New Revised Standard Version
Part I: The call of Ezekiel; superscription
1 In the thirtieth year, in the fourth month, on the fifth day of the month,
as I was among the exiles by the river Chebar, the heavens were opened, and I
saw visions of God. 2 On the fifth day of the month (it was the fifth year of
the exile of King Jehoiachin), 3 the word of the LORD came to the priest
Ezekiel son of Buzi, in the land of the Chaldeans by the river Chebar; and the
hand of the LORD was on him there.
The throne-chariot vision
4 As I looked, a stormy wind came out of the north: a great cloud with
brightness around it and fire flashing forth continually, and in the middle of
the fire, something like gleaming amber. 5 In the middle of it was something
like four living creatures. This was their appearance: they were of human
form. 6 Each had four faces, and each of them had four wings. 7 Their legs
were straight, and the soles of their feet were like the sole of a calf's
foot; and they sparkled like burnished bronze. 8 Under their wings on their
four sides they had human hands. And the four had their faces and their wings
thus: 9 their wings touched one another; each of them moved straight ahead,
without turning as they moved. 10 As for the appearance of their faces: the
four had the face of a human being, the face of a lion on the right side, the
face of an ox on the left side, and the face of an eagle; 11 such were their
faces. Their wings were spread out above; each creature had two wings, each of
which touched the wing of another, while two covered their bodies. 12 Each
moved straight ahead; wherever the spirit would go, they went, without turning
as they went. 13 In the middle of the living creatures there was something
that looked like burning coals of fire, like torches moving to and fro among
the living creatures; the fire was bright, and lightning issued from the fire.
14 The living creatures darted to and fro, like a flash of lightning.
15 As I looked at the living creatures, I saw a wheel on the earth beside the
living creatures, one for each of the four of them. 16 As for the appearance
of the wheels and their construction: their appearance was like the gleaming
of beryl; and the four had the same form, their construction being something
like a wheel within a wheel. 17 When they moved, they moved in any of the four
directions without veering as they moved. 18 Their rims were tall and awesome,
for the rims of all four were full of eyes all around. 19 When the living
creatures moved, the wheels moved beside them; and when the living creatures
rose from the earth, the wheels rose. 20 Wherever the spirit would go, they
went, and the wheels rose along with them; for the spirit of the living
creatures was in the wheels. 21 When they moved, the others moved; when they
stopped, the others stopped; and when they rose from the earth, the wheels
rose along with them; for the spirit of the living creatures was in the
22 Over the heads of the living creatures there was something like a dome,
shining like crystal, spread out above their heads. 23 Under the dome their
wings were stretched out straight, one toward another; and each of the
creatures had two wings covering its body. 24 When they moved, I heard the
sound of their wings like the sound of mighty waters, like the thunder of the
Almighty, a sound of tumult like the sound of an army; when they stopped, they
let down their wings. 25 And there came a voice from above the dome over their
heads; when they stopped, they let down their wings.
26 And above the dome over their heads there was something like a throne, in
appearance like sapphire; and seated above the likeness of a throne was
something that seemed like a human form. 27 Upward from what appeared like the
loins I saw something like gleaming amber, something that looked like fire
enclosed all around; and downward from what looked like the loins I saw
something that looked like fire, and there was a splendor all around. 28 Like
the bow in a cloud on a rainy day, such was the appearance of the splendor all
around. This was the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the LORD.
When I saw it, I fell on my face, and I heard the voice of someone speaking.
1 He said to me: O mortal, stand up on your feet, and I will speak with you. 2
And when he spoke to me, a spirit entered into me and set me on my feet; and I
heard him speaking to me. 3 He said to me, Mortal, I am sending you to the
people of Israel, to a nation of rebels who have rebelled against me; they and
their ancestors have transgressed against me to this very day. 4 The
descendants are impudent and stubborn. I am sending you to them, and you shall
say to them, "Thus says the Lord GOD." 5 Whether they hear or refuse to hear
(for they are a rebellious house), they shall know that there has been a
prophet among them. 6 And you, O mortal, do not be afraid of them, and do not
be afraid of their words, though briers and thorns surround you and you live
among scorpions; do not be afraid of their words, and do not be dismayed at
their looks, for they are a rebellious house. 7 You shall speak my words to
them, whether they hear or refuse to hear; for they are a rebellious house.
8 But you, mortal, hear what I say to you; do not be rebellious like that
rebellious house; open your mouth and eat what I give you. 9 I looked, and a
hand was stretched out to me, and a written scroll was in it. 10 He spread it
before me; it had writing on the front and on the back, and written on it were
words of lamentation and mourning and woe.
1 He said to me, O mortal, eat what is offered to you; eat this scroll, and
go, speak to the house of Israel. 2 So I opened my mouth, and he gave me the
scroll to eat. 3 He said to me, Mortal, eat this scroll that I give you and
fill your stomach with it. Then I ate it; and in my mouth it was as sweet as
4 He said to me: Mortal, go to the house of Israel and speak my very words to
them. 5 For you are not sent to a people of obscure speech and difficult
language, but to the house of Israel – 6 not to many peoples of obscure speech
and difficult language, whose words you cannot understand. Surely, if I sent
you to them, they would listen to you. 7 But the house of Israel will not
listen to you, for they are not willing to listen to me; because all the house
of Israel have a hard forehead and a stubborn heart. 8 See, I have made your
face hard against their faces, and your forehead hard against their foreheads.
9 Like the hardest stone, harder than flint, I have made your forehead; do not
fear them or be dismayed at their looks, for they are a rebellious house. 10
He said to me: Mortal, all my words that I shall speak to you receive in your
heart and hear with your ears; 11 then go to the exiles, to your people, and
speak to them. Say to them, "Thus says the Lord GOD"; whether they hear or
refuse to hear.
Ezekiel returns to his people
12 Then the spirit lifted me up, and as the glory of the LORD rose from its
place, I heard behind me the sound of loud rumbling; 13 it was the sound of
the wings of the living creatures brushing against one another, and the sound
of the wheels beside them, that sounded like a loud rumbling. 14 The spirit
lifted me up and bore me away; I went in bitterness in the heat of my spirit,
the hand of the LORD being strong upon me. 15 I came to the exiles at
Tel-abib, who lived by the river Chebar. And I sat there among them, stunned,
for seven days.
16 At the end of seven days, the word of the LORD came to me: 17 Mortal, I
have made you a sentinel for the house of Israel; whenever you hear a word
from my mouth, you shall give them warning from me. 18 If I say to the wicked,
"You shall surely die," and you give them no warning, or speak to warn the
wicked from their wicked way, in order to save their life, those wicked
persons shall die for their iniquity; but their blood I will require at your
hand. 19 But if you warn the wicked, and they do not turn from their
wickedness, or from their wicked way, they shall die for their iniquity; but
you will have saved your life. 20 Again, if the righteous turn from their
righteousness and commit iniquity, and I lay a stumbling block before them,
they shall die; because you have not warned them, they shall die for their
sin, and their righteous deeds that they have done shall not be remembered;
but their blood I will require at your hand. 21 If, however, you warn the
righteous not to sin, and they do not sin, they shall surely live, because
they took warning; and you will have saved your life.
22 Then the hand of the LORD was upon me there; and he said to me, Rise up, go
out into the valley, and there I will speak with you. 23 So I rose up and went
out into the valley; and the glory of the LORD stood there, like the glory
that I had seen by the river Chebar; and I fell on my face. 24 The spirit
entered into me, and set me on my feet; and he spoke with me and said to me:
Go, shut yourself inside your house. 25 As for you, mortal, cords shall be
placed on you, and you shall be bound with them, so that you cannot go out
among the people; 26 and I will make your tongue cling to the roof of your
mouth, so that you shall be speechless and unable to reprove them; for they
are a rebellious house. 27 But when I speak with you, I will open your mouth,
and you shall say to them, "Thus says the Lord GOD"; let those who will hear,
hear; and let those who refuse to hear, refuse; for they are a rebellious
Part II: Prophecies of doom against Judah and Jerusalem; symbolic actions
describing the coming siege of Jerusalem
1 And you, O mortal, take a brick and set it before you. On it portray a city,
Jerusalem; 2 and put siegeworks against it, and build a siege wall against it,
and cast up a ramp against it; set camps also against it, and plant battering
rams against it all around. 3 Then take an iron plate and place it as an iron
wall between you and the city; set your face toward it, and let it be in a
state of siege, and press the siege against it. This is a sign for the house
4 Then lie on your left side, and place the punishment of the house of Israel
upon it; you shall bear their punishment for the number of the days that you
lie there. 5 For I assign to you a number of days, three hundred ninety days,
equal to the number of the years of their punishment; and so you shall bear
the punishment of the house of Israel. 6 When you have completed these, you
shall lie down a second time, but on your right side, and bear the punishment
of the house of Judah; forty days I assign you, one day for each year. 7 You
shall set your face toward the siege of Jerusalem, and with your arm bared you
shall prophesy against it. 8 See, I am putting cords on you so that you cannot
turn from one side to the other until you have completed the days of your
9 And you, take wheat and barley, beans and lentils, millet and spelt; put
them into one vessel, and make bread for yourself. During the number of days
that you lie on your side, three hundred ninety days, you shall eat it. 10 The
food that you eat shall be twenty shekels a day by weight; at fixed times you
shall eat it. 11 And you shall drink water by measure, one-sixth of a hin; at
fixed times you shall drink. 12 You shall eat it as a barley-cake, baking it
in their sight on human dung. 13 The LORD said, "Thus shall the people of
Israel eat their bread, unclean, among the nations to which I will drive
them." 14 Then I said, "Ah Lord GOD! I have never defiled myself; from my
youth up until now I have never eaten what died of itself or was torn by
animals, nor has carrion flesh come into my mouth." 15 Then he said to me,
"See, I will let you have cow's dung instead of human dung, on which you may
prepare your bread."
16 Then he said to me, Mortal, I am going to break the staff of bread in
Jerusalem; they shall eat bread by weight and with fearfulness; and they shall
drink water by measure and in dismay. 17 Lacking bread and water, they will
look at one another in dismay, and waste away under their punishment.
1 And you, O mortal, take a sharp sword; use it as a barber's razor and run it
over your head and your beard; then take balances for weighing, and divide the
hair. 2 One third of the hair you shall burn in the fire inside the city, when
the days of the siege are completed; one third you shall take and strike with
the sword all around the city; and one third you shall scatter to the wind,
and I will unsheathe the sword after them. 3 Then you shall take from these a
small number, and bind them in the skirts of your robe. 4 From these, again,
you shall take some, throw them into the fire and burn them up; from there a
fire will come out against all the house of Israel.
5 Thus says the Lord GOD: This is Jerusalem; I have set her in the center of
the nations, with countries all around her. 6 But she has rebelled against my
ordinances and my statutes, becoming more wicked than the nations and the
countries all around her, rejecting my ordinances and not following my
statutes. 7 Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: Because you are more turbulent
than the nations that are all around you, and have not followed my statutes or
kept my ordinances, but have acted according to the ordinances of the nations
that are all around you; 8 therefore thus says the Lord GOD: I, I myself, am
coming against you; I will execute judgments among you in the sight of the
nations. 9 And because of all your abominations, I will do to you what I have
never yet done, and the like of which I will never do again. 10 Surely,
parents shall eat their children in your midst, and children shall eat their
parents; I will execute judgments on you, and any of you who survive I will
scatter to every wind. 11 Therefore, as I live, says the Lord GOD, surely,
because you have defiled my sanctuary with all your detestable things and with
all your abominations – therefore I will cut you down; my eye will not spare,
and I will have no pity. 12 One third of you shall die of pestilence or be
consumed by famine among you; one third shall fall by the sword around you;
and one third I will scatter to every wind and will unsheathe the sword after
13 My anger shall spend itself, and I will vent my fury on them and satisfy
myself; and they shall know that I, the LORD, have spoken in my jealousy, when
I spend my fury on them. 14 Moreover I will make you a desolation and an
object of mocking among the nations around you, in the sight of all that pass
by. 15 You shall be a mockery and a taunt, a warning and a horror, to the
nations around you, when I execute judgments on you in anger and fury, and
with furious punishments – I, the LORD, have spoken – 16 when I loose against
you my deadly arrows of famine, arrows for destruction, which I will let loose
to destroy you, and when I bring more and more famine upon you, and break your
staff of bread. 17 I will send famine and wild animals against you, and they
will rob you of your children; pestilence and bloodshed shall pass through
you; and I will bring the sword upon you. I, the LORD, have spoken.
Two prophecies against Israel's idolatry
1 The word of the LORD came to me: 2 O mortal, set your face toward the
mountains of Israel, and prophesy against them, 3 and say, You mountains of
Israel, hear the word of the Lord GOD! Thus says the Lord GOD to the mountains
and the hills, to the ravines and the valleys: I, I myself will bring a sword
upon you, and I will destroy your high places. 4 Your altars shall become
desolate, and your incense stands shall be broken; and I will throw down your
slain in front of your idols. 5 I will lay the corpses of the people of Israel
in front of their idols; and I will scatter your bones around your altars. 6
Wherever you live, your towns shall be waste and your high places ruined, so
that your altars will be waste and ruined, your idols broken and destroyed,
your incense stands cut down, and your works wiped out. 7 The slain shall fall
in your midst; then you shall know that I am the LORD.
8 But I will spare some. Some of you shall escape the sword among the nations
and be scattered through the countries. 9 Those of you who escape shall
remember me among the nations where they are carried captive, how I was
crushed by their wanton heart that turned away from me, and their wanton eyes
that turned after their idols. Then they will be loathsome in their own sight
for the evils that they have committed, for all their abominations. 10 And
they shall know that I am the LORD; I did not threaten in vain to bring this
disaster upon them.
11 Thus says the Lord GOD: Clap your hands and stamp your foot, and say, Alas
for all the vile abominations of the house of Israel! For they shall fall by
the sword, by famine, and by pestilence. 12 Those far off shall die of
pestilence; those nearby shall fall by the sword; and any who are left and are
spared shall die of famine. Thus I will spend my fury upon them. 13 And you
shall know that I am the LORD, when their slain lie among their idols around
their altars, on every high hill, on all the mountain tops, under every green
tree, and under every leafy oak, wherever they offered pleasing odor to all
their idols. 14 I will stretch out my hand against them, and make the land
desolate and waste, throughout all their settlements, from the wilderness to
Riblah. Then they shall know that I am the LORD.
Prophecies on the approaching end
1 The word of the LORD came to me: 2 You, O mortal, thus says the Lord GOD to
the land of Israel:
An end! The end has come
upon the four corners of the land.
3 Now the end is upon you,
I will let loose my anger upon you;
I will judge you according to your ways,
I will punish you for all your abominations.
4 My eye will not spare you, I will have no pity.
I will punish you for your ways,
while your abominations are among you.
Then you shall know that I am the LORD.
5 Thus says the Lord GOD:
Disaster after disaster! See, it comes.
6 An end has come, the end has come.
It has awakened against you; see, it comes!
7 Your doom has come to you,
O inhabitant of the land.
The time has come, the day is near –
of tumult, not of reveling on the mountains.
8 Soon now I will pour out my wrath upon you;
I will spend my anger against you.
I will judge you according to your ways,
and punish you for all your abominations.
9 My eye will not spare; I will have no pity.
I will punish you according to your ways,
while your abominations are among you.
Then you shall know that it is I the LORD who strike.
10 See, the day! See, it comes!
Your doom has gone out.
The rod has blossomed, pride has budded.
11 Violence has grown into a rod of wickedness.
None of them shall remain,
not their abundance, not their wealth;
no pre-eminence among them.
12 The time has come, the day draws near;
let not the buyer rejoice, nor the seller mourn,
for wrath is upon all their multitude.
13 For the sellers shall not return to what has been sold as long as they
remain alive. For the vision concerns all their multitude; it shall not be
revoked. Because of their iniquity, they cannot maintain their lives.
14 They have blown the horn and made everything ready;
but no one goes to battle,
for my wrath is upon all their multitude.
15 The sword is outside, pestilence and famine are inside;
those in the field die by the sword;
those in the city – famine and pestilence devour them.
16 If any survivors escape,
they shall be found on the mountains
like doves of the valleys,
all of them moaning over their iniquity.
17 All hands shall grow feeble,
all knees turn to water.
18 They shall put on sackcloth,
horror shall cover them.
Shame shall be on all faces,
baldness on all their heads.
19 They shall fling their silver into the streets,
their gold shall be treated as unclean.
Their silver and gold cannot save them on the day of the wrath of the LORD.
They shall not satisfy their hunger or fill their stomachs with it. For it was
the stumbling block of their iniquity. 20 From their beautiful ornament, in
which they took pride, they made their abominable images, their detestable
things; therefore I will make of it an unclean thing to them.
21 I will hand it over to strangers as booty,
to the wicked of the earth as plunder;
they shall profane it.
22 I will avert my face from them,
so that they may profane my treasured place;
the violent shall enter it,
they shall profane it.
23 Make a chain!
For the land is full of bloody crimes;
the city is full of violence.
24 I will bring the worst of the nations
to take possession of their houses.
I will put an end to the arrogance of the strong,
and their holy places shall be profaned.
25 When anguish comes, they will seek peace,
but there shall be none.
26 Disaster comes upon disaster,
rumor follows rumor;
they shall keep seeking a vision from the prophet;
instruction shall perish from the priest,
and counsel from the elders.
27 The king shall mourn,
the prince shall be wrapped in despair,
and the hands of the people of the land shall tremble.
According to their way I will deal with them;
according to their own judgments I will judge them.
And they shall know that I am the LORD.
The Temple visions; the vision of idolatry
1 In the sixth year, in the sixth month, on the fifth day of the month, as I
sat in my house, with the elders of Judah sitting before me, the hand of the
Lord GOD fell upon me there. 2 I looked, and there was a figure that looked
like a human being; below what appeared to be its loins it was fire, and above
the loins it was like the appearance of brightness, like gleaming amber. 3 It
stretched out the form of a hand, and took me by a lock of my head; and the
spirit lifted me up between earth and heaven, and brought me in visions of God
to Jerusalem, to the entrance of the gateway of the inner court that faces
north, to the seat of the image of jealousy, which provokes to jealousy. 4 And
the glory of the God of Israel was there, like the vision that I had seen in
5 Then God said to me, "O mortal, lift up your eyes now in the direction of
the north." So I lifted up my eyes toward the north, and there, north of the
altar gate, in the entrance, was this image of jealousy. 6 He said to me,
"Mortal, do you see what they are doing, the great abominations that the house
of Israel are committing here, to drive me far from my sanctuary? Yet you will
see still greater abominations."
7 And he brought me to the entrance of the court; I looked, and there was a
hole in the wall. 8 Then he said to me, "Mortal, dig through the wall"; and
when I dug through the wall, there was an entrance. 9 He said to me, "Go in,
and see the vile abominations that they are committing here." 10 So I went in
and looked; there, portrayed on the wall all around, were all kinds of
creeping things, and loathsome animals, and all the idols of the house of
Israel. 11 Before them stood seventy of the elders of the house of Israel,
with Jaazaniah son of Shaphan standing among them. Each had his censer in his
hand, and the fragrant cloud of incense was ascending. 12 Then he said to me,
"Mortal, have you seen what the elders of the house of Israel are doing in the
dark, each in his room of images? For they say, 'The LORD does not see us, the
LORD has forsaken the land.'" 13 He said also to me, "You will see still
greater abominations that they are committing."
14 Then he brought me to the entrance of the north gate of the house of the
LORD; women were sitting there weeping for Tammuz. 15 Then he said to me,
"Have you seen this, O mortal? You will see still greater abominations than
16 And he brought me into the inner court of the house of the LORD; there, at
the entrance of the temple of the LORD, between the porch and the altar, were
about twenty-five men, with their backs to the temple of the LORD, and their
faces toward the east, prostrating themselves to the sun toward the east. 17
Then he said to me, "Have you seen this, O mortal? Is it not bad enough that
the house of Judah commits the abominations done here? Must they fill the land
with violence, and provoke my anger still further? See, they are putting the
branch to their nose! 18 Therefore I will act in wrath; my eye will not spare,
nor will I have pity; and though they cry in my hearing with a loud voice, I
will not listen to them."
