
The return of the unclean spirits
24 "When the unclean spirit has gone out of a person, it wanders through
waterless regions looking for a resting place, but not finding any, it says,
'I will return to my house from which I came.' 25 When it comes, it finds it
swept and put in order. 26 Then it goes and brings seven other spirits more
evil than itself, and they enter and live there; and the last state of that
person is worse than the first."
27 While he was saying this, a woman in the crowd raised her voice and said to
him, "Blessed is the womb that bore you and the breasts that nursed you!" 28
But he said, "Blessed rather are those who hear the word of God and obey it!"
The sign of Jonah
29 When the crowds were increasing, he began to say, "This generation is an
evil generation; it asks for a sign, but no sign will be given to it except
the sign of Jonah. 30 For just as Jonah became a sign to the people of
Nineveh, so the Son of Man will be to this generation. 31 The queen of the
South will rise at the judgment with the people of this generation and condemn
them, because she came from the ends of the earth to listen to the wisdom of
Solomon, and see, something greater than Solomon is here! 32 The people of
Nineveh will rise up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it,
because they repented at the proclamation of Jonah, and see, something greater
than Jonah is here!
Light and sight; the healthy eye
33 "No one after lighting a lamp puts it in a cellar, but on the lampstand so
that those who enter may see the light. 34 Your eye is the lamp of your body.
If your eye is healthy, your whole body is full of light; but if it is not
healthy, your body is full of darkness. 35 Therefore consider whether the
light in you is not darkness. 36 If then your whole body is full of light,
with no part of it in darkness, it will be as full of light as when a lamp
gives you light with its rays."
Sayings against Pharisees and lawyers
37 While he was speaking, a Pharisee invited him to dine with him; so he went
in and took his place at the table. 38 The Pharisee was amazed to see that he
did not first wash before dinner. 39 Then the Lord said to him, "Now you
Pharisees clean the outside of the cup and of the dish, but inside you are
full of greed and wickedness. 40 You fools! Did not the one who made the
outside make the inside also? 41 So give for alms those things that are
within; and see, everything will be clean for you.
42 "But woe to you Pharisees! For you tithe mint and rue and herbs of all
kinds, and neglect justice and the love of God; it is these you ought to have
practiced, without neglecting the others. 43 Woe to you Pharisees! For you
love to have the seat of honor in the synagogues and to be greeted with
respect in the marketplaces. 44 Woe to you! For you are like unmarked graves,
and people walk over them without realizing it."
45 One of the lawyers answered him, "Teacher, when you say these things, you
insult us too." 46 And he said, "Woe also to you lawyers! For you load people
with burdens hard to bear, and you yourselves do not lift a finger to ease
them. 47 Woe to you! For you build the tombs of the prophets whom your
ancestors killed. 48 So you are witnesses and approve of the deeds of your
ancestors; for they killed them, and you build their tombs. 49 Therefore also
the Wisdom of God said, 'I will send them prophets and apostles, some of whom
they will kill and persecute,' 50 so that this generation may be charged with
the blood of all the prophets shed since the foundation of the world, 51 from
the blood of Abel to the blood of Zechariah, who perished between the altar
and the sanctuary. Yes, I tell you, it will be charged against this
generation. 52 Woe to you lawyers! For you have taken away the key of
knowledge; you did not enter yourselves, and you hindered those who were
53 When he went outside, the scribes and the Pharisees began to be very
hostile toward him and to cross-examine him about many things, 54 lying in
wait for him, to catch him in something he might say.
The yeast of the Pharisees; calls to fearless confession
1 Meanwhile, when the crowd gathered by the thousands, so that they trampled
on one another, he began to speak first to his disciples, "Beware of the yeast
of the Pharisees, that is, their hypocrisy. 2 Nothing is covered up that will
not be uncovered, and nothing secret that will not become known. 3 Therefore
whatever you have said in the dark will be heard in the light, and what you
have whispered behind closed doors will be proclaimed from the housetops.
4 "I tell you, my friends, do not fear those who kill the body, and after that
can do nothing more. 5 But I will warn you whom to fear: fear him who, after
he has killed, has authority to cast into hell. Yes, I tell you, fear him! 6
Are not five sparrows sold for two pennies? Yet not one of them is forgotten
in God's sight. 7 But even the hairs of your head are all counted. Do not be
afraid; you are of more value than many sparrows.
Blaspheming the Holy Spirit; aid therefrom
8 "And I tell you, everyone who acknowledges me before others, the Son of Man
also will acknowledge before the angels of God; 9 but whoever denies me before
others will be denied before the angels of God. 10 And everyone who speaks a
word against the Son of Man will be forgiven; but whoever blasphemes against
the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven. 11 When they bring you before the
synagogues, the rulers, and the authorities, do not worry about how you are to
defend yourselves or what you are to say; 12 for the Holy Spirit will teach
you at that very hour what you ought to say."
Warning against greed; parable of the rich fool
13 Someone in the crowd said to him, "Teacher, tell my brother to divide the
family inheritance with me." 14 But he said to him, "Friend, who set me to be
a judge or arbitrator over you?" 15 And he said to them, "Take care! Be on
your guard against all kinds of greed; for one's life does not consist in the
abundance of possessions." 16 Then he told them a parable: "The land of a rich
man produced abundantly. 17 And he thought to himself, 'What should I do, for
I have no place to store my crops?' 18 Then he said, 'I will do this: I will
pull down my barns and build larger ones, and there I will store all my grain
and my goods. 19 And I will say to my soul, Soul, you have ample goods laid up
for many years; relax, eat, drink, be merry.' 20 But God said to him, 'You
fool! This very night your life is being demanded of you. And the things you
have prepared, whose will they be?' 21 So it is with those who store up
treasures for themselves but are not rich toward God."
Anxiety concerning life
22 He said to his disciples, "Therefore I tell you, do not worry about your
life, what you will eat, or about your body, what you will wear. 23 For life
is more than food, and the body more than clothing. 24 Consider the ravens:
they neither sow nor reap, they have neither storehouse nor barn, and yet God
feeds them. Of how much more value are you than the birds! 25 And can any of
you by worrying add a single hour to your span of life? 26 If then you are not
able to do so small a thing as that, why do you worry about the rest? 27
Consider the lilies, how they grow: they neither toil nor spin; yet I tell
you, even Solomon in all his glory was not clothed like one of these. 28 But
if God so clothes the grass of the field, which is alive today and tomorrow is
thrown into the oven, how much more will he clothe you – you of little faith!
29 And do not keep striving for what you are to eat and what you are to drink,
and do not keep worrying. 30 For it is the nations of the world that strive
after all these things, and your Father knows that you need them. 31 Instead,
strive for his kingdom, and these things will be given to you as well.
Treasure in heaven
32 "Do not be afraid, little flock, for it is your Father's good pleasure to
give you the kingdom. 33 Sell your possessions, and give alms. Make purses for
yourselves that do not wear out, an unfailing treasure in heaven, where no
thief comes near and no moth destroys. 34 For where your treasure is, there
your heart will be also.
Sayings on watchfulness and faithfulness
35 "Be dressed for action and have your lamps lit; 36 be like those who are
waiting for their master to return from the wedding banquet, so that they may
open the door for him as soon as he comes and knocks. 37 Blessed are those
slaves whom the master finds alert when he comes; truly I tell you, he will
fasten his belt and have them sit down to eat, and he will come and serve
them. 38 If he comes during the middle of the night, or near dawn, and finds
them so, blessed are those slaves.
39 "But know this: if the owner of the house had known at what hour the thief
was coming, he would not have let his house be broken into. 40 You also must
be ready, for the Son of Man is coming at an unexpected hour."