The punishment of the guilty
1 Then he cried in my hearing with a loud voice, saying, "Draw near, you
executioners of the city, each with his destroying weapon in his hand." 2 And
six men came from the direction of the upper gate, which faces north, each
with his weapon for slaughter in his hand; among them was a man clothed in
linen, with a writing case at his side. They went in and stood beside the
3 Now the glory of the God of Israel had gone up from the cherub on which it
rested to the threshold of the house. The LORD called to the man clothed in
linen, who had the writing case at his side; 4 and said to him, "Go through
the city, through Jerusalem, and put a mark on the foreheads of those who sigh
and groan over all the abominations that are committed in it." 5 To the others
he said in my hearing, "Pass through the city after him, and kill; your eye
shall not spare, and you shall show no pity. 6 Cut down old men, young men and
young women, little children and women, but touch no one who has the mark. And
begin at my sanctuary." So they began with the elders who were in front of the
house. 7 Then he said to them, "Defile the house, and fill the courts with the
slain. Go!" So they went out and killed in the city. 8 While they were
killing, and I was left alone, I fell prostrate on my face and cried out, "Ah
Lord GOD! will you destroy all who remain of Israel as you pour out your wrath
upon Jerusalem?" 9 He said to me, "The guilt of the house of Israel and Judah
is exceedingly great; the land is full of bloodshed and the city full of
perversity; for they say, 'The LORD has forsaken the land, and the LORD does
not see.' 10 As for me, my eye will not spare, nor will I have pity, but I
will bring down their deeds upon their heads."
11 Then the man clothed in linen, with the writing case at his side, brought
back word, saying, "I have done as you commanded me."
The departure of the LORD's glory from the Temple
1 Then I looked, and above the dome that was over the heads of the cherubim
there appeared above them something like a sapphire, in form resembling a
throne. 2 He said to the man clothed in linen, "Go within the wheelwork
underneath the cherubim; fill your hands with burning coals from among the
cherubim, and scatter them over the city." He went in as I looked on. 3 Now
the cherubim were standing on the south side of the house when the man went
in; and a cloud filled the inner court. 4 Then the glory of the LORD rose up
from the cherub to the threshold of the house; the house was filled with the
cloud, and the court was full of the brightness of the glory of the LORD. 5
The sound of the wings of the cherubim was heard as far as the outer court,
like the voice of God Almighty when he speaks.
6 When he commanded the man clothed in linen, "Take fire from within the
wheelwork, from among the cherubim," he went in and stood beside a wheel. 7
And a cherub stretched out his hand from among the cherubim to the fire that
was among the cherubim, took some of it and put it into the hands of the man
clothed in linen, who took it and went out. 8 The cherubim appeared to have
the form of a human hand under their wings.
9 I looked, and there were four wheels beside the cherubim, one beside each
cherub; and the appearance of the wheels was like gleaming beryl. 10 And as
for their appearance, the four looked alike, something like a wheel within a
wheel. 11 When they moved, they moved in any of the four directions without
veering as they moved; but in whatever direction the front wheel faced, the
others followed without veering as they moved. 12 Their entire body, their
rims, their spokes, their wings, and the wheels – the wheels of the four of
them – were full of eyes all around. 13 As for the wheels, they were called in
my hearing "the wheelwork." 14 Each one had four faces: the first face was
that of the cherub, the second face was that of a human being, the third that
of a lion, and the fourth that of an eagle.
15 The cherubim rose up. These were the living creatures that I saw by the
river Chebar. 16 When the cherubim moved, the wheels moved beside them; and
when the cherubim lifted up their wings to rise up from the earth, the wheels
at their side did not veer. 17 When they stopped, the others stopped, and when
they rose up, the others rose up with them; for the spirit of the living
creatures was in them.
18 Then the glory of the LORD went out from the threshold of the house and
stopped above the cherubim. 19 The cherubim lifted up their wings and rose up
from the earth in my sight as they went out with the wheels beside them. They
stopped at the entrance of the east gate of the house of the LORD; and the
glory of the God of Israel was above them.
20 These were the living creatures that I saw underneath the God of Israel by
the river Chebar; and I knew that they were cherubim. 21 Each had four faces,
each four wings, and underneath their wings something like human hands. 22 As
for what their faces were like, they were the same faces whose appearance I
had seen by the river Chebar. Each one moved straight ahead.
Judgment and promise; a disputation over the city
1 The spirit lifted me up and brought me to the east gate of the house of the
LORD, which faces east. There, at the entrance of the gateway, were
twenty-five men; among them I saw Jaazaniah son of Azzur, and Pelatiah son of
Benaiah, officials of the people. 2 He said to me, "Mortal, these are the men
who devise iniquity and who give wicked counsel in this city; 3 they say, 'The
time is not near to build houses; this city is the pot, and we are the meat.'
4 Therefore prophesy against them; prophesy, O mortal."
5 Then the spirit of the LORD fell upon me, and he said to me, "Say, Thus says
the LORD: This is what you think, O house of Israel; I know the things that
come into your mind. 6 You have killed many in this city, and have filled its
streets with the slain. 7 Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: The slain whom you
have placed within it are the meat, and this city is the pot; but you shall be
taken out of it. 8 You have feared the sword; and I will bring the sword upon
you, says the Lord GOD. 9 I will take you out of it and give you over to the
hands of foreigners, and execute judgments upon you. 10 You shall fall by the
sword; I will judge you at the border of Israel. And you shall know that I am
the LORD. 11 This city shall not be your pot, and you shall not be the meat
inside it; I will judge you at the border of Israel. 12 Then you shall know
that I am the LORD, whose statutes you have not followed, and whose ordinances
you have not kept, but you have acted according to the ordinances of the
nations that are around you."
13 Now, while I was prophesying, Pelatiah son of Benaiah died. Then I fell
down on my face, cried with a loud voice, and said, "Ah Lord GOD! will you
make a full end of the remnant of Israel?"
The future lies with the exiles
14 Then the word of the LORD came to me: 15 Mortal, your kinsfolk, your own
kin, your fellow exiles, the whole house of Israel, all of them, are those of
whom the inhabitants of Jerusalem have said, "They have gone far from the
LORD; to us this land is given for a possession." 16 Therefore say: Thus says
the Lord GOD: Though I removed them far away among the nations, and though I
scattered them among the countries, yet I have been a sanctuary to them for a
little while in the countries where they have gone. 17 Therefore say: Thus
says the Lord GOD: I will gather you from the peoples, and assemble you out of
the countries where you have been scattered, and I will give you the land of
Israel. 18 When they come there, they will remove from it all its detestable
things and all its abominations. 19 I will give them one heart, and put a new
spirit within them; I will remove the heart of stone from their flesh and give
them a heart of flesh, 20 so that they may follow my statutes and keep my
ordinances and obey them. Then they shall be my people, and I will be their
God. 21 But as for those whose heart goes after their detestable things and
their abominations, I will bring their deeds upon their own heads, says the
Conclusion of the Temple visions
22 Then the cherubim lifted up their wings, with the wheels beside them; and
the glory of the God of Israel was above them. 23 And the glory of the LORD
ascended from the middle of the city, and stopped on the mountain east of the
city. 24 The spirit lifted me up and brought me in a vision by the spirit of
God into Chaldea, to the exiles. Then the vision that I had seen left me. 25
And I told the exiles all the things that the LORD had shown me.
Two symbolic actions: First symbol, an exile's baggage
1 The word of the LORD came to me: 2 Mortal, you are living in the midst of a
rebellious house, who have eyes to see but do not see, who have ears to hear
but do not hear; 3 for they are a rebellious house. Therefore, mortal, prepare
for yourself an exile's baggage, and go into exile by day in their sight; you
shall go like an exile from your place to another place in their sight.
Perhaps they will understand, though they are a rebellious house. 4 You shall
bring out your baggage by day in their sight, as baggage for exile; and you
shall go out yourself at evening in their sight, as those do who go into
exile. 5 Dig through the wall in their sight, and carry the baggage through
it. 6 In their sight you shall lift the baggage on your shoulder, and carry it
out in the dark; you shall cover your face, so that you may not see the land;
for I have made you a sign for the house of Israel.
7 I did just as I was commanded. I brought out my baggage by day, as baggage
for exile, and in the evening I dug through the wall with my own hands; I
brought it out in the dark, carrying it on my shoulder in their sight.
8 In the morning the word of the LORD came to me: 9 Mortal, has not the house
of Israel, the rebellious house, said to you, "What are you doing?" 10 Say to
them, "Thus says the Lord GOD: This oracle concerns the prince in Jerusalem
and all the house of Israel in it." 11 Say, "I am a sign for you: as I have
done, so shall it be done to them; they shall go into exile, into captivity."
12 And the prince who is among them shall lift his baggage on his shoulder in
the dark, and shall go out; he shall dig through the wall and carry it
through; he shall cover his face, so that he may not see the land with his
eyes. 13 I will spread my net over him, and he shall be caught in my snare;
and I will bring him to Babylon, the land of the Chaldeans, yet he shall not
see it; and he shall die there. 14 I will scatter to every wind all who are
around him, his helpers and all his troops; and I will unsheathe the sword
behind them. 15 And they shall know that I am the LORD, when I disperse them
among the nations and scatter them through the countries. 16 But I will let a
few of them escape from the sword, from famine and pestilence, so that they
may tell of all their abominations among the nations where they go; then they
shall know that I am the LORD.
Second symbol, eating with trembling
17 The word of the LORD came to me: 18 Mortal, eat your bread with quaking,
and drink your water with trembling and with fearfulness; 19 and say to the
people of the land, Thus says the Lord GOD concerning the inhabitants of
Jerusalem in the land of Israel: They shall eat their bread with fearfulness,
and drink their water in dismay, because their land shall be stripped of all
it contains, on account of the violence of all those who live in it. 20 The
inhabited cities shall be laid waste, and the land shall become a desolation;
and you shall know that I am the LORD.
Disputations about prophecy
21 The word of the LORD came to me: 22 Mortal, what is this proverb of yours
about the land of Israel, which says, "The days are prolonged, and every
vision comes to nothing"? 23 Tell them therefore, "Thus says the Lord GOD: I
will put an end to this proverb, and they shall use it no more as a proverb in
Israel." But say to them, The days are near, and the fulfillment of every
vision. 24 For there shall no longer be any false vision or flattering
divination within the house of Israel. 25 But I the LORD will speak the word
that I speak, and it will be fulfilled. It will no longer be delayed; but in
your days, O rebellious house, I will speak the word and fulfill it, says the
26 The word of the LORD came to me: 27 Mortal, the house of Israel is saying,
"The vision that he sees is for many years ahead; he prophesies for distant
times." 28 Therefore say to them, Thus says the Lord GOD: None of my words
will be delayed any longer, but the word that I speak will be fulfilled, says
the Lord GOD.
Oracles against false prophecy
1 The word of the LORD came to me: 2 Mortal, prophesy against the prophets of
Israel who are prophesying; say to those who prophesy out of their own
imagination: "Hear the word of the LORD!" 3 Thus says the Lord GOD, Alas for
the senseless prophets who follow their own spirit, and have seen nothing! 4
Your prophets have been like jackals among ruins, O Israel. 5 You have not
gone up into the breaches, or repaired a wall for the house of Israel, so that
it might stand in battle on the day of the LORD. 6 They have envisioned
falsehood and lying divination; they say, "Says the LORD," when the LORD has
not sent them, and yet they wait for the fulfillment of their word! 7 Have you
not seen a false vision or uttered a lying divination, when you have said,
"Says the LORD," even though I did not speak?
8 Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: Because you have uttered falsehood and
envisioned lies, I am against you, says the Lord GOD. 9 My hand will be
against the prophets who see false visions and utter lying divinations; they
shall not be in the council of my people, nor be enrolled in the register of
the house of Israel, nor shall they enter the land of Israel; and you shall
know that I am the Lord GOD. 10 Because, in truth, because they have misled my
people, saying, "Peace," when there is no peace; and because, when the people
build a wall, these prophets smear whitewash on it. 11 Say to those who smear
whitewash on it that it shall fall. There will be a deluge of rain, great
hailstones will fall, and a stormy wind will break out. 12 When the wall
falls, will it not be said to you, "Where is the whitewash you smeared on it?"
13 Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: In my wrath I will make a stormy wind
break out, and in my anger there shall be a deluge of rain, and hailstones in
wrath to destroy it. 14 I will break down the wall that you have smeared with
whitewash, and bring it to the ground, so that its foundation will be laid
bare; when it falls, you shall perish within it; and you shall know that I am
the LORD. 15 Thus I will spend my wrath upon the wall, and upon those who have
smeared it with whitewash; and I will say to you, The wall is no more, nor
those who smeared it – 16 the prophets of Israel who prophesied concerning
Jerusalem and saw visions of peace for it, when there was no peace, says the
17 As for you, mortal, set your face against the daughters of your people, who
prophesy out of their own imagination; prophesy against them 18 and say, Thus
says the Lord GOD: Woe to the women who sew bands on all wrists, and make
veils for the heads of persons of every height, in the hunt for human lives!
Will you hunt down lives among my people, and maintain your own lives? 19 You
have profaned me among my people for handfuls of barley and for pieces of
bread, putting to death persons who should not die and keeping alive persons
who should not live, by your lies to my people, who listen to lies.
20 Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: I am against your bands with which you
hunt lives; I will tear them from your arms, and let the lives go free, the
lives that you hunt down like birds. 21 I will tear off your veils, and save
my people from your hands; they shall no longer be prey in your hands; and you
shall know that I am the LORD. 22 Because you have disheartened the righteous
falsely, although I have not disheartened them, and you have encouraged the
wicked not to turn from their wicked way and save their lives; 23 therefore
you shall no longer see false visions or practice divination; I will save my
people from your hand. Then you will know that I am the LORD.
A legal case involving consultation
1 Certain elders of Israel came to me and sat down before me. 2 And the word
of the LORD came to me: 3 Mortal, these men have taken their idols into their
hearts, and placed their iniquity as a stumbling block before them; shall I
let myself be consulted by them? 4 Therefore speak to them, and say to them,
Thus says the Lord GOD: Any of those of the house of Israel who take their
idols into their hearts and place their iniquity as a stumbling block before
them, and yet come to the prophet – I the LORD will answer those who come with
the multitude of their idols, 5 in order that I may take hold of the hearts of
the house of Israel, all of whom are estranged from me through their idols.
6 Therefore say to the house of Israel, Thus says the Lord GOD: Repent and
turn away from your idols; and turn away your faces from all your
abominations. 7 For any of those of the house of Israel, or of the aliens who
reside in Israel, who separate themselves from me, taking their idols into
their hearts and placing their iniquity as a stumbling block before them, and
yet come to a prophet to inquire of me by him, I the LORD will answer them
myself. 8 I will set my face against them; I will make them a sign and a
byword and cut them off from the midst of my people; and you shall know that I
am the LORD.
9 If a prophet is deceived and speaks a word, I, the LORD, have deceived that
prophet, and I will stretch out my hand against him, and will destroy him from
the midst of my people Israel. 10 And they shall bear their punishment – the
punishment of the inquirer and the punishment of the prophet shall be the same
– 11 so that the house of Israel may no longer go astray from me, nor defile
themselves any more with all their transgressions. Then they shall be my
people, and I will be their God, says the Lord GOD.
The inevitability of God's judgment
12 The word of the LORD came to me: 13 Mortal, when a land sins against me by
acting faithlessly, and I stretch out my hand against it, and break its staff
of bread and send famine upon it, and cut off from it human beings and
animals, 14 even if Noah, Daniel, and Job, these three, were in it, they would
save only their own lives by their righteousness, says the Lord GOD. 15 If I
send wild animals through the land to ravage it, so that it is made desolate,
and no one may pass through because of the animals; 16 even if these three men
were in it, as I live, says the Lord GOD, they would save neither sons nor
daughters; they alone would be saved, but the land would be desolate. 17 Or if
I bring a sword upon that land and say, "Let a sword pass through the land,"
and I cut off human beings and animals from it; 18 though these three men were
in it, as I live, says the Lord GOD, they would save neither sons nor
daughters, but they alone would be saved. 19 Or if I send a pestilence into
that land, and pour out my wrath upon it with blood, to cut off humans and
animals from it; 20 even if Noah, Daniel, and Job were in it, as I live, says
the Lord GOD, they would save neither son nor daughter; they would save only
their own lives by their righteousness.
21 For thus says the Lord GOD: How much more when I send upon Jerusalem my
four deadly acts of judgment, sword, famine, wild animals, and pestilence, to
cut off humans and animals from it! 22 Yet, survivors shall be left in it,
sons and daughters who will be brought out; they will come out to you. When
you see their ways and their deeds, you will be consoled for the evil that I
have brought upon Jerusalem, for all that I have brought upon it. 23 They
shall console you, when you see their ways and their deeds; and you shall know
that it was not without cause that I did all that I have done in it, says the
Analogy of the useless vine
1 The word of the LORD came to me:
2 O mortal, how does the wood of the vine surpass all other wood –
the vine branch that is among the trees of the forest?
3 Is wood taken from it to make anything?
Does one take a peg from it on which to hang any object?
4 It is put in the fire for fuel;
when the fire has consumed both ends of it
and the middle of it is charred,
is it useful for anything?
5 When it was whole it was used for nothing;
how much less – when the fire has consumed it,
and it is charred –
can it ever be used for anything!
6 Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: Like the wood of the vine among the trees
of the forest, which I have given to the fire for fuel, so I will give up the
inhabitants of Jerusalem. 7 I will set my face against them; although they
escape from the fire, the fire shall still consume them; and you shall know
that I am the LORD, when I set my face against them. 8 And I will make the
land desolate, because they have acted faithlessly, says the Lord GOD.
The allegory of the unfaithful wife; Jerusalem, the Foundling
1 The word of the LORD came to me: 2 Mortal, make known to Jerusalem her
abominations, 3 and say, Thus says the Lord GOD to Jerusalem: Your origin and
your birth were in the land of the Canaanites; your father was an Amorite, and
your mother a Hittite. 4 As for your birth, on the day you were born your
navel cord was not cut, nor were you washed with water to cleanse you, nor
rubbed with salt, nor wrapped in cloths. 5 No eye pitied you, to do any of
these things for you out of compassion for you; but you were thrown out in the
open field, for you were abhorred on the day you were born.
6 I passed by you, and saw you flailing about in your blood. As you lay in
your blood, I said to you, "Live! 7 and grow up like a plant of the field."
You grew up and became tall and arrived at full womanhood; your breasts were
formed, and your hair had grown; yet you were naked and bare.
The beautiful bride
8 I passed by you again and looked on you; you were at the age for love. I
spread the edge of my cloak over you, and covered your nakedness: I pledged
myself to you and entered into a covenant with you, says the Lord GOD, and you
became mine. 9 Then I bathed you with water and washed off the blood from you,
and anointed you with oil. 10 I clothed you with embroidered cloth and with
sandals of fine leather; I bound you in fine linen and covered you with rich
fabric. 11 I adorned you with ornaments: I put bracelets on your arms, a chain
on your neck, 12 a ring on your nose, earrings in your ears, and a beautiful
crown upon your head. 13 You were adorned with gold and silver, while your
clothing was of fine linen, rich fabric, and embroidered cloth. You had choice
flour and honey and oil for food. You grew exceedingly beautiful, fit to be a
queen. 14 Your fame spread among the nations on account of your beauty, for it
was perfect because of my splendor that I had bestowed on you, says the Lord
15 But you trusted in your beauty, and played the whore because of your fame,
and lavished your whorings on any passer-by. 16 You took some of your
garments, and made for yourself colorful shrines, and on them played the
whore; nothing like this has ever been or ever shall be. 17 You also took your
beautiful jewels of my gold and my silver that I had given you, and made for
yourself male images, and with them played the whore; 18 and you took your
embroidered garments to cover them, and set my oil and my incense before them.
19 Also my bread that I gave you – I fed you with choice flour and oil and
honey – you set it before them as a pleasing odor; and so it was, says the
Lord GOD. 20 You took your sons and your daughters, whom you had borne to me,
and these you sacrificed to them to be devoured. As if your whorings were not
enough! 21 You slaughtered my children and delivered them up as an offering to
them. 22 And in all your abominations and your whorings you did not remember
the days of your youth, when you were naked and bare, flailing about in your
23 After all your wickedness (woe, woe to you! says the Lord GOD), 24 you
built yourself a platform and made yourself a lofty place in every square; 25
at the head of every street you built your lofty place and prostituted your
beauty, offering yourself to every passer-by, and multiplying your whoring. 26
You played the whore with the Egyptians, your lustful neighbors, multiplying
your whoring, to provoke me to anger. 27 Therefore I stretched out my hand
against you, reduced your rations, and gave you up to the will of your
enemies, the daughters of the Philistines, who were ashamed of your lewd
behavior. 28 You played the whore with the Assyrians, because you were
insatiable; you played the whore with them, and still you were not satisfied.
29 You multiplied your whoring with Chaldea, the land of merchants; and even
with this you were not satisfied.
30 How sick is your heart, says the Lord GOD, that you did all these things,
the deeds of a brazen whore; 31 building your platform at the head of every
street, and making your lofty place in every square! Yet you were not like a
whore, because you scorned payment. 32 Adulterous wife, who receives strangers
instead of her husband! 33 Gifts are given to all whores; but you gave your
gifts to all your lovers, bribing them to come to you from all around for your
whorings. 34 So you were different from other women in your whorings: no one
solicited you to play the whore; and you gave payment, while no payment was
given to you; you were different.
35 Therefore, O whore, hear the word of the LORD: 36 Thus says the Lord GOD,
Because your lust was poured out and your nakedness uncovered in your whoring
with your lovers, and because of all your abominable idols, and because of the
blood of your children that you gave to them, 37 therefore, I will gather all
your lovers, with whom you took pleasure, all those you loved and all those
you hated; I will gather them against you from all around, and will uncover
your nakedness to them, so that they may see all your nakedness. 38 I will
judge you as women who commit adultery and shed blood are judged, and bring
blood upon you in wrath and jealousy. 39 I will deliver you into their hands,
and they shall throw down your platform and break down your lofty places; they
shall strip you of your clothes and take your beautiful objects and leave you
naked and bare. 40 They shall bring up a mob against you, and they shall stone
you and cut you to pieces with their swords. 41 They shall burn your houses
and execute judgments on you in the sight of many women; I will stop you from
playing the whore, and you shall also make no more payments. 42 So I will
satisfy my fury on you, and my jealousy shall turn away from you; I will be
calm, and will be angry no longer. 43 Because you have not remembered the days
of your youth, but have enraged me with all these things; therefore, I have
returned your deeds upon your head, says the Lord GOD.
Have you not committed lewdness beyond all your abominations? 44 See, everyone
who uses proverbs will use this proverb about you, "Like mother, like
daughter." 45 You are the daughter of your mother, who loathed her husband and
her children; and you are the sister of your sisters, who loathed their
husbands and their children. Your mother was a Hittite and your father an
Amorite. 46 Your elder sister is Samaria, who lived with her daughters to the
north of you; and your younger sister, who lived to the south of you, is Sodom
with her daughters. 47 You not only followed their ways, and acted according
to their abominations; within a very little time you were more corrupt than
they in all your ways. 48 As I live, says the Lord GOD, your sister Sodom and
her daughters have not done as you and your daughters have done. 49 This was
the guilt of your sister Sodom: she and her daughters had pride, excess of
food, and prosperous ease, but did not aid the poor and needy. 50 They were
haughty, and did abominable things before me; therefore I removed them when I
saw it. 51 Samaria has not committed half your sins; you have committed more
abominations than they, and have made your sisters appear righteous by all the
abominations that you have committed. 52 Bear your disgrace, you also, for you
have brought about for your sisters a more favorable judgment; because of your
sins in which you acted more abominably than they, they are more in the right
than you. So be ashamed, you also, and bear your disgrace, for you have made
your sisters appear righteous.
53 I will restore their fortunes, the fortunes of Sodom and her daughters and
the fortunes of Samaria and her daughters, and I will restore your own
fortunes along with theirs, 54 in order that you may bear your disgrace and be
ashamed of all that you have done, becoming a consolation to them. 55 As for
your sisters, Sodom and her daughters shall return to their former state,
Samaria and her daughters shall return to their former state, and you and your
daughters shall return to your former state. 56 Was not your sister Sodom a
byword in your mouth in the day of your pride, 57 before your wickedness was
uncovered? Now you are a mockery to the daughters of Aram and all her
neighbors, and to the daughters of the Philistines, those all around who
despise you. 58 You must bear the penalty of your lewdness and your
abominations, says the LORD.
59 Yes, thus says the Lord GOD: I will deal with you as you have done, you who
have despised the oath, breaking the covenant; 60 yet I will remember my
covenant with you in the days of your youth, and I will establish with you an
everlasting covenant. 61 Then you will remember your ways, and be ashamed when
I take your sisters, both your elder and your younger, and give them to you as
daughters, but not on account of my covenant with you. 62 I will establish my
covenant with you, and you shall know that I am the LORD, 63 in order that you
may remember and be confounded, and never open your mouth again because of
your shame, when I forgive you all that you have done, says the Lord GOD.
The allegorical fable of the eagles
1 The word of the LORD came to me: 2 O mortal, propound a riddle, and speak an
allegory to the house of Israel. 3 Say: Thus says the Lord GOD:
A great eagle, with great wings and long pinions,
rich in plumage of many colors,
came to the Lebanon.
He took the top of the cedar,
4 broke off its topmost shoot;
he carried it to a land of trade,
set it in a city of merchants.
5 Then he took a seed from the land,
placed it in fertile soil;
a plant by abundant waters,
he set it like a willow twig.
6 It sprouted and became a vine
spreading out, but low;
its branches turned toward him,
its roots remained where it stood.
So it became a vine;
it brought forth branches,
put forth foliage.
7 There was another great eagle,
with great wings and much plumage.
And see! This vine stretched out
its roots toward him;
it shot out its branches toward him,
so that he might water it.
From the bed where it was planted
8 it was transplanted
to good soil by abundant waters,
so that it might produce branches
and bear fruit
and become a noble vine.
9 Say: Thus says the Lord GOD:
Will it prosper?
Will he not pull up its roots,
cause its fruit to rot and wither,
its fresh sprouting leaves to fade?
No strong arm or mighty army will be needed
to pull it from its roots.
10 When it is transplanted, will it thrive?
When the east wind strikes it,
will it not utterly wither,
wither on the bed where it grew?
11 Then the word of the LORD came to me: 12 Say now to the rebellious house:
Do you not know what these things mean? Tell them: The king of Babylon came to
Jerusalem, took its king and its officials, and brought them back with him to
Babylon. 13 He took one of the royal offspring and made a covenant with him,
putting him under oath (he had taken away the chief men of the land), 14 so
that the kingdom might be humble and not lift itself up, and that by keeping
his covenant it might stand. 15 But he rebelled against him by sending
ambassadors to Egypt, in order that they might give him horses and a large
army. Will he succeed? Can one escape who does such things? Can he break the
covenant and yet escape? 16 As I live, says the Lord GOD, surely in the place
where the king resides who made him king, whose oath he despised, and whose
covenant with him he broke – in Babylon he shall die. 17 Pharaoh with his
mighty army and great company will not help him in war, when ramps are cast up
and siege walls built to cut off many lives. 18 Because he despised the oath
and broke the covenant, because he gave his hand and yet did all these things,
he shall not escape. 19 Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: As I live, I will
surely return upon his head my oath that he despised, and my covenant that he
broke. 20 I will spread my net over him, and he shall be caught in my snare; I
will bring him to Babylon and enter into judgment with him there for the
treason he has committed against me. 21 All the pick of his troops shall fall
by the sword, and the survivors shall be scattered to every wind; and you
shall know that I, the LORD, have spoken.
The fable expanded
22 Thus says the Lord GOD:
I myself will take a sprig
from the lofty top of a cedar;
I will set it out.
I will break off a tender one
from the topmost of its young twigs;
I myself will plant it
on a high and lofty mountain.
23 On the mountain height of Israel
I will plant it,
in order that it may produce boughs and bear fruit,
and become a noble cedar.
Under it every kind of bird will live;
in the shade of its branches will nest
winged creatures of every kind.
24 All the trees of the field shall know
that I am the LORD.
I bring low the high tree,
I make high the low tree;
I dry up the green tree
and make the dry tree flourish.
I the LORD have spoken;
I will accomplish it.
1 The word of the LORD came to me: 2 What do you mean by repeating this
proverb concerning the land of Israel, "The parents have eaten sour grapes,
and the children's teeth are set on edge"? 3 As I live, says the Lord GOD,
this proverb shall no more be used by you in Israel. 4 Know that all lives are
mine; the life of the parent as well as the life of the child is mine: it is
only the person who sins that shall die.
5 If a man is righteous and does what is lawful and right – 6 if he does not
eat upon the mountains or lift up his eyes to the idols of the house of
Israel, does not defile his neighbor's wife or approach a woman during her
menstrual period, 7 does not oppress anyone, but restores to the debtor his
pledge, commits no robbery, gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked
with a garment, 8 does not take advance or accrued interest, withholds his
hand from iniquity, executes true justice between contending parties, 9
follows my statutes, and is careful to observe my ordinances, acting
faithfully – such a one is righteous; he shall surely live, says the Lord GOD.
10 If he has a son who is violent, a shedder of blood, 11 who does any of
these things (though his father does none of them), who eats upon the
mountains, defiles his neighbor's wife, 12 oppresses the poor and needy,
commits robbery, does not restore the pledge, lifts up his eyes to the idols,
commits abomination, 13 takes advance or accrued interest; shall he then live?
He shall not. He has done all these abominable things; he shall surely die;
his blood shall be upon himself.
14 But if this man has a son who sees all the sins that his father has done,
considers, and does not do likewise, 15 who does not eat upon the mountains or
lift up his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel, does not defile his
neighbor's wife, 16 does not wrong anyone, exacts no pledge, commits no
robbery, but gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with a
garment, 17 withholds his hand from iniquity, takes no advance or accrued
interest, observes my ordinances, and follows my statutes; he shall not die
for his father's iniquity; he shall surely live. 18 As for his father, because
he practiced extortion, robbed his brother, and did what is not good among his
people, he dies for his iniquity.
19 Yet you say, "Why should not the son suffer for the iniquity of the
father?" When the son has done what is lawful and right, and has been careful
to observe all my statutes, he shall surely live. 20 The person who sins shall
die. A child shall not suffer for the iniquity of a parent, nor a parent
suffer for the iniquity of a child; the righteousness of the righteous shall
be his own, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be his own.
21 But if the wicked turn away from all their sins that they have committed
and keep all my statutes and do what is lawful and right, they shall surely
live; they shall not die. 22 None of the transgressions that they have
committed shall be remembered against them; for the righteousness that they
have done they shall live. 23 Have I any pleasure in the death of the wicked,
says the Lord GOD, and not rather that they should turn from their ways and
live? 24 But when the righteous turn away from their righteousness and commit
iniquity and do the same abominable things that the wicked do, shall they
live? None of the righteous deeds that they have done shall be remembered; for
the treachery of which they are guilty and the sin they have committed, they
25 Yet you say, "The way of the Lord is unfair." Hear now, O house of Israel:
Is my way unfair? Is it not your ways that are unfair? 26 When the righteous
turn away from their righteousness and commit iniquity, they shall die for it;
for the iniquity that they have committed they shall die. 27 Again, when the
wicked turn away from the wickedness they have committed and do what is lawful
and right, they shall save their life. 28 Because they considered and turned
away from all the transgressions that they had committed, they shall surely
live; they shall not die. 29 Yet the house of Israel says, "The way of the
Lord is unfair." O house of Israel, are my ways unfair? Is it not your ways
that are unfair?
30 Therefore I will judge you, O house of Israel, all of you according to your
ways, says the Lord GOD. Repent and turn from all your transgressions;
otherwise iniquity will be your ruin. 31 Cast away from you all the
transgressions that you have committed against me, and get yourselves a new
heart and a new spirit! Why will you die, O house of Israel? 32 For I have no
pleasure in the death of anyone, says the Lord GOD. Turn, then, and live.
Two funeral dirges
1 As for you, raise up a lamentation for the princes of Israel, 2 and say:
What a lioness was your mother
She lay down among young lions,
rearing her cubs.
3 She raised up one of her cubs;
he became a young lion,
and he learned to catch prey;
he devoured humans.
4 The nations sounded an alarm against him;
he was caught in their pit;
and they brought him with hooks
to the land of Egypt.
5 When she saw that she was thwarted,
that her hope was lost,
she took another of her cubs
and made him a young lion.
6 He prowled among the lions;
he became a young lion,
and he learned to catch prey;
he devoured people.
7 And he ravaged their strongholds,
and laid waste their towns;
the land was appalled, and all in it,
at the sound of his roaring.
8 The nations set upon him
from the provinces all around;
they spread their net over him;
he was caught in their pit.
9 With hooks they put him in a cage,
and brought him to the king of Babylon;
they brought him into custody,
so that his voice should be heard no more
on the mountains of Israel.
10 Your mother was like a vine in a vineyard
transplanted by the water,
fruitful and full of branches
from abundant water.
11 Its strongest stem became
a ruler's scepter;
it towered aloft
among the thick boughs;
it stood out in its height
with its mass of branches.
12 But it was plucked up in fury,
cast down to the ground;
the east wind dried it up;
its fruit was stripped off,
its strong stem was withered;
the fire consumed it.
13 Now it is transplanted into the wilderness,
into a dry and thirsty land.
14 And fire has gone out from its stem,
has consumed its branches and fruit,
so that there remains in it no strong stem,
no scepter for ruling.
This is a lamentation, and it is used as a lamentation.
Israel's pattern of rebellion
1 In the seventh year, in the fifth month, on the tenth day of the month,
certain elders of Israel came to consult the LORD, and sat down before me. 2
And the word of the LORD came to me: 3 Mortal, speak to the elders of Israel,
and say to them: Thus says the Lord GOD: Why are you coming? To consult me? As
I live, says the Lord GOD, I will not be consulted by you. 4 Will you judge
them, mortal, will you judge them? Then let them know the abominations of
their ancestors, 5 and say to them: Thus says the Lord GOD: On the day when I
chose Israel, I swore to the offspring of the house of Jacob – making myself
known to them in the land of Egypt – I swore to them, saying, I am the LORD
your God. 6 On that day I swore to them that I would bring them out of the
land of Egypt into a land that I had searched out for them, a land flowing
with milk and honey, the most glorious of all lands. 7 And I said to them,
Cast away the detestable things your eyes feast on, every one of you, and do
not defile yourselves with the idols of Egypt; I am the LORD your God. 8 But
they rebelled against me and would not listen to me; not one of them cast away
the detestable things their eyes feasted on, nor did they forsake the idols of
Then I thought I would pour out my wrath upon them and spend my anger against
them in the midst of the land of Egypt. 9 But I acted for the sake of my name,
that it should not be profaned in the sight of the nations among whom they
lived, in whose sight I made myself known to them in bringing them out of the
land of Egypt. 10 So I led them out of the land of Egypt and brought them into
the wilderness. 11 I gave them my statutes and showed them my ordinances, by
whose observance everyone shall live. 12 Moreover I gave them my sabbaths, as
a sign between me and them, so that they might know that I the LORD sanctify
them. 13 But the house of Israel rebelled against me in the wilderness; they
did not observe my statutes but rejected my ordinances, by whose observance
everyone shall live; and my sabbaths they greatly profaned.
Then I thought I would pour out my wrath upon them in the wilderness, to make
an end of them. 14 But I acted for the sake of my name, so that it should not
be profaned in the sight of the nations, in whose sight I had brought them
out. 15 Moreover I swore to them in the wilderness that I would not bring them
into the land that I had given them, a land flowing with milk and honey, the
most glorious of all lands, 16 because they rejected my ordinances and did not
observe my statutes, and profaned my sabbaths; for their heart went after
their idols. 17 Nevertheless my eye spared them, and I did not destroy them or
make an end of them in the wilderness.
18 I said to their children in the wilderness, Do not follow the statutes of
your parents, nor observe their ordinances, nor defile yourselves with their
idols. 19 I the LORD am your God; follow my statutes, and be careful to
observe my ordinances, 20 and hallow my sabbaths that they may be a sign
between me and you, so that you may know that I the LORD am your God. 21 But
the children rebelled against me; they did not follow my statutes, and were
not careful to observe my ordinances, by whose observance everyone shall live;
they profaned my sabbaths.
Then I thought I would pour out my wrath upon them and spend my anger against
them in the wilderness. 22 But I withheld my hand, and acted for the sake of
my name, so that it should not be profaned in the sight of the nations, in
whose sight I had brought them out. 23 Moreover I swore to them in the
wilderness that I would scatter them among the nations and disperse them
through the countries, 24 because they had not executed my ordinances, but had
rejected my statutes and profaned my sabbaths, and their eyes were set on
their ancestors' idols. 25 Moreover I gave them statutes that were not good
and ordinances by which they could not live. 26 I defiled them through their
very gifts, in their offering up all their firstborn, in order that I might
horrify them, so that they might know that I am the LORD.
27 Therefore, mortal, speak to the house of Israel and say to them, Thus says
the Lord GOD: In this again your ancestors blasphemed me, by dealing
treacherously with me. 28 For when I had brought them into the land that I
swore to give them, then wherever they saw any high hill or any leafy tree,
there they offered their sacrifices and presented the provocation of their
offering; there they sent up their pleasing odors, and there they poured out
their drink offerings. 29 (I said to them, What is the high place to which you
go? So it is called Bamah to this day.) 30 Therefore say to the house of
Israel, Thus says the Lord GOD: Will you defile yourselves after the manner of
your ancestors and go astray after their detestable things? 31 When you offer
your gifts and make your children pass through the fire, you defile yourselves
with all your idols to this day. And shall I be consulted by you, O house of
Israel? As I live, says the Lord GOD, I will not be consulted by you.
32 What is in your mind shall never happen – the thought, "Let us be like the
nations, like the tribes of the countries, and worship wood and stone."
33 As I live, says the Lord GOD, surely with a mighty hand and an outstretched
arm, and with wrath poured out, I will be king over you. 34 I will bring you
out from the peoples and gather you out of the countries where you are
scattered, with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm, and with wrath poured
out; 35 and I will bring you into the wilderness of the peoples, and there I
will enter into judgment with you face to face. 36 As I entered into judgment
with your ancestors in the wilderness of the land of Egypt, so I will enter
into judgment with you, says the Lord GOD. 37 I will make you pass under the
staff, and will bring you within the bond of the covenant. 38 I will purge out
the rebels among you, and those who transgress against me; I will bring them
out of the land where they reside as aliens, but they shall not enter the land
of Israel. Then you shall know that I am the LORD.
39 As for you, O house of Israel, thus says the Lord GOD: Go serve your idols,
everyone of you now and hereafter, if you will not listen to me; but my holy
name you shall no more profane with your gifts and your idols.
40 For on my holy mountain, the mountain height of Israel, says the Lord GOD,
there all the house of Israel, all of them, shall serve me in the land; there
I will accept them, and there I will require your contributions and the
choicest of your gifts, with all your sacred things. 41 As a pleasing odor I
will accept you, when I bring you out from the peoples, and gather you out of
the countries where you have been scattered; and I will manifest my holiness
among you in the sight of the nations. 42 You shall know that I am the LORD,
when I bring you into the land of Israel, the country that I swore to give to
your ancestors. 43 There you shall remember your ways and all the deeds by
which you have polluted yourselves; and you shall loathe yourselves for all
the evils that you have committed. 44 And you shall know that I am the LORD,
when I deal with you for my name's sake, not according to your evil ways, or
corrupt deeds, O house of Israel, says the Lord GOD.
Sword prophecies; the sword against all flesh
45 The word of the LORD came to me: 46 Mortal, set your face toward the south,
preach against the south, and prophesy against the forest land in the Negeb;
47 say to the forest of the Negeb, Hear the word of the LORD: Thus says the
Lord GOD, I will kindle a fire in you, and it shall devour every green tree in
you and every dry tree; the blazing flame shall not be quenched, and all faces
from south to north shall be scorched by it. 48 All flesh shall see that I the
LORD have kindled it; it shall not be quenched. 49 Then I said, "Ah Lord GOD!
they are saying of me, 'Is he not a maker of allegories?'"
Song of the sword
1 The word of the LORD came to me: 2 Mortal, set your face toward Jerusalem
and preach against the sanctuaries; prophesy against the land of Israel 3 and
say to the land of Israel, Thus says the LORD: I am coming against you, and
will draw my sword out of its sheath, and will cut off from you both righteous
and wicked. 4 Because I will cut off from you both righteous and wicked,
therefore my sword shall go out of its sheath against all flesh from south to
north; 5 and all flesh shall know that I the LORD have drawn my sword out of
its sheath; it shall not be sheathed again. 6 Moan therefore, mortal; moan
with breaking heart and bitter grief before their eyes. 7 And when they say to
you, "Why do you moan?" you shall say, "Because of the news that has come.
Every heart will melt and all hands will be feeble, every spirit will faint
and all knees will turn to water. See, it comes and it will be fulfilled,"
says the Lord GOD.
8 And the word of the LORD came to me: 9 Mortal, prophesy and say: Thus says
the Lord; Say:
A sword, a sword is sharpened,
it is also polished;
10 it is sharpened for slaughter,
honed to flash like lightning!