41 Peter said, "Lord, are you telling this parable for us or for everyone?" 42
And the Lord said, "Who then is the faithful and prudent manager whom his
master will put in charge of his slaves, to give them their allowance of food
at the proper time? 43 Blessed is that slave whom his master will find at work
when he arrives. 44 Truly I tell you, he will put that one in charge of all
his possessions. 45 But if that slave says to himself, 'My master is delayed
in coming,' and if he begins to beat the other slaves, men and women, and to
eat and drink and get drunk, 46 the master of that slave will come on a day
when he does not expect him and at an hour that he does not know, and will cut
him in pieces, and put him with the unfaithful. 47 That slave who knew what
his master wanted, but did not prepare himself or do what was wanted, will
receive a severe beating. 48 But the one who did not know and did what
deserved a beating will receive a light beating. From everyone to whom much
has been given, much will be required; and from the one to whom much has been
entrusted, even more will be demanded.
The controversial character of Jesus' mission
49 "I came to bring fire to the earth, and how I wish it were already kindled!
50 I have a baptism with which to be baptized, and what stress I am under
until it is completed! 51 Do you think that I have come to bring peace to the
earth? No, I tell you, but rather division! 52 From now on five in one
household will be divided, three against two and two against three; 53 they
will be divided:
father against son
and son against father,
mother against daughter
and daughter against mother,
mother-in-law against her daughter-in-law
and daughter-in-law against mother-in-law."
Interpreting the times
54 He also said to the crowds, "When you see a cloud rising in the west, you
immediately say, 'It is going to rain'; and so it happens. 55 And when you see
the south wind blowing, you say, 'There will be scorching heat'; and it
happens. 56 You hypocrites! You know how to interpret the appearance of earth
and sky, but why do you not know how to interpret the present time?
Settling with an accuser
57 "And why do you not judge for yourselves what is right? 58 Thus, when you
go with your accuser before a magistrate, on the way make an effort to settle
the case, or you may be dragged before the judge, and the judge hand you over
to the officer, and the officer throw you in prison. 59 I tell you, you will
never get out until you have paid the very last penny."
Parable of the unfruitful fig tree
1 At that very time there were some present who told him about the Galileans
whose blood Pilate had mingled with their sacrifices. 2 He asked them, "Do you
think that because these Galileans suffered in this way they were worse
sinners than all other Galileans? 3 No, I tell you; but unless you repent, you
will all perish as they did. 4 Or those eighteen who were killed when the
tower of Siloam fell on them – do you think that they were worse offenders
than all the others living in Jerusalem? 5 No, I tell you; but unless you
repent, you will all perish just as they did."
6 Then he told this parable: "A man had a fig tree planted in his vineyard;
and he came looking for fruit on it and found none. 7 So he said to the
gardener, 'See here! For three years I have come looking for fruit on this fig
tree, and still I find none. Cut it down! Why should it be wasting the soil?'
8 He replied, 'Sir, let it alone for one more year, until I dig around it and
put manure on it. 9 If it bears fruit next year, well and good; but if not,
you can cut it down.'"
Healing of a crippled woman on the sabbath
10 Now he was teaching in one of the synagogues on the sabbath. 11 And just
then there appeared a woman with a spirit that had crippled her for eighteen
years. She was bent over and was quite unable to stand up straight. 12 When
Jesus saw her, he called her over and said, "Woman, you are set free from your
ailment." 13 When he laid his hands on her, immediately she stood up straight
and began praising God. 14 But the leader of the synagogue, indignant because
Jesus had cured on the sabbath, kept saying to the crowd, "There are six days
on which work ought to be done; come on those days and be cured, and not on
the sabbath day." 15 But the Lord answered him and said, "You hypocrites! Does
not each of you on the sabbath untie his ox or his donkey from the manger, and
lead it away to give it water? 16 And ought not this woman, a daughter of
Abraham whom Satan bound for eighteen long years, be set free from this
bondage on the sabbath day?" 17 When he said this, all his opponents were put
to shame; and the entire crowd was rejoicing at all the wonderful things that
he was doing.
Parable of the mustard seed
18 He said therefore, "What is the kingdom of God like? And to what should I
compare it? 19 It is like a mustard seed that someone took and sowed in the
garden; it grew and became a tree, and the birds of the air made nests in its
Parable of the yeast
20 And again he said, "To what should I compare the kingdom of God? 21 It is
like yeast that a woman took and mixed in with three measures of flour until
all of it was leavened."
The necessity of discipline for salvation
22 Jesus went through one town and village after another, teaching as he made
his way to Jerusalem. 23 Someone asked him, "Lord, will only a few be saved?"
He said to them, 24 "Strive to enter through the narrow door; for many, I tell
you, will try to enter and will not be able. 25 When once the owner of the
house has got up and shut the door, and you begin to stand outside and to
knock at the door, saying, 'Lord, open to us,' then in reply he will say to
you, 'I do not know where you come from.' 26 Then you will begin to say, 'We
ate and drank with you, and you taught in our streets.' 27 But he will say, 'I
do not know where you come from; go away from me, all you evildoers!' 28 There
will be weeping and gnashing of teeth when you see Abraham and Isaac and Jacob
and all the prophets in the kingdom of God, and you yourselves thrown out. 29
Then people will come from east and west, from north and south, and will eat
in the kingdom of God. 30 Indeed, some are last who will be first, and some
are first who will be last."
Report and reply concerning Herod; Jesus' lament over Jerusalem
31 At that very hour some Pharisees came and said to him, "Get away from here,
for Herod wants to kill you." 32 He said to them, "Go and tell that fox for
me, 'Listen, I am casting out demons and performing cures today and tomorrow,
and on the third day I finish my work. 33 Yet today, tomorrow, and the next
day I must be on my way, because it is impossible for a prophet to be killed
outside of Jerusalem.' 34 Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the city that kills the
prophets and stones those who are sent to it! How often have I desired to
gather your children together as a hen gathers her brood under her wings, and
you were not willing! 35 See, your house is left to you. And I tell you, you
will not see me until the time comes when you say, 'Blessed is the one who
comes in the name of the Lord.'"
Healing of a man with edema on the sabbath
1 On one occasion when Jesus was going to the house of a leader of the
Pharisees to eat a meal on the sabbath, they were watching him closely. 2 Just
then, in front of him, there was a man who had edema (dropsy). 3 And Jesus
asked the lawyers and Pharisees, "Is it lawful to cure people on the sabbath,
or not?" 4 But they were silent. So Jesus took him and healed him, and sent
him away. 5 Then he said to them, "If one of you has a child or an ox that has
fallen into a well, will you not immediately pull it out on a sabbath day?" 6
And they could not reply to this.
Parable on humility
7 When he noticed how the guests chose the places of honor, he told them a
parable. 8 "When you are invited by someone to a wedding banquet, do not sit
down at the place of honor, in case someone more distinguished than you has
been invited by your host; 9 and the host who invited both of you may come and
say to you, 'Give this person your place,' and then in disgrace you would
start to take the lowest place. 10 But when you are invited, go and sit down
at the lowest place, so that when your host comes, he may say to you, 'Friend,
move up higher'; then you will be honored in the presence of all who sit at
the table with you. 11 For all who exalt themselves will be humbled, and those
who humble themselves will be exalted."
12 He said also to the one who had invited him, "When you give a luncheon or a
dinner, do not invite your friends or your brothers or your relatives or rich
neighbors, in case they may invite you in return, and you would be repaid. 13
But when you give a banquet, invite the poor, the crippled, the lame, and the
blind. 14 And you will be blessed, because they cannot repay you, for you will
be repaid at the resurrection of the righteous."
Parable of the great dinner
15 One of the dinner guests, on hearing this, said to him, "Blessed is anyone
who will eat bread in the kingdom of God!" 16 Then Jesus said to him, "Someone
gave a great dinner and invited many. 17 At the time for the dinner he sent
his slave to say to those who had been invited, 'Come; for everything is ready
now.' 18 But they all alike began to make excuses. The first said to him, 'I
have bought a piece of land, and I must go out and see it; please accept my
regrets.' 19 Another said, 'I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I am going to
try them out; please accept my regrets.' 20 Another said, 'I have just been
married, and therefore I cannot come.' 21 So the slave returned and reported
this to his master. Then the owner of the house became angry and said to his
slave, 'Go out at once into the streets and lanes of the town and bring in the
poor, the crippled, the blind, and the lame.' 22 And the slave said, 'Sir,
what you ordered has been done, and there is still room.' 23 Then the master
said to the slave, 'Go out into the roads and lanes, and compel people to come
in, so that my house may be filled. 24 For I tell you, none of those who were
invited will taste my dinner.'"
The costs of discipleship
25 Now large crowds were traveling with him; and he turned and said to them,
26 "Whoever comes to me and does not hate father and mother, wife and
children, brothers and sisters, yes, and even life itself, cannot be my
disciple. 27 Whoever does not carry the cross and follow me cannot be my
disciple. 28 For which of you, intending to build a tower, does not first sit
down and estimate the cost, to see whether he has enough to complete it? 29
Otherwise, when he has laid a foundation and is not able to finish, all who
see it will begin to ridicule him, 30 saying, 'This fellow began to build and
was not able to finish.' 31 Or what king, going out to wage war against
another king, will not sit down first and consider whether he is able with ten
thousand to oppose the one who comes against him with twenty thousand? 32 If
he cannot, then, while the other is still far away, he sends a delegation and
asks for the terms of peace. 33 So therefore, none of you can become my
disciple if you do not give up all your possessions.
Saying about salt
34 "Salt is good; but if salt has lost its taste, how can its saltiness be
restored? 35 It is fit neither for the soil nor for the manure pile; they
throw it away. Let anyone with ears to hear listen!"
Parable of the lost sheep
1 Now all the tax collectors and sinners were coming near to listen to him. 2
And the Pharisees and the scribes were grumbling and saying, "This fellow
welcomes sinners and eats with them."
3 So he told them this parable: 4 "Which one of you, having a hundred sheep
and losing one of them, does not leave the ninety-nine in the wilderness and
go after the one that is lost until he finds it? 5 When he has found it, he
lays it on his shoulders and rejoices. 6 And when he comes home, he calls
together his friends and neighbors, saying to them, 'Rejoice with me, for I
have found my sheep that was lost.' 7 Just so, I tell you, there will be more
joy in heaven over one sinner who repents than over ninety-nine righteous
persons who need no repentance.
Parable of the lost coin
8 "Or what woman having ten silver coins, if she loses one of them, does not
light a lamp, sweep the house, and search carefully until she finds it? 9 When
she has found it, she calls together her friends and neighbors, saying,
'Rejoice with me, for I have found the coin that I had lost.' 10 Just so, I
tell you, there is joy in the presence of the angels of God over one sinner
Parable of the lost prodigal son
11 Then Jesus said, "There was a man who had two sons. 12 The younger of them
said to his father, 'Father, give me the share of the property that will
belong to me.' So he divided his property between them. 13 A few days later
the younger son gathered all he had and traveled to a distant country, and
there he squandered his property in dissolute living. 14 When he had spent
everything, a severe famine took place throughout that country, and he began
to be in need. 15 So he went and hired himself out to one of the citizens of
that country, who sent him to his fields to feed the pigs. 16 He would gladly
have filled himself with the pods that the pigs were eating; and no one gave
him anything. 17 But when he came to himself he said, 'How many of my father's
hired hands have bread enough and to spare, but here I am dying of hunger! 18
I will get up and go to my father, and I will say to him, "Father, I have
sinned against heaven and before you; 19 I am no longer worthy to be called
your son; treat me like one of your hired hands."' 20 So he set off and went
to his father. But while he was still far off, his father saw him and was
filled with compassion; he ran and put his arms around him and kissed him. 21
Then the son said to him, 'Father, I have sinned against heaven and before
you; I am no longer worthy to be called your son.' 22 But the father said to
his slaves, 'Quickly, bring out a robe – the best one – and put it on him; put
a ring on his finger and sandals on his feet. 23 And get the fatted calf and
kill it, and let us eat and celebrate; 24 for this son of mine was dead and is
alive again; he was lost and is found!' And they began to celebrate.
25 "Now his elder son was in the field; and when he came and approached the
house, he heard music and dancing. 26 He called one of the slaves and asked
what was going on. 27 He replied, 'Your brother has come, and your father has
killed the fatted calf, because he has got him back safe and sound.' 28 Then
he became angry and refused to go in. His father came out and began to plead
with him. 29 But he answered his father, 'Listen! For all these years I have
been working like a slave for you, and I have never disobeyed your command;
yet you have never given me even a young goat so that I might celebrate with
my friends. 30 But when this son of yours came back, who has devoured your
property with prostitutes, you killed the fatted calf for him!' 31 Then the
father said to him, 'Son, you are always with me, and all that is mine is
yours. 32 But we had to celebrate and rejoice, because this brother of yours
was dead and has come to life; he was lost and has been found.'"
Parable of the dishonest manager
1 Then Jesus said to the disciples, "There was a rich man who had a manager,
and charges were brought to him that this man was squandering his property. 2
So he summoned him and said to him, 'What is this that I hear about you? Give
me an accounting of your management, because you cannot be my manager any
longer.' 3 Then the manager said to himself, 'What will I do, now that my
master is taking the position away from me? I am not strong enough to dig, and
I am ashamed to beg. 4 I have decided what to do so that, when I am dismissed
as manager, people may welcome me into their homes.' 5 So, summoning his
master's debtors one by one, he asked the first, 'How much do you owe my
master?' 6 He answered, 'A hundred jugs of olive oil.' He said to him, 'Take
your bill, sit down quickly, and make it fifty.' 7 Then he asked another, 'And
how much do you owe?' He replied, 'A hundred containers of wheat.' He said to
him, 'Take your bill and make it eighty.' 8 And his master commended the
dishonest manager because he had acted shrewdly; for the children of this age
are more shrewd in dealing with their own generation than are the children of
light. 9 And I tell you, make friends for yourselves by means of dishonest
wealth so that when it is gone, they may welcome you into the eternal homes.
A series of sayings
10 "Whoever is faithful in a very little is faithful also in much; and whoever
is dishonest in a very little is dishonest also in much. 11 If then you have
not been faithful with the dishonest wealth, who will entrust to you the true
riches? 12 And if you have not been faithful with what belongs to another, who
will give you what is your own? 13 No slave can serve two masters; for a slave
will either hate the one and love the other, or be devoted to the one and
despise the other. You cannot serve God and wealth."
14 The Pharisees, who were lovers of money, heard all this, and they ridiculed
him. 15 So he said to them, "You are those who justify yourselves in the sight
of others; but God knows your hearts; for what is prized by human beings is an
abomination in the sight of God.
16 "The law and the prophets were in effect until John came; since then the
good news of the kingdom of God is proclaimed, and everyone tries to enter it
by force. 17 But it is easier for heaven and earth to pass away, than for one
stroke of a letter in the law to be dropped.