How can we make merry?
You have despised the rod,
and all discipline.
11 The sword is given to be polished,
to be grasped in the hand;
it is sharpened, the sword is polished,
to be placed in the slayer's hand.
12 Cry and wail, O mortal,
for it is against my people;
it is against all Israel's princes;
they are thrown to the sword,
together with my people.
Ah! Strike the thigh!
13 For consider: What! If you despise the rod, will it not happen? says the
14 And you, mortal, prophesy;
strike hand to hand.
Let the sword fall twice, thrice;
it is a sword for killing.
A sword for great slaughter –
it surrounds them;
15 therefore hearts melt
and many stumble.
At all their gates I have set
the point of the sword.
Ah! It is made for flashing,
it is polished for slaughter.
16 Attack to the right!
Engage to the left!
– wherever your edge is directed.
17 I too will strike hand to hand,
I will satisfy my fury;
I the LORD have spoken.
The sword of Nebuchadrezzar
18 The word of the LORD came to me: 19 Mortal, mark out two roads for the
sword of the king of Babylon to come; both of them shall issue from the same
land. And make a signpost, make it for a fork in the road leading to a city;
20 mark out the road for the sword to come to Rabbah of the Ammonites or to
Judah and to Jerusalem the fortified. 21 For the king of Babylon stands at the
parting of the way, at the fork in the two roads, to use divination; he shakes
the arrows, he consults the teraphim, he inspects the liver. 22 Into his right
hand comes the lot for Jerusalem, to set battering rams, to call out for
slaughter, for raising the battle cry, to set battering rams against the
gates, to cast up ramps, to build siege towers. 23 But to them it will seem
like a false divination; they have sworn solemn oaths; but he brings their
guilt to remembrance, bringing about their capture.
24 Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: Because you have brought your guilt to
remembrance, in that your transgressions are uncovered, so that in all your
deeds your sins appear – because you have come to remembrance, you shall be
taken in hand.
25 As for you, vile, wicked prince of Israel,
you whose day has come,
the time of final punishment,
26 thus says the Lord GOD:
Remove the turban, take off the crown;
things shall not remain as they are.
Exalt that which is low,
abase that which is high.
27 A ruin, a ruin, a ruin –
I will make it!
(Such has never occurred.)
Until he comes whose right it is;
to him I will give it.
28 As for you, mortal, prophesy, and say, Thus says the Lord GOD concerning
the Ammonites, and concerning their reproach; say:
A sword, a sword! Drawn for slaughter,
polished to consume, to flash like lightning.
29 Offering false visions for you,
divining lies for you,
they place you over the necks
of the vile, wicked ones –
those whose day has come,
the time of final punishment.
30 Return it to its sheath!
In the place where you were created,
in the land of your origin,
I will judge you.
31 I will pour out my indignation upon you,
with the fire of my wrath
I will blow upon you.
I will deliver you into brutish hands,
those skillful to destroy.
32 You shall be fuel for the fire,
your blood shall enter the earth;
you shall be remembered no more,
for I the LORD have spoken.
Prophecies of judgment
1 The word of the LORD came to me: 2 You, mortal, will you judge, will you
judge the bloody city? Then declare to it all its abominable deeds. 3 You
shall say, Thus says the Lord GOD: A city! Shedding blood within itself; its
time has come; making its idols, defiling itself. 4 You have become guilty by
the blood that you have shed, and defiled by the idols that you have made; you
have brought your day near, the appointed time of your years has come.
Therefore I have made you a disgrace before the nations, and a mockery to all
the countries. 5 Those who are near and those who are far from you will mock
you, you infamous one, full of tumult.
6 The princes of Israel in you, everyone according to his power, have been
bent on shedding blood. 7 Father and mother are treated with contempt in you;
the alien residing within you suffers extortion; the orphan and the widow are
wronged in you. 8 You have despised my holy things, and profaned my sabbaths.
9 In you are those who slander to shed blood, those in you who eat upon the
mountains, who commit lewdness in your midst. 10 In you they uncover their
fathers' nakedness; in you they violate women in their menstrual periods. 11
One commits abomination with his neighbor's wife; another lewdly defiles his
daughter-in-law; another in you defiles his sister, his father's daughter. 12
In you, they take bribes to shed blood; you take both advance interest and
accrued interest, and make gain of your neighbors by extortion; and you have
forgotten me, says the Lord GOD.
13 See, I strike my hands together at the dishonest gain you have made, and at
the blood that has been shed within you. 14 Can your courage endure, or can
your hands remain strong in the days when I shall deal with you? I the LORD
have spoken, and I will do it. 15 I will scatter you among the nations and
disperse you through the countries, and I will purge your filthiness out of
you. 16 And I shall be profaned through you in the sight of the nations; and
you shall know that I am the LORD.
Israel is dross
17 The word of the LORD came to me: 18 Mortal, the house of Israel has become
dross to me; all of them, silver, bronze, tin, iron, and lead. In the smelter
they have become dross. 19 Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: Because you have
all become dross, I will gather you into the midst of Jerusalem. 20 As one
gathers silver, bronze, iron, lead, and tin into a smelter, to blow the fire
upon them in order to melt them; so I will gather you in my anger and in my
wrath, and I will put you in and melt you. 21 I will gather you and blow upon
you with the fire of my wrath, and you shall be melted within it. 22 As silver
is melted in a smelter, so you shall be melted in it; and you shall know that
I the LORD have poured out my wrath upon you.
All classes are corrupt
23 The word of the LORD came to me: 24 Mortal, say to it: You are a land that
is not cleansed, not rained upon in the day of indignation. 25 Its princes
within it are like a roaring lion tearing the prey; they have devoured human
lives; they have taken treasure and precious things; they have made many
widows within it. 26 Its priests have done violence to my teaching and have
profaned my holy things; they have made no distinction between the holy and
the common, neither have they taught the difference between the unclean and
the clean, and they have disregarded my sabbaths, so that I am profaned among
them. 27 Its officials within it are like wolves tearing the prey, shedding
blood, destroying lives to get dishonest gain. 28 Its prophets have smeared
whitewash on their behalf, seeing false visions and divining lies for them,
saying, "Thus says the Lord GOD," when the LORD has not spoken. 29 The people
of the land have practiced extortion and committed robbery; they have
oppressed the poor and needy, and have extorted from the alien without
redress. 30 And I sought for anyone among them who would repair the wall and
stand in the breach before me on behalf of the land, so that I would not
destroy it; but I found no one. 31 Therefore I have poured out my indignation
upon them; I have consumed them with the fire of my wrath; I have returned
their conduct upon their heads, says the Lord GOD.
The allegory of the sisters, Oholah and Oholibah
1 The word of the LORD came to me: 2 Mortal, there were two women, the
daughters of one mother; 3 they played the whore in Egypt; they played the
whore in their youth; their breasts were caressed there, and their virgin
bosoms were fondled. 4 Oholah was the name of the elder and Oholibah the name
of her sister. They became mine, and they bore sons and daughters. As for
their names, Oholah is Samaria, and Oholibah is Jerusalem.
5 Oholah played the whore while she was mine; she lusted after her lovers the
Assyrians, warriors 6 clothed in blue, governors and commanders, all of them
handsome young men, mounted horsemen. 7 She bestowed her favors upon them, the
choicest men of Assyria all of them; and she defiled herself with all the
idols of everyone for whom she lusted. 8 She did not give up her whorings that
she had practiced since Egypt; for in her youth men had lain with her and
fondled her virgin bosom and poured out their lust upon her. 9 Therefore I
delivered her into the hands of her lovers, into the hands of the Assyrians,
for whom she lusted. 10 These uncovered her nakedness; they seized her sons
and her daughters; and they killed her with the sword. Judgment was executed
upon her, and she became a byword among women.
11 Her sister Oholibah saw this, yet she was more corrupt than she in her
lusting and in her whorings, which were worse than those of her sister. 12 She
lusted after the Assyrians, governors and commanders, warriors clothed in full
armor, mounted horsemen, all of them handsome young men. 13 And I saw that she
was defiled; they both took the same way. 14 But she carried her whorings
further; she saw male figures carved on the wall, images of the Chaldeans
portrayed in vermilion, 15 with belts around their waists, with flowing
turbans on their heads, all of them looking like officers – a picture of
Babylonians whose native land was Chaldea. 16 When she saw them she lusted
after them, and sent messengers to them in Chaldea. 17 And the Babylonians
came to her into the bed of love, and they defiled her with their lust; and
after she defiled herself with them, she turned from them in disgust. 18 When
she carried on her whorings so openly and flaunted her nakedness, I turned in
disgust from her, as I had turned from her sister. 19 Yet she increased her
whorings, remembering the days of her youth, when she played the whore in the
land of Egypt 20 and lusted after her paramours there, whose members were like
those of donkeys, and whose emission was like that of stallions. 21 Thus you
longed for the lewdness of your youth, when the Egyptians fondled your bosom
and caressed your young breasts.
22 Therefore, O Oholibah, thus says the Lord GOD: I will rouse against you
your lovers from whom you turned in disgust, and I will bring them against you
from every side: 23 the Babylonians and all the Chaldeans, Pekod and Shoa and
Koa, and all the Assyrians with them, handsome young men, governors and
commanders all of them, officers and warriors, all of them riding on horses.
24 They shall come against you from the north with chariots and wagons and a
host of peoples; they shall set themselves against you on every side with
buckler, shield, and helmet, and I will commit the judgment to them, and they
shall judge you according to their ordinances. 25 I will direct my indignation
against you, in order that they may deal with you in fury. They shall cut off
your nose and your ears, and your survivors shall fall by the sword. They
shall seize your sons and your daughters, and your survivors shall be devoured
by fire. 26 They shall also strip you of your clothes and take away your fine
jewels. 27 So I will put an end to your lewdness and your whoring brought from
the land of Egypt; you shall not long for them, or remember Egypt any more. 28
For thus says the Lord GOD: I will deliver you into the hands of those whom
you hate, into the hands of those from whom you turned in disgust; 29 and they
shall deal with you in hatred, and take away all the fruit of your labor, and
leave you naked and bare, and the nakedness of your whorings shall be exposed.
Your lewdness and your whorings 30 have brought this upon you, because you
played the whore with the nations, and polluted yourself with their idols. 31
You have gone the way of your sister; therefore I will give her cup into your
hand. 32 Thus says the Lord GOD:
You shall drink your sister's cup,
deep and wide;
you shall be scorned and derided,
it holds so much.
33 You shall be filled with drunkenness and sorrow.
A cup of horror and desolation
is the cup of your sister Samaria;
34 you shall drink it and drain it out,
and gnaw its sherds,
and tear out your breasts;
for I have spoken, says the Lord GOD. 35 Therefore thus says the Lord GOD:
Because you have forgotten me and cast me behind your back, therefore bear the
consequences of your lewdness and whorings.
36 The LORD said to me: Mortal, will you judge Oholah and Oholibah? Then
declare to them their abominable deeds. 37 For they have committed adultery,
and blood is on their hands; with their idols they have committed adultery;
and they have even offered up to them for food the children whom they had
borne to me. 38 Moreover this they have done to me: they have defiled my
sanctuary on the same day and profaned my sabbaths. 39 For when they had
slaughtered their children for their idols, on the same day they came into my
sanctuary to profane it. This is what they did in my house.
40 They even sent for men to come from far away, to whom a messenger was sent,
and they came. For them you bathed yourself, painted your eyes, and decked
yourself with ornaments; 41 you sat on a stately couch, with a table spread
before it on which you had placed my incense and my oil. 42 The sound of a
raucous multitude was around her, with many of the rabble brought in drunken
from the wilderness; and they put bracelets on the arms of the women, and
beautiful crowns upon their heads.
43 Then I said, Ah, she is worn out with adulteries, but they carry on their
sexual acts with her. 44 For they have gone in to her, as one goes in to a
whore. Thus they went in to Oholah and to Oholibah, wanton women. 45 But
righteous judges shall declare them guilty of adultery and of bloodshed;
because they are adulteresses and blood is on their hands.
46 For thus says the Lord GOD: Bring up an assembly against them, and make
them an object of terror and of plunder. 47 The assembly shall stone them and
with their swords they shall cut them down; they shall kill their sons and
their daughters, and burn up their houses. 48 Thus will I put an end to
lewdness in the land, so that all women may take warning and not commit
lewdness as you have done. 49 They shall repay you for your lewdness, and you
shall bear the penalty for your sinful idolatry; and you shall know that I am
the Lord GOD.
The allegory of the pot
1 In the ninth year, in the tenth month, on the tenth day of the month, the
word of the LORD came to me: 2 Mortal, write down the name of this day, this
very day. The king of Babylon has laid siege to Jerusalem this very day. 3 And
utter an allegory to the rebellious house and say to them, Thus says the Lord
Set on the pot, set it on,
pour in water also;
4 put in it the pieces,
all the good pieces, the thigh and the shoulder;
fill it with choice bones.
5 Take the choicest one of the flock,
pile the logs under it;
boil its pieces,
seethe also its bones in it.
6 Therefore thus says the Lord GOD:
Woe to the bloody city,
the pot whose rust is in it,
whose rust has not gone out of it!
Empty it piece by piece,
making no choice at all.
7 For the blood she shed is inside it;
she placed it on a bare rock;
she did not pour it out on the ground,
to cover it with earth.
8 To rouse my wrath, to take vengeance,
I have placed the blood she shed
on a bare rock,
so that it may not be covered.
9 Therefore thus says the Lord GOD:
Woe to the bloody city!
I will even make the pile great.
10 Heap up the logs, kindle the fire;
boil the meat well, mix in the spices,
let the bones be burned.
11 Stand it empty upon the coals,
so that it may become hot, its copper glow,
its filth melt in it, its rust be consumed.
12 In vain I have wearied myself;
its thick rust does not depart.
To the fire with its rust!
13 Yet, when I cleansed you in your filthy lewdness,
you did not become clean from your filth;
you shall not again be cleansed
until I have satisfied my fury upon you.
14 I the LORD have spoken; the time is coming, I will act. I will not refrain,
I will not spare, I will not relent. According to your ways and your doings I
will judge you, says the Lord GOD.
The sign of the death of Ezekiel's wife
15 The word of the LORD came to me: 16 Mortal, with one blow I am about to
take away from you the delight of your eyes; yet you shall not mourn or weep,
nor shall your tears run down. 17 Sigh, but not aloud; make no mourning for
the dead. Bind on your turban, and put your sandals on your feet; do not cover
your upper lip or eat the bread of mourners. 18 So I spoke to the people in
the morning, and at evening my wife died. And on the next morning I did as I
19 Then the people said to me, "Will you not tell us what these things mean
for us, that you are acting this way?" 20 Then I said to them: The word of the
LORD came to me: 21 Say to the house of Israel, Thus says the Lord GOD: I will
profane my sanctuary, the pride of your power, the delight of your eyes, and
your heart's desire; and your sons and your daughters whom you left behind
shall fall by the sword. 22 And you shall do as I have done; you shall not
cover your upper lip or eat the bread of mourners. 23 Your turbans shall be on
your heads and your sandals on your feet; you shall not mourn or weep, but you
shall pine away in your iniquities and groan to one another. 24 Thus Ezekiel
shall be a sign to you; you shall do just as he has done. When this comes,
then you shall know that I am the Lord GOD.
The release from speechlessness predicted
25 And you, mortal, on the day when I take from them their stronghold, their
joy and glory, the delight of their eyes and their heart's affection, and also
their sons and their daughters, 26 on that day, one who has escaped will come
to you to report to you the news. 27 On that day your mouth shall be opened to
the one who has escaped, and you shall speak and no longer be silent. So you
shall be a sign to them; and they shall know that I am the LORD.
Part III: Oracles against the nations; oracles against Ammon, Moab, Edom, and
1 The word of the LORD came to me: 2 Mortal, set your face toward the
Ammonites and prophesy against them. 3 Say to the Ammonites, Hear the word of
the Lord GOD: Thus says the Lord GOD, Because you said, "Aha!" over my
sanctuary when it was profaned, and over the land of Israel when it was made
desolate, and over the house of Judah when it went into exile; 4 therefore I
am handing you over to the people of the east for a possession. They shall set
their encampments among you and pitch their tents in your midst; they shall
eat your fruit, and they shall drink your milk. 5 I will make Rabbah a pasture
for camels and Ammon a fold for flocks. Then you shall know that I am the
LORD. 6 For thus says the Lord GOD: Because you have clapped your hands and
stamped your feet and rejoiced with all the malice within you against the land
of Israel, 7 therefore I have stretched out my hand against you, and will hand
you over as plunder to the nations. I will cut you off from the peoples and
will make you perish out of the countries; I will destroy you. Then you shall
know that I am the LORD.
8 Thus says the Lord GOD: Because Moab said, The house of Judah is like all
the other nations, 9 therefore I will lay open the flank of Moab from the
towns on its frontier, the glory of the country, Beth-jeshimoth, Baal-meon,
and Kiriathaim. 10 I will give it along with Ammon to the people of the east
as a possession. Thus Ammon shall be remembered no more among the nations, 11
and I will execute judgments upon Moab. Then they shall know that I am the
12 Thus says the Lord GOD: Because Edom acted revengefully against the house
of Judah and has grievously offended in taking vengeance upon them, 13
therefore thus says the Lord GOD, I will stretch out my hand against Edom, and
cut off from it humans and animals, and I will make it desolate; from Teman
even to Dedan they shall fall by the sword. 14 I will lay my vengeance upon
Edom by the hand of my people Israel; and they shall act in Edom according to
my anger and according to my wrath; and they shall know my vengeance, says the
15 Thus says the Lord GOD: Because with unending hostilities the Philistines
acted in vengeance, and with malice of heart took revenge in destruction; 16
therefore thus says the Lord GOD, I will stretch out my hand against the
Philistines, cut off the Cherethites, and destroy the rest of the seacoast. 17
I will execute great vengeance on them with wrathful punishments. Then they
shall know that I am the LORD, when I lay my vengeance on them.
Oracles against Tyre; Tyre is to be destroyed by Nebuchadrezzar
1 In the eleventh year, on the first day of the month, the word of the LORD
came to me: 2 Mortal, because Tyre said concerning Jerusalem,
"Aha, broken is the gateway of the peoples;
it has swung open to me;
I shall be replenished,
now that it is wasted,"
3 therefore, thus says the Lord GOD:
See, I am against you, O Tyre!
I will hurl many nations against you,
as the sea hurls its waves.
4 They shall destroy the walls of Tyre
and break down its towers.
I will scrape its soil from it
and make it a bare rock.
5 It shall become, in the midst of the sea,
a place for spreading nets.
I have spoken, says the Lord GOD.
It shall become plunder for the nations,
6 and its daughter-towns in the country
shall be killed by the sword.
Then they shall know that I am the LORD.
7 For thus says the Lord GOD: I will bring against Tyre from the north King
Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon, king of kings, together with horses, chariots,
cavalry, and a great and powerful army.
8 Your daughter-towns in the country
he shall put to the sword.
He shall set up a siege wall against you,
cast up a ramp against you,
and raise a roof of shields against you.
9 He shall direct the shock of his battering rams against your walls
and break down your towers with his axes.
10 His horses shall be so many
that their dust shall cover you.
At the noise of cavalry, wheels, and chariots
your very walls shall shake,
when he enters your gates
like those entering a breached city.
11 With the hoofs of his horses
he shall trample all your streets.
He shall put your people to the sword,
and your strong pillars shall fall to the ground.
12 They will plunder your riches
and loot your merchandise;
they shall break down your walls
and destroy your fine houses.
Your stones and timber and soil
they shall cast into the water.
13 I will silence the music of your songs;
the sound of your lyres shall be heard no more.
14 I will make you a bare rock;
you shall be a place for spreading nets.
You shall never again be rebuilt,
for I the LORD have spoken,
says the Lord GOD.
15 Thus says the Lord GOD to Tyre: Shall not the coastlands shake at the sound
of your fall, when the wounded groan, when slaughter goes on within you? 16
Then all the princes of the sea shall step down from their thrones; they shall
remove their robes and strip off their embroidered garments. They shall clothe
themselves with trembling, and shall sit on the ground; they shall tremble
every moment, and be appalled at you. 17 And they shall raise a lamentation
over you, and say to you:
How you have vanished from the seas,
O city renowned,
once mighty on the sea,
you and your inhabitants,
who imposed your terror
on all the mainland!
18 Now the coastlands tremble
on the day of your fall;
the coastlands by the sea
are dismayed at your passing.