18 "Anyone who divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery, and
whoever marries a woman divorced from her husband commits adultery.
Parable of the rich man and Lazarus
19 "There was a rich man who was dressed in purple and fine linen and who
feasted sumptuously every day. 20 And at his gate lay a poor man named
Lazarus, covered with sores, 21 who longed to satisfy his hunger with what
fell from the rich man's table; even the dogs would come and lick his sores.
22 The poor man died and was carried away by the angels to be with Abraham.
The rich man also died and was buried. 23 In Hades, where he was being
tormented, he looked up and saw Abraham far away with Lazarus by his side. 24
He called out, 'Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus to dip the
tip of his finger in water and cool my tongue; for I am in agony in these
flames.' 25 But Abraham said, 'Child, remember that during your lifetime you
received your good things, and Lazarus in like manner evil things; but now he
is comforted here, and you are in agony. 26 Besides all this, between you and
us a great chasm has been fixed, so that those who might want to pass from
here to you cannot do so, and no one can cross from there to us.' 27 He said,
'Then, father, I beg you to send him to my father's house – 28 for I have five
brothers – that he may warn them, so that they will not also come into this
place of torment.' 29 Abraham replied, 'They have Moses and the prophets; they
should listen to them.' 30 He said, 'No, father Abraham; but if someone goes
to them from the dead, they will repent.' 31 He said to him, 'If they do not
listen to Moses and the prophets, neither will they be convinced even if
someone rises from the dead.'"
The peril of causing temptation; sayings concerning forgiveness
1 Jesus said to his disciples, "Occasions for stumbling are bound to come, but
woe to anyone by whom they come! 2 It would be better for you if a millstone
were hung around your neck and you were thrown into the sea than for you to
cause one of these little ones to stumble. 3 Be on your guard! If another
disciple sins, you must rebuke the offender, and if there is repentance, you
must forgive. 4 And if the same person sins against you seven times a day, and
turns back to you seven times and says, 'I repent,' you must forgive."
Saying concerning faith
5 The apostles said to the Lord, "Increase our faith!" 6 The Lord replied, "If
you had faith the size of a mustard seed, you could say to this mulberry tree,
'Be uprooted and planted in the sea,' and it would obey you.
The obligation to obedience
7 "Who among you would say to your slave who has just come in from plowing or
tending sheep in the field, 'Come here at once and take your place at the
table'? 8 Would you not rather say to him, 'Prepare supper for me, put on your
apron and serve me while I eat and drink; later you may eat and drink'? 9 Do
you thank the slave for doing what was commanded? 10 So you also, when you
have done all that you were ordered to do, say, 'We are worthless slaves; we
have done only what we ought to have done!'"
The cleansing of ten lepers
11 On the way to Jerusalem Jesus was going through the region between Samaria
and Galilee. 12 As he entered a village, ten lepers approached him. Keeping
their distance, 13 they called out, saying, "Jesus, Master, have mercy on us!"
14 When he saw them, he said to them, "Go and show yourselves to the priests."
And as they went, they were made clean. 15 Then one of them, when he saw that
he was healed, turned back, praising God with a loud voice. 16 He prostrated
himself at Jesus' feet and thanked him. And he was a Samaritan. 17 Then Jesus
asked, "Were not ten made clean? But the other nine, where are they? 18 Was
none of them found to return and give praise to God except this foreigner?" 19
Then he said to him, "Get up and go on your way; your faith has made you
The coming of the kingdom of God
20 Once Jesus was asked by the Pharisees when the kingdom of God was coming,
and he answered, "The kingdom of God is not coming with things that can be
observed; 21 nor will they say, 'Look, here it is!' or 'There it is!' For, in
fact, the kingdom of God is among you."
The day of the Son of Man
22 Then he said to the disciples, "The days are coming when you will long to
see one of the days of the Son of Man, and you will not see it. 23 They will
say to you, 'Look there!' or 'Look here!' Do not go, do not set off in
pursuit. 24 For as the lightning flashes and lights up the sky from one side
to the other, so will the Son of Man be in his day. 25 But first he must
endure much suffering and be rejected by this generation. 26 Just as it was in
the days of Noah, so too it will be in the days of the Son of Man. 27 They
were eating and drinking, and marrying and being given in marriage, until the
day Noah entered the ark, and the flood came and destroyed all of them. 28
Likewise, just as it was in the days of Lot: they were eating and drinking,
buying and selling, planting and building, 29 but on the day that Lot left
Sodom, it rained fire and sulfur from heaven and destroyed all of them 30 – it
will be like that on the day that the Son of Man is revealed. 31 On that day,
anyone on the housetop who has belongings in the house must not come down to
take them away; and likewise anyone in the field must not turn back. 32
Remember Lot's wife. 33 Those who try to make their life secure will lose it,
but those who lose their life will keep it. 34 I tell you, on that night there
will be two in one bed; one will be taken and the other left. 35 There will be
two women grinding meal together; one will be taken and the other left." 37
Then they asked him, "Where, Lord?" He said to them, "Where the corpse is,
there the vultures will gather."
Parable of the unjust judge and the persistent widow
1 Then Jesus told them a parable about their need to pray always and not to
lose heart. 2 He said, "In a certain city there was a judge who neither feared
God nor had respect for people. 3 In that city there was a widow who kept
coming to him and saying, 'Grant me justice against my opponent.' 4 For a
while he refused; but later he said to himself, 'Though I have no fear of God
and no respect for anyone, 5 yet because this widow keeps bothering me, I will
grant her justice, so that she may not wear me out by continually coming.'" 6
And the Lord said, "Listen to what the unjust judge says. 7 And will not God
grant justice to his chosen ones who cry to him day and night? Will he delay
long in helping them? 8 I tell you, he will quickly grant justice to them. And
yet, when the Son of Man comes, will he find faith on earth?"
Parable of the Pharisee and the tax collector
9 He also told this parable to some who trusted in themselves that they were
righteous and regarded others with contempt: 10 "Two men went up to the temple
to pray, one a Pharisee and the other a tax collector. 11 The Pharisee,
standing by himself, was praying thus, 'God, I thank you that I am not like
other people: thieves, rogues, adulterers, or even like this tax collector. 12
I fast twice a week; I give a tenth of all my income.' 13 But the tax
collector, standing far off, would not even look up to heaven, but was beating
his breast and saying, 'God, be merciful to me, a sinner!' 14 I tell you, this
man went down to his home justified rather than the other; for all who exalt
themselves will be humbled, but all who humble themselves will be exalted."
Jesus and the little children
15 People were bringing even infants to him that he might touch them; and when
the disciples saw it, they sternly ordered them not to do it. 16 But Jesus
called for them and said, "Let the little children come to me, and do not stop
them; for it is to such as these that the kingdom of God belongs. 17 Truly I
tell you, whoever does not receive the kingdom of God as a little child will
never enter it."
The rich ruler, wealth, and salvation
18 A certain ruler asked him, "Good Teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal
life?" 19 Jesus said to him, "Why do you call me good? No one is good but God
alone. 20 You know the commandments: 'You shall not commit adultery; You shall
not murder; You shall not steal; You shall not bear false witness; Honor your
father and mother.'" 21 He replied, "I have kept all these since my youth." 22
When Jesus heard this, he said to him, "There is still one thing lacking. Sell
all that you own and distribute the money to the poor, and you will have
treasure in heaven; then come, follow me." 23 But when he heard this, he
became sad; for he was very rich. 24 Jesus looked at him and said, "How hard
it is for those who have wealth to enter the kingdom of God! 25 Indeed, it is
easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for someone who is
rich to enter the kingdom of God."
26 Those who heard it said, "Then who can be saved?" 27 He replied, "What is
impossible for mortals is possible for God."
28 Then Peter said, "Look, we have left our homes and followed you." 29 And he
said to them, "Truly I tell you, there is no one who has left house or wife or
brothers or parents or children, for the sake of the kingdom of God, 30 who
will not get back very much more in this age, and in the age to come eternal
Jesus' third prediction of his death
31 Then he took the twelve aside and said to them, "See, we are going up to
Jerusalem, and everything that is written about the Son of Man by the prophets
will be accomplished. 32 For he will be handed over to the Gentiles; and he
will be mocked and insulted and spat upon. 33 After they have flogged him,
they will kill him, and on the third day he will rise again." 34 But they
understood nothing about all these things; in fact, what he said was hidden
from them, and they did not grasp what was said.
Healing of a blind man
35 As he approached Jericho, a blind man was sitting by the roadside begging.
36 When he heard a crowd going by, he asked what was happening. 37 They told
him, "Jesus of Nazareth is passing by." 38 Then he shouted, "Jesus, Son of
David, have mercy on me!" 39 Those who were in front sternly ordered him to be
quiet; but he shouted even more loudly, "Son of David, have mercy on me!" 40
Jesus stood still and ordered the man to be brought to him; and when he came
near, he asked him, 41 "What do you want me to do for you?" He said, "Lord,
let me see again." 42 Jesus said to him, "Receive your sight; your faith has
saved you." 43 Immediately he regained his sight and followed him, glorifying
God; and all the people, when they saw it, praised God.
1 He entered Jericho and was passing through it. 2 A man was there named
Zacchaeus; he was a chief tax collector and was rich. 3 He was trying to see
who Jesus was, but on account of the crowd he could not, because he was short
in stature. 4 So he ran ahead and climbed a sycamore tree to see him, because
he was going to pass that way. 5 When Jesus came to the place, he looked up
and said to him, "Zacchaeus, hurry and come down; for I must stay at your
house today." 6 So he hurried down and was happy to welcome him. 7 All who saw
it began to grumble and said, "He has gone to be the guest of one who is a
sinner." 8 Zacchaeus stood there and said to the Lord, "Look, half of my
possessions, Lord, I will give to the poor; and if I have defrauded anyone of
anything, I will pay back four times as much." 9 Then Jesus said to him,
"Today salvation has come to this house, because he too is a son of Abraham.
10 For the Son of Man came to seek out and to save the lost."
Parable of the ten pounds
11 As they were listening to this, he went on to tell a parable, because he
was near Jerusalem, and because they supposed that the kingdom of God was to
appear immediately. 12 So he said, "A nobleman went to a distant country to
get royal power for himself and then return. 13 He summoned ten of his slaves,
and gave them ten pounds, and said to them, 'Do business with these until I
come back.' 14 But the citizens of his country hated him and sent a delegation
after him, saying, 'We do not want this man to rule over us.' 15 When he
returned, having received royal power, he ordered these slaves, to whom he had
given the money, to be summoned so that he might find out what they had gained
by trading. 16 The first came forward and said, 'Lord, your pound has made ten
more pounds.' 17 He said to him, 'Well done, good slave! Because you have been
trustworthy in a very small thing, take charge of ten cities.' 18 Then the
second came, saying, 'Lord, your pound has made five pounds.' 19 He said to
him, 'And you, rule over five cities.' 20 Then the other came, saying, 'Lord,
here is your pound. I wrapped it up in a piece of cloth, 21 for I was afraid
of you, because you are a harsh man; you take what you did not deposit, and
reap what you did not sow.' 22 He said to him, 'I will judge you by your own
words, you wicked slave! You knew, did you, that I was a harsh man, taking
what I did not deposit and reaping what I did not sow? 23 Why then did you not
put my money into the bank? Then when I returned, I could have collected it
with interest.' 24 He said to the bystanders, 'Take the pound from him and
give it to the one who has ten pounds.' 25 (And they said to him, 'Lord, he
has ten pounds!') 26 'I tell you, to all those who have, more will be given;
but from those who have nothing, even what they have will be taken away. 27
But as for these enemies of mine who did not want me to be king over them –
bring them here and slaughter them in my presence.'"
Jesus' ministry in Jerusalem
28 After he had said this, he went on ahead, going up to Jerusalem.
The entry into Jerusalem
29 When he had come near Bethphage and Bethany, at the place called the Mount
of Olives, he sent two of the disciples, 30 saying, "Go into the village ahead
of you, and as you enter it you will find tied there a colt that has never
been ridden. Untie it and bring it here. 31 If anyone asks you, 'Why are you
untying it?' just say this, 'The Lord needs it.'" 32 So those who were sent
departed and found it as he had told them. 33 As they were untying the colt,
its owners asked them, "Why are you untying the colt?" 34 They said, "The Lord
needs it." 35 Then they brought it to Jesus; and after throwing their cloaks
on the colt, they set Jesus on it. 36 As he rode along, people kept spreading
their cloaks on the road. 37 As he was now approaching the path down from the
Mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to praise God
joyfully with a loud voice for all the deeds of power that they had seen, 38
"Blessed is the king
who comes in the name of the Lord!
Peace in heaven,
and glory in the highest heaven!"
39 Some of the Pharisees in the crowd said to him, "Teacher, order your
disciples to stop." 40 He answered, "I tell you, if these were silent, the
stones would shout out."
Weeping over Jerusalem
41 As he came near and saw the city, he wept over it, 42 saying, "If you, even
you, had only recognized on this day the things that make for peace! But now
they are hidden from your eyes. 43 Indeed, the days will come upon you, when
your enemies will set up ramparts around you and surround you, and hem you in
on every side. 44 They will crush you to the ground, you and your children
within you, and they will not leave within you one stone upon another; because
you did not recognize the time of your visitation from God."
Cleansing of the Temple
45 Then he entered the temple and began to drive out those who were selling
things there; 46 and he said, "It is written,
'My house shall be a house of prayer';
but you have made it a den of robbers."
The religious leaders' hostility toward Jesus
47 Every day he was teaching in the temple. The chief priests, the scribes,
and the leaders of the people kept looking for a way to kill him; 48 but they
did not find anything they could do, for all the people were spellbound by
what they heard.
Questioning Jesus' authority
1 One day, as he was teaching the people in the temple and telling the good
news, the chief priests and the scribes came with the elders 2 and said to
him, "Tell us, by what authority are you doing these things? Who is it who
gave you this authority?" 3 He answered them, "I will also ask you a question,
and you tell me: 4 Did the baptism of John come from heaven, or was it of
human origin?" 5 They discussed it with one another, saying, "If we say, 'From
heaven,' he will say, 'Why did you not believe him?' 6 But if we say, 'Of
human origin,' all the people will stone us; for they are convinced that John
was a prophet." 7 So they answered that they did not know where it came from.
8 Then Jesus said to them, "Neither will I tell you by what authority I am
doing these things."
Parable of the vineyard and tenants
9 He began to tell the people this parable: "A man planted a vineyard, and
leased it to tenants, and went to another country for a long time. 10 When the
season came, he sent a slave to the tenants in order that they might give him
his share of the produce of the vineyard; but the tenants beat him and sent
him away empty-handed. 11 Next he sent another slave; that one also they beat
and insulted and sent away empty-handed. 12 And he sent still a third; this
one also they wounded and threw out. 13 Then the owner of the vineyard said,
'What shall I do? I will send my beloved son; perhaps they will respect him.'