19 For thus says the Lord GOD: When I make you a city laid waste, like cities
that are not inhabited, when I bring up the deep over you, and the great
waters cover you, 20 then I will thrust you down with those who descend into
the Pit, to the people of long ago, and I will make you live in the world
below, among primeval ruins, with those who go down to the Pit, so that you
will not be inhabited or have a place in the land of the living. 21 I will
bring you to a dreadful end, and you shall be no more; though sought for, you
will never be found again, says the Lord GOD.
Dirge over the ship Tyre
1 The word of the LORD came to me: 2 Now you, mortal, raise a lamentation over
Tyre, 3 and say to Tyre, which sits at the entrance to the sea, merchant of
the peoples on many coastlands, Thus says the Lord GOD:
O Tyre, you have said,
"I am perfect in beauty."
4 Your borders are in the heart of the seas;
your builders made perfect your beauty.
5 They made all your planks
of fir trees from Senir;
they took a cedar from Lebanon
to make a mast for you.
6 From oaks of Bashan
they made your oars;
they made your deck of pines
from the coasts of Cyprus,
inlaid with ivory.
7 Of fine embroidered linen from Egypt
was your sail,
serving as your ensign;
blue and purple from the coasts of Elishah
was your awning.
8 The inhabitants of Sidon and Arvad
were your rowers;
skilled men of Zemer were within you,
they were your pilots.
9 The elders of Gebal and its artisans were within you,
caulking your seams;
all the ships of the sea with their mariners were within you,
to barter for your wares.
10 Paras and Lud and Put
were in your army,
your mighty warriors;
they hung shield and helmet in you;
they gave you splendor.
11 Men of Arvad and Helech
were on your walls all around;
men of Gamad were at your towers.
They hung their quivers all around your walls;
they made perfect your beauty.
12 Tarshish did business with you out of the abundance of your great wealth;
silver, iron, tin, and lead they exchanged for your wares. 13 Javan, Tubal,
and Meshech traded with you; they exchanged human beings and vessels of bronze
for your merchandise. 14 Beth-togarmah exchanged for your wares horses, war
horses, and mules. 15 The Rhodians traded with you; many coastlands were your
own special markets; they brought you in payment ivory tusks and ebony. 16
Edom did business with you because of your abundant goods; they exchanged for
your wares turquoise, purple, embroidered work, fine linen, coral, and rubies.
17 Judah and the land of Israel traded with you; they exchanged for your
merchandise wheat from Minnith, millet, honey, oil, and balm. 18 Damascus
traded with you for your abundant goods – because of your great wealth of
every kind – wine of Helbon, and white wool. 19 Vedan and Javan from Uzal
entered into trade for your wares; wrought iron, cassia, and sweet cane were
bartered for your merchandise. 20 Dedan traded with you in saddlecloths for
riding. 21 Arabia and all the princes of Kedar were your favored dealers in
lambs, rams, and goats; in these they did business with you. 22 The merchants
of Sheba and Raamah traded with you; they exchanged for your wares the best of
all kinds of spices, and all precious stones, and gold. 23 Haran, Canneh,
Eden, the merchants of Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad traded with you. 24 These
traded with you in choice garments, in clothes of blue and embroidered work,
and in carpets of colored material, bound with cords and made secure; in these
they traded with you. 25 The ships of Tarshish traveled for you in your trade.
So you were filled and heavily laden
in the heart of the seas.
26 Your rowers have brought you
into the high seas.
The east wind has wrecked you
in the heart of the seas.
27 Your riches, your wares, your merchandise,
your mariners and your pilots,
your caulkers, your dealers in merchandise,
and all your warriors within you,
with all the company
that is with you,
sink into the heart of the seas
on the day of your ruin.
28 At the sound of the cry of your pilots
the countryside shakes,
29 and down from their ships
come all that handle the oar.
The mariners and all the pilots of the sea
stand on the shore
30 and wail aloud over you,
and cry bitterly.
They throw dust on their heads
and wallow in ashes;
31 they make themselves bald for you,
and put on sackcloth,
and they weep over you in bitterness of soul,
with bitter mourning.
32 In their wailing they raise a lamentation for you,
and lament over you:
"Who was ever destroyed like Tyre
in the midst of the sea?
33 When your wares came from the seas,
you satisfied many peoples;
with your abundant wealth and merchandise
you enriched the kings of the earth.
34 Now you are wrecked by the seas,
in the depths of the waters;
your merchandise and all your crew
have sunk with you.
35 All the inhabitants of the coastlands
are appalled at you;
and their kings are horribly afraid,
their faces are convulsed.
36 The merchants among the peoples hiss at you;
you have come to a dreadful end
and shall be no more forever."
Oracle against the leader of Tyre
1 The word of the LORD came to me: 2 Mortal, say to the prince of Tyre, Thus
says the Lord GOD:
Because your heart is proud
and you have said, "I am a god;
I sit in the seat of the gods,
in the heart of the seas,"
yet you are but a mortal, and no god,
though you compare your mind
with the mind of a god.
3 You are indeed wiser than Daniel;
no secret is hidden from you;
4 by your wisdom and your understanding
you have amassed wealth for yourself,
and have gathered gold and silver
into your treasuries.
5 By your great wisdom in trade
you have increased your wealth,
and your heart has become proud in your wealth.
6 Therefore thus says the Lord GOD:
Because you compare your mind
with the mind of a god,
7 therefore, I will bring strangers against you,
the most terrible of the nations;
they shall draw their swords against the beauty of your wisdom
and defile your splendor.
8 They shall thrust you down to the Pit,
and you shall die a violent death
in the heart of the seas.
9 Will you still say, "I am a god,"
in the presence of those who kill you,
though you are but a mortal, and no god,
in the hands of those who wound you?
10 You shall die the death of the uncircumcised
by the hand of foreigners;
for I have spoken, says the Lord GOD.
A dirge over the king of Tyre
11 Moreover the word of the LORD came to me: 12 Mortal, raise a lamentation
over the king of Tyre, and say to him, Thus says the Lord GOD:
You were the signet of perfection,
full of wisdom and perfect in beauty.
13 You were in Eden, the garden of God;
every precious stone was your covering,
carnelian, chrysolite, and moonstone,
beryl, onyx, and jasper,
sapphire, turquoise, and emerald;
and worked in gold were your settings
and your engravings.
On the day that you were created
they were prepared.
14 With an anointed cherub as guardian I placed you;
you were on the holy mountain of God;
you walked among the stones of fire.
15 You were blameless in your ways
from the day that you were created,
until iniquity was found in you.
16 In the abundance of your trade
you were filled with violence, and you sinned;
so I cast you as a profane thing from the mountain of God,
and the guardian cherub drove you out
from among the stones of fire.
17 Your heart was proud because of your beauty;
you corrupted your wisdom for the sake of your splendor.
I cast you to the ground;
I exposed you before kings,
to feast their eyes on you.
18 By the multitude of your iniquities,
in the unrighteousness of your trade,
you profaned your sanctuaries.
So I brought out fire from within you;
it consumed you,
and I turned you to ashes on the earth
in the sight of all who saw you.
19 All who know you among the peoples
are appalled at you;
you have come to a dreadful end
and shall be no more forever.
Oracle against Sidon
20 The word of the LORD came to me: 21 Mortal, set your face toward Sidon, and
prophesy against it, 22 and say, Thus says the Lord GOD:
I am against you, O Sidon,
and I will gain glory in your midst.
They shall know that I am the LORD
when I execute judgments in it,
and manifest my holiness in it;
23 for I will send pestilence into it,
and bloodshed into its streets;
and the dead shall fall in its midst,
by the sword that is against it on every side.
And they shall know that I am the LORD.
24 The house of Israel shall no longer find a pricking brier or a piercing
thorn among all their neighbors who have treated them with contempt. And they
shall know that I am the Lord GOD.
25 Thus says the Lord GOD: When I gather the house of Israel from the peoples
among whom they are scattered, and manifest my holiness in them in the sight
of the nations, then they shall settle on their own soil that I gave to my
servant Jacob. 26 They shall live in safety in it, and shall build houses and
plant vineyards. They shall live in safety, when I execute judgments upon all
their neighbors who have treated them with contempt. And they shall know that
I am the LORD their God.
Prophecies against Egypt; against Pharaoh (7 Jan 587 BCE)
1 In the tenth year, in the tenth month, on the twelfth day of the month, the
word of the LORD came to me: 2 Mortal, set your face against Pharaoh king of
Egypt, and prophesy against him and against all Egypt; 3 speak, and say, Thus
says the Lord GOD:
I am against you,
Pharaoh king of Egypt,
the great dragon sprawling
in the midst of its channels,
saying, "My Nile is my own;
I made it for myself."
4 I will put hooks in your jaws,
and make the fish of your channels stick to your scales.
I will draw you up from your channels,
with all the fish of your channels
sticking to your scales.
5 I will fling you into the wilderness,
you and all the fish of your channels;
you shall fall in the open field,
and not be gathered and buried.
To the animals of the earth and to the birds of the air
I have given you as food.
6 Then all the inhabitants of Egypt shall know
that I am the LORD
because you were a staff of reed
to the house of Israel;
7 when they grasped you with the hand, you broke,
and tore all their shoulders;
and when they leaned on you, you broke,
and made all their legs unsteady.
8 Therefore, thus says the Lord GOD: I will bring a sword upon you, and will
cut off from you human being and animal; 9 and the land of Egypt shall be a
desolation and a waste. Then they shall know that I am the LORD.
Because you said, "The Nile is mine, and I made it," 10 therefore, I am
against you, and against your channels, and I will make the land of Egypt an
utter waste and desolation, from Migdol to Syene, as far as the border of
Ethiopia. 11 No human foot shall pass through it, and no animal foot shall
pass through it; it shall be uninhabited forty years. 12 I will make the land
of Egypt a desolation among desolated countries; and her cities shall be a
desolation forty years among cities that are laid waste. I will scatter the
Egyptians among the nations, and disperse them among the countries.
13 Further, thus says the Lord GOD: At the end of forty years I will gather
the Egyptians from the peoples among whom they were scattered; 14 and I will
restore the fortunes of Egypt, and bring them back to the land of Pathros, the
land of their origin; and there they shall be a lowly kingdom. 15 It shall be
the most lowly of the kingdoms, and never again exalt itself above the
nations; and I will make them so small that they will never again rule over
the nations. 16 The Egyptians shall never again be the reliance of the house
of Israel; they will recall their iniquity, when they turned to them for aid.
Then they shall know that I am the Lord GOD.
Egypt as "wages" for Nebuchadrezzar, instead of Tyre
17 In the twenty-seventh year, in the first month, on the first day of the
month, the word of the LORD came to me: 18 Mortal, King Nebuchadrezzar of
Babylon made his army labor hard against Tyre; every head was made bald and
every shoulder was rubbed bare; yet neither he nor his army got anything from
Tyre to pay for the labor that he had expended against it. 19 Therefore thus
says the Lord GOD: I will give the land of Egypt to King Nebuchadrezzar of
Babylon; and he shall carry off its wealth and despoil it and plunder it; and
it shall be the wages for his army. 20 I have given him the land of Egypt as
his payment for which he labored, because they worked for me, says the Lord
21 On that day I will cause a horn to sprout up for the house of Israel, and I
will open your lips among them. Then they shall know that I am the LORD.
The doom of Egypt
1 The word of the LORD came to me: 2 Mortal, prophesy, and say, Thus says the
Wail, "Alas for the day!"
3 For a day is near,
the day of the LORD is near;
it will be a day of clouds,
a time of doom for the nations.
4 A sword shall come upon Egypt,
and anguish shall be in Ethiopia,
when the slain fall in Egypt,
and its wealth is carried away,
and its foundations are torn down.
5 Ethiopia, and Put, and Lud, and all Arabia, and Libya, and the people of the
allied land shall fall with them by the sword.
6 Thus says the LORD:
Those who support Egypt shall fall,
and its proud might shall come down;
from Migdol to Syene
they shall fall within it by the sword,
says the Lord GOD.
7 They shall be desolated among other desolated countries,
and their cities shall lie among cities laid waste.
8 Then they shall know that I am the LORD,
when I have set fire to Egypt,
and all who help it are broken.
9 On that day, messengers shall go out from me in ships to terrify the
unsuspecting Ethiopians; and anguish shall come upon them on the day of
Egypt's doom; for it is coming!
10 Thus says the Lord GOD:
I will put an end to the hordes of Egypt,
by the hand of King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon.
11 He and his people with him, the most terrible of the nations,
shall be brought in to destroy the land;
and they shall draw their swords against Egypt,
and fill the land with the slain.
12 I will dry up the channels,
and will sell the land into the hand of evildoers;
I will bring desolation upon the land and everything in it
by the hand of foreigners;
I the LORD have spoken.
13 Thus says the Lord GOD:
I will destroy the idols
and put an end to the images in Memphis;
there shall no longer be a prince in the land of Egypt;
so I will put fear in the land of Egypt.
14 I will make Pathros a desolation,
and will set fire to Zoan,
and will execute acts of judgment on Thebes.
15 I will pour my wrath upon Pelusium,
the stronghold of Egypt,
and cut off the hordes of Thebes.
16 I will set fire to Egypt;
Pelusium shall be in great agony;
Thebes shall be breached,
and Memphis face adversaries by day.
17 The young men of On and of Pi-beseth shall fall by the sword;
and the cities themselves shall go into captivity.
18 At Tehaphnehes the day shall be dark,
when I break there the dominion of Egypt,
and its proud might shall come to an end;
the city shall be covered by a cloud,
and its daughter-towns shall go into captivity.
19 Thus I will execute acts of judgment on Egypt.
Then they shall know that I am the LORD.
20 In the eleventh year, in the first month, on the seventh day of the month,
the word of the LORD came to me: 21 Mortal, I have broken the arm of Pharaoh
king of Egypt; it has not been bound up for healing or wrapped with a bandage,
so that it may become strong to wield the sword. 22 Therefore thus says the
Lord GOD: I am against Pharaoh king of Egypt, and will break his arms, both
the strong arm and the one that was broken; and I will make the sword fall
from his hand. 23 I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations, and disperse
them throughout the lands. 24 I will strengthen the arms of the king of
Babylon, and put my sword in his hand; but I will break the arms of Pharaoh,
and he will groan before him with the groans of one mortally wounded. 25 I
will strengthen the arms of the king of Babylon, but the arms of Pharaoh shall
fall. And they shall know that I am the LORD, when I put my sword into the
hand of the king of Babylon. He shall stretch it out against the land of
Egypt, 26 and I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations and disperse them
throughout the countries. Then they shall know that I am the LORD.
The comparison between Assyria and Egypt
1 In the eleventh year, in the third month, on the first day of the month, the
word of the LORD came to me: 2 Mortal, say to Pharaoh king of Egypt and to his
Whom are you like in your greatness?
3 Consider Assyria, a cedar of Lebanon,
with fair branches and forest shade,
and of great height,
its top among the clouds.
4 The waters nourished it,
the deep made it grow tall,
making its rivers flow
around the place it was planted,
sending forth its streams
to all the trees of the field.
5 So it towered high
above all the trees of the field;
its boughs grew large
and its branches long,
from abundant water in its shoots.
6 All the birds of the air
made their nests in its boughs;
under its branches all the animals of the field
gave birth to their young;
and in its shade
all great nations lived.
7 It was beautiful in its greatness,
in the length of its branches;
for its roots went down
to abundant water.
8 The cedars in the garden of God could not rival it,
nor the fir trees equal its boughs;
the plane trees were as nothing
compared with its branches;
no tree in the garden of God
was like it in beauty.
9 I made it beautiful
with its mass of branches,
the envy of all the trees of Eden
that were in the garden of God.
10 Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: Because it towered high and set its top
among the clouds, and its heart was proud of its height, 11 I gave it into the
hand of the prince of the nations; he has dealt with it as its wickedness
deserves. I have cast it out. 12 Foreigners from the most terrible of the
nations have cut it down and left it. On the mountains and in all the valleys
its branches have fallen, and its boughs lie broken in all the watercourses of
the land; and all the peoples of the earth went away from its shade and left
13 On its fallen trunk settle
all the birds of the air,
and among its boughs lodge
all the wild animals.
14 All this is in order that no trees by the waters may grow to lofty height
or set their tops among the clouds, and that no trees that drink water may
reach up to them in height.
For all of them are handed over to death,
to the world below;
along with all mortals,
with those who go down to the Pit.
15 Thus says the Lord GOD: On the day it went down to Sheol I closed the deep
over it and covered it; I restrained its rivers, and its mighty waters were
checked. I clothed Lebanon in gloom for it, and all the trees of the field
fainted because of it. 16 I made the nations quake at the sound of its fall,
when I cast it down to Sheol with those who go down to the Pit; and all the
trees of Eden, the choice and best of Lebanon, all that were well watered,
were consoled in the world below. 17 They also went down to Sheol with it, to
those killed by the sword, along with its allies, those who lived in its shade
among the nations.
18 Which among the trees of Eden was like you in glory and in greatness? Now
you shall be brought down with the trees of Eden to the world below; you shall
lie among the uncircumcised, with those who are killed by the sword. This is
Pharaoh and all his horde, says the Lord GOD.
Dirge over Pharaoh
1 In the twelfth year, in the twelfth month, on the first day of the month,
the word of the LORD came to me: 2 Mortal, raise a lamentation over Pharaoh
king of Egypt, and say to him:
You consider yourself a lion among the nations,
but you are like a dragon in the seas;v you thrash about in your
trouble the water with your feet,
and foul your streams.
3 Thus says the Lord GOD:
In an assembly of many peoples
I will throw my net over you;
and I will haul you up in my dragnet.
4 I will throw you on the ground,
on the open field I will fling you,
and will cause all the birds of the air to settle on you,
and I will let the wild animals of the whole earth gorge themselves with
5 I will strew your flesh on the mountains,
and fill the valleys with your carcass.
6 I will drench the land with your flowing blood
up to the mountains,
and the watercourses will be filled with you.
7 When I blot you out, I will cover the heavens,
and make their stars dark;
I will cover the sun with a cloud,
and the moon shall not give its light.
8 All the shining lights of the heavens
I will darken above you,
and put darkness on your land,
says the Lord GOD.
9 I will trouble the hearts of many peoples,
as I carry you captive among the nations,
into countries you have not known.
10 I will make many peoples appalled at you;
their kings shall shudder because of you.
When I brandish my sword before them,
they shall tremble every moment
for their lives, each one of them,
on the day of your downfall.
11 For thus says the Lord GOD:
The sword of the king of Babylon shall come against you.
12 I will cause your hordes to fall
by the swords of mighty ones,
all of them most terrible among the nations.
They shall bring to ruin the pride of Egypt,
and all its hordes shall perish.
13 I will destroy all its livestock
from beside abundant waters;
and no human foot shall trouble them any more,
nor shall the hoofs of cattle trouble them.
14 Then I will make their waters clear,
and cause their streams to run like oil, says the Lord GOD.
15 When I make the land of Egypt desolate
and when the land is stripped of all that fills it,
when I strike down all who live in it,
then they shall know that I am the LORD.
16 This is a lamentation; it shall be chanted.
The women of the nations shall chant it.
Over Egypt and all its hordes they shall chant it,
says the Lord GOD.
Egypt in the underworld
17 In the twelfth year, in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the month,
the word of the LORD came to me:
18 Mortal, wail over the hordes of Egypt,
and send them down,
with Egypt and the daughters of majestic nations,
to the world below,
with those who go down to the Pit.
19 "Whom do you surpass in beauty?
Go down! Be laid to rest with the uncircumcised!"
20 They shall fall among those who are killed by the sword. Egypt has been
handed over to the sword; carry away both it and its hordes. 21 The mighty
chiefs shall speak of them, with their helpers, out of the midst of Sheol:
"They have come down, they lie still, the uncircumcised, killed by the sword."
22 Assyria is there, and all its company, their graves all around it, all of
them killed, fallen by the sword. 23 Their graves are set in the uttermost
parts of the Pit. Its company is all around its grave, all of them killed,
fallen by the sword, who spread terror in the land of the living.
24 Elam is there, and all its hordes around its grave; all of them killed,
fallen by the sword, who went down uncircumcised into the world below, who
spread terror in the land of the living. They bear their shame with those who
go down to the Pit. 25 They have made Elam a bed among the slain with all its
hordes, their graves all around it, all of them uncircumcised, killed by the
sword; for terror of them was spread in the land of the living, and they bear
their shame with those who go down to the Pit; they are placed among the
26 Meshech and Tubal are there, and all their multitude, their graves all
around them, all of them uncircumcised, killed by the sword; for they spread
terror in the land of the living. 27 And they do not lie with the fallen
warriors of long ago who went down to Sheol with their weapons of war, whose
swords were laid under their heads, and whose shields are upon their bones;
for the terror of the warriors was in the land of the living. 28 So you shall
be broken and lie among the uncircumcised, with those who are killed by the
29 Edom is there, its kings and all its princes, who for all their might are
laid with those who are killed by the sword; they lie with the uncircumcised,
with those who go down to the Pit.