14 But when the tenants saw him, they discussed it among themselves and said,
'This is the heir; let us kill him so that the inheritance may be ours.' 15 So
they threw him out of the vineyard and killed him. What then will the owner of
the vineyard do to them? 16 He will come and destroy those tenants and give
the vineyard to others." When they heard this, they said, "Heaven forbid!" 17
But he looked at them and said, "What then does this text mean:
'The stone that the builders rejected
has become the cornerstone'?
18 Everyone who falls on that stone will be broken to pieces; and it will
crush anyone on whom it falls." 19 When the scribes and chief priests realized
that he had told this parable against them, they wanted to lay hands on him at
that very hour, but they feared the people.
Paying taxes to the emperor
20 So they watched him and sent spies who pretended to be honest, in order to
trap him by what he said, so as to hand him over to the jurisdiction and
authority of the governor. 21 So they asked him, "Teacher, we know that you
are right in what you say and teach, and you show deference to no one, but
teach the way of God in accordance with truth. 22 Is it lawful for us to pay
taxes to the emperor, or not?" 23 But he perceived their craftiness and said
to them, 24 "Show me a denarius. Whose head and whose title does it bear?"
They said, "The emperor's." 25 He said to them, "Then give to the emperor the
things that are the emperor's, and to God the things that are God's." 26 And
they were not able in the presence of the people to trap him by what he said;
and being amazed by his answer, they became silent.
Question concerning resurrection
27 Some Sadducees, those who say there is no resurrection, came to him 28 and
asked him a question, "Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a man's brother
dies, leaving a wife but no children, the man shall marry the widow and raise
up children for his brother. 29 Now there were seven brothers; the first
married, and died childless; 30 then the second 31 and the third married her,
and so in the same way all seven died childless. 32 Finally the woman also
died. 33 In the resurrection, therefore, whose wife will the woman be? For the
seven had married her."
34 Jesus said to them, "Those who belong to this age marry and are given in
marriage; 35 but those who are considered worthy of a place in that age and in
the resurrection from the dead neither marry nor are given in marriage. 36
Indeed they cannot die anymore, because they are like angels and are children
of God, being children of the resurrection. 37 And the fact that the dead are
raised Moses himself showed, in the story about the bush, where he speaks of
the Lord as the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. 38 Now
he is God not of the dead, but of the living; for to him all of them are
alive." 39 Then some of the scribes answered, "Teacher, you have spoken well."
40 For they no longer dared to ask him another question.
A question about David's son
41 Then he said to them, "How can they say that the Messiah is David's son? 42
For David himself says in the book of Psalms,
'The Lord said to my Lord,
"Sit at my right hand,
43 until I make your enemies your footstool."'
44 David thus calls him Lord; so how can he be his son?"
Warning concerning the scribes
45 In the hearing of all the people he said to the disciples, 46 "Beware of
the scribes, who like to walk around in long robes, and love to be greeted
with respect in the marketplaces, and to have the best seats in the synagogues
and places of honor at banquets. 47 They devour widows' houses and for the
sake of appearance say long prayers. They will receive the greater
The widow's offering
1 He looked up and saw rich people putting their gifts into the treasury; 2 he
also saw a poor widow put in two small copper coins. 3 He said, "Truly I tell
you, this poor widow has put in more than all of them; 4 for all of them have
contributed out of their abundance, but she out of her poverty has put in all
she had to live on."
Foretelling the destruction of the Temple
5 When some were speaking about the temple, how it was adorned with beautiful
stones and gifts dedicated to God, he said, 6 "As for these things that you
see, the days will come when not one stone will be left upon another; all will
be thrown down."
Sayings about end-time signs
7 They asked him, "Teacher, when will this be, and what will be the sign that
this is about to take place?" 8 And he said, "Beware that you are not led
astray; for many will come in my name and say, 'I am he!' and, 'The time is
near!' Do not go after them.
9 "When you hear of wars and insurrections, do not be terrified; for these
things must take place first, but the end will not follow immediately." 10
Then he said to them, "Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against
kingdom; 11 there will be great earthquakes, and in various places famines and
plagues; and there will be dreadful portents and great signs from heaven.
Foretelling the persecution of the disciples
12 "But before all this occurs, they will arrest you and persecute you; they
will hand you over to synagogues and prisons, and you will be brought before
kings and governors because of my name. 13 This will give you an opportunity
to testify. 14 So make up your minds not to prepare your defense in advance;
15 for I will give you words and a wisdom that none of your opponents will be
able to withstand or contradict. 16 You will be betrayed even by parents and
brothers, by relatives and friends; and they will put some of you to death. 17
You will be hated by all because of my name. 18 But not a hair of your head
will perish. 19 By your endurance you will gain your souls.
The desolation of Jerusalem
20 "When you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that its desolation
has come near. 21 Then those in Judea must flee to the mountains, and those
inside the city must leave it, and those out in the country must not enter it;
22 for these are days of vengeance, as a fulfillment of all that is written.
23 Woe to those who are pregnant and to those who are nursing infants in those
days! For there will be great distress on the earth and wrath against this
people; 24 they will fall by the edge of the sword and be taken away as
captives among all nations; and Jerusalem will be trampled on by the Gentiles,
until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.
The coming of the Son of Man
25 "There will be signs in the sun, the moon, and the stars, and on the earth
distress among nations confused by the roaring of the sea and the waves. 26
People will faint from fear and foreboding of what is coming upon the world,
for the powers of the heavens will be shaken. 27 Then they will see 'the Son
of Man coming in a cloud' with power and great glory. 28 Now when these things
begin to take place, stand up and raise your heads, because your redemption is
The lesson of the fig tree
29 Then he told them a parable: "Look at the fig tree and all the trees; 30 as
soon as they sprout leaves you can see for yourselves and know that summer is
already near. 31 So also, when you see these things taking place, you know
that the kingdom of God is near. 32 Truly I tell you, this generation will not
pass away until all things have taken place. 33 Heaven and earth will pass
away, but my words will not pass away.
Admonition to alertness
34 "Be on guard so that your hearts are not weighed down with dissipation and
drunkenness and the worries of this life, and that day does not catch you
unexpectedly, 35 like a trap. For it will come upon all who live on the face
of the whole earth. 36 Be alert at all times, praying that you may have the
strength to escape all these things that will take place, and to stand before
the Son of Man."
Summary concerning Jesus' ministry in Jerusalem
37 Every day he was teaching in the temple, and at night he would go out and
spend the night on the Mount of Olives, as it was called. 38 And all the
people would get up early in the morning to listen to him in the temple.
The Last Supper and Jesus' ministry in Jerusalem; the deadly conspiracy
1 Now the festival of Unleavened Bread, which is called the Passover, was
near. 2 The chief priests and the scribes were looking for a way to put Jesus
to death, for they were afraid of the people.
3 Then Satan entered into Judas called Iscariot, who was one of the twelve; 4
he went away and conferred with the chief priests and officers of the temple
police about how he might betray him to them. 5 They were greatly pleased and
agreed to give him money. 6 So he consented and began to look for an
opportunity to betray him to them when no crowd was present.
Preparations for the Passover
7 Then came the day of Unleavened Bread, on which the Passover lamb had to be
sacrificed. 8 So Jesus sent Peter and John, saying, "Go and prepare the
Passover meal for us that we may eat it." 9 They asked him, "Where do you want
us to make preparations for it?" 10 "Listen," he said to them, "when you have
entered the city, a man carrying a jar of water will meet you; follow him into
the house he enters 11 and say to the owner of the house, 'The teacher asks
you, "Where is the guest room, where I may eat the Passover with my
disciples?"' 12 He will show you a large room upstairs, already furnished.
Make preparations for us there." 13 So they went and found everything as he
had told them; and they prepared the Passover meal.
The Last Supper; the foretelling of the betrayal
14 When the hour came, he took his place at the table, and the apostles with
him. 15 He said to them, "I have eagerly desired to eat this Passover with you
before I suffer; 16 for I tell you, I will not eat it until it is fulfilled in
the kingdom of God." 17 Then he took a cup, and after giving thanks he said,
"Take this and divide it among yourselves; 18 for I tell you that from now on
I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes." 19
Then he took a loaf of bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and
gave it to them, saying, "This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in
remembrance of me." 20 And he did the same with the cup after supper, saying,
"This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood. 21 But
see, the one who betrays me is with me, and his hand is on the table. 22 For
the Son of Man is going as it has been determined, but woe to that one by whom
he is betrayed!" 23 Then they began to ask one another which one of them it
could be who would do this.
24 A dispute also arose among them as to which one of them was to be regarded
as the greatest. 25 But he said to them, "The kings of the Gentiles lord it
over them; and those in authority over them are called benefactors. 26 But not
so with you; rather the greatest among you must become like the youngest, and
the leader like one who serves. 27 For who is greater, the one who is at the
table or the one who serves? Is it not the one at the table? But I am among
you as one who serves.
28 "You are those who have stood by me in my trials; 29 and I confer on you,
just as my Father has conferred on me, a kingdom, 30 so that you may eat and
drink at my table in my kingdom, and you will sit on thrones judging the
twelve tribes of Israel.
The foretelling of Peter's denial
31 "Simon, Simon, listen! Satan has demanded to sift all of you like wheat, 32
but I have prayed for you that your own faith may not fail; and you, when once
you have turned back, strengthen your brothers." 33 And he said to him, "Lord,
I am ready to go with you to prison and to death!" 34 Jesus said, "I tell you,
Peter, the cock will not crow this day, until you have denied three times that
you know me."
Sayings about the coming crisis
35 He said to them, "When I sent you out without a purse, bag, or sandals, did
you lack anything?" They said, "No, not a thing." 36 He said to them, "But
now, the one who has a purse must take it, and likewise a bag. And the one who
has no sword must sell his cloak and buy one. 37 For I tell you, this
scripture must be fulfilled in me, 'And he was counted among the lawless'; and
indeed what is written about me is being fulfilled." 38 They said, "Lord,
look, here are two swords." He replied, "It is enough."
Jesus' prayer on the Mount of Olives
39 He came out and went, as was his custom, to the Mount of Olives; and the
disciples followed him. 40 When he reached the place, he said to them, "Pray
that you may not come into the time of trial." 41 Then he withdrew from them
about a stone's throw, knelt down, and prayed, 42 "Father, if you are willing,
remove this cup from me; yet, not my will but yours be done." [[43 Then an
angel from heaven appeared to him and gave him strength. 44 In his anguish he
prayed more earnestly, and his sweat became like great drops of blood falling
down on the ground.]] 45 When he got up from prayer, he came to the disciples
and found them sleeping because of grief, 46 and he said to them, "Why are you
sleeping? Get up and pray that you may not come into the time of trial."
The betrayal and arrest of Jesus
47 While he was still speaking, suddenly a crowd came, and the one called
Judas, one of the twelve, was leading them. He approached Jesus to kiss him;
48 but Jesus said to him, "Judas, is it with a kiss that you are betraying the
Son of Man?" 49 When those who were around him saw what was coming, they
asked, "Lord, should we strike with the sword?" 50 Then one of them struck the
slave of the high priest and cut off his right ear. 51 But Jesus said, "No
more of this!" And he touched his ear and healed him. 52 Then Jesus said to
the chief priests, the officers of the temple police, and the elders who had
come for him, "Have you come out with swords and clubs as if I were a bandit?
53 When I was with you day after day in the temple, you did not lay hands on
me. But this is your hour, and the power of darkness!"
54 Then they seized him and led him away, bringing him into the high priest's
house. But Peter was following at a distance. 55 When they had kindled a fire
in the middle of the courtyard and sat down together, Peter sat among them. 56
Then a servant-girl, seeing him in the firelight, stared at him and said,
"This man also was with him." 57 But he denied it, saying, "Woman, I do not
know him." 58 A little later someone else, on seeing him, said, "You also are
one of them." But Peter said, "Man, I am not!" 59 Then about an hour later
still another kept insisting, "Surely this man also was with him; for he is a
Galilean." 60 But Peter said, "Man, I do not know what you are talking about!"
At that moment, while he was still speaking, the cock crowed. 61 The Lord
turned and looked at Peter. Then Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how he
had said to him, "Before the cock crows today, you will deny me three times."
62 And he went out and wept bitterly.
The mockery of Jesus
63 Now the men who were holding Jesus began to mock him and beat him; 64 they
also blindfolded him and kept asking him, "Prophesy! Who is it that struck
you?" 65 They kept heaping many other insults on him.
Jesus before the council
66 When day came, the assembly of the elders of the people, both chief priests
and scribes, gathered together, and they brought him to their council. 67 They
said, "If you are the Messiah, tell us." He replied, "If I tell you, you will
not believe; 68 and if I question you, you will not answer. 69 But from now on
the Son of Man will be seated at the right hand of the power of God." 70 All
of them asked, "Are you, then, the Son of God?" He said to them, "You say that
I am." 71 Then they said, "What further testimony do we need? We have heard it
ourselves from his own lips!"
Jesus before Pilate
1 Then the assembly rose as a body and brought Jesus before Pilate. 2 They
began to accuse him, saying, "We found this man perverting our nation,
forbidding us to pay taxes to the emperor, and saying that he himself is the
Messiah, a king." 3 Then Pilate asked him, "Are you the king of the Jews?" He
answered, "You say so." 4 Then Pilate said to the chief priests and the
crowds, "I find no basis for an accusation against this man." 5 But they were
insistent and said, "He stirs up the people by teaching throughout all Judea,
from Galilee where he began even to this place."
Jesus before Herod
6 When Pilate heard this, he asked whether the man was a Galilean. 7 And when
he learned that he was under Herod's jurisdiction, he sent him off to Herod,
who was himself in Jerusalem at that time. 8 When Herod saw Jesus, he was very
glad, for he had been wanting to see him for a long time, because he had heard
about him and was hoping to see him perform some sign. 9 He questioned him at
some length, but Jesus gave him no answer. 10 The chief priests and the
scribes stood by, vehemently accusing him. 11 Even Herod with his soldiers
treated him with contempt and mocked him; then he put an elegant robe on him,
and sent him back to Pilate. 12 That same day Herod and Pilate became friends
with each other; before this they had been enemies.
Pilate's declaration of Jesus' innocence
13 Pilate then called together the chief priests, the leaders, and the people,
14 and said to them, "You brought me this man as one who was perverting the
people; and here I have examined him in your presence and have not found this
man guilty of any of your charges against him. 15 Neither has Herod, for he
sent him back to us. Indeed, he has done nothing to deserve death. 16 I will
therefore have him flogged and release him."
The sentencing of Jesus to death
18 Then they all shouted out together, "Away with this fellow! Release
Barabbas for us!" 19 (This was a man who had been put in prison for an
insurrection that had taken place in the city, and for murder.) 20 Pilate,
wanting to release Jesus, addressed them again; 21 but they kept shouting,
"Crucify, crucify him!" 22 A third time he said to them, "Why, what evil has
he done? I have found in him no ground for the sentence of death; I will
therefore have him flogged and then release him." 23 But they kept urgently
demanding with loud shouts that he should be crucified; and their voices
prevailed. 24 So Pilate gave his verdict that their demand should be granted.