30 The princes of the north are there, all of them, and all the Sidonians, who
have gone down in shame with the slain, for all the terror that they caused by
their might; they lie uncircumcised with those who are killed by the sword,
and bear their shame with those who go down to the Pit.
31 When Pharaoh sees them, he will be consoled for all his hordes – Pharaoh
and all his army, killed by the sword, says the Lord GOD. 32 For he spread
terror in the land of the living; therefore he shall be laid to rest among the
uncircumcised, with those who are slain by the sword – Pharaoh and all his
multitude, says the Lord GOD.
Part IV: Prophecies of Israel's restoration; clarification of Ezekiel's role
1 The word of the LORD came to me: 2 O Mortal, speak to your people and say to
them, If I bring the sword upon a land, and the people of the land take one of
their number as their sentinel; 3 and if the sentinel sees the sword coming
upon the land and blows the trumpet and warns the people; 4 then if any who
hear the sound of the trumpet do not take warning, and the sword comes and
takes them away, their blood shall be upon their own heads. 5 They heard the
sound of the trumpet and did not take warning; their blood shall be upon
themselves. But if they had taken warning, they would have saved their lives.
6 But if the sentinel sees the sword coming and does not blow the trumpet, so
that the people are not warned, and the sword comes and takes any of them,
they are taken away in their iniquity, but their blood I will require at the
7 So you, mortal, I have made a sentinel for the house of Israel; whenever you
hear a word from my mouth, you shall give them warning from me. 8 If I say to
the wicked, "O wicked ones, you shall surely die," and you do not speak to
warn the wicked to turn from their ways, the wicked shall die in their
iniquity, but their blood I will require at your hand. 9 But if you warn the
wicked to turn from their ways, and they do not turn from their ways, the
wicked shall die in their iniquity, but you will have saved your life.
10 Now you, mortal, say to the house of Israel, Thus you have said: "Our
transgressions and our sins weigh upon us, and we waste away because of them;
how then can we live?" 11 Say to them, As I live, says the Lord GOD, I have no
pleasure in the death of the wicked, but that the wicked turn from their ways
and live; turn back, turn back from your evil ways; for why will you die, O
house of Israel? 12 And you, mortal, say to your people, The righteousness of
the righteous shall not save them when they transgress; and as for the
wickedness of the wicked, it shall not make them stumble when they turn from
their wickedness; and the righteous shall not be able to live by their
righteousness when they sin. 13 Though I say to the righteous that they shall
surely live, yet if they trust in their righteousness and commit iniquity,
none of their righteous deeds shall be remembered; but in the iniquity that
they have committed they shall die. 14 Again, though I say to the wicked, "You
shall surely die," yet if they turn from their sin and do what is lawful and
right – 15 if the wicked restore the pledge, give back what they have taken by
robbery, and walk in the statutes of life, committing no iniquity – they shall
surely live, they shall not die. 16 None of the sins that they have committed
shall be remembered against them; they have done what is lawful and right,
they shall surely live.
17 Yet your people say, "The way of the Lord is not just," when it is their
own way that is not just. 18 When the righteous turn from their righteousness,
and commit iniquity, they shall die for it. 19 And when the wicked turn from
their wickedness, and do what is lawful and right, they shall live by it. 20
Yet you say, "The way of the Lord is not just." O house of Israel, I will
judge all of you according to your ways!
Release from speechlessness
21 In the twelfth year of our exile, in the tenth month, on the fifth day of
the month, someone who had escaped from Jerusalem came to me and said, "The
city has fallen." 22 Now the hand of the LORD had been upon me the evening
before the fugitive came; but he had opened my mouth by the time the fugitive
came to me in the morning; so my mouth was opened, and I was no longer unable
Resistance in the homeland and in exile
23 The word of the LORD came to me: 24 Mortal, the inhabitants of these waste
places in the land of Israel keep saying, "Abraham was only one man, yet he
got possession of the land; but we are many; the land is surely given us to
possess." 25 Therefore say to them, Thus says the Lord GOD: You eat flesh with
the blood, and lift up your eyes to your idols, and shed blood; shall you then
possess the land? 26 You depend on your swords, you commit abominations, and
each of you defiles his neighbor's wife; shall you then possess the land? 27
Say this to them, Thus says the Lord GOD: As I live, surely those who are in
the waste places shall fall by the sword; and those who are in the open field
I will give to the wild animals to be devoured; and those who are in
strongholds and in caves shall die by pestilence. 28 I will make the land a
desolation and a waste, and its proud might shall come to an end; and the
mountains of Israel shall be so desolate that no one will pass through. 29
Then they shall know that I am the LORD, when I have made the land a
desolation and a waste because of all their abominations that they have
30 As for you, mortal, your people who talk together about you by the walls,
and at the doors of the houses, say to one another, each to a neighbor, "Come
and hear what the word is that comes from the LORD." 31 They come to you as
people come, and they sit before you as my people, and they hear your words,
but they will not obey them. For flattery is on their lips, but their heart is
set on their gain. 32 To them you are like a singer of love songs, one who has
a beautiful voice and plays well on an instrument; they hear what you say, but
they will not do it. 33 When this comes – and come it will! – then they shall
know that a prophet has been among them.
The shepherds of Israel
1 The word of the LORD came to me: 2 Mortal, prophesy against the shepherds of
Israel: prophesy, and say to them – to the shepherds: Thus says the Lord GOD:
Ah, you shepherds of Israel who have been feeding yourselves! Should not
shepherds feed the sheep? 3 You eat the fat, you clothe yourselves with the
wool, you slaughter the fatlings; but you do not feed the sheep. 4 You have
not strengthened the weak, you have not healed the sick, you have not bound up
the injured, you have not brought back the strayed, you have not sought the
lost, but with force and harshness you have ruled them. 5 So they were
scattered, because there was no shepherd; and scattered, they became food for
all the wild animals. 6 My sheep were scattered, they wandered over all the
mountains and on every high hill; my sheep were scattered over all the face of
the earth, with no one to search or seek for them.
7 Therefore, you shepherds, hear the word of the LORD: 8 As I live, says the
Lord GOD, because my sheep have become a prey, and my sheep have become food
for all the wild animals, since there was no shepherd; and because my
shepherds have not searched for my sheep, but the shepherds have fed
themselves, and have not fed my sheep; 9 therefore, you shepherds, hear the
word of the LORD: 10 Thus says the Lord GOD, I am against the shepherds; and I
will demand my sheep at their hand, and put a stop to their feeding the sheep;
no longer shall the shepherds feed themselves. I will rescue my sheep from
their mouths, so that they may not be food for them.
God is the good shepherd
11 For thus says the Lord GOD: I myself will search for my sheep, and will
seek them out. 12 As shepherds seek out their flocks when they are among their
scattered sheep, so I will seek out my sheep. I will rescue them from all the
places to which they have been scattered on a day of clouds and thick
darkness. 13 I will bring them out from the peoples and gather them from the
countries, and will bring them into their own land; and I will feed them on
the mountains of Israel, by the watercourses, and in all the inhabited parts
of the land. 14 I will feed them with good pasture, and the mountain heights
of Israel shall be their pasture; there they shall lie down in good grazing
land, and they shall feed on rich pasture on the mountains of Israel. 15 I
myself will be the shepherd of my sheep, and I will make them lie down, says
the Lord GOD. 16 I will seek the lost, and I will bring back the strayed, and
I will bind up the injured, and I will strengthen the weak, but the fat and
the strong I will destroy. I will feed them with justice.
A new order for Israel
17 As for you, my flock, thus says the Lord GOD: I shall judge between sheep
and sheep, between rams and goats: 18 Is it not enough for you to feed on the
good pasture, but you must tread down with your feet the rest of your pasture?
When you drink of clear water, must you foul the rest with your feet? 19 And
must my sheep eat what you have trodden with your feet, and drink what you
have fouled with your feet?
20 Therefore, thus says the Lord GOD to them: I myself will judge between the
fat sheep and the lean sheep. 21 Because you pushed with flank and shoulder,
and butted at all the weak animals with your horns until you scattered them
far and wide, 22 I will save my flock, and they shall no longer be ravaged;
and I will judge between sheep and sheep.
23 I will set up over them one shepherd, my servant David, and he shall feed
them: he shall feed them and be their shepherd. 24 And I, the LORD, will be
their God, and my servant David shall be prince among them; I, the LORD, have
25 I will make with them a covenant of peace and banish wild animals from the
land, so that they may live in the wild and sleep in the woods securely. 26 I
will make them and the region around my hill a blessing; and I will send down
the showers in their season; they shall be showers of blessing. 27 The trees
of the field shall yield their fruit, and the earth shall yield its increase.
They shall be secure on their soil; and they shall know that I am the LORD,
when I break the bars of their yoke, and save them from the hands of those who
enslaved them. 28 They shall no more be plunder for the nations, nor shall the
animals of the land devour them; they shall live in safety, and no one shall
make them afraid. 29 I will provide for them a splendid vegetation so that
they shall no more be consumed with hunger in the land, and no longer suffer
the insults of the nations. 30 They shall know that I, the LORD their God, am
with them, and that they, the house of Israel, are my people, says the Lord
GOD. 31 You are my sheep, the sheep of my pasture and I am your God, says the
Oracle on behalf of the mountains of Israel; oracles against Edom
1 The word of the LORD came to me: 2 Mortal, set your face against Mount Seir,
and prophesy against it, 3 and say to it, Thus says the Lord GOD:
I am against you, Mount Seir;
I stretch out my hand against you
to make you a desolation and a waste.
4 I lay your towns in ruins;
you shall become a desolation,
and you shall know that I am the LORD.
5 Because you cherished an ancient enmity, and gave over the people of Israel
to the power of the sword at the time of their calamity, at the time of their
final punishment; 6 therefore, as I live, says the Lord GOD, I will prepare
you for blood, and blood shall pursue you; since you did not hate bloodshed,
bloodshed shall pursue you. 7 I will make Mount Seir a waste and a desolation;
and I will cut off from it all who come and go. 8 I will fill its mountains
with the slain; on your hills and in your valleys and in all your watercourses
those killed with the sword shall fall. 9 I will make you a perpetual
desolation, and your cities shall never be inhabited. Then you shall know that
I am the LORD.
10 Because you said, "These two nations and these two countries shall be mine,
and we will take possession of them," – although the LORD was there – 11
therefore, as I live, says the Lord GOD, I will deal with you according to the
anger and envy that you showed because of your hatred against them; and I will
make myself known among you, when I judge you. 12 You shall know that I, the
LORD, have heard all the abusive speech that you uttered against the mountains
of Israel, saying, "They are laid desolate, they are given us to devour." 13
And you magnified yourselves against me with your mouth, and multiplied your
words against me; I heard it. 14 Thus says the Lord GOD: As the whole earth
rejoices, I will make you desolate. 15 As you rejoiced over the inheritance of
the house of Israel, because it was desolate, so I will deal with you; you
shall be desolate, Mount Seir, and all Edom, all of it. Then they shall know
that I am the LORD.
Deliverance as "punishment"
1 And you, mortal, prophesy to the mountains of Israel, and say: O mountains
of Israel, hear the word of the LORD. 2 Thus says the Lord GOD: Because the
enemy said of you, "Aha!" and, "The ancient heights have become our
possession," 3 therefore prophesy, and say: Thus says the Lord GOD: Because
they made you desolate indeed, and crushed you from all sides, so that you
became the possession of the rest of the nations, and you became an object of
gossip and slander among the people; 4 therefore, O mountains of Israel, hear
the word of the Lord GOD: Thus says the Lord GOD to the mountains and the
hills, the watercourses and the valleys, the desolate wastes and the deserted
towns, which have become a source of plunder and an object of derision to the
rest of the nations all around; 5 therefore thus says the Lord GOD: I am
speaking in my hot jealousy against the rest of the nations, and against all
Edom, who, with wholehearted joy and utter contempt, took my land as their
possession, because of its pasture, to plunder it. 6 Therefore prophesy
concerning the land of Israel, and say to the mountains and hills, to the
watercourses and valleys, Thus says the Lord GOD: I am speaking in my jealous
wrath, because you have suffered the insults of the nations; 7 therefore thus
says the Lord GOD: I swear that the nations that are all around you shall
themselves suffer insults.
8 But you, O mountains of Israel, shall shoot out your branches, and yield
your fruit to my people Israel; for they shall soon come home. 9 See now, I am
for you; I will turn to you, and you shall be tilled and sown; 10 and I will
multiply your population, the whole house of Israel, all of it; the towns
shall be inhabited and the waste places rebuilt; 11 and I will multiply human
beings and animals upon you. They shall increase and be fruitful; and I will
cause you to be inhabited as in your former times, and will do more good to
you than ever before. Then you shall know that I am the LORD. 12 I will lead
people upon you – my people Israel – and they shall possess you, and you shall
be their inheritance. No longer shall you bereave them of children.
No more disgrace
13 Thus says the Lord GOD: Because they say to you, "You devour people, and
you bereave your nation of children," 14 therefore you shall no longer devour
people and no longer bereave your nation of children, says the Lord GOD; 15
and no longer will I let you hear the insults of the nations, no longer shall
you bear the disgrace of the peoples; and no longer shall you cause your
nation to stumble, says the Lord GOD.
God's honor as the cause of the restoration
16 The word of the LORD came to me: 17 Mortal, when the house of Israel lived
on their own soil, they defiled it with their ways and their deeds; their
conduct in my sight was like the uncleanness of a woman in her menstrual
period. 18 So I poured out my wrath upon them for the blood that they had shed
upon the land, and for the idols with which they had defiled it. 19 I
scattered them among the nations, and they were dispersed through the
countries; in accordance with their conduct and their deeds I judged them. 20
But when they came to the nations, wherever they came, they profaned my holy
name, in that it was said of them, "These are the people of the LORD, and yet
they had to go out of his land." 21 But I had concern for my holy name, which
the house of Israel had profaned among the nations to which they came.
22 Therefore say to the house of Israel, Thus says the Lord GOD: It is not for
your sake, O house of Israel, that I am about to act, but for the sake of my
holy name, which you have profaned among the nations to which you came. 23 I
will sanctify my great name, which has been profaned among the nations, and
which you have profaned among them; and the nations shall know that I am the
LORD, says the Lord GOD, when through you I display my holiness before their
eyes. 24 I will take you from the nations, and gather you from all the
countries, and bring you into your own land. 25 I will sprinkle clean water
upon you, and you shall be clean from all your uncleannesses, and from all
your idols I will cleanse you. 26 A new heart I will give you, and a new
spirit I will put within you; and I will remove from your body the heart of
stone and give you a heart of flesh. 27 I will put my spirit within you, and
make you follow my statutes and be careful to observe my ordinances. 28 Then
you shall live in the land that I gave to your ancestors; and you shall be my
people, and I will be your God. 29 I will save you from all your
uncleannesses, and I will summon the grain and make it abundant and lay no
famine upon you. 30 I will make the fruit of the tree and the produce of the
field abundant, so that you may never again suffer the disgrace of famine
among the nations. 31 Then you shall remember your evil ways, and your
dealings that were not good; and you shall loathe yourselves for your
iniquities and your abominable deeds. 32 It is not for your sake that I will
act, says the Lord GOD; let that be known to you. Be ashamed and dismayed for
your ways, O house of Israel.
33 Thus says the Lord GOD: On the day that I cleanse you from all your
iniquities, I will cause the towns to be inhabited, and the waste places shall
be rebuilt. 34 The land that was desolate shall be tilled, instead of being
the desolation that it was in the sight of all who passed by. 35 And they will
say, "This land that was desolate has become like the garden of Eden; and the
waste and desolate and ruined towns are now inhabited and fortified." 36 Then
the nations that are left all around you shall know that I, the LORD, have
rebuilt the ruined places, and replanted that which was desolate; I, the LORD,
have spoken, and I will do it.
37 Thus says the Lord GOD: I will also let the house of Israel ask me to do
this for them: to increase their population like a flock. 38 Like the flock
for sacrifices, like the flock at Jerusalem during her appointed festivals, so
shall the ruined towns be filled with flocks of people. Then they shall know
that I am the LORD.
Vision of the valley of dry bones
1 The hand of the LORD came upon me, and he brought me out by the spirit of
the LORD and set me down in the middle of a valley; it was full of bones. 2 He
led me all around them; there were very many lying in the valley, and they
were very dry. 3 He said to me, "Mortal, can these bones live?" I answered, "O
Lord GOD, you know." 4 Then he said to me, "Prophesy to these bones, and say
to them: O dry bones, hear the word of the LORD. 5 Thus says the Lord GOD to
these bones: I will cause breath to enter you, and you shall live. 6 I will
lay sinews on you, and will cause flesh to come upon you, and cover you with
skin, and put breath in you, and you shall live; and you shall know that I am
7 So I prophesied as I had been commanded; and as I prophesied, suddenly there
was a noise, a rattling, and the bones came together, bone to its bone. 8 I
looked, and there were sinews on them, and flesh had come upon them, and skin
had covered them; but there was no breath in them. 9 Then he said to me,
"Prophesy to the breath, prophesy, mortal, and say to the breath: Thus says
the Lord GOD: Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe upon these
slain, that they may live." 10 I prophesied as he commanded me, and the breath
came into them, and they lived, and stood on their feet, a vast multitude.
11 Then he said to me, "Mortal, these bones are the whole house of Israel.
They say, 'Our bones are dried up, and our hope is lost; we are cut off
completely.' 12 Therefore prophesy, and say to them, Thus says the Lord GOD: I
am going to open your graves, and bring you up from your graves, O my people;
and I will bring you back to the land of Israel. 13 And you shall know that I
am the LORD, when I open your graves, and bring you up from your graves, O my
people. 14 I will put my spirit within you, and you shall live, and I will
place you on your own soil; then you shall know that I, the LORD, have spoken
and will act, says the LORD."
The symbolic action of the two sticks
15 The word of the LORD came to me: 16 Mortal, take a stick and write on it,
"For Judah, and the Israelites associated with it"; then take another stick
and write on it, "For Joseph (the stick of Ephraim) and all the house of
Israel associated with it"; 17 and join them together into one stick, so that
they may become one in your hand. 18 And when your people say to you, "Will
you not show us what you mean by these?" 19 say to them, Thus says the Lord
GOD: I am about to take the stick of Joseph (which is in the hand of Ephraim)
and the tribes of Israel associated with it; and I will put the stick of Judah
upon it, and make them one stick, in order that they may be one in my hand. 20
When the sticks on which you write are in your hand before their eyes, 21 then
say to them, Thus says the Lord GOD: I will take the people of Israel from the
nations among which they have gone, and will gather them from every quarter,
and bring them to their own land. 22 I will make them one nation in the land,
on the mountains of Israel; and one king shall be king over them all. Never
again shall they be two nations, and never again shall they be divided into
two kingdoms. 23 They shall never again defile themselves with their idols and
their detestable things, or with any of their transgressions. I will save them
from all the apostasies into which they have fallen, and will cleanse them.
Then they shall be my people, and I will be their God.
24 My servant David shall be king over them; and they shall all have one
shepherd. They shall follow my ordinances and be careful to observe my
statutes. 25 They shall live in the land that I gave to my servant Jacob, in
which your ancestors lived; they and their children and their children's
children shall live there forever; and my servant David shall be their prince
forever. 26 I will make a covenant of peace with them; it shall be an
everlasting covenant with them; and I will bless them and multiply them, and
will set my sanctuary among them forevermore. 27 My dwelling place shall be
with them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. 28 Then the
nations shall know that I the LORD sanctify Israel, when my sanctuary is among
The God and Magog oracles
1 The word of the LORD came to me: 2 Mortal, set your face toward Gog, of the
land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal. Prophesy against him 3
and say: Thus says the Lord GOD: I am against you, O Gog, chief prince of
Meshech and Tubal; 4 I will turn you around and put hooks into your jaws, and
I will lead you out with all your army, horses and horsemen, all of them
clothed in full armor, a great company, all of them with shield and buckler,
wielding swords. 5 Persia, Ethiopia, and Put are with them, all of them with
buckler and helmet; 6 Gomer and all its troops; Beth-togarmah from the
remotest parts of the north with all its troops – many peoples are with you.