25 He released the man they asked for, the one who had been put in prison for
insurrection and murder, and he handed Jesus over as they wished.
On the way to the cross
26 As they led him away, they seized a man, Simon of Cyrene, who was coming
from the country, and they laid the cross on him, and made him carry it behind
Jesus. 27 A great number of the people followed him, and among them were women
who were beating their breasts and wailing for him. 28 But Jesus turned to
them and said, "Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me, but weep for
yourselves and for your children. 29 For the days are surely coming when they
will say, 'Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bore, and the
breasts that never nursed.' 30 Then they will begin to say to the mountains,
'Fall on us'; and to the hills, 'Cover us.' 31 For if they do this when the
wood is green, what will happen when it is dry?"
Jesus' exchange with the two criminals; the scene of the crucifixion
32 Two others also, who were criminals, were led away to be put to death with
him. 33When they came to the place that is called The Skull, they crucified
Jesus there with the criminals, one on his right and one on his left. [[34
Then Jesus said, "Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are
doing."]] And they cast lots to divide his clothing. 35 And the people stood
by, watching; but the leaders scoffed at him, saying, "He saved others; let
him save himself if he is the Messiah of God, his chosen one!" 36 The soldiers
also mocked him, coming up and offering him sour wine, 37 and saying, "If you
are the King of the Jews, save yourself!" 38 There was also an inscription
over him, "This is the King of the Jews."
39 One of the criminals who were hanged there kept deriding him and saying,
"Are you not the Messiah? Save yourself and us!" 40 But the other rebuked him,
saying, "Do you not fear God, since you are under the same sentence of
condemnation? 41 And we indeed have been condemned justly, for we are getting
what we deserve for our deeds, but this man has done nothing wrong." 42 Then
he said, "Jesus, remember me when you come into your kingdom." 43 He replied,
"Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in Paradise."
The death and burial of Jesus
44 It was now about noon, and darkness came over the whole land until three in
the afternoon, 45 while the sun's light failed; and the curtain of the temple
was torn in two. 46 Then Jesus, crying with a loud voice, said, "Father, into
your hands I commend my spirit." Having said this, he breathed his last. 47
When the centurion saw what had taken place, he praised God and said,
"Certainly this man was innocent." 48 And when all the crowds who had gathered
there for this spectacle saw what had taken place, they returned home, beating
their breasts. 49 But all his acquaintances, including the women who had
followed him from Galilee, stood at a distance, watching these things.
50 Now there was a good and righteous man named Joseph, who, though a member
of the council, 51 had not agreed to their plan and action. He came from the
Jewish town of Arimathea, and he was waiting expectantly for the kingdom of
God. 52 This man went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. 53 Then he
took it down, wrapped it in a linen cloth, and laid it in a rock-hewn tomb
where no one had ever been laid. 54 It was the day of Preparation, and the
sabbath was beginning. 55 The women who had come with him from Galilee
followed, and they saw the tomb and how his body was laid. 56 Then they
returned, and prepared spices and ointments.
On the sabbath they rested according to the commandment.
The empty tomb and the resurrection; the women at the tomb
1 But on the first day of the week, at early dawn, they came to the tomb,
taking the spices that they had prepared. 2 They found the stone rolled away
from the tomb, 3 but when they went in, they did not find the body. 4 While
they were perplexed about this, suddenly two men in dazzling clothes stood
beside them. 5 The women were terrified and bowed their faces to the ground,
but the men said to them, "Why do you look for the living among the dead? He
is not here, but has risen. 6 Remember how he told you, while he was still in
Galilee, 7 that the Son of Man must be handed over to sinners, and be
crucified, and on the third day rise again." 8 Then they remembered his words,
9 and returning from the tomb, they told all this to the eleven and to all the
rest. 10 Now it was Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary the mother of James, and the
other women with them who told this to the apostles. 11 But these words seemed
to them an idle tale, and they did not believe them. 12 But Peter got up and
ran to the tomb; stooping and looking in, he saw the linen cloths by
themselves; then he went home, amazed at what had happened.
The Emmaus incident
13 Now on that same day two of them were going to a village called Emmaus,
about seven miles from Jerusalem, 14 and talking with each other about all
these things that had happened. 15 While they were talking and discussing,
Jesus himself came near and went with them, 16 but their eyes were kept from
recognizing him. 17 And he said to them, "What are you discussing with each
other while you walk along?" They stood still, looking sad. 18 Then one of
them, whose name was Cleopas, answered him, "Are you the only stranger in
Jerusalem who does not know the things that have taken place there in these
days?" 19 He asked them, "What things?" They replied, "The things about Jesus
of Nazareth, who was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the
people, 20 and how our chief priests and leaders handed him over to be
condemned to death and crucified him. 21 But we had hoped that he was the one
to redeem Israel. Yes, and besides all this, it is now the third day since
these things took place. 22 Moreover, some women of our group astounded us.
They were at the tomb early this morning, 23 and when they did not find his
body there, they came back and told us that they had indeed seen a vision of
angels who said that he was alive. 24 Some of those who were with us went to
the tomb and found it just as the women had said; but they did not see him."
25 Then he said to them, "Oh, how foolish you are, and how slow of heart to
believe all that the prophets have declared! 26 Was it not necessary that the
Messiah should suffer these things and then enter into his glory?" 27 Then
beginning with Moses and all the prophets, he interpreted to them the things
about himself in all the scriptures.
28 As they came near the village to which they were going, he walked ahead as
if he were going on. 29 But they urged him strongly, saying, "Stay with us,
because it is almost evening and the day is now nearly over." So he went in to
stay with them. 30 When he was at the table with them, he took bread, blessed
and broke it, and gave it to them. 31 Then their eyes were opened, and they
recognized him; and he vanished from their sight. 32 They said to each other,
"Were not our hearts burning within us while he was talking to us on the road,
while he was opening the scriptures to us?" 33 That same hour they got up and
returned to Jerusalem; and they found the eleven and their companions gathered
together. 34 They were saying, "The Lord has risen indeed, and he has appeared
to Simon!" 35 Then they told what had happened on the road, and how he had
been made known to them in the breaking of the bread.
Jesus' appearance to his disciples
36 While they were talking about this, Jesus himself stood among them and said
to them, "Peace be with you." 37 They were startled and terrified, and thought
that they were seeing a ghost. 38 He said to them, "Why are you frightened,
and why do doubts arise in your hearts? 39 Look at my hands and my feet; see
that it is I myself. Touch me and see; for a ghost does not have flesh and
bones as you see that I have." 40 And when he had said this, he showed them
his hands and his feet. 41 While in their joy they were disbelieving and still
wondering, he said to them, "Have you anything here to eat?" 42 They gave him
a piece of broiled fish, 43 and he took it and ate in their presence.
Jesus' final words and withdrawal into heaven
44 Then he said to them, "These are my words that I spoke to you while I was
still with you – that everything written about me in the law of Moses, the
prophets, and the psalms must be fulfilled." 45 Then he opened their minds to
understand the scriptures, 46 and he said to them, "Thus it is written, that
the Messiah is to suffer and to rise from the dead on the third day, 47 and
that repentance and forgiveness of sins is to be proclaimed in his name to all
nations, beginning from Jerusalem. 48 You are witnesses of these things. 49
And see, I am sending upon you what my Father promised; so stay here in the
city until you have been clothed with power from on high."
50 Then he led them out as far as Bethany, and, lifting up his hands, he
blessed them. 51 While he was blessing them, he withdrew from them and was
carried up into heaven. 52 And they worshiped him, and returned to Jerusalem
with great joy; 53 and they were continually in the temple blessing God.