7 Be ready and keep ready, you and all the companies that are assembled around
you, and hold yourselves in reserve for them. 8 After many days you shall be
mustered; in the latter years you shall go against a land restored from war, a
land where people were gathered from many nations on the mountains of Israel,
which had long lain waste; its people were brought out from the nations and
now are living in safety, all of them. 9 You shall advance, coming on like a
storm; you shall be like a cloud covering the land, you and all your troops,
and many peoples with you.
10 Thus says the Lord GOD: On that day thoughts will come into your mind, and
you will devise an evil scheme. 11 You will say, "I will go up against the
land of unwalled villages; I will fall upon the quiet people who live in
safety, all of them living without walls, and having no bars or gates"; 12 to
seize spoil and carry off plunder; to assail the waste places that are now
inhabited, and the people who were gathered from the nations, who are
acquiring cattle and goods, who live at the center of the earth. 13 Sheba and
Dedan and the merchants of Tarshish and all its young warriors will say to
you, "Have you come to seize spoil? Have you assembled your horde to carry off
plunder, to carry away silver and gold, to take away cattle and goods, to
seize a great amount of booty?"
14 Therefore, mortal, prophesy, and say to Gog: Thus says the Lord GOD: On
that day when my people Israel are living securely, you will rouse yourself 15
and come from your place out of the remotest parts of the north, you and many
peoples with you, all of them riding on horses, a great horde, a mighty army;
16 you will come up against my people Israel, like a cloud covering the earth.
In the latter days I will bring you against my land, so that the nations may
know me, when through you, O Gog, I display my holiness before their eyes.
17 Thus says the Lord GOD: Are you he of whom I spoke in former days by my
servants the prophets of Israel, who in those days prophesied for years that I
would bring you against them? 18 On that day, when Gog comes against the land
of Israel, says the Lord GOD, my wrath shall be aroused. 19 For in my jealousy
and in my blazing wrath I declare: On that day there shall be a great shaking
in the land of Israel; 20 the fish of the sea, and the birds of the air, and
the animals of the field, and all creeping things that creep on the ground,
and all human beings that are on the face of the earth, shall quake at my
presence, and the mountains shall be thrown down, and the cliffs shall fall,
and every wall shall tumble to the ground. 21 I will summon the sword against
Gog in all my mountains, says the Lord GOD; the swords of all will be against
their comrades. 22 With pestilence and bloodshed I will enter into judgment
with him; and I will pour down torrential rains and hailstones, fire and
sulfur, upon him and his troops and the many peoples that are with him. 23 So
I will display my greatness and my holiness and make myself known in the eyes
of many nations. Then they shall know that I am the LORD.
1 And you, mortal, prophesy against Gog, and say: Thus says the Lord GOD: I am
against you, O Gog, chief prince of Meshech and Tubal! 2 I will turn you
around and drive you forward, and bring you up from the remotest parts of the
north, and lead you against the mountains of Israel. 3 I will strike your bow
from your left hand, and will make your arrows drop out of your right hand. 4
You shall fall upon the mountains of Israel, you and all your troops and the
peoples that are with you; I will give you to birds of prey of every kind and
to the wild animals to be devoured. 5 You shall fall in the open field; for I
have spoken, says the Lord GOD. 6 I will send fire on Magog and on those who
live securely in the coastlands; and they shall know that I am the LORD.
7 My holy name I will make known among my people Israel; and I will not let my
holy name be profaned any more; and the nations shall know that I am the LORD,
the Holy One in Israel. 8 It has come! It has happened, says the Lord GOD.
This is the day of which I have spoken.
9 Then those who live in the towns of Israel will go out and make fires of the
weapons and burn them – bucklers and shields, bows and arrows, handpikes and
spears – and they will make fires of them for seven years. 10 They will not
need to take wood out of the field or cut down any trees in the forests, for
they will make their fires of the weapons; they will despoil those who
despoiled them, and plunder those who plundered them, says the Lord GOD.
11 On that day I will give to Gog a place for burial in Israel, the Valley of
the Travelers east of the sea; it shall block the path of the travelers, for
there Gog and all his horde will be buried; it shall be called the Valley of
Hamon-gog. 12 Seven months the house of Israel shall spend burying them, in
order to cleanse the land. 13 All the people of the land shall bury them; and
it will bring them honor on the day that I show my glory, says the Lord GOD.
14 They will set apart men to pass through the land regularly and bury any
invaders who remain on the face of the land, so as to cleanse it; for seven
months they shall make their search. 15 As the searchers pass through the
land, anyone who sees a human bone shall set up a sign by it, until the
buriers have buried it in the Valley of Hamon-gog. 16 (A city Hamonah is there
also.) Thus they shall cleanse the land.
17 As for you, mortal, thus says the Lord GOD: Speak to the birds of every
kind and to all the wild animals: Assemble and come, gather from all around to
the sacrificial feast that I am preparing for you, a great sacrificial feast
on the mountains of Israel, and you shall eat flesh and drink blood. 18 You
shall eat the flesh of the mighty, and drink the blood of the princes of the
earth – of rams, of lambs, and of goats, of bulls, all of them fatlings of
Bashan. 19 You shall eat fat until you are filled, and drink blood until you
are drunk, at the sacrificial feast that I am preparing for you. 20 And you
shall be filled at my table with horses and charioteers, with warriors and all
kinds of soldiers, says the Lord GOD.
Secondary summary and concluding oracles
21 I will display my glory among the nations; and all the nations shall see my
judgment that I have executed, and my hand that I have laid on them. 22 The
house of Israel shall know that I am the LORD their God, from that day
forward. 23 And the nations shall know that the house of Israel went into
captivity for their iniquity, because they dealt treacherously with me. So I
hid my face from them and gave them into the hand of their adversaries, and
they all fell by the sword. 24 I dealt with them according to their
uncleanness and their transgressions, and hid my face from them.
25 Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: Now I will restore the fortunes of Jacob,
and have mercy on the whole house of Israel; and I will be jealous for my holy
name. 26 They shall forget their shame, and all the treachery they have
practiced against me, when they live securely in their land with no one to
make them afraid, 27 when I have brought them back from the peoples and
gathered them from their enemies' lands, and through them have displayed my
holiness in the sight of many nations. 28 Then they shall know that I am the
LORD their God because I sent them into exile among the nations, and then
gathered them into their own land. I will leave none of them behind; 29 and I
will never again hide my face from them, when I pour out my spirit upon the
house of Israel, says the Lord GOD.
Part V: Blueprint for the restored Temple and land; the new Temple
1 In the twenty-fifth year of our exile, at the beginning of the year, on the
tenth day of the month, in the fourteenth year after the city was struck down,
on that very day, the hand of the LORD was upon me, and he brought me there. 2
He brought me, in visions of God, to the land of Israel, and set me down upon
a very high mountain, on which was a structure like a city to the south. 3
When he brought me there, a man was there, whose appearance shone like bronze,
with a linen cord and a measuring reed in his hand; and he was standing in the
gateway. 4 The man said to me, "Mortal, look closely and listen attentively,
and set your mind upon all that I shall show you, for you were brought here in
order that I might show it to you; declare all that you see to the house of
5 Now there was a wall all around the outside of the temple area. The length
of the measuring reed in the man's hand was six long cubits, each being a
cubit and a handbreadth in length; so he measured the thickness of the wall,
one reed; and the height, one reed. 6 Then he went into the gateway facing
east, going up its steps, and measured the threshold of the gate, one reed
deep. There were 7 recesses, and each recess was one reed wide and one reed
deep; and the space between the recesses, five cubits; and the threshold of
the gate by the vestibule of the gate at the inner end was one reed deep. 8
Then he measured the inner vestibule of the gateway, one cubit. 9 Then he
measured the vestibule of the gateway, eight cubits; and its pilasters, two
cubits; and the vestibule of the gate was at the inner end. 10 There were
three recesses on either side of the east gate; the three were of the same
size; and the pilasters on either side were of the same size. 11 Then he
measured the width of the opening of the gateway, ten cubits; and the width of
the gateway, thirteen cubits. 12 There was a barrier before the recesses, one
cubit on either side; and the recesses were six cubits on either side. 13 Then
he measured the gate from the back of the one recess to the back of the other,
a width of twenty-five cubits, from wall to wall. 14 He measured also the
vestibule, twenty cubits; and the gate next to the pilaster on every side of
the court. 15 From the front of the gate at the entrance to the end of the
inner vestibule of the gate was fifty cubits. 16 The recesses and their
pilasters had windows, with shutters on the inside of the gateway all around,
and the vestibules also had windows on the inside all around; and on the
pilasters were palm trees.
17 Then he brought me into the outer court; there were chambers there, and a
pavement, all around the court; thirty chambers fronted on the pavement. 18
The pavement ran along the side of the gates, corresponding to the length of
the gates; this was the lower pavement. 19 Then he measured the distance from
the inner front of the lower gate to the outer front of the inner court, one
20 Then he measured the gate of the outer court that faced north – its depth
and width. 21 Its recesses, three on either side, and its pilasters and its
vestibule were of the same size as those of the first gate; its depth was
fifty cubits, and its width twenty-five cubits. 22 Its windows, its vestibule,
and its palm trees were of the same size as those of the gate that faced
toward the east. Seven steps led up to it; and its vestibule was on the
inside. 23 Opposite the gate on the north, as on the east, was a gate to the
inner court; he measured from gate to gate, one hundred cubits.
24 Then he led me toward the south, and there was a gate on the south; and he
measured its pilasters and its vestibule; they had the same dimensions as the
others. 25 There were windows all around in it and in its vestibule, like the
windows of the others; its depth was fifty cubits, and its width twenty-five
cubits. 26 There were seven steps leading up to it; its vestibule was on the
inside. It had palm trees on its pilasters, one on either side. 27 There was a
gate on the south of the inner court; and he measured from gate to gate toward
the south, one hundred cubits.
28 Then he brought me to the inner court by the south gate, and he measured
the south gate; it was of the same dimensions as the others. 29 Its recesses,
its pilasters, and its vestibule were of the same size as the others; and
there were windows all around in it and in its vestibule; its depth was fifty
cubits, and its width twenty-five cubits. 30 There were vestibules all around,
twenty-five cubits deep and five cubits wide. 31 Its vestibule faced the outer
court, and palm trees were on its pilasters, and its stairway had eight steps.
32 Then he brought me to the inner court on the east side, and he measured the
gate; it was of the same size as the others. 33 Its recesses, its pilasters,
and its vestibule were of the same dimensions as the others; and there were
windows all around in it and in its vestibule; its depth was fifty cubits, and
its width twenty-five cubits. 34 Its vestibule faced the outer court, and it
had palm trees on its pilasters, on either side; and its stairway had eight
35 Then he brought me to the north gate, and he measured it; it had the same
dimensions as the others. 36 Its recesses, its pilasters, and its vestibule
were of the same size as the others; and it had windows all around. Its depth
was fifty cubits, and its width twenty-five cubits. 37 Its vestibule faced the
outer court, and it had palm trees on its pilasters, on either side; and its
stairway had eight steps.
38 There was a chamber with its door in the vestibule of the gate, where the
burnt offering was to be washed. 39 And in the vestibule of the gate were two
tables on either side, on which the burnt offering and the sin offering and
the guilt offering were to be slaughtered. 40 On the outside of the vestibule
at the entrance of the north gate were two tables; and on the other side of
the vestibule of the gate were two tables. 41 Four tables were on the inside,
and four tables on the outside of the side of the gate, eight tables, on which
the sacrifices were to be slaughtered. 42 There were also four tables of hewn
stone for the burnt offering, a cubit and a half long, and one cubit and a
half wide, and one cubit high, on which the instruments were to be laid with
which the burnt offerings and the sacrifices were slaughtered. 43 There were
pegs, one handbreadth long, fastened all around the inside. And on the tables
the flesh of the offering was to be laid.
44 On the outside of the inner gateway there were chambers for the singers in
the inner court, one at the side of the north gate facing south, the other at
the side of the east gate facing north. 45 He said to me, "This chamber that
faces south is for the priests who have charge of the temple, 46 and the
chamber that faces north is for the priests who have charge of the altar;
these are the descendants of Zadok, who alone among the descendants of Levi
may come near to the LORD to minister to him." 47 He measured the court, one
hundred cubits deep, and one hundred cubits wide, a square; and the altar was
in front of the temple.
48 Then he brought me to the vestibule of the temple and measured the
pilasters of the vestibule, five cubits on either side; and the width of the
gate was fourteen cubits; and the sidewalls of the gate were three cubits on
either side. 49 The depth of the vestibule was twenty cubits, and the width
twelve cubits; ten steps led up to it; and there were pillars beside the
pilasters on either side.
1 Then he brought me to the nave, and measured the pilasters; on each side six
cubits was the width of the pilasters. 2 The width of the entrance was ten
cubits; and the sidewalls of the entrance were five cubits on either side. He
measured the length of the nave, forty cubits, and its width, twenty cubits. 3
Then he went into the inner room and measured the pilasters of the entrance,
two cubits; and the width of the entrance, six cubits; and the sidewalls of
the entrance, seven cubits. 4 He measured the depth of the room, twenty
cubits, and its width, twenty cubits, beyond the nave. And he said to me, This
is the most holy place.
5 Then he measured the wall of the temple, six cubits thick; and the width of
the side chambers, four cubits, all around the temple. 6 The side chambers
were in three stories, one over another, thirty in each story. There were
offsets all around the wall of the temple to serve as supports for the side
chambers, so that they should not be supported by the wall of the temple. 7
The passageway of the side chambers widened from story to story; for the
structure was supplied with a stairway all around the temple. For this reason
the structure became wider from story to story. One ascended from the bottom
story to the uppermost story by way of the middle one. 8 I saw also that the
temple had a raised platform all around; the foundations of the side chambers
measured a full reed of six long cubits. 9 The thickness of the outer wall of
the side chambers was five cubits; and the free space between the side
chambers of the temple 10 and the chambers of the court was a width of twenty
cubits all around the temple on every side. 11 The side chambers opened onto
the area left free, one door toward the north, and another door toward the
south; and the width of the part that was left free was five cubits all
12 The building that was facing the temple yard on the west side was seventy
cubits wide; and the wall of the building was five cubits thick all around,
and its depth ninety cubits.
13 Then he measured the temple, one hundred cubits deep; and the yard and the
building with its walls, one hundred cubits deep; 14 also the width of the
east front of the temple and the yard, one hundred cubits.
15 Then he measured the depth of the building facing the yard at the west,
together with its galleries on either side, one hundred cubits.
The nave of the temple and the inner room and the outer vestibule 16 were
paneled, and, all around, all three had windows with recessed frames. Facing
the threshold the temple was paneled with wood all around, from the floor up
to the windows (now the windows were covered), 17 to the space above the door,
even to the inner room, and on the outside. And on all the walls all around in
the inner room and the nave there was a pattern. 18 It was formed of cherubim
and palm trees, a palm tree between cherub and cherub. Each cherub had two
faces: 19 a human face turned toward the palm tree on the one side, and the
face of a young lion turned toward the palm tree on the other side. They were
carved on the whole temple all around; 20 from the floor to the area above the
door, cherubim and palm trees were carved on the wall.
21 The doorposts of the nave were square. In front of the holy place was
something resembling 22 an altar of wood, three cubits high, two cubits long,
and two cubits wide; its corners, its base, and its walls were of wood. He
said to me, "This is the table that stands before the LORD." 23 The nave and
the holy place had each a double door. 24 The doors had two leaves apiece, two
swinging leaves for each door. 25 On the doors of the nave were carved
cherubim and palm trees, such as were carved on the walls; and there was a
canopy of wood in front of the vestibule outside. 26 And there were recessed
windows and palm trees on either side, on the sidewalls of the vestibule.
1 Then he led me out into the outer court, toward the north, and he brought me
to the chambers that were opposite the temple yard and opposite the building
on the north. 2 The length of the building that was on the north side was one
hundred cubits, and the width fifty cubits. 3 Across the twenty cubits that
belonged to the inner court, and facing the pavement that belonged to the
outer court, the chambers rose gallery by gallery in three stories. 4 In front
of the chambers was a passage on the inner side, ten cubits wide and one
hundred cubits deep, and its entrances were on the north. 5 Now the upper
chambers were narrower, for the galleries took more away from them than from
the lower and middle chambers in the building. 6 For they were in three
stories, and they had no pillars like the pillars of the outer court; for this
reason the upper chambers were set back from the ground more than the lower
and the middle ones. 7 There was a wall outside parallel to the chambers,
toward the outer court, opposite the chambers, fifty cubits long. 8 For the
chambers on the outer court were fifty cubits long, while those opposite the
temple were one hundred cubits long. 9 At the foot of these chambers ran a
passage that one entered from the east in order to enter them from the outer
court. 10 The width of the passage was fixed by the wall of the court.
On the south also, opposite the vacant area and opposite the building, there
were chambers 11 with a passage in front of them; they were similar to the
chambers on the north, of the same length and width, with the same exits and
arrangements and doors. 12 So the entrances of the chambers to the south were
entered through the entrance at the head of the corresponding passage, from
the east, along the matching wall.
13 Then he said to me, "The north chambers and the south chambers opposite the
vacant area are the holy chambers, where the priests who approach the LORD
shall eat the most holy offerings; there they shall deposit the most holy
offerings – the grain offering, the sin offering, and the guilt offering – for
the place is holy. 14 When the priests enter the holy place, they shall not go
out of it into the outer court without laying there the vestments in which
they minister, for these are holy; they shall put on other garments before
they go near to the area open to the people."
15 When he had finished measuring the interior of the temple area, he led me
out by the gate that faces east, and measured the temple area all around. 16
He measured the east side with the measuring reed, five hundred cubits by the
measuring reed. 17 Then he turned and measured the north side, five hundred
cubits by the measuring reed. 18 Then he turned and measured the south side,
five hundred cubits by the measuring reed. 19 Then he turned to the west side
and measured, five hundred cubits by the measuring reed. 20 He measured it on
the four sides. It had a wall around it, five hundred cubits long and five
hundred cubits wide, to make a separation between the holy and the common.
Return of the glory of the Lord
1 Then he brought me to the gate, the gate facing east. 2 And there, the glory
of the God of Israel was coming from the east; the sound was like the sound of
mighty waters; and the earth shone with his glory. 3 The vision I saw was like
the vision that I had seen when he came to destroy the city, and like the
vision that I had seen by the river Chebar; and I fell upon my face. 4 As the
glory of the LORD entered the temple by the gate facing east, 5 the spirit
lifted me up, and brought me into the inner court; and the glory of the LORD
filled the temple.
6 While the man was standing beside me, I heard someone speaking to me out of
the temple. 7 He said to me: Mortal, this is the place of my throne and the
place for the soles of my feet, where I will reside among the people of Israel
forever. The house of Israel shall no more defile my holy name, neither they
nor their kings, by their whoring, and by the corpses of their kings at their
death. 8 When they placed their threshold by my threshold and their doorposts
beside my doorposts, with only a wall between me and them, they were defiling
my holy name by their abominations that they committed; therefore I have
consumed them in my anger. 9 Now let them put away their idolatry and the
corpses of their kings far from me, and I will reside among them forever.
10 As for you, mortal, describe the temple to the house of Israel, and let
them measure the pattern; and let them be ashamed of their iniquities. 11 When
they are ashamed of all that they have done, make known to them the plan of
the temple, its arrangement, its exits and its entrances, and its whole form –
all its ordinances and its entire plan and all its laws; and write it down in
their sight, so that they may observe and follow the entire plan and all its
ordinances. 12 This is the law of the temple: the whole territory on the top
of the mountain all around shall be most holy. This is the law of the temple.
The altar of burnt offerings
13 These are the dimensions of the altar by cubits (the cubit being one cubit
and a handbreadth): its base shall be one cubit high, and one cubit wide, with
a rim of one span around its edge. This shall be the height of the altar: 14
From the base on the ground to the lower ledge, two cubits, with a width of
one cubit; and from the smaller ledge to the larger ledge, four cubits, with a
width of one cubit; 15 and the altar hearth, four cubits; and from the altar
hearth projecting upward, four horns. 16 The altar hearth shall be square,
twelve cubits long by twelve wide. 17 The ledge also shall be square, fourteen
cubits long by fourteen wide, with a rim around it half a cubit wide, and its
surrounding base, one cubit. Its steps shall face east.
The altar's consecration
18 Then he said to me: Mortal, thus says the Lord GOD: These are the
ordinances for the altar: On the day when it is erected for offering burnt
offerings upon it and for dashing blood against it, 19 you shall give to the
levitical priests of the family of Zadok, who draw near to me to minister to
me, says the Lord GOD, a bull for a sin offering. 20 And you shall take some
of its blood, and put it on the four horns of the altar, and on the four
corners of the ledge, and upon the rim all around; thus you shall purify it
and make atonement for it. 21 You shall also take the bull of the sin
offering, and it shall be burnt in the appointed place belonging to the
temple, outside the sacred area.
22 On the second day you shall offer a male goat without blemish for a sin
offering; and the altar shall be purified, as it was purified with the bull.
23 When you have finished purifying it, you shall offer a bull without blemish
and a ram from the flock without blemish. 24 You shall present them before the
LORD, and the priests shall throw salt on them and offer them up as a burnt
offering to the LORD. 25 For seven days you shall provide daily a goat for a
sin offering; also a bull and a ram from the flock, without blemish, shall be
provided. 26 Seven days shall they make atonement for the altar and cleanse
it, and so consecrate it. 27 When these days are over, then from the eighth
day onward the priests shall offer upon the altar your burnt offerings and
your offerings of well-being; and I will accept you, says the Lord GOD.
1 Then he brought me back to the outer gate of the sanctuary, which faces
east; and it was shut. 2 The LORD said to me: This gate shall remain shut; it
shall not be opened, and no one shall enter by it; for the LORD, the God of
Israel, has entered by it; therefore it shall remain shut. 3 Only the prince,
because he is a prince, may sit in it to eat food before the LORD; he shall
enter by way of the vestibule of the gate, and shall go out by the same way.
4 Then he brought me by way of the north gate to the front of the temple; and
I looked, and lo! the glory of the LORD filled the temple of the LORD; and I
fell upon my face. 5 The LORD said to me: Mortal, mark well, look closely, and
listen attentively to all that I shall tell you concerning all the ordinances
of the temple of the LORD and all its laws; and mark well those who may be
admitted to the temple and all those who are to be excluded from the
sanctuary. 6 Say to the rebellious house, to the house of Israel, Thus says
the Lord GOD: O house of Israel, let there be an end to all your abominations
7 in admitting foreigners, uncircumcised in heart and flesh, to be in my
sanctuary, profaning my temple when you offer to me my food, the fat and the
blood. You have broken my covenant with all your abominations. 8 And you have
not kept charge of my sacred offerings; but you have appointed foreigners to
act for you in keeping my charge in my sanctuary.
9 Thus says the Lord GOD: No foreigner, uncircumcised in heart and flesh, of
all the foreigners who are among the people of Israel, shall enter my
sanctuary. 10 But the Levites who went far from me, going astray from me after
their idols when Israel went astray, shall bear their punishment. 11 They
shall be ministers in my sanctuary, having oversight at the gates of the
temple, and serving in the temple; they shall slaughter the burnt offering and
the sacrifice for the people, and they shall attend on them and serve them. 12
Because they ministered to them before their idols and made the house of
Israel stumble into iniquity, therefore I have sworn concerning them, says the
Lord GOD, that they shall bear their punishment. 13 They shall not come near
to me, to serve me as priest, nor come near any of my sacred offerings, the
things that are most sacred; but they shall bear their shame, and the
consequences of the abominations that they have committed. 14 Yet I will
appoint them to keep charge of the temple, to do all its chores, all that is
to be done in it.
15 But the levitical priests, the descendants of Zadok, who kept the charge of
my sanctuary when the people of Israel went astray from me, shall come near to
me to minister to me; and they shall attend me to offer me the fat and the
blood, says the Lord GOD. 16 It is they who shall enter my sanctuary, it is
they who shall approach my table, to minister to me, and they shall keep my
charge. 17 When they enter the gates of the inner court, they shall wear linen
vestments; they shall have nothing of wool on them, while they minister at the
gates of the inner court, and within. 18 They shall have linen turbans on
their heads, and linen undergarments on their loins; they shall not bind
themselves with anything that causes sweat. 19 When they go out into the outer
court to the people, they shall remove the vestments in which they have been
ministering, and lay them in the holy chambers; and they shall put on other
garments, so that they may not communicate holiness to the people with their
vestments. 20 They shall not shave their heads or let their locks grow long;
they shall only trim the hair of their heads. 21 No priest shall drink wine
when he enters the inner court. 22 They shall not marry a widow, or a divorced
woman, but only a virgin of the stock of the house of Israel, or a widow who
is the widow of a priest. 23 They shall teach my people the difference between
the holy and the common, and show them how to distinguish between the unclean
and the clean. 24 In a controversy they shall act as judges, and they shall
decide it according to my judgments. They shall keep my laws and my statutes
regarding all my appointed festivals, and they shall keep my sabbaths holy. 25
They shall not defile themselves by going near to a dead person; for father or
mother, however, and for son or daughter, and for brother or unmarried sister
they may defile themselves. 26 After he has become clean, they shall count
seven days for him. 27 On the day that he goes into the holy place, into the
inner court, to minister in the holy place, he shall offer his sin offering,
says the Lord GOD.
28 This shall be their inheritance: I am their inheritance; and you shall give
them no holding in Israel; I am their holding. 29 They shall eat the grain
offering, the sin offering, and the guilt offering; and every devoted thing in
Israel shall be theirs. 30 The first of all the first fruits of all kinds, and
every offering of all kinds from all your offerings, shall belong to the
priests; you shall also give to the priests the first of your dough, in order
that a blessing may rest on your house. 31 The priests shall not eat of
anything, whether bird or animal, that died of itself or was torn by animals.
The distribution of land
1 When you allot the land as an inheritance, you shall set aside for the LORD
a portion of the land as a holy district, twenty-five thousand cubits long and
twenty thousand cubits wide; it shall be holy throughout its entire extent. 2
Of this, a square plot of five hundred by five hundred cubits shall be for the
sanctuary, with fifty cubits for an open space around it. 3 In the holy
district you shall measure off a section twenty-five thousand cubits long and
ten thousand wide, in which shall be the sanctuary, the most holy place. 4 It
shall be a holy portion of the land; it shall be for the priests, who minister
in the sanctuary and approach the LORD to minister to him; and it shall be
both a place for their houses and a holy place for the sanctuary. 5 Another
section, twenty-five thousand cubits long and ten thousand cubits wide, shall
be for the Levites who minister at the temple, as their holding for cities to
6 Alongside the portion set apart as the holy district you shall assign as a
holding for the city an area five thousand cubits wide, and twenty-five
thousand cubits long; it shall belong to the whole house of Israel.
7 And to the prince shall belong the land on both sides of the holy district
and the holding of the city, alongside the holy district and the holding of
the city, on the west and on the east, corresponding in length to one of the
tribal portions, and extending from the western to the eastern boundary 8 of
the land. It is to be his property in Israel. And my princes shall no longer
oppress my people; but they shall let the house of Israel have the land
according to their tribes.
9 Thus says the Lord GOD: Enough, O princes of Israel! Put away violence and
oppression, and do what is just and right. Cease your evictions of my people,
says the Lord GOD.
Weights and measures for offerings
10 You shall have honest balances, an honest ephah, and an honest bath. 11 The
ephah and the bath shall be of the same measure, the bath containing one-tenth
of a homer, and the ephah one-tenth of a homer; the homer shall be the
standard measure. 12 The shekel shall be twenty gerahs. Twenty shekels,
twenty-five shekels, and fifteen shekels shall make a mina for you.
13 This is the offering that you shall make: one-sixth of an ephah from each
homer of wheat, and one-sixth of an ephah from each homer of barley, 14 and as
the fixed portion of oil, one-tenth of a bath from each cor (the cor, like the
homer, contains ten baths); 15 and one sheep from every flock of two hundred,
from the pastures of Israel. This is the offering for grain offerings, burnt
offerings, and offerings of well-being, to make atonement for them, says the
Lord GOD. 16 All the people of the land shall join with the prince in Israel
in making this offering. 17 But this shall be the obligation of the prince
regarding the burnt offerings, grain offerings, and drink offerings, at the
festivals, the new moons, and the sabbaths, all the appointed festivals of the
house of Israel: he shall provide the sin offerings, grain offerings, the
burnt offerings, and the offerings of well-being, to make atonement for the
house of Israel.
18 Thus says the Lord GOD: In the first month, on the first day of the month,
you shall take a young bull without blemish, and purify the sanctuary. 19 The
priest shall take some of the blood of the sin offering and put it on the
doorposts of the temple, the four corners of the ledge of the altar, and the
posts of the gate of the inner court. 20 You shall do the same on the seventh
day of the month for anyone who has sinned through error or ignorance; so you
shall make atonement for the temple.
21 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, you shall celebrate
the festival of the passover, and for seven days unleavened bread shall be
eaten. 22 On that day the prince shall provide for himself and all the people
of the land a young bull for a sin offering. 23 And during the seven days of
the festival he shall provide as a burnt offering to the LORD seven young
bulls and seven rams without blemish, on each of the seven days; and a male
goat daily for a sin offering. 24 He shall provide as a grain offering an
ephah for each bull, an ephah for each ram, and a hin of oil to each ephah. 25
In the seventh month, on the fifteenth day of the month and for the seven days
of the festival, he shall make the same provision for sin offerings, burnt
offerings, and grain offerings, and for the oil.
Gate regulations and the prince's minor offerings
1 Thus says the Lord GOD: The gate of the inner court that faces east shall
remain closed on the six working days; but on the sabbath day it shall be
opened and on the day of the new moon it shall be opened. 2 The prince shall
enter by the vestibule of the gate from outside, and shall take his stand by
the post of the gate. The priests shall offer his burnt offering and his
offerings of well-being, and he shall bow down at the threshold of the gate.
Then he shall go out, but the gate shall not be closed until evening. 3 The
people of the land shall bow down at the entrance of that gate before the LORD
on the sabbaths and on the new moons. 4 The burnt offering that the prince
offers to the LORD on the sabbath day shall be six lambs without blemish and a
ram without blemish; 5 and the grain offering with the ram shall be an ephah,
and the grain offering with the lambs shall be as much as he wishes to give,
together with a hin of oil to each ephah. 6 On the day of the new moon he
shall offer a young bull without blemish, and six lambs and a ram, which shall
be without blemish; 7 as a grain offering he shall provide an ephah with the
bull and an ephah with the ram, and with the lambs as much as he wishes,
together with a hin of oil to each ephah. 8 When the prince enters, he shall
come in by the vestibule of the gate, and he shall go out by the same way.
9 When the people of the land come before the LORD at the appointed festivals,
whoever enters by the north gate to worship shall go out by the south gate;
and whoever enters by the south gate shall go out by the north gate: they
shall not return by way of the gate by which they entered, but shall go out
straight ahead. 10 When they come in, the prince shall come in with them; and
when they go out, he shall go out.
11 At the festivals and the appointed seasons the grain offering with a young
bull shall be an ephah, and with a ram an ephah, and with the lambs as much as
one wishes to give, together with a hin of oil to an ephah. 12 When the prince
provides a freewill offering, either a burnt offering or offerings of
well-being as a freewill offering to the LORD, the gate facing east shall be
opened for him; and he shall offer his burnt offering or his offerings of
well-being as he does on the sabbath day. Then he shall go out, and after he
has gone out the gate shall be closed.
13 He shall provide a lamb, a yearling, without blemish, for a burnt offering
to the LORD daily; morning by morning he shall provide it. 14 And he shall
provide a grain offering with it morning by morning regularly, one-sixth of an
ephah, and one-third of a hin of oil to moisten the choice flour, as a grain
offering to the LORD; this is the ordinance for all time. 15 Thus the lamb and
the grain offering and the oil shall be provided, morning by morning, as a
regular burnt offering.
The prince's property
16 Thus says the Lord GOD: If the prince makes a gift to any of his sons out
of his inheritance, it shall belong to his sons, it is their holding by
inheritance. 17 But if he makes a gift out of his inheritance to one of his
servants, it shall be his to the year of liberty; then it shall revert to the
prince; only his sons may keep a gift from his inheritance. 18 The prince
shall not take any of the inheritance of the people, thrusting them out of
their holding; he shall give his sons their inheritance out of his own
holding, so that none of my people shall be dispossessed of their holding.
19 Then he brought me through the entrance, which was at the side of the gate,
to the north row of the holy chambers for the priests; and there I saw a place
at the extreme western end of them. 20 He said to me, "This is the place where
the priests shall boil the guilt offering and the sin offering, and where they
shall bake the grain offering, in order not to bring them out into the outer
court and so communicate holiness to the people."
21 Then he brought me out to the outer court, and led me past the four corners
of the court; and in each corner of the court there was a court – 22 in the
four corners of the court were small courts, forty cubits long and thirty
wide; the four were of the same size. 23 On the inside, around each of the
four courts was a row of masonry, with hearths made at the bottom of the rows
all around. 24 Then he said to me, "These are the kitchens where those who
serve at the temple shall boil the sacrifices of the people."
The sacred river
1 Then he brought me back to the entrance of the temple; there, water was
flowing from below the threshold of the temple toward the east (for the temple
faced east); and the water was flowing down from below the south end of the
threshold of the temple, south of the altar. 2 Then he brought me out by way
of the north gate, and led me around on the outside to the outer gate that
faces toward the east; and the water was coming out on the south side.
3 Going on eastward with a cord in his hand, the man measured one thousand
cubits, and then led me through the water; and it was ankle-deep. 4 Again he
measured one thousand, and led me through the water; and it was knee-deep.
Again he measured one thousand, and led me through the water; and it was up to
the waist. 5 Again he measured one thousand, and it was a river that I could
not cross, for the water had risen; it was deep enough to swim in, a river
that could not be crossed. 6 He said to me, "Mortal, have you seen this?"
Then he led me back along the bank of the river. 7 As I came back, I saw on
the bank of the river a great many trees on the one side and on the other. 8
He said to me, "This water flows toward the eastern region and goes down into
the Arabah; and when it enters the sea, the sea of stagnant waters, the water
will become fresh. 9 Wherever the river goes, every living creature that
swarms will live, and there will be very many fish, once these waters reach
there. It will become fresh; and everything will live where the river goes. 10
People will stand fishing beside the sea from En-gedi to En-eglaim; it will be
a place for the spreading of nets; its fish will be of a great many kinds,
like the fish of the Great Sea. 11 But its swamps and marshes will not become
fresh; they are to be left for salt. 12 On the banks, on both sides of the
river, there will grow all kinds of trees for food. Their leaves will not
wither nor their fruit fail, but they will bear fresh fruit every month,
because the water for them flows from the sanctuary. Their fruit will be for
food, and their leaves for healing."
A new holy land; boundary and allotment instructions
13 Thus says the Lord GOD: These are the boundaries by which you shall divide
the land for inheritance among the twelve tribes of Israel. Joseph shall have
two portions. 14 You shall divide it equally; I swore to give it to your
ancestors, and this land shall fall to you as your inheritance.
15 This shall be the boundary of the land: On the north side, from the Great
Sea by way of Hethlon to Lebo-hamath, and on to Zedad, 16 Berothah, Sibraim
(which lies between the border of Damascus and the border of Hamath), as far
as Hazer-hatticon, which is on the border of Hauran. 17 So the boundary shall
run from the sea to Hazar-enon, which is north of the border of Damascus, with
the border of Hamath to the north. This shall be the north side.
18 On the east side, between Hauran and Damascus; along the Jordan between
Gilead and the land of Israel; to the eastern sea and as far as Tamar. This
shall be the east side.
19 On the south side, it shall run from Tamar as far as the waters of
Meribath-kadesh, from there along the Wadi of Egypt to the Great Sea. This
shall be the south side.
20 On the west side, the Great Sea shall be the boundary to a point opposite
Lebo-hamath. This shall be the west side.
21 So you shall divide this land among you according to the tribes of Israel.
22 You shall allot it as an inheritance for yourselves and for the aliens who
reside among you and have begotten children among you. They shall be to you as
citizens of Israel; with you they shall be allotted an inheritance among the
tribes of Israel. 23 In whatever tribe aliens reside, there you shall assign
them their inheritance, says the Lord GOD.
Tribal and holy-district allotments
1 These are the names of the tribes: Beginning at the northern border, on the
Hethlon road, from Lebo-hamath, as far as Hazar-enon (which is on the border
of Damascus, with Hamath to the north), and extending from the east side to
the west, Dan, one portion. 2 Adjoining the territory of Dan, from the east
side to the west, Asher, one portion. 3 Adjoining the territory of Asher, from
the east side to the west, Naphtali, one portion. 4 Adjoining the territory of
Naphtali, from the east side to the west, Manasseh, one portion. 5 Adjoining
the territory of Manasseh, from the east side to the west, Ephraim, one
portion. 6 Adjoining the territory of Ephraim, from the east side to the west,
Reuben, one portion. 7 Adjoining the territory of Reuben, from the east side
to the west, Judah, one portion.
8 Adjoining the territory of Judah, from the east side to the west, shall be
the portion that you shall set apart, twenty-five thousand cubits in width,
and in length equal to one of the tribal portions, from the east side to the
west, with the sanctuary in the middle of it. 9 The portion that you shall set
apart for the LORD shall be twenty-five thousand cubits in length, and twenty
thousand in width. 10 These shall be the allotments of the holy portion: the
priests shall have an allotment measuring twenty-five thousand cubits on the
northern side, ten thousand cubits in width on the western side, ten thousand
in width on the eastern side, and twenty-five thousand in length on the
southern side, with the sanctuary of the LORD in the middle of it. 11 This
shall be for the consecrated priests, the descendants of Zadok, who kept my
charge, who did not go astray when the people of Israel went astray, as the
Levites did. 12 It shall belong to them as a special portion from the holy
portion of the land, a most holy place, adjoining the territory of the
Levites. 13 Alongside the territory of the priests, the Levites shall have an
allotment twenty-five thousand cubits in length and ten thousand in width. The
whole length shall be twenty-five thousand cubits and the width twenty
thousand. 14 They shall not sell or exchange any of it; they shall not
transfer this choice portion of the land, for it is holy to the LORD.
15 The remainder, five thousand cubits in width and twenty-five thousand in
length, shall be for ordinary use for the city, for dwellings and for open
country. In the middle of it shall be the city; 16 and these shall be its
dimensions: the north side four thousand five hundred cubits, the south side
four thousand five hundred, the east side four thousand five hundred, and the
west side four thousand five hundred. 17 The city shall have open land: on the
north two hundred fifty cubits, on the south two hundred fifty, on the east
two hundred fifty, on the west two hundred fifty. 18 The remainder of the
length alongside the holy portion shall be ten thousand cubits to the east,
and ten thousand to the west, and it shall be alongside the holy portion. Its
produce shall be food for the workers of the city. 19 The workers of the city,
from all the tribes of Israel, shall cultivate it. 20 The whole portion that
you shall set apart shall be twenty-five thousand cubits square, that is, the
holy portion together with the property of the city.
21 What remains on both sides of the holy portion and of the property of the
city shall belong to the prince. Extending from the twenty-five thousand
cubits of the holy portion to the east border, and westward from the
twenty-five thousand cubits to the west border, parallel to the tribal
portions, it shall belong to the prince. The holy portion with the sanctuary
of the temple in the middle of it, 22 and the property of the Levites and of
the city, shall be in the middle of that which belongs to the prince. The
portion of the prince shall lie between the territory of Judah and the
territory of Benjamin.
23 As for the rest of the tribes: from the east side to the west, Benjamin,
one portion. 24 Adjoining the territory of Benjamin, from the east side to the
west, Simeon, one portion. 25 Adjoining the territory of Simeon, from the east
side to the west, Issachar, one portion. 26 Adjoining the territory of
Issachar, from the east side to the west, Zebulun, one portion. 27 Adjoining
the territory of Zebulun, from the east side to the west, Gad, one portion. 28
And adjoining the territory of Gad to the south, the boundary shall run from
Tamar to the waters of Meribath-kadesh, from there along the Wadi of Egypt to
the Great Sea. 29 This is the land that you shall allot as an inheritance
among the tribes of Israel, and these are their portions, says the Lord GOD.
The new Jerusalem
30 These shall be the exits of the city: On the north side, which is to be
four thousand five hundred cubits by measure, 31 three gates, the gate of
Reuben, the gate of Judah, and the gate of Levi, the gates of the city being
named after the tribes of Israel. 32 On the east side, which is to be four
thousand five hundred cubits, three gates, the gate of Joseph, the gate of
Benjamin, and the gate of Dan. 33 On the south side, which is to be four
thousand five hundred cubits by measure, three gates, the gate of Simeon, the
gate of Issachar, and the gate of Zebulun. 34 On the west side, which is to be
four thousand five hundred cubits, three gates, the gate of Gad, the gate of
Asher, and the gate of Naphtali. 35 The circumference of the city shall be
eighteen thousand cubits. And the name of the city from that time on shall be,
The LORD is There.